Snakes: either you love them or you hate them, there is no other way! They are the spawn of evil or the friendliest pets, according to the preferences of the people. The fear of gossip and other reptiles should not be a surprise, as we have thought they are dangerous since we were small from one generation to another. With the development of cinematography, the image of the bad snake was continually promoted in several movies and comics, which led people to believe that they are extremely dangerous.
Although supernatural evil powers are often attributed to snakes, they can be extremely friendly and those who have them as pets can answer for this. However, regardless of preferences, you should know how to protect yourself from your fangs when you are in the desert and which can threaten your health. Snake venom is well known as a powerful toxin that can kill in a matter of seconds, so prevention is the safest way.
Snakes are quite territorial creatures and do not like to move, so if you know which ones are dangerous and the regions they prefer, you are one step closer to being safe. Also, snakes do not attack people unless they are threatened or interrupted, so be sure to announce your presence when you walk in the tall grass and always watch where you step. Once you step on the tail of a snake, it will come back and bite you before you can react.
Before you start talking about the most poisonous snakes in the world, you should know that poison is not the only weapon of a snake. Large snakes, for example, kill their prey by suffocation. They wrap around the prey and slowly squeeze their grip until the unfortunate living thing dies.
Number 1: the interior Taipan
Scientifically named Oxyuranus microlepidotus, this snake is native to Australia, the semi-arid regions in the center-east. This type of snake can not be found anywhere else in the world and even in Australia the species is quite rare. The first to discover it was the local aborigines and the first to let the world know was Frederick McCoy in 1879.
It is considered to be the most poisonous snake in the world after tests performed on mice and on cultures of human heart cells. According to the results after the administration of the average lethal dose, its venom is more toxic than any other snake or reptile on Earth. This is also highlighted by the fact that the Taipans of the interior specialize in hunting mammals and their venom adapts to the species that have warm blood.
Habitat: Queensland, South Australia, more specifically the black soil plains in semi-arid regions.
Physical characteristics: Depending on the season, the color of this snake can vary from dark brown to light brown combined with green. The color is also in various shades on its tail, back or sides. Most of their scales have dark edges and are aligned in special patterns that form broken stripes inclined downwards or backwards. The dorsal scales do not have keels, which softens them.
The head is round and the neck is darker than the rest of the body. The iris of the eyes is dark brown, almost black, and the border around the pupil is not easily seen.
Poison toxicity level: estimates show that with a single bite, this snake can kill a minimum of 100 mature men who are healthy and well developed. In addition, the maximum level of toxicity is reached in less than 30 to 45 minutes according to the position of the bite in your body. This means that the person who was bitten will die in about 30 to 45 minutes if no treatment is applied.
Inland Taipan acts extremely fast and has great agility, which means that you will not be able to see it before the attack. His blow is extremely precise and he can deepen his fangs on the skin several times, introducing poison almost every time.
Behavior and nature: This snake is not aggressive and is quite shy. When confronted, he will first try to find an escape route, but if he is challenged and cornered, he will definitely attack. Due to its location, people rarely encounter this snake, which is a fantastic thing since it can kill you in a matter of minutes.
Number 2: the African black mamba
Leaving Australia for now, we focus on Africa, where the most dangerous snakes are mambas. Among them, the Black Mamba is the most poisonous, since it can kill 10 healthy men with a single bite. Yes, it is a great fall from the front member of our upper body, but the Black Mamba has another advantage that makes it extremely dangerous: speed. This snake can reach 20 km / h, which makes it the fastest snake in the world and can attack repeatedly when attacking.
It is found only in Africa, in the sub-Saharan region and if the treatment is not applied, its bite is deadly. The African black mamba was made known to the world for the first time by Albert Gunther, a German zoologist in 1864.
Habitat: vast regions of sub-Saharan Africa such as Sudan, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, Namibia, Burundi, Rwanda, Mozambique, Eritrea, Somalia, Kenya, Swaziland, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Botswana, Central Africa Republic, Chad , Nigeria and Mali.
Physical characteristics: Do not expect the Black Mamba to be really black! The name was attributed due to the inside of his mouth (black ink) and the body is actually light brown to green and has gray tones. Some individuals may have dark spots towards the end forming diagonal bars. The body is quite large and round making a very powerful first impression. Young snakes are lighter in color and darker with age.
The head is coffin-shaped and the eyes are medium-sized. The color of the eyes varies from dark brown to black and there is a noticeable silver border around the pupil.
The African black mamba is about 6 to 10 feet long in adulthood, but cases of adult snakes from 14 to 14.8 feet have been reported. The average weight of an adult specimen is approximately 3.5 pounds.
