The slaw trap differs from the grab trap by the absence of side walls (corridor) and are to a certain extent its predecessor. The following samoles are included in the subgroup of slopts: a log house, a hare slop, and a bird slop.
Samovolov traps felling, hare and bird slop, the general device and manufacturing features.
More recently, log felling was widely used in fisheries, arctic foxes and wolverines. Currently practically not used. The design of the log house is as follows. From thick logs sandwiched between two pairs of poles connected at the ends, a platform of size 70 is assembled&# 215; 100 cm. The oppression has a size of 100×100 cm and is assembled similarly. Set oppression at an angle of 40-45 degrees above the platform.
In this position, the oppression is held by a hoe, leaning on a persistent stake. On the other — pointed — the end of the hoe is put on a guard ring, bent from a willow rod. The free end of the guard is threaded into the trap through an opening cut into the bottom of the yoke. Here, the bait is strengthened on it. Usually, a dried duck wing is used for these purposes..
As soon as the fox who has gone into the trap pulls the bait, the willow ring of the guard will jump off the bat. The latter, under the pressure of oppression, is thrown over a stubborn stake, and oppression, which is not held back by anything, presses with its weight the beast located beneath it. Log houses are being built in the fall, one to two months before the start of fishing. Inspection of log cabins is carried out throughout the fishing season 1-2 times a month.
Samolovok the hare slope.
It is found in many areas of the taiga zone of Siberia; it is made as follows. From three to five non-thick logs of approximately two meters length, oppression is made. Logs of oppression are fastened together. The collars are made of two stakes 70-80 cm high, tightly hammered into the ground at a distance from each other slightly larger than the width of the yoke.
The crossbar of the collar is laid either in the fork of the stakes of the collar, or nailed to the ends of the driven stakes. On one of the stakes, a collar is made from the inside for notching the gatehouse about 10 cm from the ground. On the other side, also from the inside, a notch is made for a warning light 3-4 cm from the ground. The guard has a length equal to the distance between the stakes of the collar.
The oppression in the raised state is held by a hoe, the front end of which is threaded through a rope loop loosely thrown over the front end of the oppression. The hothouse throws the collar over the crossbar and is restrained in this position by a thin rope – a combat sim card connecting the rear end of the hoe with a guard. Simka freely passes into the gap between the logs of oppression.
The device slop on a hare.
The guard on one hewn end rests against the notch on the cola collar, and its other end, having a transverse notch, is held by the guard. The gatehouse – a small stick at the ends of the stick, is installed in the spacer between the notch on the cola collar and the notch on the guard. An emphasis for the tail is made of two stakes driven into the ground.
On a guard, carefully put as a bait a tidbit for the hare, aspen and willow twigs. The purpose of these rods is not only to serve as a bait for the hare, but also to increase the sensitivity of the slop. It is enough for the animal to step on one of the rods, as the gatehouse breaks off the guard and activates the entire trap mechanism. A shallow hole is usually dug under the guard and rods to protect the prey from pests..
From the sides, the slate is fenced off with fir branches – this prevents the beast from approaching from the sides and sweeping the unauthorized snow with snow, which increases the design’s catchability. Slots is installed in places of mass feeding of hares. Currently, the rabbit slope has been superseded from hunting practice by traps and loops. Despite the greater laboriousness and less catching ability, slop advantage over loops and traps is in selectivity of tackle. Slots is practically safe for other animals.
Samolov of this species is widely used at present both on the territory of the European part and in Siberia when hunting capercaillie, less often – black grouse. The bird slop is constructed as follows. Two stakes (collars) 70-80 cm high are driven vertically into the ground at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. At the ends of the stakes forming the collar, the crossbar is strengthened.
Oppression is made of two logs with a diameter of 12-15 cm and a length of about 2 meters, fastened together. The tail end of the yoke abuts against the ground and is kept from horizontal displacement by two stakes. The front of the yoke is wrapped in a rope ring. Oppression is held in a raised position by a hoe, the front end of which is threaded into a rope ring. A combat sim card is attached to the free end of the hole – thin rope.
Slap device for capercaillie and black grouse.
A little behind the collar, 30-40 cm from them, a fence is constructed of pegs driven into the ground 30-40 cm high with a passage in the center, so that when bent, it falls freely onto the ground when it falls. Towards the end of a combat sim card, one of the compound crutches is tied. The crutches touch the ends at a certain angle to each other, resting with free flat-pointed ends in the notches of two stakes of the fence.
They are carefully laid on twigs serving as a guard of the slop. It is enough for the bird to step on one of the rods in order to disconnect the closed guard-grooms and trigger the trigger, bringing down the oppression. Another type of bird mascot has a guard mechanism similar to that of a marmot.
Poultry slop is installed mainly on pebbles and bare sand spits along the shores of the river, where birds fly in search of small pebbles – the gastrolites needed by the chicken in large quantities when switching to rough winter food. The most intense flight of capercaillie to pebbles, as a rule, coincides with the first frosts. In order to increase the productivity of the slop, it is often put in the breaks of long hedges in several places, blocking the pebbles, beloved by capercaillie.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..