Eideman Robert Petrovich

Eideman Robert Petrovich (27.04 (09.05). 1895 Leyastsiema place in Valka., Latvia 12.06.1937), and active participation. page. Cr. Arm. W., owls. commander and military theorist, Corps Commander. Of employees. Since 1914, the Social Revolutionary-maximalist, a student of the Petrograd Forestry Institute, then the listener Nicholas Infantry College (Kiev), Ensign. In October. 1916 aimed at military service in Kansk. Prev. Kan Council Soldiers. dep. Since Oct. 1917 Deputy. prev. Kan Council office., Soldiers. and the cross. dep., Deputy. prev. CEC Siberia (Tsentrosibir). Elected member of the All-Russia. Read more [...]
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Czechs in the Urals

    In mid-November 2008 Yekaterinburg on the Michael Cemetery the opening of the memorial, where they were knocked out names of 360 soldiers and officers of the Czechoslovak (30 more are still unknown) engraved: Czechoslovak legionnaires who died on the way to free the motherland in 1918/ 1919.     In Nizhny Tagil the grand opening of this memorial, at the which was attended by the consuls of the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the Sverdlovsk region, held 24 November 2009, the former Grieving convent (now a children's home on the street Red Guard). At our Read more [...]
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Zwilling Samuil

Zwilling Samuil (01 (13) .01.1891, Tobolsk 02.04. 1918, p. Izobilna Orenbah. Lip.), Revolutionary. Rod. in the family barber. He studied at the Omsk school. At age 12 he moved to Irkutsk to his older brother. Joined the Social-Democrats. movement. In 1905, T. was arrested and deported. In Tomsk, he settled clerk to a lawyer. Here's a great influence on him Sergei Kirov, V.V.Kuybyshev who led Tomsk com-t of the RSDLP. For attempting to expropriation of funds for the Social-Democrats. org-tion Ts facing the death penalty, replaced in 1908 by a 15-year imprisonment. Punishment served in Omsk, Irkutsk, Read more [...]
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Khokhryakov Paul Danilovich

Khokhryakov Paul Danilovich (16 (28) .06.1893, der. Khokhryakov, Vozhgalskoy par., Vyatka province. 17.8.1918, p. Krutiha ECAT. Y. Perm. Lip.), Bolshevik sailor, participation. struggle for the establishment of owls. authorities W. Rhode. family farm laborer. Since 1914, the sailor of the Baltic Fleet cruiser Emperor Alexander II. In 1917, the agitator on fr., In Murmansk. The fall of 1917 with the mandate signed by Sverdlov arrived in ECAT. to assist the local part. org-tions in the creation of armed groups and consolidate the power of the Soviets, led by C. headquarters Cr. Guard (ECAT)., pers. Read more [...]
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Fedichkin Dmitry

Fedichkin Dmitry (9.02 (21.02) .1885, Tambov Province. 10.24.1966, USA), in Russian. commander. Of family non-commissioned officer. Graduated from the Kazan Junker School (1909). Outcast. the Russo-Japanese War and the first world. wars. Colonel. In the spring of 1918 participated in the anti-Soviet. Insurgent org-tion in Kazan. In the beginning. August. 1918 arrived in Izhevsk. One of his hands. Izhevsk uprising. Formed neg., Which became the nucleus of the Izhevsk arm. August 13. 1918 appointed its com. In the beginning. Sep. com. Kama Nar. arm. October 15. leave the command and went to Ufa, Read more [...]
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Constituent Assembly in Russia

Constituent Assembly in Russia supreme representative institution to establish a form of government and the development of the Constitution, to-Roe was supposed to convene on a regular. universal suffrage. Demanding the convocation of US included in the program dock you a number of parties from the Bolsheviks to the Cadets. Formed after October. roar. rab. cross. pr-in was originally called Bp. Elections were scheduled for 12 (25) Nov. 1917 held in Nov-December. From 1917 members voting approx. Half of voters voted for the Socialist-Revolutionaries 40%, 23.9% for the Bolsheviks, for the Cadets Read more [...]
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USOLYE (until 1918 New Usolye)