Poison toxicity level: A bite can deliver 100 to 120 mg of venom and, if left untreated, the bite causes death in approximately 7 to 15 hours. The poison will leave an unconscious human in about 45 minutes and, before the widespread use of the antivenom, all Black Mamba bites were a sure death. The South African Institute of Medical Research managed to develop an antivenom specially designed for the black mamba bite.
Behavior and nature: Although it is the most feared snake in Africa, the Black Mamba is shy and does not like confrontations with humans. They avoid highly populated areas and do not attack unless provoked or cornered. When challenged, he will first show his mouth, imitating the behavior of the cobra to intimidate his opponent. Because the mamba is a large snake, it is able to rise from the ground.
Attention: If you come face to face with a black mamba and start to hiss and click your tongue, do not make any sudden movements! This will definitely provoke an attack!
Number 3: the coastal Taipan
The third most poisonous snake in the world is a cousin of which occupies the first place. It also shares the same continent: Australia. Called by the scientists Oxyuranus scutellatus, the Coastal Taipan is a large and aggressive snake that lives on the north and east coast of Australia and in New Guinea.
Habitat: it can only be fulfilled in Australia, in the coastal regions and in 2 provinces of Indonesia (west) and Papua New Guinea (east). Although the name suggests, these snakes do not like to live near the beach, so they can only be found in the Cape Peninsula, Queensland, New South Wales and the Northern Territory.
They prefer warm and humid areas where there is enough vegetation to camouflage them.
Physical characteristics: This is the largest poisonous snake in Australia that reaches lengths of up to 7 feet and weighs around 7 pounds. Of course, there are larger specimens, but they are rare.
The head is large, long and narrow with an angular eyebrow. The face usually has a pale color and the body can be olive green to reddish brown. Some specimens can break the general rule and their color is in shades of dark gray to black. The color tends to fade from the sides and, in the belly, tend to be pale yellow to white. In addition, the coloration is seasonal, becomes darker during the winter and returns to lighter shades during the summer.
The eyes are large, round and yellowish brown with large pupils.
Poison toxicity level: a mouthful of coastal Taipan can introduce, on average, 120 mg of poison, an amount that is always fatal if left untreated. The neurotoxin contained in its venom affects the nervous system and the coagulation capacity of the blood. If the amount of poison is large (the snake’s blow several times) a death can occur, even after only 30 minutes. Otherwise, if the treatment is not administered, a person would die in torture, after two and a half hours.
Attention: All Coastal Taipan bites are fatal, so you should seek help even if the bite looks superficial.
Behavior and nature: This is an aggressive predator, but when faced with humans, he prefers to avoid the encounter. Even if cornered or challenged, he will attack and attack several times with amazing accuracy and speed.
The sea serpent of Dubois
It is also called the sea serpent of shallow reef waters or scientifically, Aipysurus duboisii. It is considered to be the most poisonous sea serpent and is definitely part of the 5 deadliest (most poisonous) snakes in the world. The serpent bears the name of its discoverer: Charles Frederic Dubois, a Belgian naturalist.
Habitat: Its main habitat is established in eastern Australia, New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea. This snake likes to go out on shallow coral reefs (260 feet deep) and eat several sea creatures that also inhabit the reef.
Physical characteristics: Color is not something that can be based on trying to identify this sea serpent because several individuals can have several colors and patterns of scale. The specific features are the broad head (slightly exceeding the width of the body), the nasal passages located on the top of the head so you can breathe easily when you go to the water and eyes that are separated by a row of large scales.
The posterior scales are generally soft, but this is not always a general rule. In addition, they are usually lighter in color in the throat and chin.
The tail is long and the end takes the form of a paddle for swimming efficiency.
Poison toxicity level: Since this is a relatively small snake, it usually does not pose a threat to humans. The amount of poison introduced into a bite is approximately 0.43 mg, which is extremely low compared to the other members of this upper part. Even so, after laboratory tests, the results showed that among small creatures, the venom of this snake is deadly. For example, the median lethal dose or LD50 (the unit used to measure poison toxicity) is 0.044 mg / kg body weight in mice. This number allows you to occupy a place at our top.
Behavior and nature: This is not an aggressive snake and will not get involved in an attack unless it is provoked. If you are bitten, seek immediate help.
This is one of the snakes easier to recognize due to its rattle. Generally found in North and South America, the rattlesnake is native to this continent. They are scattered all over the world and can be found in temperate climates. They are predators, but they can also prey on large birds, weasels and other snakes.
Habitat: They can be found in large quantities in the USA. UU Continental, Texas, Arizona, in regions located east of the Mississippi, Mexico and South America.
Physical characteristics: In addition to the well-known rattle and the specific sound of the battle, the rattlesnake is usually brown, imitating the tones of the earth. Also the patterns on the skin help them to stay hidden from predators.
