In this brief review we will open a series of articles devoted to Practical shooting and generally similar shooting sports. We will consider the weapons used, the skills used in shooting, we will give useful tips for beginners and already successfully competing athletes. The articles will also be useful to those of our readers who do not plan to engage in this sport, but have an active civil position, support the idea of owning civilian weapons in self-defense and love shooting at the shooting gallery as a good way to spend time.
So, what is Practical Shooting?
There are natural questions – what is the essence, for what Practice shooting need and what is different from others shooting sports?
Our readers probably know the answers to these questions, and the information is full on the official websites, on the websites of teams, and on the personal pages of the athletes. So just try to briefly highlight the main points.
Practice shooting officially has existed for over 35 years, was created as a technique or even a set of criteria for comparisons and performance evaluation fighters of special units, and soon turned into an interesting, entertaining and multifaceted sport.
At present, Practical shooting is spread all over the world and is gaining increasing popularity as a sports hobby, gathering hundreds and thousands of athletes from around the world for competitions, as well as an applied discipline in special units in many countries.
In addition, the methods and tenets of practical shooting are used in training self defense with a weapon, because the basis of the Practical shooting – safe handling of weapons.
Practical shooting as a new style originated in California in the early 50s. After a few years, it quickly spread to other continents, including Europe, Australia, Central and South America, and Africa.
International Confederation of Practical Shooting (I.P.S.C.) was officially founded at the International Pistol Sport Conference held in Columbia, Missouri, in May 1976 of the year. Forty representatives from around the world were invited to participate in the Conference to determine the nature and future of Practical Shooting. Colonel Jeff cooper Acting Chairman and was elected the first President of the International Confederation of Practical Shooting.
The motto of practical shooting is: DILIGENTIA – VIS – CELERITAS (Accuracy – Power – Speed).
Small skill is rated as balance these three main components: accuracy – counted through the number of points awarded for targets and fines; power – the use of weapons of greater power is encouraged by a large number of points accrued for defeating the test zones of targets; speed – counted as the time from the starting signal to the extreme shot.
Combinations of different types of targets (composite targets, moving targets, hit targets, penalty targets that partially cover the main targets), arrow movement, obstacles in the way, tactical plan and other difficulties that the creators of the exercises can come up with, serve to keep voltage shooters throughout the competition.
According to the rules of IPSC, exercises should be practical, at the same time diverse, so that the sport does not become too formal and standard. One of the principles of Practical Shooting is Freestyle (Freestyle), according to which targets are hit as far as they are visible, and the shooter himself chooses an exercise scheme. In other words, the shooter shoots how he wants and where he wants, performing the exercise, and of course strictly following the rules providing security.
Safety comes first!
Great attention in practical shooting is paid safety shooters and spectators.
Security is provided by design exercise (safety angles, distance to targets, bullet shafts) and control by position weapons, in addition, competitors and spectators must use defense organs of sight and hearing. Only serviceable weapons with the relevant technical specifications are allowed; caliber, design, type of ammunition, force on the trigger necessary to produce a shot. For violation of safety, one sanction is defined – disqualification from the competition.
The three golden rules of IPSC that every athlete knows by heart, a gunner and a unit fighter, a post-college dash student, a housewife attending self-defense courses with weapons, are named Code arrow:
- MY WEAPONS ARE ALWAYS CHARGED
In any case, in any case, with any weapon we turn like with a charged (remember how much you heard about the shotgun that had been hanging on the wall for several years before?)
- I WILL DIRECT ARMS ONLY THERE WHERE I GO TO GO TO SHOOT
A pistol is always in a holster on a belt, a carbine or a rifle – with the barrel up in the hands or in the weapon stand, and only when performing an exercise at the command of the judge does the weapon go towards the targets. The same applies to handling weapons outside the competition, for example, at home, in the shooting range and at the shooting range (remember how many times have you heard about hunting accidents?)
