1941 | The survival encyclopedia


Stately WAR (documentary) [1]

Any series of cycle knows about one of the more important steps Stately Rossiiskii war, beginning with the invasion of the German troops in the area of the USSR and to the Victory Day on 9 may 1945 and the war with Japan. In the movie used a three-dimensional computer graphics, staged scenes documentary footage. The shooting took place largely in the Crimea, Kiev and Volgograd. 1. Barbarossa2. Kiev 19413. Defense Of Sevastopol4. Battle for Moscow 5. The Siege Of Leningrad 6. Rzhev7. Stalingrad 8. The battle for the Caucasus9. KurskStately War. 1 Series. "Barbarossa". 48:54Stately Read more [...]
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Cotton Nikolay

Cotton Nikolay (12 (25) .12.1908, Vladimir 24.02. 1986 Sverdl.), Composer, conductor and teacher. Outcast. WWII. Rod. family servant. He graduated from Ur. State. Conservatory (1941, cl. M.P.Frolova composition and V.N.Trambitskogo), from 1940 pers. UK RSFSR. 1945-51 hands. muses. Sverdl broadcasting. radio and ur teacher. State. Conservatory from 1950 thin. hands. Lv. cum. Choir, since 1957 head. Department. Lv. Conservatory; 1964-81 lived and worked in Krasnodar, before. edge fin. UK RSFSR. Awarded hordes. Cr. Sign. Vol .: two symphonies (1941, 1949), symphonic poems: Death and the Maiden (1946) Read more [...]
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DEFENSE FUND

DEFENSE FUND cash and mat. values, to-rye voluntarily have made citizens in the cities. WWII for the needs of French. Proposal to establish a FO workers were made in July 1941, concurrently. in dec. p-tries gos Islands. One of the first of this initiative was made by the team at the U. Yegorshinsky TPP (Sverdl. Region.). Initiated an explanation of the value of fundraising. At the prom. enterprises org. rallies, cit., where a slave. made the decision to allocate to FO monthly one, two and three-day salary to the end of the war. Three days of defense established a slave. Uralmash, Rusakovskaya Read more [...]
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URALELECTROTYAZHMASH

URALELECTROTYAZHMASH a leading company in W. elektromashinostr. The project involved the comb that page. On the same site several. z-ing: turbo hydrogenerator, transformer, hardware, turbine and others. Uralelmashstroya 1932-1934 on the site of Sverdl. was built zd Uralelektromashina two Mfr. hardware and stove. The first products were oil switches voltage 20 kW. By 1941 hardware mfr. incl. Size 74 articles and was DOS. Furnace mfr. MY. electric arc furnaces with capacities from 0.2 to 30 tonnes for melting steel and nonferrous metals, as well as unique electric tempering of thin air pipes. The Read more [...]
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Sergey Chernov. Feat and epic tragedy of Heaven

    In Nizhny Tagil on Lenin Avenue is a stand with a header streets bear their names. Among our countrymen first Hero of the Soviet Union, not only in Nizhny Tagil, but also in the Urals, the award of the title of December 31, 1936, Sergey A. Black. What could be glorified in the distant 1936 a young fighter pilot?     Sergey was born on January 9, 1912 in Nizhny Tagil in the family of a railway worker. For what was making model airplanes and dreamed of becoming a pilot, as a child he was nicknamed Shackle-aeroplanchik when barefoot boy ran down the Malaya Kushva, where his family lived. Read more [...]
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Vasily Parin

Vasily Parin (18 (31) .03.1903, Kazan 15.07. 1971, Moscow), a physiologist, Acad. Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1966) and the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1944), Dr. med. Sciences (1941), akad.-secretary. (1947) and Vice President (1966) Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR. Rod. in the family of the employee. He graduated from PSU (1925), since 1932 head. department at the University, from 1933 to SHMI, from 1940 dir., from 1941 he worked in Moscow. P. scientific founder. school psychologists. Publ. more than 320 works, including 8 books on the physiology of circulation, space Read more [...]
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Machine-Building Plant. KALININA

Machine-Building Plant. KALININA defense industrial enterprise. Regular. in 1866 the treasury in Saint Peters. as gun shops by Mfr. howitzer field and mountain guns, for to-ryh employed approx. 200 artisans. Growth needs arm. in the supply of artillery caused the post. expansion Mfr. By the beginning. first world. War, the company has become a major weapon zd country with the number of the slave. 4 th. Pers., In 1919 the plant was evacuated to Nizhny Novgorod, where he continued to MY. their products to reach the pre-war level of production to 1928 in the beginning. 1930, the company remodeled Read more [...]
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MAXARET Yuri E.

