To survive, it is not enough to build shelters, food, fire and orienteering without a navigator. Deadly threat. However, there were trained people who died without their skills. In many situations, the key to survival is psychological state person Having skills is important, but desire to survive – more significantly. The knowledge is the use of knowledge. For this reason there is survival psychology.
Surviving you can face many stress factors, affecting the mind later. They are confident and well-prepared, and they are not healthy, and they are not healthy. Simply put, it is worth knowing these stressors and being able to take them. It is also important to understand stressful situations. There are situations in which reality has been confronted. You will stay alive.
2-1. Before studying psychological reaction In terms of survival, it’s helpful to learn about stress and its effects. Stress – it is not a disease. The reaction to psychological pressure. This is a person who experiences physically, mentally, emotionally and stressful situations.
2-2. Stress is important, it benefits. Stress – Learn your strengths and how strong you are. It shows your fitness and flexibility, it helps to get better. Since it is usually not possible to consider, stress This is an indicator of the event. It shows what really matters.
2-3. It is necessary to experience stress. Too much stressful situations acts depressing and leads to exhaustion. Which in turn causes stress, which everyone prefers to avoid. The following are general symptoms of exhaustion, which can be encountered:
- Difficulties in making a decision.
- Outbreaks of anger.
- Constant concern.
- Propensity to mistakes.
- Thoughts of death or suicide.
- Rejection of other people.
- Avoiding contact with other people.
- Unwillingness to follow orders.
2-4. Consequently, stress can be both constructive and destructive. It gives you peace of mind. And you can use it. The key to survival lies in the ability fight stress. Survivor manages his stresses by not letting them control his life.
2-5. Any situation can lead to stress and, as a rule, trouble does not come alone. Often stressful events occur simultaneously. They are not stressors. Stressors – obvious reason, stress – reaction. When the body recognizes the stress factor, it is protected.
2-6. Reacting to stressor a person prepares to fight or flight SOS signal. During the body response, the following occurs:
- Burning fuel supplies (sugar, fats) to provide energy.
- Increased respiration rate to saturate the blood with oxygen.
- The growth of muscle tension – preparation for action. A shiver may occur.
- Activation of blood coagulation, easing bleeding from wounds.
- Exacerbation of feelings (pupils, hearing and smell are exacerbated) to monitor the situation.
- Increased heart rate.
This defensive reaction prepares the body for potential danger. However, it is impossible to maintain this level.
2-7. Stressors I don’t really want to have a politeness. They accumulate. The overall effect of a few minor stress factors, occurring simultaneously, can cause distress. The number of stressors increases, exhaustion. At this moment there are symptoms. There are two components of effective stress management. Therefore, you may encounter. Below are some of them.
Injury, illness or death
2-8. Injuries, illness or death – real problems. Perhaps there is nothing more than the environment of food poisoning. Seek refugee and protection. Lest, they increase stress through pain and discomfort. Risk of death associated with trauma, survival tasks.
Uncertainty and lack of control over the situation
2-9. Some are experiencing situations when not “everything is according to plan.” AT survival the only guarantee is the lack of guarantees. It is quite difficult to control the situation. If you get sick or get hurt. Do not say.
2-10. Even in ideal conditions, nature is very scary. Surviving, you have to fight with such stressors, terrain, living nearby. Hell, wind, rain, wind, highlands, swamps, desert, insects, dangerous It depends on your attitude.
Hunger and thirst
2-11. Without food and water, a person becomes weak and eventually dies. Thus, it is very important during survival. It can be used as a source of stress.
2-12. It is not easy when fatigue accumulates. You can be so tired that waking itself will be tiring.
2-13. Surfive the team is easier. It’s not a problem. They are accustomed to orders and management, especially in the confusion. Contact with other people also gives a sense of security, because there is someone who can help if that. On your own resources.
2-14. Listed above stressors far from everyone you encounter. It’s important to note that it’s insignificant. During survival If you are a woman of Do not avoid him.
2-15. Now you have a general idea of stress and its factors in survival. Next step is to study your reactions to them.
2-16. Over the centuries, man has experienced many changes in the environment. Ability to adapt it is declining out. The same survival mechanisms can help you survive too! But they can work.
2-17. The person responds to the need for survival. Below are the main emerging internal states.
2-18. Fear – in our opinion, can lead to death, injury or illness. But it’s not just about physical damage. Fear threatens emotional or mental well-being. In an effort to survive, fear provokes caution when recklessness can hurt. Unfortunately, sometimes he paralyzes. You can be so scared survival. Most people experience fear in unfamiliar surroundings under adverse conditions. There is nothing shameful about it! Train to fear could not win. How to manage your fears.