- MY FINGER LAYS ON THE RUNNING HOOK ONLY WHEN I WILL SEE THE TARGET IN THE SURFACE TOOLS
Literally means that the finger never lies on the trigger, except for the moment of aiming and / or a shot at the target (again, remember the cases of the shot yourself in the foot by the owners of the pistols, and how the gun accidentally fired while cleaning)
Skilled shooters will also name another rule: I ALWAYS CHECK WHAT IS BEFORE AND BEHIND THE TARGETS – and they will be right, it is necessary to do this both at competitions and at trainings at shooting ranges, during a hunt and in any cases of shooting. An accidental person, a stray colleague, a mushroom picker in the forest, an animal on a shooting range – so at least you will avoid unpleasant circumstances.
You can argue a lot about of efficiency of these rules, their actual impact on safety and speed (many people like to raise controversy about the finger and the speed of the shot), but the result of unanimous observance of the rules by all shooters and athletes involved in practical shooting has not been registered at the competitions Not a single gunshot wound.
And of course, there are much more detailed rules that extend the points listed above, provide security Practical shooting as a sport and an applied discipline. The rules also describe the principles of IPSC, criteria for building exercises and equipment for competition ranges, equipment for athletes, types and characteristics of weapons used, shooting exercises, teams, scoring methods and penalties, and of course cite many examples.
The latest versions of the rules can be found on the official IPSC.org website (English version) or on the FPSR website (Russian version).
Weapons in Practical Shooting
And in conclusion – a few words about the applicable weapons and categories athletes.
In practical shooting, three types of weapons are used, and there are respectively three disciplines – Pistol (Handgun), Carbine (Rifle) and Gun (Shotgun). Competitions are held separately for each of the disciplines, or for all three at once – Triathlon (Combined, 3-gun).
The minimum caliber for the Pistol – 9×19, for guns – 20, for Karabin – not limited. The maximum caliber for all three disciplines is also unlimited. Disciplines are divided into Classes, in which the weapon differs in types, geometrical and shooting parameters, permissible improvements, etc. For example, for a pistol, the following classes exist:
- Serial (weapons in charging equipment, the list is officially approved by IPSC),
- Classical (variations of Colt 1911 only)
- Standard (the weapon enters the box with the given geometrical parameters),
- Open (all modifications and accessories are allowed, it is the most technological and expensive)
- Modified (modifications and accessories are also allowed, but the weapon must be included in the box with the given geometrical parameters),
For Carabin and Guns, there are also separate Classes, which have their own characteristics and are specified in the rules. Practical shooting competitions imply a division of shooters into these Classes, which puts shooters in initially identical conditions on the characteristics of the weapon and maintains a sporting competitive spirit.
Practical shooting – passion affordable any age and sex, and therefore, in addition to the “regular” category of athletes in Practical Shooting as a sign high entertainment level and equalization Chances of all participants in the matches are defined categories such as Lady (Lady), Junior (Junior) – arrows under 18, Senor (Senior) – arrows older than 50 years, and even Super Seniors (Super Senior) – arrows older than 60 years!
Along with the principle Freestyle and a variety of unique designs exercises that allow shooters to better demonstrate their skills, in the spirit of the IPSC motto – “Accuracy, Power, Speed”, and counting system results together with power factors, stimulating the use of more powerful weapons, it makes Practical shooting one of the most spectacular, exciting, unique and possessing a huge reserve for the development of the kind of sports today.
So why exactly practical shooting?
One of the main differences Practical shooting from the rest of the sports disciplines is the uniqueness, Freestyle, according to which any exercise, training or competition, is new, in which an athlete, using not strung movements, but his skills and ingenuity, each time acts differently, trying to achieve balance.
Also, in comparison with the Olympic sports, where after 30 years the athlete has almost no chance of continuing a career, in the IPSC shooter can take part in competitions all his life, win and be first in his class!
well and favor from practicing Practical shooting in the development and improvement of not only physical indicators – general condition and health, smartness, strength and dexterity, but also such abilities as resistance to stress and concentration, adequacy and self-control, and most importantly, the skill of safe handling of weapons .