MAXARET Yuri E. (28.07(10.08).1903, gport Arthur 09.11.1982, Moscow), the state and the household. figure, gene L. major engineering and tank services. In 1920-24 served in Cu. Ar. and the Navy. In 1926-29 on desks. work on C-Dah Leningrad. In 1930 he graduated from Leningrad. technological Institute and for seven years worked at the Kirov C-de. From 1938 deer. tank C-Yes in Kharkiv. In Sept. 1941 the plant was evacuated to Nizhny Tagil and merged with Uralians-house, which was headed by M. Under his hands. on UVZ for a short time mastered production. the tanks. In 1946-1955 Deputy min. of transport Read more [...]
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The chronicler Polevskoy edge (NF-Suzie)

Nikolai Fedorovich Tusev was born in the village of Oblique Ford in large, tight-knit, hard-working family. Parents mother Larisa Mikhailovna and father Theodore G. had nine children. And took it to the education of the orphan Alexander Alexandrovich Simbirtseva. Nikolay Fedorovich was the eldest son. Then were born Paul, Constantine, Basil (went into the forest and never returned), Maria, Basil (another son), Valentine, Zinaida, Henry. All children received a good education to become engineers, doctors. Theodore G. participated in the establishment of Soviet power. For him and other villagers Read more [...]
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Lebiazhie (pos. Lebyazhe second)

Lebiazhie (pos. Lebyazhe second) pos. Mountains. type, p-tion n. Coorg. region. Located 94 km from Barrow. In 1895, 6 miles from the village. Lebyazhe passed railway and was built by Art. Lebyazhya Siberian. To Art. postal operations conducted annually send up to 450 thousand. pounds. grains, meat, oil. By 1909 in the village. there were 1,700 residents. Regular. occupation of arable farming, poultry farming. Max. common fisheries: shoemaker, pimokatny, sartorial, forging metalwork. Since 1923 Lebyazhe p. Lebyazhevskoy par., 1924 District. Intensive development of the beginning. In 1941, with Read more [...]
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Kravchenko Gregory Panteleevich

Kravchenko Gregory Panteleevich (10.05.1912. S.Golubovka now in Dnepropetrovsk region. 23.02.1943, st.Sinyavino Leningrad region.), Twice Hero of the Soviet. Union (1939), Lieutenant-General. Aviation (1940). Of peasants. From 1923 he lived in s.Zverinogolovskoe (now the Kurgan region.), Where he graduated from the school cross. Youth (1930). Student Perm and then Moskov. Agronomy School (1930-31). In the Owls. Army in 1931, graduated from the Kachin military aviation school (1932), training courses commanders of the Military Academy of the General Staff (1941). Participated in the battles against Read more [...]
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KARIM Mustai (Karimov Mustafa Safich)

KARIM Mustai (Karimov Mustafa Safich) (10.20.1919, village. Klyashevo Ufim. Y. Ufim. Lip. Bash.) Cum. poet Bash. (1963). Rod. to cross. family. He graduated from the Bash. Pedagogical Institute (1941). Reprinted with 1935 First book squad moved (1938) and Voices of Spring (1941). In the years. War correspondent fr. gas. Has published two books of lyrics (my horse 1943 and Poems, 1945). The theme of war is reflected in the poems of the December Song (1942), Ulmyasbai (1944), Black Water (1961) and others. Working life and the spiritual world of the people formed the content of Sb. The Return (1947), Read more [...]
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Story in the newspapers

65 years of history is not very long, amid thousands of instant. But the history of the city, the area is primarily a story of people, their lives, for which 65 years quite impressive date. What is the story? Of universally recognized facts, memories of participants of events, eyewitness Here are just a fragment of the history of Dzerzhinsky district, printed on the pages of the newspaper "Taghilsky worker" in 1941-1944. January 5, 1941 the area devoted to just three material. "More care about mnogostanochnikov" called AL "In the spring forging shop of the plant Dzerzhinsky, wrote the correspondent, Read more [...]
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Foreign and local military units

