Survival Guide for the US Army: Plant Use for Survival

Having problems with water use of plants as food. Survival should always be in search of wild flowers and, if possible, live off the ground.

Do not rely on ability stay without food a few days, as recommended in some sources. It is important that you maintain your health.

If not use unsuitable plants. Therefore, it is necessary to advance as much as possible. During survival plants can provide chemicals, chemicals, animals, animals, animals, animals, animals, animals, animals, animals, and others.

Note:
The illustrations of plants from this chapter are in Appendix B and C.

Use of edible plants

9-1. They can satisfy all nutritional needs.

A warning
Food decay factor avoid accidental poisoning. They are safe.

9-2. Accurately identify the plant before use. Carrot and wild parsnip.

9-3. It may be possible to find out. In this case, you should use universal edibility test, to determine which plants are edible and which ones should be avoided.

9-4. It is important to recognize and wild edible plants in a situation of survival. It is more widely available.

9-5. When collecting wild plants for food, consider the following:

  • The curb can be treated with pesticides. Rinse them thoroughly. In more developed countries, many cars. If possible, avoid plants due to the fumes.
  • Plants are growing in water polluted by Giardia and other parasites are also infected. Broth or disinfect them.
  • Some plants are distributors of dangerous fungal toxins. To reduce the chance of accidental poisoning, Do not eat fruits or mildew.
  • This is a combination of toxic and subtoxic compounds due to genetic and environmental factors. One of the examples is the leaves of an ordinary bird cherry. Some bird cherry plants have a low concentration or low concentration. Horses are dying by the wild cherry. Avoid any weeds, leaves, seeds and seeds.
  • Some people are more susceptible to gastric diseases. If you are one of them, avoid unknown wild plants. If you’re trying to get rid of your body, you’ll avoid smoking
  • Some edible wild plants are a bitter. This bitterness, usually containing tannin, makes them tasteless. As a rule, boiling water with these changes removes these bitter properties.
  • Oxalic acid compounds are also known as oxalic acid. Oxalates cause damage and damage to kidneys. Baking, frying or drying, as a rule, destroy oxalate crystals. Indian turnip, known as “Indian turnip”, can be eaten only after baking or drying.

A warning
Do not eat mushrooms in an emergency! Edible is a precise definition. No time to experiment. It doesn’t have to occur. By that time, it’s too late to eliminate the consequences.

Plant identification

9-6. To identify the plant, In addition to memorizing certain species, it will help.

9-7. The shape of the leaves (Figure 9-1) is: serrated (toothed), entire or smooth and lobed.

Figure 9-1. Leaf edgesFigure 9-1. Leaf edges

9-8. The shape of the leaves is spear-like, elliptical, oval, oblong, wedge-shaped, triangular, oblong-acute or pear-shaped (Figure 9-2).

Figure 9-2. Leaf shapeFigure 9-2. Leaf shape

9-9. The main types of arrangement of leaves (Fig. 9-3): opposite, complex, simple, rosette and next.

Figure 9-3. Arrangement of leavesFigure 9-3. Arrangement of leaves

9-10. The main types of root structures are: pivotal, tuberous, bulbous, rhizomes, lobed (garlic), corm and rosette (Fig. 9-4) (we have only two root systems: rod and fibrous) Ed. Thanks to the bow and, when cut in half, exhibits concentric rings. When it comes to the garment This property distinguishes wild onion from wild garlic. Stem roots resembled carrots and can be single-root or branched, but usually only one plant arises from each root. Tuberous like potato and daylily. Under the parent plant. Rhizomes – large creeping rhizomes or underground stems. Many plants arise from the “eyes” of these roots. Butt nots. Rosette is found on plants like asparagus. Outlets look like a mop headboard beneath the soil surface.

Figure 9-4. Root structureFigure 9-4. Root structure

9-11. Remember that you are going to eat. Some plants have edible and poisonous parts. Many times are edible only at certain times of the year. For medical purposes.

Universal edibility test

9-12. In the world of many plants. Some of them can cause discomfort, severe internal disturbances, and even death. Therefore, having the slightest doubt edible plants Before it should be applied (Table 9-5).

