Nets, veneres, mittens and other network traps for catching small fur-bearing animals and game birds, purpose, device, operating principle, manufacturing, installation and adjustment.

White and gray partridges are caught with a vent. These cages are made from any fishing net with a mesh no larger than 5 cm. The venter consists of two wings 25-30 meters long and 0.5 meters high. Between these wings, with a 0.5 meter inlet, a 3-4 meter long sewn sewn in the form of a cylinder, spread in the middle of 3-5 hoop hoops and ending with a cone. 

Nets, veneres, mittens and other network traps for catching small fur-bearing animals and game birds, purpose, device, operating principle, manufacturing, installation and setting.

When installing a samolov cone, strengthen the peg, stretching the motna. Her throat is strengthened with two stakes, and the wings are hung at an angle on the hangers (diagram a). The trap is put in places of constant feeding of partridges. For a barn of gray partridges, they sprinkle grain along the wings and in the motna, and for white partridges – tall branches with buds. In another method, partridges are driven into a venter. In this case, it is placed in an open place, and in front of the throat, motnies make artificial bushes from branches to attract birds.

Nets, veneres, mittens and other network traps for catching small fur-bearing animals and game birds, purpose, device, operating principle, manufacturing, installation and adjustment.

Like a venteri on partridges, ronds are arranged for catching non-summer “poplars” ducklings and geese, as well as linear geese and ducks. These networks are arranged from a network of 1 meter wide, usual for seines, with cells up to 5 cm on the sides. A net (2/3) is planted on the upper and lower bowstrings 3 mm thick, that is, three cells are strung and hemmed into two stretched cells.

For ease of handling, the wings of the rut are made 30-50 meters long. Of these, at an angle of up to 90 degrees, two wings are made up of several hundred meters each, which are hung on stakes above the water in places of mass accumulation of non-flying waterfowl. These wings serve as guides to the apex of the angle formed by the wings, into which they attach a cage in the form of a top 2-3 meters long and 1 meter wide or a top that resembles a “pitcher leaf” in shape.

Frameworks are arranged from several hoops with a diameter of 1 meter or more, twisted from steel rods. In terms of the size of these hoops, a cylinder is sewn from the network, which is stretched inside with hoops. In order to give a stable cylinder shape to the top, one pole equal to the length of the stretched top is screwed to all hoops on two opposite sides.

Netting for catching small fur-bearing animals and birds, device, principle of operation, manufacturing, installation and tuning.

A small top with a diameter of up to 15 cm and a length of 1 meter from a grid with 2×2 cm cells, called a “mitten”, hunters catch ermines and trochees. This net is placed with the neck of an inhabited mink and the animal is transferred from its shelter to the cages (Scheme b). Cages – the “pitcher leaf” is used as a self-passive action, that is, working without the participation of a catcher. Install it in the places of fatliques or duck’s day.

This netted-bottom cage also catches flying birds. The calculation of the work of this samovol is based on the fact that the birds, moving along the guide wing of the network, swim inside the cage. Floating in it in a circle, they do not find a return exit and remain in it until the arrival of the catcher (scheme c).

Based on materials from the book Hunting Samolov and Unauthorized Fishing. Directory.
Gerasimov Yu. A.

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