Foreign and local military units formed on the W. in the cities. WWII. August 14. 1941 was signed by Soviet-Polish military agreement to-Roe determined the order of financing, org-tion, equipment and activities of the Polish arm. in the USSR. Arm. recruited on a voluntary recruiting and order of the number of Poles deported to eastern. districts of the Soviet Union after the partition of Poland in 1939 Comm. Arm. Polish emigre made in designated gene la V.Andersa. Com. Arm. housed in Buzuluk, 6th Div. (Lviv div. Infantry) and a reserve regiment in Totsky (Orenbah. Region.). In December. 1941 Busuluk Read more [...]
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TWENTY-SECOND ARMY

TWENTY-SECOND ARMY operative association of the Red Army, formed Bids Directive Ch. Command in June 1941 in UralVO (com. General-Lieutenant l F.A.Ershakov, beg. Staff Major-l Major GF Zakharov). It is composed of two rifle corps 51st and 62nd, 92nd, 112th, 153rd, 170th, 174th, 186th personnel Lv. CD and Dep. h. Sent to the forefront of Zap. fr., where she was a defensive battle at the turn Idritsa-Driss-Vitebsk. Under com. General-Lieutenant l V.A.Yushkevicha participated in the Battle of Smolensk in the group strategic echelon Marshal SK Timoshenko. 22th Arm. participated in Kalinin defensive Read more [...]
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BT-7 is to Grodno

    In front of my eyes - cover sheet of yellowed books on time "T-34 tank"Published by the Chief Armored Directorate of the Red Army for Official Use Only (instance №67) and signed to the study of the personnel of the tank parts of the Red Army February 27, 1941, Major-General I. Lebedev. I thought: before the war about four months, and the period of training in schools - six. Maybe it's because we have not had time to time to prepare, for example, experienced mechanics, drivers and so were great losses "tridtsatchetverok" in the first months of Read more [...]
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Bershad Julius Rafailovich

Bershad Julius Rafailovich (9 (21) .01.1869, Tiraspol 26.09. 1956 Sverdl.), Painter and teacher. Prof. (1935), Honored. Worker. Arts of the Ukrainian SSR (1941). He graduated from the Imperial Academy of Arts (P.I.Kovalevskogo shops and Repin, 1899). In 1907-41 he taught at Hood. uch. institutions of Odessa, from 1941 to 1952 he taught at the UPI (Sverdl.). Max. Math. picture: Widowhood (1893), Holiday on the farm (1937); portraits Acad. L.D.Shevyakova (1943), writer P.P.Bazhova (both 1943), a slave. Uralmash P.Antonova, P.Spehova, A.Chugunova (all 1945). His works are in the Muses. Ukrainian Read more [...]
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1941-1945. World War II

     "Do not be timid, do not give up,     Become the enemy tip,     At its stay     And stand your ground", So decided to 18-year-old Ivan tsentrovschik Chirkovsky.     May 26 front-line brigade commander I'll Shevchenko. Ivan was one.     "Not fail, said the young patriot. Load for three". And true to his word. Three great products in the evening were ready". (Factory newspaper lightning "For the Motherland". May 28, 1943)     Discussions of historians Read more [...]
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27.03.1996 Our Calendar

April 1, 1941 (55 years ago) Organized management chief architect at the Executive Committee of the City Council of Nizhny Tagil. April 1, 1951 (45 years ago) Nicholas Pawlowski club transformed into the House of Culture. April 5, 1926 (70 years) Serov was granted city status. April 5, 1941 (55 years ago Working village Verhneturinsky Kushvinskogo district transformed into a city of regional subordination Top Tour. April 28, 1961 (35 years ago Station Bow opened the House of Culture. April 29, 1686 (310 years ago) Was born VNTatischev, at the beginning of the XVIII century to manage state Read more [...]
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25.01.1996 Our Calendar

1746 (250 years ago) Was first documented mention of the trays: a second-class property description Onega Krestovskogo monastery specified two types of tray Ural\\\\\\\" lacquered iron. " 1976 (20 years) In the Ural School of Applied Arts, the first release of artists specialists in painting trays. January 1, 1971 (25 years) Commissioned for the equipment store room "Thousand little things\\\\\\\" on the street. University Software Development. January 3, 1941. (55 years ago In Nizhny Tagil organized inter-regional sanitary-epidemiological station serving than the city Visimsky, Petrokamensky Read more [...]
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