Many Russian and foreign experts say: the destruction of the Soviet economy began almost from the mid-1950s., With, how, and at what price were mastered virgin-fallow land. Before the "closed" archival and other documents directly and indirectly support such a conclusion.
1958 was considered to be completed in a record fast development of virgin and fallow lands - they were "raised" in just four years. This was in 1959, said NS Khrushchev, the initiator and inspirer of the virgin-fallow campaign.
Thus, almost half a century ago in the Russian and Soviet economic history has Read more [...]
...In 1957, the cartoon was released on cinema screens "Miracles-ence." Showed it often: in fact he was advertising and music videos, promoting the spread and utility of corn. Choir weeds that threatened to "queen of the fields," he sang, "We are oats, wheat sglozhem, corn destroy, will rot in the fields! Ha-ha! "But the cartoon was a happy ending: people rescued corn, and she thanked them," I and soap, and bread, and eau de cologne, I crop grain, I pshrpotrebnaya. "
Development of virgin lands has not led to an abundance of grain or, even less, livestock Read more [...]
In the spring of 1958, Khrushchev's leadership continued a series selhozeksperimentov: on this right next Plenum and decisions of the Union Council of Ministers, it was decided to sell the state machine-technical stations (MTS), the collective farms. Naturally, the "advice" of the Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPSU was deployed socialist competition - which kolkhoz more in less time and buy more farm machinery ...
It is interesting here is worth remembering opinion IV Stalin, in his book "Economic Problems of Socialism in USSR"(1952), spoke out against the Read more [...]
Drought 2009 is the largest in the last 10 years. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, this year due to drought in some major grain crop yields regions of Russia died at 4,425,000 hectares, shortage of grain yield was 13 million tons. Drought-affected 8000 152 farms, damage to direct costs amounted to 13 billion rubles.In the 15 subjects of the Russian Federation introduced a state of emergency. This Orenburg, Samara, Volgograd, Ulyanovsk, Saratov, Rostov, Astrakhan, Chelyabinsk Region, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Kalmykia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Ingushetia, North Ossetia and Read more [...]
Ulyanovsk region administration announced the introduction of state of emergency in the agricultural sector due to the abnormal drought swept the region.On Wednesday, the governor of the Ulyanovsk region Sergey Morozov held a special meeting on Agriculture and ordered to enter emergency mode in the region.In the near future will begin work operations staff to minimize losses from drought and crop production.According to the Minister of Agriculture Margaret Salova, the region is deteriorating surviving winter crops suffer from drought of spring crops, are not well developed fodder and industrial Read more [...]
Crops in Udmurtia collected from 100% of the area harvested in 2010 was 295.487 tons against 591.645 tons in the past, according to the materials of the Ministry of Agriculture and Food of the Republic.
Thus, the threshed grain in Udmurtia in the current year decreased by 2 times.
According to the regional Ministry of Agriculture, grain yield in 2010 totaled 12.2 c / ha against 18.8 kg / ha in 2009.
Decree on the introduction of an emergency the night before had been signed by the Commission of the Sverdlovsk region, chaired by Anatoly Gredin.As the "New Region", the press service of the regional Ministry of Agriculture, the drought farming area suffered significant damage in excess of 500 million. Especially from the hot and "dehydrated" summer hit south-western and southern parts of the region - Artinskian, Krasnoufimsky, Achitsky, Nizhneserginsky, Sysert and Kamensky. They together accounted for 18 percent of the acreage area. Losses from the effects of drought in Read more [...]
Drought-affected in Udmurtia 413 agricultural enterprises and farms. On this day, August 16, in the coverage of the President of Udmurtia, told the Minister of Agriculture of the republic Alexander peddlers. According to information from the area of the total area 1008 the death of thousands of hectares of crops was 44% or 399 hectares. The total amount of damage caused to agricultural producers is estimated at over 3 billion rubles. At the same time, the situation is deteriorating by the day, therefore, grow, and material losses.Given this situation, the Ministry of Agriculture sets the task Read more [...]
Under the scorching sun scorched steppe turned over 230 thousand hectares of land. Of crop damage suffered 572 farms. As a result of the Tambov loaf was three times better than last year.But if the harvest grain is lying in the bins, the maize, sunflower and sugar beet is harvested only from the fields. Although it is clear that on these crops is not expected bumper crop, reports «vestitambov.ru»."Farms, which is marked death crops and this death is confirmed by examination under the Ministry of Agriculture, receive support in the amount of 570 rubles per 1 hectare destruction. Those Read more [...]
The damage caused to agriculture by the floods in Pakistan is estimated at 281.6 billion rupees, or 3.27 million U.S. dollars. As a result of rampant natural disasters lost 2.39 million tonnes of rice and 10.4 million tonnes of sugar cane. Affected cotton plantations. According to the minister of agriculture of the country, Pakistan needed to import 2.8 million bales of cotton.According to the Prime Minister, flood safely to the ground farmland, villages and thousands of kilometers of roads, resulting in Pakistan is expected to rise in inflation to 20%. Among the victims of more than 20 million Read more [...]
