Hunting in the pool of the ancient Indtigirki

     Indigirka pool covers an area of ​​360 thousand sq. M. km length of the river - 1726 kilometers. Climatic conditions and the vastness of space make it difficult to systematically survey the area by archaeologists. Traces of ancient hunters here and fishermen were discovered by chance and not so long ago - only in 1950, nine years later, followed by a message on the sensational discovery: just above the delta region was first found parking ancient man. Several layers consisting of residues at different times of life of ancient man, indicate that the parking lot was the abode of several Read more [...]
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Tales from the land of Even

The age-old taiga and endless tundra still keep unsolved, hidden secrets. You can pass by without giving much importance what he saw: that is the very nature of creation, rather than the traces of the centuries-old human activity.Photo SHUTTERSTOCK.COMAborigenny fishing sea animals developed well with our neighbors - the people of the north of Alaska and Canada. The age-old taiga and endless tundra still keep unsolved, hidden secrets. You can pass by without giving much importance what he saw: that is the very nature of creation, rather than the traces of the centuries-old human Read more [...]
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This ancient fishing

Illustration from the archives of Peter Zverev Fishing – an ancient form of hunting and hobbies. Preserved stone and bone fishing hooks, spinners and nets woven from the hair and fiber, which has a few thousand years, the floats from the bark and wood, stone sinkers and baked clay. Big fish extracted using spears, darts, bows and arrows…In our country the roots of fishing never go so deep in antiquity, both in its European part, Siberia and the Far East. Thus, European settlers first introduced to the life of Nivkhs – nationalities inhabiting the lower reaches Read more [...]
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Ehrzjan

Ehrzjan subethnos Mordovian-ethnic people (Mordvinians). Ethnonym E. etymologically traced back to Iranian-Sarmatian vocabulary (arsan male, man, hero). With the V c. lived to the north-west by Moksha at ter. sovr. Ryazan and Nizhny Novgorod region. At 961 E. (art, ARIS) referred to the Khazar Khagan Joseph as a people, to pay him tribute. There are suggestions that an E. wrote another ancient Greek geographer Strabo (Aorses) and Ptolemy (arsiity). Arza country Erza appears in the writings of the Arab traveler Ibn Haukal (X cent.). On E. (Arjan) reported Rashid al-Din (XIV c.) Nogai book. Yusuf Read more [...]
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The evolution of the tribal system. The Bronze Age and Early Iron Age

The transition to the era of metal was long and because of the particular historical conditions is not simultaneous. The earliest metal tools Turkey, Iran, Mesopotamia refer to VII-VI millennium BC. e., in our country (southern Turkmenistan, Caucasus, south-western Ukraine and Moldova) - to the line V-IV millennium BC. e., and the Urals - the turn of the IV-III millennia BC. e. In the era of early metal distinguish two periods: the Chalcolithic (proper use of copper tools) and Bronze Age (the use of bronze tools). In the Urals, has developed one of the six oldest centers of metallurgy in the USSR Read more [...]
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Artist Mikhail Nesterov

At age 12, Michael went to Moscow and entered first in the Secondary School and then at the Metropolitan School of Painting, voyaniya and architecture, one of the leading educational institutions in the visual arts since in Russia. Nesterov tried to go to the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, but somehow it did not work out there, and he again returned to school. From the outset, Nesterov Intriguing scenes of Russian life, the Russian nature, history. It went through all his work. The painter did a huge amount of historical paintings. Immortalized images of many historical figures. Nesterov artworks Read more [...]
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KhANTY

KhANTY (Samonazv. Khanti Kant people .; outdated Russian. Titles. Ostyaks) ur people Ugric group. lang. family. Live in the Khanty-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous. env. Tyumen region., As well as in the Tomsk region. Num. 22.5 thousand. Pers. (1989). Divided into three ethnic groups: north., South. and east. North. H. live on the Lower Ob and its tributaries Polui Sob Voikar, Synya, Kunovat, Kazim; eastern. on Wed Obi tributaries Pim Agan (with Tromeganom), Bax, Vasyugan Yugan, Salim; southern. the Lower Irtysh River and its tributaries Konda, Dem'yanka and Obi in the region of the mouth of Read more [...]
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URAL