Table 9-5. Universal edibility test

1. Only one part of the plant is tested at a time.
2. The plant is divided into main parts – leaves, stems, roots, buds and flowers.
3. The tested part is sniffed for strong or acidic odors. It should be remembered.
4. 8 hours before the test should not be eaten.
5. Refraining from contact exposure. The elbow or wrist. For the appearance of the reaction is enough 15 minutes.
6. During the test, it’s not necessary.
7. A small portion of one piece.
8. If you’re making a small piece of water, you’ll be able to touch it. Check for burning or itching.
9. If after 3 minutes, it’s not a problem.
10. If there is no reaction, the piece is thoroughly chewed and held in the mouth for 15 minutes. Without swallowing
11. If there is no burning, itching, numbness, tingling, or other irritation within 15 minutes, you can swallow it.
12. Wait 8 hours. During this period, it is necessary to induce vomiting and drink large amounts of water.
13. If there is no pain, it is not painful. Next you should wait another 8 hours. If you are a plant
Attention
All plants have edible parts. Do not think about it. Check it before use to be sure. If you’re in different people.

9-13. Before the test, make sure that your plant grows and is worth your time and effort. Each part of the plant (roots, leaves, flowers, and so on) requires more than a day for testing. Do not waste time checking plants, which is relatively short.

9-14. Remember that addicting plant food in large quantities may cause diarrhea, nausea or colic. Two good examples are such as green apples and wild onions. Even after testing plant, eat it safe, eat in moderation.

9-15. It is clear how to determine edible plants.

9-16. You can’t

  • Milk or colorless juice.
  • Beans, bulbs or seeds in the peel.
  • Bitter or soapy taste.
  • Thorns, hairs or spines.
  • Foliage, resembling dill, carrots, parsnips or parsley.
  • Smell of almond in woody and hardwood parts.
  • Grain heads with pink, purple or black spurs.
  • Trefoil overgrowth.

9-17. This will help you avoid any problem. edible plants. More importantly, it will often help to avoid poisonous plants.

9-18. Given here. Learn how much you can work out and travel or work. Table 9-6 lists some of the most common edible and medicinal plants. A detailed description of these plants are in Appendix B.

Table 9-6. Food plants

Temperate zone
  • Amaranth tilted back or divorced (Amaranthus retroflexus and other varieties)
  • Maranta reed (lat. Maranta arundinacea)
  • Asparagus officinalis (latin.Asparagus officinalis)
  • Beechnut
  • Blackberry
  • Bilberry or vaccine (lat.Vaccinium)
  • Burdock (Latin Arctium lappa)
  • Throat (lat. Typha)
  • Chestnut (Latin Castanea)
  • Chicory (lat. Cichorium intybus)
  • Earthen almonds or chufa (lat. Cyperus esculentus)
  • Medicinal Dandelion (lat. Taraxacum officinale)
  • Daylily brown-yellow (lat. Hemerocallis fulva)
  • Nettle (lat. Urtica)
  • Oak (lat. Quercus)
  • Persimmon virgin (lat. Diospyros virginiana)
  • Plantain (Latin Plantago)
  • American Lakonos or American Fitolacca (Latin: Phytolacca americana)
  • Prickly pear cacti (lat. Opuntia)
  • Garden purslane (lat. Portulaca oleracea)
  • Sassafras whitish (lat.Sassafras albidum)
  • Small or passerine (lat.Rumex acetosella)
  • Strawberries (lat.Fragaria)
  • Bodyacon (lat.Cirsium)
  • Water lily (nodule) and lotus (Nuphar, Nelumbo and other varieties)
  • Wild onions and garlic (Latin. Allium)
  • Dogrose (lat.Rosa)
  • Oxygen (lat.Oxalis)
Tropical belt
  • Bamboo (lat. Bambusa and other varieties)
  • Banana (Latin Musa)
  • Breadfruit (lat.Artocarpus altilis)
  • Cashew nut (Latin Anacardium occidentale)
  • Coconut palm fruit (Lat. Cocos nucifera)
  • Indian mango (lat.Mangifera indica)
  • Palm trees (various types)
  • Melon Tree – Papaya (Lat.Carica)
  • Sugar cane (lat. Saccharum officinarum)
  • Taro (latin. Colocasia)
Desert zone
  • Acacia farnesiana (lat. Acacia farnesiana)
  • Agave (lat. Agave)
  • Cactus (various species)
  • Date palm (Lat. Phoenix dactylifera)
  • Desert Amaranth (Amaranths palmer)

Seaweed

9-19. It should never be overlooked seaweed. Algae inhabit the coast or the bottom of the ocean. There are also some edible freshwater species. Algae can be used as a source of iodine, other minerals, and large amounts of vitamin C. Table 9-7 lists the various edible seaweed species.