2-19. Anxiety associated with fear. Both are natural to experience these feelings. Anxiety can interfere in a dangerous situation (physically, psychologically, emotionally). Its sound use can induce to act, avoiding or overcoming life-threatening situations. If you had never been motivated to change life. Surviving can reduce anxiety. Reducing anxiety will take control of its source – your fears. In this regard, it is useful; however, it can also have devastating effects. Anxiety can be overwhelm Once this happens, it will make decisions. To stay alive, It is necessary to learn how to control it.
Anger and frustration
2-20. Disappointment occurs when trying to achieve a goal. Purpose of survival – stay alive until you can find it. To do this, you must perform a number of tasks with minimal resources. Surely something will go wrong, something will get out of control; life will be more expensive. In the end, when some plans fall ashes. The result of frustration is anger. Many events in the process survival may upset or anger you. Lost, hurt, or lost equipment; The physical patrols and the physical patrols of the world. They generate an impulsive reaction, unreasonable behavior, poorly thought-out decisions. If you can use it, you can act accordingly. If you’re not a lot of energy.
2-21. If you are faced with survival. With increasing sadness comes “depression”. It is closely associated with frustration and anger. Disappointment is angry with every failure. The anger of will be higher. Will destructively cycle between anger and frustration will physically, psychologically and emotionally. Having reached this point, I can do nothing. Depression is an expression of hopelessness and helplessness. It’s a “civilized, peaceful” life. Try again and live again. On the other hand, plunging into depressed you can lose energy and, more importantly, the desire to survive. It is imperative to resist depression.
Loneliness and boredom
2-22. Man is a social being. People enjoy the company of other people. For a long time! Chances are good in survival stay alone. There is nothing wrong. It seems like qualities for you. You will be amazed at your imagination and creativity. When you need to do something, you can discover hidden talents and abilities. You will be amazed by the power of mind. However, loneliness and boredom can be a source depressed. If you are a survivor Improve the level of autonomy. Believe yourself and your ability to “act alone.”
2-23. The circumstances leading to survival, sometimes tragic. Perhaps there was an accident and someone died. Maybe you’re among some survivors or even the only one. Left alive, and you can even feel guilty about their death. You have not been fulfilled your purpose. Sometimes survivors survive, to continue or complete the work of the dead. Whatever you choose, do not let the feeling of guilt interfere with living. Having survived the tragedy, do not refuse to live. It will be only the greatest tragedy.
2-24. The main survival mission – stay alive. The whole range of emotions and feelings. Fear, anxiety, anger, frustration, guilt, depression and loneliness are all possible survival stressors. Controls these reactions. There is no doubt that this is a case in point. When they can’t manage these reactions, they lead to a dead end. Instead of rallying internal resources, you give in to fear. It makes psychologically surrender long before death. Remember survival natural to all; push you into life. Do not be afraid of the natural reaction to an unnatural situation. The goal is to get ready. survive with honor and dignity.
2-25. Surviving, be ready to give positive results. There are some examples of heroism, courage and sacrifice. These qualities can be awaken in you if you prepare. Below are a few tips on how psychologically tune in for survival. After studying this guide, you can develop your attitude to survival. “
2-26. Learn, learn, learn strengths. Known to you in survival are needed.
Try to anticipate fear
2-27. Do not pretend that you are afraid of anything. If you’re scared the most? Train in the fight with fear. The goal is to increase the score.
2-28. Do not be afraid to be honest. Look at the circumstances soberly, not wishful thinking. Match the hopes and expectations. Surfing with unrealistic expectations, you are moving to a bitter disappointment. Follow the adage “hope for the best – prepare for the worst.” It is much easier to adapt to breaks the harsh reality.
Choose a positive attitude
2-29. Learn to see good in everything. Boosts morale, but also develops imagination and creativity.
Remember what’s at stake
2-30. failure to psych up lack of attention, loss of faith, survival leads to depression, lightheadedness, loss of faith. Remember that you are at stake.
2-31. Through military training and life experience, begin to prepare to cope with severity of survival. Demonstrating skills. Remember, the less overwhelming survival.
Learn stress management techniques.
2-32. If you’re a person, you’re not always ready to go. When you cannot control them. Study of survival psychology You need to be able to improve your skills and skills. Relaxation skills, time management, self-confidence, and cognitive restructuring skills. Remember, “desire to survive“Can be considered a refusal to surrender. “
Survival Guide for the US Army. Chapter 2: The Psychology of Survival