URAL special geographical, Faculty of History and cult. and economic region of Russia. His name, as well as the definition of boundaries, has changed over time. In ancient times it was called the Riphean (Riphean) mountains. Wed-century. geographers called his belt, Stone Belt, Earth Belt, and Russian explorers just stumbling. And they both tend to limit its ter. Chap. Dividing Range. According to most historians and linguists, the word Ural Turkic origin. It occurs in drevnebashkirskom epic. Originally it was used to refer to the southern. h. contemporary W. W. The rest were called Rus. word Read more [...]
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Ridges Preduralja

Mountains. Krasnoufimsk - p. Alexandrov - der. Koshaevo - p. Lower Saskatoon - pos. Suksun - mountains. Kungur. The route length of 165 km, the length of 10 days. Season: winter and summer. Within 10 days of travel, tourists learn about the places where fierce battles took place orders Pugachev and Salavat Yulaev with the imperial troops, visit the Demidov plants covered with legends, visit the monument of nature all-Union - Nizhneirginskuyu grove. Interesting to collect and materials about raid in the rear of the enemy's guerrilla army Blyukher. The hike begins Krasnoufimsk. Everything here Read more [...]
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TYUBYAK

TYUBYAK pos. Bronze Age, archaeological. memory. Resp. Bash., Meleuzsky district, Tyubyak countryside near the village. Tyulyakov. Located on a promontory Ave. Shore p. White. Memory. open V.D.Viktorovoy, Inst. K.V.Salnikovym, M.F.Obydennovym and V.S.Gorbunovym. Consists of two (early and late) pos. Occupying two adjacent Cape separated parched riverbed ancient riverbed, p. White. Early settlement. situated on a low promontory native floodplain terraces. On its surface are reviewed several. strongly swim pits dwellings. Excavations have studied the remains of 6 buildings. The biggest is a multi-chamber Read more [...]
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Turbine Turbinsky I (Shustov) AND II

Turbine Turbinsky I (Shustov) AND II burial Wed Bronze Age, archaeological. memory., Perm (formerly. village. turbines), etc.. bank of the river. Kama opposite the mouth of the river. Chusovoi. Burial ground. Unique finds at the village. Gre turbines. from the end of the XIX century. Inst. A.V.Shmidtom, N.A.Prokoshevym, Bader. Probable date T.I XVI century. BC T.I located on the slope of the mountain at an altitude of Shustova 30-50 m above the previous level of Kama (before the construction of the reservoir). Excavated 10 graves are clearly documented, as well as 101 conditional. In addition, Read more [...]
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Old and new marina on the river Ai

If there Ancient Pier, means something where there should be new. Indeed, after some time downstream Ai was built newcomer wharf, to deliver the products to which the plant was much easier and shorter. Now Ancient village marina is largely a housing estate, where people come for the weekend the residents Satka. Near the village of Ancient marina are worth seeing natural sites: the cave-well Averkieva pit, several other caves  and numerous cliffs-pritesy. There are on the other side of the river Ai and Monastery in Istruti. With locations around the old pier connected huge number of legends. Read more [...]
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Siberian collection of Peter the Great

I first saw this collection of more than ten years ago, when he led search for stone-cutting art of the Urals. In particular pantry Hermitage I was hoping to see jewelry Ural stones, so on the first day open to the public was there. The goal was to see one of the products Ural stones… But already in the first hall of the museum, I «tripped» on the Siberian collection Peter Great as it is called since the last century. Golden beasts charmed me, and when the group moved to the excursion other room, I began to examine them more closely. But behold, I had long female caretaker politely Read more [...]
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SANCTUARY