The head has a triangular shape and their bodies are large. Depending on the species, they vary in length from 1 foot to about 8 feet. The most dangerous is the eastern diamond, this being also the species with the longest individuals.
Poison toxicity level: A rattlesnake can control the amount of poison that is inserted with a single bite, so if you perceive it as a great threat, the amount will be higher. The poison is highly damaging to the human body, damages organs, prevents blood clotting and induces paralysis. If the bite is left untreated, it can lead to loss of limbs and, in some cases, death.
Its venom is highly stable and resists well in time so that older snakes produce more toxic venom. In addition, larger snakes are capable of producing poison in large quantities.
Behavior and nature: This snake is not aggressive towards humans and, if it is frightened, it will first try to avoid confrontation. Even so, if it is cornered, it will not prevent a face-to-face attack.
The Japanese mamushi
This snake is endemic to the regions of Japan, China and Korea, and is considered the most poisonous in these regions. Each year, around 3000 Japanese are hospitalized and treated due to snakebites.
Habitat: In the area of China, Japan and Korea, the Mamushi can be found in swamps, meadows, forests, swamps and rocky slopes. It is a snake that loves to climb trees and live in bushes.
Physical characteristics: Known as the most common snake in Japan, the Mamushi varies in color according to the region. There is usually a background color (light gray, brown in combination with red or yellow) painted with irregular spots with black borders and lighter in the center.
The head is usually a combination of dark brown or black in the center that continues with light gray on the sides.
Poison toxicity level: Known as one of the most lethal snakes in Japan, the venom of the snake Mamushi measures in a range of 0.3 to 1.22 mg per kg of body weight in mice. Its bite in humans can be fatal if not treated immediately and can cause kidney and lung problems even when the treatment was applied.
To recover, a person needs to be hospitalized for approximately 7 days.
Behavior and nature: Since its main diet is made of rodents and lizards (among others), it is found quite frequently on farmland. However, if it is not challenged or cornered, it will not attack humans.
The common death adder
Another snake that likes to live in Australia and is well known around the world for its speed and poison toxicity. You can find it wherever you go on the continent and the population is increasing despite the fact that specialists consider it to be one of the most poisonous terrestrial snakes in the world.
Habitat: Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, New South Wales, the Northern Territory, Western Australia and South Australia.
Physical characteristics: The body is usually thick and not too long, reaching the maximum length of 3 feet. The colorist is usually a combination of stripes in red, black and brown, and the belly is pink or light yellow.
The head is triangular, wide and flat.
Poison toxicity level: the poison can attack in approximately 30 to 45 minutes and if the treatment is not applied in time, the bite can be deadly. The delivery system is fast and the snake can hit several times.
Behavior and nature: A fan of the grasslands, forests and forests of the Australian coast, this snake likes to surprise its prey by using its colorist as a camouflage. However, he will not voluntarily engage in a direct confrontation with a human being.
The Philippine cobra
This is a pretty interesting snake and you will definitely want to stay away from it. Also known as the spitting cobra, Naja philippinensis has the ability to spit on you with its venom. It is native to the northern regions of the Philippines and its diet consists mainly of small rodents and other animals and birds.
Habitat: The places where this mortal beauty is most likely to be found are the islands of Mindoro, Luzon, Catanduanes and Masbate. He likes humid areas with a lot of vegetation (ponds, lakes, rivers) and he is not afraid to enter the human habitat.
Physical characteristics: Like any species in the cobra’s family, it can also form the legendary hood when threatened by the expansion of its cervical ribs. Your body can reach approximately 5 feet in length and, under certain conditions, it can be even longer. The body is robust and the colorist begins from light brown to medium in adulthood. Younger individuals are darker in color.
The head ends with a rounded snout and large nostrils and the eyes are medium sized with round pupils colored in dark brown.
Poison toxicity level: These snakes can poison their prey from a distance of up to 9.8 feet away by spitting their poison accurately. A healthy and well-formed human being will collapse 30 minutes after the administration of the poison and death is a serious possibility if the treatment is not applied.
The bite of the Philippine cobra blocks the nervous system, the respiratory system and induces paralysis. The venom of this snake is considered one of the deadliest among the cobras.
Behavior and nature: This Cobra is not shy and will not back down in a confrontation. It will not hesitate to enter inhabited areas, following its prey and should not disturb it. Even so, he will try to escape first when he is face to face with a human being.
As you can see, most of the poisonous and deadly snakes on our planet are not aggressive to humans and do not enjoy confrontation. Only when they are cornered and threatened do they prepare their weapons and attack with amazing speed and precision.
In conclusion, if you do not want to discover what it is like to feel death crawling through your veins, it is better to be prepared and take all your security measures!