Wheat production in Argentina revives than extremely unfortunate last season, but the harvest prospects are not so positive. According to estimates of the Ministry of Agriculture of the country, harvest wheat in 2010/11 will be from 10 to 11.2 million tonnes. This is much lower than the forecasts of private and public analysis companies (grain exchange Argentina, USDA, etc.). Estimated production was reduced because of the threat of another drought.Potential harvest, of course, much higher in the last season produced 7.5 million tons of wheat, but the latter evaluation much smaller than the Read more [...]
"Due to the drought in the soil Chelyabinsk area in four south-western districts - Bredy, Kizilskoe, Agapovka and Verkhneuralsk - introduced a state of emergency, "- said the representative office.By Governor Chelyabinsk Region Governor Mikhail Yurevich created regional headquarters to combat the effects of drought. It includes the heads of the regional Ministry of Agriculture and the areas where we have introduced an emergency. Staff was headed by the Minister of Agriculture of Ivan Feklin."Among the objectives of the regional headquarters - evaluation of the material damage caused Read more [...]
Heat waves, steady in central Russia, managed to cause a lot of harm. Suffer from it and the plants, animals and people.According to department of agriculture and consumer market of Yaroslavl region, the region's farmland soil to dry out 50 cm in depth. The Department of the Vologda region prodresursov predict decrease grain yield to 20%. However, as was assured there will not be affected by people and animals, as corn, which is grown in the fields of the Vologda region, coarse. So part of the livestock will let fall under the knife - on all food is not enough.Animals also suffer from the Read more [...]
This year, the dry hot summers, and eaters of crops bred to huge amounts.In several districts of Bashkortostan on crops attacked locust. So, in Abzelilovsky, Zilair, Baimak, Meleuz, Kugarchinskogo, Kuyurgazinskom, Uchalinsky, Zianchurinskom, Sterlibashevskom, Tuimazy Haybullinskogo areas and this pest has become so much that the weight of huge "grasshopper" is a real threat to crops.Locust appeared in Bashkiria 10 years ago, she flew here from the Orenburg region. This year, the dry hot summers, and eaters of crops bred to huge amounts.As reported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Read more [...]
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) - organisms subjected to genetic intervention. Organisms are genetically modified by genetic engineering techniques.
GMOs to be or not to be. The answer is expressed in action. Namely, GMOs into agriculture long ago. GM has already penetrated into all the food around the world, and continues to capture the world. Benefits GMO visible and very noticeable, with the introduction of GMOs in agriculture crop harvested percentage is increased to 30% compared to conventional crops. This is due to the fact that in ordinary wheat introduced genes of other Read more [...]
May 5. Water scarcity is now relevant for agriculture, housing, commercial use, and what remains of the industrial production in the United States. This is despite the fact that the consumption of water in general in the United States declined in absolute volume, starting with the 1980s.
The use of water for irrigation of agricultural crops in the U.S. has been in decline for several years now and have deteriorated sharply in Texas and elsewhere. U.S. imports a lot of "virtual water" in the form of food and goods.More than 40 percent of the total U.S. land area and the adjacent 48 Read more [...]
The effects of drought in the Voronezh region. Archive photo RIA Novosti, Andrei Arkhipov
July 17. Drought that has afflicted this year a number of Russian regions, destroyed crops and a half million acres. It is stated in a press release the Ministry of Agriculture. Phenomenon was noted in 16 regions, including Voronezh, Volgograd, Saratov, Orenburg Region, and Stavropol and Dagestan.
Dry weather in many regions continues to this day. State of emergency was introduced on drought in 15 districts of the Saratov region, in the Volgograd region, in 11 districts of Kalmykia, in 15 districts of Read more [...]
March 30. Due to lack of rainfall this summer Apennines face drought, which will adversely affect the Italian agriculture. With alarming warning made by local meteorologists, who point out that from September the national average fell to just 30 percent of the normal annual rainfall.
According to experts, this amount is not enough to replenish natural water supplies. Particularly drought-prone central region of Tuscany, where water is only a third of the required amount. According to measurements, the local flow of the Arno River is ten times less than usual during the spring flood. Even if Read more [...]
In world practice, ionizing (radioactive) radiation is actively used in agriculture. Especially it is widely used in the U.S. and China, to disinfect food irradiation grain to its rapid germination, pest control. For Russian producers as such methods are too expensive and they use familiar tools - chemicals.
There are no definitive studies on the dangers of products treated with ionizing radiation. But many scientists believe that even after short-term exposure to radiation microcharges get food, which then enters the body and causes damage to his health: provokes the development of cancer, Read more [...]
The damage caused to agriculture by the floods in Pakistan is estimated at 281.6 billion rupees, or 3.27 million U.S. dollars. As a result of rampant natural disasters lost 2.39 million tonnes of rice and 10.4 million tonnes of sugar cane. Affected cotton plantations. According to the minister of agriculture of the country, Pakistan needed to import 2.8 million bales of cotton.
According to the Prime Minister of the country, flooding safely to the ground farmland, villages and thousands of kilometers of roads, resulting in Pakistan is expected to increase to 20% inflation. Among the victims Read more [...]