SANCTUARY (Worship, sacrificial place), the scene of the ancient places of worship and religious activities, rituals, ceremonies. Usually associated with bright natural objects caves, grottoes, rocky outcrops, estuarine areas p., Tracts, etc.., Or more ancient archaeological honored. objects: mounds, pos., cemeteries. In svyatilischnyh complexes, in contrast to the settlement, much more diverse composition finds wide. presented items cult plastics, jewelery, items of clothing, weapons and tools. Max. early C. associated with a number of caves South. W. from the Upper Paleolithic (Paleolithic) Read more [...]
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GLAND Konstantin

GLAND Konstantin (1900, 1966 Samara, Ufa), the leading archaeologist W., Dr. ist. Sciences. In 1923-28 he studied at the Higher ethnological and archaeological. courses in Kuibyshev, combining work in the coop. Association of the Disabled, and then studied at the east and Philology. faculty, MSU. In the 1930s, at the end of graduate school at the State. Acad. History mat. culture began long-term fruitful work north to South. and Aver. W. For more than 30 years were discovered and S. Inst. plentiful. archaeological. memory. from the upper Paleolithic to the railroad. in. In c. scientific. his Read more [...]
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The horn of a Buffalo

    In Department nature The state Museum reserve the metallurgical works of the Middle Urals received an interesting exhibit of the skull of the primitive bison with the left horn cover, very good the safety.     The history of Buffalo known for 1.5 million years to the present day. It was the largest from bovids animals, their weight was reached 2-2,5 tons. Huge herds roamed the expanse of land from British Islands to Kamchatka. Was not in the apodo predator, which could be overcome by an adult the bison. The gradual extinction of their in Eurasia started a 10.5-8 Read more [...]
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The horn of a Buffalo

In the nature Department of the State Museum reserve mining the whole of the Middle Urals made an interesting exhibits the bone of the skull of an ancient bison with the left horn skull very good condition. The history of Buffalo known for 1.5 million years to the present day. It was the largest bovids animals, their weight was reached 2-2,5 tons. Huge herds roamed the expanse of land from the British Islands to Kamchatka. Wasn't that the era of the predator, which could be overcome by an adult bison. The gradual extinction of Eurasia began to 10.5-8 thousand years ago. But in the valleys of Read more [...]
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Religion powerlaw

«Idols, the sun, fire, water, stone, drawly, oxen, goats, and magicians, and sorcerers, and Golden woman» so here is a list of objects of worship and veneration of the ancient yugortsev lead the first Russian chroniclers. And it is quite natural set of gods for the people of pre-Christian faith. All pagan italianaustrian forces of nature, through the­new fetishes. Exactly the same list and then Greek and Slavic «pagans». God-the Thunderer Zeus in prin­the principle perform the same functions as the old Slavonic ruler of lightning Perun and the demiurge (the main Read more [...]
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Records Mansi metallurgists

Today, many specialists believe that metallurgy in the Urals, at that time, was developed much higher than when­measure» The neighboring Slavic tribes. This is easily explained. Where it is not in the region since time immemorial cultivating the manufacture of metals, where untold mineral wealth, many of which look out directly on the surface of the earth, where it is not there, and grow mighty metallurgy! Archaeologists found­hidden many places where melted and processed before our­Ki metal. One of these ancient villages is not­far from Yekaterinburg, on the mountain Petrograd Read more [...]
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Wide-open land Amalia Rossadovich

     For many of the older generation tagilchan name Amalia Joseph ' Rossadovich associated with the first children's enthusiasm this romantic science of archeology. After all, to Amalia Josephovna in local history Museum resorted boys and girls in 1950 – 1970–ies with a request to take them excavations of settlements and sites of ancient man.     And what was, in particular, and my, then a girl, surprise when the story of the archaeologist Amelia losifovna start with a question: "And if you are doing the morning exercises?" Willpower, stamina, Read more [...]
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