9-20. When collecting algae, looking for a living free-floating or rock-dwelling plants. Once cast ashore, spoil or rot. Freshly harvested algae can be dried for the future.

9-21. Different types of algae are prepared in different ways. Dry thin and delicate varieties in the sun or fire until crisp. Grind and add to the soup or broth, slightly boiling thick, leathery seaweed to soften them. You can eat it. Some varieties can be consumed raw after edibility test.

Table 9-7. Types of edible seaweed

  • Red algae or Crimson (Latin Rhodophyta)
  • Ulva lactuca green alga
  • Irish moss (red alga ((lat. Chondrus crispus)
  • Alaria esculenta (kelp) (Alaria esculenta)
  • Porphyra (lat.porphyra)
  • Sargass (lat. Sargassum fulvellum)
  • Laminaria sugary (lat. Laminaria saccharina)

Cooking food plants

9-22. While it is edible or tasty. It is healthy to eat. Many wild plants are edible, but not very appetizing. It would be nice to learn to identify, cook and eat wild foods.

9-23. Methods to improve and improve the taste of plant foods. (For example, acorns):

9-24. If you want to remove the bitterness.

9-25. Broth, bake or fry tubers and roots. Drying will help to remove caustic oxalic esters from some roots, as in the Aroid family.

9-26. Rinse the acorns in water, if necessary, to remove the bitterness. Some nuts, such as chestnuts, will go raw, but roasted is tastier.

9-27. You can eat a lot of grains and seeds before ripening raw. And hard and dry, you can boil or grind into food or flour.

9-28. The sap of many trees (for example, maple, birch, walnut and sycamore) contains sugar. You can make a syrup for sweetening. It will take about 35 liters of juice for 1 l of maple syrup!

Use of plants for treatment

9-29. At treatment with plants, eaten. Equally important and correct. use of plants.

Concepts and definitions

9-30. The following terms and definitions are associated with the use of medicinal plants:

  • Compress or poultice. Crushed leaves or other parts of plants, possibly heated, are applied to the skin or inflammation. Increase the blood pressure in the area. As it dries, the compress draws out toxins from the wound. Victim can be tolerated.
  • Infusion, nutritious decoction or tea. Mixture prepared for indoor or outdoor use. A small amount of medicinal plant placed in a vessel filled with hot water and infused (covered or open) before use. Precautions: do not drink too much.
  • Decoction. Extract of boiled, stewed leaves or roots of a plant. The amount of water that has been added to the water absorbed by the water is absorbed. The average ratio of about 28-56 grams of grass per 0.5 liters of water.
  • Squeezed juice. Liquid or juice squeezed from plant material.

9-31. Many natural remedies are slower than known drugs. Therefore, you should start longer for the effect. Naturally, some work faster. Many of these treatments are discussed in more detail in Chapter 4.

Specific Medications

9-32. The following medications are used for survival (for example, cancer).

Diarrhea drugs

Diarrhea is one of the most debilitating diseases of a prisoner of war. Diarrhea. It contains a lot of tannic acid. However, there is nothing else. Silo, ash, coal, powdered chalk, crushed bones, as well as pectin. 2 hours to 2 tablespoons. Raw materials for chemical use (trademark of patented remedies for indigestion; produced by Pfizer – ed.). Citrus cake or apple cake Infusion You can also make lingonberries, cranberries or hazel leaves. The danger undernourished survivor debilitating diarrhea, quickly dehydrating even a healthy person.

Hemostatic agents

Bleeding can be made from the leaves of the plantain, or the leaves of the common yarrow (Achillea millefolium). They most often create a physical barrier to bleeding. Prickly pear (raw, cleaned part) or witch hazel (virgin hazel) can be applied directly to wounds. Both are good for their tightening properties (constrict blood vessels). When bleeding gums or ulcers can be used as a toothpick or chew. It gives some chemical and antiseptic properties.

