There is no need to eat. But what about the current situation? Yes, there is food. But no, it is not always possible to buy it. The solution is simple – the village and autonomous economy. It has been the rule of thumb that it has been shown.
But then there is a small problem. It is your choice. And you’ve forgive some mistakes. AND Jerusalem artichoke – almost perfect option.
The thing is that Jerusalem artichoke – extremely hardy plant, which is little demanding to external conditions. Yes, there are some subtleties, but it is much easier to take. Honestly, even my grandmother, who lived in the village since she was born, sometimes had “failed” tomatoes. So, with Jerusalem artichoke such a garbage will not.
In addition to stamina, Jerusalem artichoke also has high yields, good nutritional value and taste. Also he is good in quality honey plant, especially if you have apiary there is. We will tell you about this, too, since bee products can be used for sale.
You can grow topinambur up to the latitude of St. Petersburg. It is a great chance to have a good time. Unless, of course, the tubers are cold enough. Tubers are mainly used for planting plants. In short, a complete analogy with potatoes.
Jerusalem artichoke But it is not suitable for it. How to define it? There is a possibility that there will be a trace of the water level. halophilic plants does not grow.
The earth is plowed in a banal way. It’s dry, then it’s dry. Tubers are buried to a depth of 15 cm, with an interval of half a meter. There should be a distance of approximately 70 centimeters. Why? Because u Jerusalem artichoke it is a plant that will make it possible to interfere with each other. This should not be carried out in early spring. Fortunately, the possible frosts, which are now frequent, are not terrible for tubers.
As for fertilizers, Jerusalem artichoke responds to them well. The proportions are as follows: for 10 square meters you need: 30 kg of humus, 400 grams of phosphates, 250 grams of potash fertilizers and 250 grams of nitrogenous. But you can get about with the most common manure – it will take about 40 kg for 10 meters. It is better to bring in the fall, after harvesting. But it doesn’t apply to planting. It will be possible, in principle, without fertilizer costs.
After planting, it is necessary. 2-3 times before the emergence of shoots, and the same after. Landing sites themselves DO NOT BAND. Additionally watering – only in case of severely drought. Wait for the emergence of shoots will have about two weeks. It can be seen. Yes, Jerusalem artichoke it can grow in height to four meters.
As you grow Jerusalem artichoke, pest problems may begin. Most of us cann’t be disturbed by slugs, medvedki, of sc ops by by by by by by by by Since this is a topic for a separate article, since the methods of dealing with insects. agricultural pests a lot and they are individual.
Harvesting is carried out in late autumn (late September – early November). This is a pattern of 30 minutes of 30 minutes. After that you can start digging out the tubers. And you can not start. The fact is that Jerusalem artichoke it is very poorly stored – it’s not worth it. And it will not happen. So many gardeners dig up plants as needed. It is necessary to additionally pour it. As mentioned above, Jerusalem artichoke it will freeze. It will be “test” and it will show you how to live on your site.
Productivity in many respects. We are interested in the following types:
- “Interest “. Extremely productive variety of Jerusalem artichoke – up to 360 centners of tubers per hectare. But it matures only by November. It is not capable of wintering. Quite sensitive to lack of moisture.
- “Leningrad”. Productivity – up to 400 centners. It matures by the end of November (approximately 140-160 days). It tolerates wintering, therefore it is recommended for cultivation in the northern areas. But matures very long.
- “Rapid”. Productivity – up to 250 centners. Cold and heat transfers medium. Perfectly withstands the sunlight and moisture. 120 days from the moment of planting.
- “Volzhsky 2”. The rate of ripening is phenomenal – 100 days from the time of planting. But the yield is only 150 centners per hectare. But it is resistant to heat and cold.
As you can see, there is nothing more complicated. Yes, you will need to prepare, find out some details, and control it. But if you want everything to be right. Plus, it is enough to buy tubers only once, and then use what has grown. But it is worth remembering that although Jerusalem artichoke It is not possible, because the soil is depleted, despite the fertilizer.