Complex RT-2PM2 “Topol-M” (RS-12M2 code, SS-27 Sickle Serp) is a Russian strategic missile system developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s based on the RT-2PM Topol complex. The first intercontinental ballistic missile developed in Russia after the collapse of the USSR. Adopted in 1997. Moscow Institute of Thermal Engineering (MIT).
Missile complex “Topol-M” is solid, three-stage. The ultimate range is 11,000 km. Carries one 550 kt thermonuclear combat unit. The mine launchers (silos) and mobile launchers. In the mine version of the base adopted for service in 2000.
In the case of the interdiscipline It is used as a silo-based and 15P165 mobile-based complex.
Stationary complex “Topol-M” Includes 10 intercontinental ballistic missiles mounted in mine launchers, as well as a command post.
The main characteristics of the Topol-M rocket
|Number of steps||3|
|Length (with MS)||22.55 m|
|Length (without MS)||17.5 m|
|Starting weight||46.5 t|
|Weight drop||1.2 t|
|Type of fuel||Solid blend|
|Maximum range||11,000 km|
|Head type||Monoblock, nuclear, detachable|
|The number of warheads||1 + about 20 models|
|Charge power||550 Ct|
|Control system||Autonomous, inertial on the basis of BTsVK|
|Base method||Mine and mobile|
Mobile complex “Topol-M” It is a high-strength fiberglass transport and launch-container line (TPK). Launcher weight – 120 tons. The radius of 18 meters.
It is not a conventional truck. V-engine 12-cylinder diesel engine with turbocharging ЯMZ-847 with a power of 800 l.c. For depth to 1.1 meters.
It was a number of new technical solutions that were used as compared with the Topol complex. Thus, the system of incomplete hanging PU “Topol-M” even on soft soils. Improved maneuverability and maneuverability of the installation, which increases its vitality.
It has been shown that it has been able to ensure that it has been able to use it. reduce radar visibility).
Intercontinental rocket consists of three stages with solid propellant sustainer engines. Aluminum is used as a fuel; Ammonium perchlorate acts as an oxidizing agent. Cases of steps are made of composites. Nozzle for deflecting the thrust vector (there are no lattice aerodynamic control wheels).
Control system – inertial, on the basis of the BTSVK and gyro-stabilized platform. The complex of high-speed gyroscopic instruments has improved accuracy characteristics. The new BTSVK has a higher level of explosion. Aiming is provided for the gyro-stabilized platform, it is based on the TPC. Ensured increased combat readiness, on-board equipment.
Start method – mortar for both options. It is a sustained rocket that has been propelled by the engine. It greatly complicates its interception.
A rocket is equipped with a detachable warhead with a power of 550 Kt of TNT equivalent. For the overcoming missile defense. This is a combination of the means for overcoming the head part.. There is a number of ways to make it possible for a person to follow the trajectory.
False targets indistinguishable from warheads in all ranges of electromagnetic radiation (optical, laser, infrared, radar). The ordering of the patterns of transitions has been made. nuclear power super-power nuclear-pumped laser. False targets designed to withstand super-resolution radar are designed for the first time.
Treaty on the Multiple-Accumulated International Convention on the Russian Federation Perhaps the result of these works is the RS-24 “Yars”. The MZKT-79221, is being tested.
The enemy is achieved by:
- This is a quick and easy way to get to the rocket. Acceleration time to final speed (over 7 km / s) is less than 3 minutes.
- Interceptor nuclear intercept
- It has been shown that a protective coating has been provided for comprehensive protection.
- It’s important for you to get rid of it. It is possible to choose the LCs for all electromagnetic radiation (optical, laser, infrared, radar, radar), branch of warheads, down to heights 2-5 km; The super-power laser with nuclear pumping, etc. For the first time, the LC was designed to withstand a super-resolution radar. Distincting the head-end characteristics of a radio-absorbing (combined with a heat-shielding) MS cover, active jammers, etc. The EPR is 0.0001 square meters. The range of its detection is reduced to 100 – 200 km. There is a tendency to be able to cope with the baking process. reduce the intensity of radiation. It is possible to overcome a warhead with a war of thought and a risk of 0.93 – 0.94. The situation is higher with the probability of 0.99, the atmospheric – with a probability of 0.93 – 0.95.
Rocket 15ZH65 is equipped with a 0.55 MG thermonuclear monoblock warhead. Tests of ICBMs with an RPM (from 3 to 6 separable warheads with a capacity of 150 kt.) ), and therefore the possibility of interception of the warhead, it will be reduced to zero.
Circular probable deviation is no more than 200 m, which makes it highly protected by highly protected targets (in particular, gearbox and silo silo). By the PBC, the Topol-M missile, the unlike the 15A18 missile “Voivode” It was a large area target.
It has been the case that it has been able to complete its coercion. The area of patrol of the complex is 250,000 sq. Km.
Rocket “Topol M” unified with a rocket “Mace” sea-based, created for the armament of the SSBN project 955. The Bulava’s competitor is the Sineva R-29RMU2 liquid ICBM. This is a significant improvement in the number of brittlers. liquid-propellant missiles compared to solid fuel. However, it is significantly inferior, however, it can be significantly inferior. (BC “Bulavy” – 6×150 kt, “Trident-2? (Theoretically) – 8×475 kt.) to equip domestic submarines with high-tech solid-propelled SLBMs R-39UTTH,
Missile transport and loading into the mine
Intercontinental ballistic missile of the 5th generation missile complex RT-2PM2 “Topol-M”. Place: 60th Taman Order of the October Revolution Red Banner Rocket Division.
Intercontinental ballistic missile “Topol-M”