Antiseptics for disinfection

Used to cleanse wounds, from snake bites, ulcers, or rashes. Antiseptic can be made from squeezed juice wild onions or garlic, star leaves or crushed sorrel leaves. And also from the leaves of mallow, or tannic acid. Opuntia, rusty elm, yarrow and amber tree are also good antiseptics. All these drugs for external use only. The two best antiseptics – sugar and honey. Sugar is placed on the wound until clots appear. Then washed off and repeated. Honey is applied three times a day (see chapter 4). It is in the second place after it has been taken.

Antipyretics

Wrinkle bark, linden flower, tincture of rusty elm bark. An infusion of yarrow is also suitable, they say, mint tea is also good.

Cold and sore throat

These diseases can be cured with the leaves of the plantain or willow bark. Root leaves, flowers or roots of mallein and leaves of yarrow or mint.

Analgesics for pain, aching and sprains

These conditions are treated with the poultices of sorrel, plantain, sprocket, willow bark, garlic or acidic. The amber tree has some analgesic properties. Willow bark or its infusion – aspirin. You can also use your skin.

Antihistamines and tightening agents for itching or skin lesions

Relieve itching from bites banglora or Latin mist (Latin vir vir vir vir), cts cts cts cts cts cts Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Latin Ipods rashes or insect bites. Impatiens and aloe vera – with sunburn. In addition, dandelion juice, crushed garlic cloves and amber tree are used. According to rumors, chopped burdock leaves also help, and crushed leaves. Touchstone is probably the best of these plants. Can be used to treat toothache.

Soothing

Tea from mint leaves or passiflora will help from insomnia.

Hemorrhoids

It is a process that leads you to your skin. Tanning acid or witch hazel due to its properties will give relief.

Prickly heat

It is a calming effect. not poisonous plants help rash dry out after careful processing.

Constipation

To relieve constipation, a decoction of dandelion leaves, rosehips or walnut bark is drunk. You can eat daylily or daylight. To relieve constipation, a large amount of water is essential.

Anthelmintics against worms or intestinal parasites

In most cases, it is toxic, but it is more toxic for people. Thus, all procedures should not be carried out in moderation. These include tansy tea (lat. Tanacetum vulgare) or wild carrot leaves (poisonous). It is very strong tannic acid. Additional methods can be found in chapter 4.

Antimetheorism against gas and colic

To soothe the stomach, take an infusion of carrot seeds and mint leaves.

Antifungal lotions

It is suitable for the treatment of fungus and sweating feet. Often put in place, alternating with direct sunlight. Broad leaf plantain also used successfully, but any treatment should be supplemented with sunlight if possible. Excellent washing is obtained, but sometimes sometimes they are difficult to find.

Burns

Tanning acid, sugar and honey are used as described in chapter 4.

Teeth cleaning products

In addition to using anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antiseptic properties, see Chapter 4 for other methods.

Insect repellent

To scare away the insects, you can eat them. Sassafras leaves rubbed into the skin. A cedar shavings will help away insects from the shelter.

Tannic acid

Insofar as tannic acid widely used (burns, hemorrhoids, worms, diarrhea, fungus, bronchitis, inflammation of the skin), write it out. All fibrous plants, especially trees, contain tannic acid. In deciduous species, as a rule, more than in conifers. Of the hardwoods, oak – especially red and chestnut – contain the most tannic acid. Oak knots, similar to warts, may contain as much as 28%. This can be boiled to obtain tannic acid. Boil from 15 minutes (very weak) for 2 hours (moderate), or even within 12 hours and up to 3 days (very strong). More robust decoction dark color, varying according to the type of wood. Nasty taste of the infusion.

Different uses of plants

9-33. Plants can become an ally with careful use. It is worth making sure that the plant is familiar, like the methods of its use. The following are some examples:

  • Can cook dye from various plants for dyeing clothes or masking. For best results, as a rule, the plant will have to boil. Onion peel gives yellow color, the nutshell – brown and lacunosa (fitolakka) – purple.
  • Weave a thread or plant fiber rope. It is the most commonly used pathway of the linden-like trees.
  • Collect tinder from rogoza fluff, resinous tree species.
  • Flocking of the milkweed.
  • Insect repellent can be made: by placing the leaves of sassafras in the shelter; burning or spreading hair with cattail.

9-34. Security in use of plants In the case of their shelter or equipment,

Food extraction

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