USOLYE (until 1918 New Usolye) of p-tion n. in Perm. region. Located on Ave. Shore of the Kama river in 343 km to the north of Perm. Us. item originated in 1606 and more than three in. was one of the fi. of salt in the Kama. Prior to the beginning. XX century. salt pans belonged Stroganov and their immediate families Shakhovskoy Vsevolozhsky and others. XVIII century. fisheries were nationalized and the village. received the status In subsequent years. William has grown considerably. With the creation of the Kama Reservoir, a new district, were established enterprises local prom. With the construction Read more [...]
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Harvest of July

    July was fruitful for historical findings: the remains destroyed monument "Fallen for freedom" 1918 (reconstruction of the monument to Alexander II built in 1895) and sole plates Avrorinskogo shelter in 1857.     Details of the monument "Fallen for freedom" were found on July 13 This year the evening during construction (Leads them "Tagildorstroy") Construction foundation of the monument to Nicholas Nikitich Demidov in Komsomolsk park. It was founded in 1992.     History of the detected monument goes back Read more [...]
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Harvest of July

July was fruitful for historical findings: the remains of the destroyed monument "Fallen for Freedom" in 1918 (reconstruction of the monument to Alexander II built in 1895) and mortgage stove Avrorinskogo shelter in 1857. Details of the monument "fell for freedom" were discovered on July 13 this year, the evening during construction (leading them "Tagildorstroy") for the construction of the foundation of the monument to Nicholas Nikitich Demidov in Komsomolsk park. It was founded in 1992. History discovered monument goes back centuries. Originally it was a monument to the Russian Emperor Alexander Read more [...]
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Urals Military District (UrVO)

Urals Military District (UrVO) formed by order of the Supreme. Military Council of 31 March 1918 Decision enshrined SNK decree of 4 May 1918 Originally incl. ter. Perm., Ufa, Vyatka, Orenbah. Kazan and lips. Management. env. in ECAT. (July 1918 to August. 1919, Perm, Vyatka, Penza). Subsequently, the boundaries were changed. In 1993, ter. env. included Sverdl., Chelyaba., Coorg., Tyumen region. Management env. in ECAT. At the head of env. in 1918-1919 stood env. Commissioner consisting of 3 people .: env. military commissioner, military commissar of the military and arms .: F.I.Goloschekin (May Read more [...]
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URAL ARMY (WHITE)

URAL ARMY (WHITE) military compound. Formed in April. 1918 of ur. Cossacks. In connection with the revolt of the Czechoslovak Corps, widespread insurgency in the Volga region, Ukraine, U. army strengthened, and new formation. It consisted of: 1st Ural. Cossack Corps, 2nd Iletsky Cossack Corps, 3rd Ural Cavalry Div. By the beginning of October. In 1918, it rose from 15 thousand. (In April.) To 21-odd thousand. Infantry and cavalry. Were armed with 51 cannon, 169 machine guns. In July 1919 there were about 25 thousand. Infantry and cavalry, 52 guns, 174 machine guns. Since January. 1919 became a Read more [...]
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Ural-Siberian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (b)

Ural-Siberian Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) the supreme organ of the Bolshevik Party in the U. and Siberia. Created decision of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) in December. 1918 All Over. time to change the name (Siberian Bureau of the Central Committee of the Ural-Siberian Bureau of the Central Committee, the Siberian region. Bureau of the Central Committee, with January. in July 1919 was the Ural-Siberian branch of the Central Committee of the RCP (b)), lasted until 1924 Max. active in the region and country. CET. War. Stationed in Ufa and Vyatka (at the locations Read more [...]
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War does not a woman’s face?

the reader has heard enough: at the front, they fought alongside men in the rear of the clock did not depart from the machines. But hardly anyone of us thought about the role of women during the Civil War. Say, the role is the same as always: sanitarochki, cooks, soldiers'. However, not everything is so simple. Referring to the collected candidate of military sciences TK Keane documents from the holdings of the museum-reserve its folder "Notes on the different." (First published in this "Diary" was in our newspaper recently. February 22 ed.). At the beginning of the Civil War service of women Read more [...]
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Turan Ivan

