Scorpion bite: what are the consequences, first aid

Resting in the open air, few people admit the thought of meeting with a scorpion. Most people believe that this representative of the fauna lives exclusively in the deserts of hot Africa or in the territory of distant Australia. In fact, it is possible to encounter it on the territory of Russia, mainly in the expanses of the Caucasus and the Crimea. A scorpion bite is a very real thing that can happen to every tourist or hiker.

  • What is dangerous for human scorpion poison
  • 2 Scorpion bite: symptoms
  • 3What to do with a scorpion bite
    • 3.1 First Aid
    • 3.2 Treatment
  • 4Bite effects
  • 5 Precautions

What is dangerous for human scorpion poison

Scorpions are representatives of the arthropod family, in the glands of which a poisonous liquid is formed. He squirts her into his victim with the help of a small sharp sting at the very end of his tail. It should be said that the scorpion does not deliberately attack a person, but this can happen if he suddenly senses danger.

Scorpio in the wildThe poison itself is contained in a special bag located on the tail next to the sting. It is a neurotoxic polypeptide that can directly affect the state of the human body. Its danger to humans is determined by the content of the following components:

  • Antigens. They provoke allergic reactions of the body;
  • Neurotoxins. Toxic substances that can violate the integrity of cells and tissues.

Not everyone knows whether the bite of a scorpion is lethal or its function is reduced only to paralyzing the victim. In fact, there are two types of poison, which differ in the degree of impact on a living organism. If the former can only have a detrimental effect on small insects and invertebrates, then the latter can not only damage human health, but also be fatal.

Scorpion venom has no effect, falling into your own body.

Scorpion bite: symptoms

A scorpion bite resembles a painful injection or a stinging insect bite, such as a wasp. Therefore, do not feel the moment of contact with the arthropod creature will not work.

As soon as the sting has passed under the skin, and poison has entered the body, the first signs begin to manifest. Their degree will depend on the concentration of the hazardous liquid. Examples of symptoms are:

  • Growing pain in the bite area. Her character is burning;
  • Redness of the skin and swelling. Sometimes there are transparent blisters, like a burn;
  • Increased numbness of the affected area;
  • Cramps. They can cover a specific muscle group or the whole body at once;
  • Severe abdominal pain, as well as vomiting and nausea;
  • Dizziness;
  • Increased salivation;
  • Cardiopalmus;
  • Headaches;
  • Faintness.

Often, on the background of a bite, tachycardia, arrhythmia, hypertension, and myocarditis develop. Also, the victim may feel agitation or anxiety, and may, on the contrary, experience a retardation of movements and general condition.

In the event that it is a dangerous deadly poison, the next stages after severe seizures may be the confluence of the patient into a coma, and then his death. The process can occur very quickly, within 2-4 hours from the moment of defeat.

What to do when a scorpion bite

If you are not sure what kind of scorpion left the bite, deadly or not, it is better to be safe and immediately seek medical help. Carelessness in this matter can cost lives.

Another thing, if the bite made a non-poisonous appearance, then you can not panic. In such cases, the symptoms go away on their own within a few hours.

First aid

Do not spend valuable time while the medical team is on the way. First aid for a scorpion sting is provided as follows:

  • During the first 10 minutes after the defeat, you must try to squeeze out the poison as much as possible. To do this, you can make a small incision at the site of the bite and suck out the toxic liquid mouth. A prerequisite is the absence of open wounds in the oral cavity. This can cause poison to enter the body;
  • In order to destroy neurotoxic substances, it is necessary to cauterize the affected area with a hot object. For this fit a heated metal spoon;
  • The imposition of a cold compress will help alleviate the pain in the victim;
  • The next step is wound disinfection. Any antiseptics will do: alcohol, vodka, hydrogen peroxide, and even a simple soap solution;
  • On the area just above the bite, you must impose a tight bandage. This will slow down the rate of toxins in the blood;
  • If possible, the affected area is cut off with a solution of novocaine or adrenaline. It will also reduce the rate of poison absorbability. Well, if atropin is at hand. It will protect the nerve cells from exposure to hazardous substances.

Applying a cold compress to the bite will ease pain and reduce swelling.At this first aid to the victim ends. The next stage is carried out directly by medical representatives.