Turan Ivan (01 (13) .01.1891, Perm 1981, ibid), teacher and painter. Graduated from Penza thin. School (1918 kl. I.S.Goryushkina-Sorokopudova). Since 1918 he worked as a teacher in schools in Perm, engaged in painting. In 1921 he opened a private studio izoisk Island one of the first on the W., lasted until 1932, he taught at pedtehnikume 1931-41, 1942-58 pedagogical in-ones. Author of more than 100 Mfr. painting and drawing. Outcast. exhibitions Polar Bear (Penza, 1916), the Society of Lovers of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture (Perm, 1918). Works are in PGHG. Lit .: Kazarinova NV Artists Read more [...]
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THIRD ARMY

THIRD ARMY operative association troops Cr. Arm. Created from 18.07.1918 h. Ur. North-Siberian fr. Acting at Zlatoust, Chelyaba. Tyumen and directions (ECAT headquarters., com. R.I.Berzin, pers. RVS M.M.Lashevich, I.T.Smilga). Order dated 28.07.1918 troops were reorganized and consolidated into divas .: Eastern. (G.I.Ovchinnikov) Avg. (R.P.Eydeman), Zap. (N.A.Filimonov) -Egorshinskoe Taghilsky and Kungurskoe direction. Furthermore, Neg. Special purpose (V.K.Reyhard) Lysvensky direction; in the district of Art. Vogulka neg. M.V.Sedora; in the district B.Ut neg. V.F.Orla. 08/25/1918 div. renamed: Read more [...]
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TOCHISSKY (Tochisky) Paul Varfolomeyevich

TOCHISSKY (Tochisky) Paul Varfolomeyevich (03 (15) .05.1864, ECAT. Perm. Lip. 07.10.1918, Beloretskij zd Verhneur. Y. Orenbah. Lip.), One of the org-ing the Social-Democrats. movement in Russia, part. owls. and military leader. Of the officer's family. Until 1883 he studied at the ECAT. gymnasium. Rab. Serving. In 1885 in St. Petersburg organized Social-Democrats. org-tion Association of St. Petersburg workmen. After his arrest and deportation in 1888, continued to work in Zhitomir, Moscow, Saratov, Tambov, Vologda, Astrakhan. In 1894, he toured Europe. countries met pers. Social-Democrats. org-tion Read more [...]
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Tomin, Nikolai Dmitrievich

Tomin, Nikolai Dmitrievich (04 (16) .12.1886, p. Kocherdyk Chelyaba. Y. Orenbah. Lip. 12.08.1924, Bukhara), the commander of the Red Army. Of the Cossacks. In 1902-04 the clerk in the store Zavyalova (with. Kurtamysh Chelyaba. Y.). Outcast. first world. War, Private 1st Orenbah. Cossack div., ml. constable. In 1917 before. com-ta and com. 1st Orenbah. Cossack div. On Feb. Uezdvoenkom 1918 and authorized the formation of cavalry h. Troitsk, from June 1918 com. Trinity neg., Having joined in Ur. arm. N.D.Kashirina Blvukher, from September. 1918 Brigade Commander of the 4th Level. SD. During the Read more [...]
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TOLSTOV Vladimir Sergeyevich

TOLSTOV Vladimir Sergeyevich (07 (19) .07.1884 1956, Sydney, Australia), one of the hands. White Cossack movement in the Urals and the Caspian region, the gene-l-Leith. (1919). From a family of Cossack officer. He graduated from Nikolayev Cavalry School (1905). Outcast. first world. War, com. 6th Level. Cossack regiment, Colonel. A.M.Kaledina supported in the fight against the Bolsheviks on the Don, antis. performance in Astrakhan (jan. 1918). In March 1918, led the anti-Bolshevik coup in Guriev, com. Guriev Group of Forces. March 23, 1919 Host range of Ur. Cossack troops pressure T. deposed Cossack Read more [...]
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Boris Timofeev

Boris Timofeev (18/07/1882, Dalmatov Perm. Lip. 13.04.1920, Moscow), writer. Rod. in the family of a local doctor. He graduated from the ECAT. gymnasium (1901). He studied at the honey., Then at the Law Faculty of max Moskov. University, but did not graduate. First publ. Manuf. Dead knots (1913). Author pov. and stories Pelageyushka, a servant of Christ (1914), Nicander of Nicholas of Myra (1917), Marika (1918). His Mfr. dedicated wiring. intellectuals, village., spiritual quest in Russian. people. Roman Bowl mournful (1918), the first in Russian. literature of the major mfr. of the world. war. Vol Read more [...]
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