Treatment

In order for the body to quickly recover from painful symptoms, it needs to provide complete rest. Based on the assessment of the patient’s general condition, the doctor will be able to provide him with qualified assistance in the form of prescription:

  • Special serum if poison is highly toxic. It will allow the suspension of life-threatening components;
  • Anticonvulsant drugs;
  • Sedatives;
  • Pressure lowering drugs;
  • Drugs that control the balance of fluid in the body to prevent its dehydration;
  • Anti-shock agents;
  • Painkillers

The patient is strongly discouraged from eating within 12 hours from the time of injury.
Even with the complete disappearance of the painful symptoms and the absence of a risk of consequences for a person bitten by a scorpion, the doctor is obliged to monitor his condition over the next 24 hours.

Consequences of a bite

The consequences, as well as the symptoms, are directly dependent on the concentration of toxic substances in the poison and on the timeliness of medical care to the victim. Most often, a person is faced with bites of non-poisonous scorpions. They usually do not have serious consequences. In some cases, the patient may experience an increase in regional lymph nodes, which are located near the site of the bite.

In the case of potent poisons, the body most often experiences convulsive syndrome, which in the worst case can be fatal. With timely treatment, it is quite possible to save the victim, but the consequences can be in the form of paresthesia and numbness over a long period of time. Frequent cases of complications in the form of muscle twitching with the defeat of the central nervous system.

The effects of arthropod bites can also be expressed in a local reaction. Examples include the process of necrosis of the upper layers of the skin in the bite zone, and even tissue necrosis.

Precautionary measures

In order to prevent the possibility of an attack from this small representative of arthropods, it is necessary to follow a number of rules. It is especially important to bear in mind that the increased impact of the bite can be on children and the elderly, since their immune system is quite vulnerable.

Shoes should be worn on sandy beaches, as the scorpion likes to hide in the sand.At this first aid to the victim ends. The next stage is carried out directly by medical representatives.

Treatment

In order for the body to quickly recover from painful symptoms, it needs to provide complete rest. Based on the assessment of the patient’s general condition, the doctor will be able to provide him with qualified assistance in the form of prescription:

  • Special serum if poison is highly toxic. It will allow the suspension of life-threatening components;
  • Anticonvulsant drugs;
  • Sedatives;
  • Pressure lowering drugs;
  • Drugs that control the balance of fluid in the body to prevent its dehydration;
  • Anti-shock agents;
  • Painkillers

The patient is strongly discouraged from eating within 12 hours from the time of injury.
Even with the complete disappearance of the painful symptoms and the absence of a risk of consequences for a person bitten by a scorpion, the doctor is obliged to monitor his condition over the next 24 hours.

Consequences of a bite

The consequences, as well as the symptoms, are directly dependent on the concentration of toxic substances in the poison and on the timeliness of medical care to the victim. Most often, a person is faced with bites of non-poisonous scorpions. They usually do not have serious consequences. In some cases, the patient may experience an increase in regional lymph nodes, which are located near the site of the bite.

In the case of potent poisons, the body most often experiences convulsive syndrome, which in the worst case can be fatal. With timely treatment, it is quite possible to save the victim, but the consequences can be in the form of paresthesia and numbness over a long period of time. Frequent cases of complications in the form of muscle twitching with the defeat of the central nervous system.

The effects of arthropod bites can also be expressed in a local reaction. Examples include the process of necrosis of the upper layers of the skin in the bite zone, and even tissue necrosis.

Precautionary measures

In order to prevent the possibility of an attack from this small representative of arthropods, it is necessary to follow a number of rules. It is especially important to bear in mind that the increased impact of the bite can be on children and the elderly, since their immune system is quite vulnerable.

Thus, being in an area where it is possible to be bitten by a scorpion, it is necessary to perform the following actions:

  • When walking on sandy beaches should wear shoes. This is due to the fact that scorpions often burrow in the sands;
  • If the clothes have been removed and lay on the surface of the earth, then before you put them on again, you should shake them and carefully examine them;
  • When spending the night in the open air, it is necessary to choose a location that is far from a cluster of stones, cobblestones, dry plants and trees;
  • Also at night you should carefully check the tent before closing it. Special attention should be paid to blankets, towels, bedding items.

It is especially important to instruct children. They need to clarify the rules of behavior in nature, in particular, that it is impossible to come close, and even more so to tease representatives of arthropods.

If the scorpion was found in the house, then it is necessary to spray the soil at the foundation with a mixture of kerosene and creosote. Kerosene can also be replaced with diesel fuel. It is equally important to clean the yard of the rubbish, stones, logs and wood chips that are on it. In the house itself, you can spray a mixture of chlordane and pyrrhenthen at a concentration of 0.2%.

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