Clinical presentation and course. The main symptoms of scurvy are bleeding at various sites (muscle, skin, joints, periosteum, the internal organs, the nervous system), gingivitis, skin changes, weakness. The clinical course can be divided into three stages.
The first stage is characterized by weakness, decreased performance, pain in the chest, legs, back, aggravated by physical exertion. On examination, the patient draws attention gray, dirty-gray or bronze color of the skin, accompanied by desquamation. Swollen gums, bleeding. Petechiae appear mostly on the legs.
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Scurvy (Synonymous with scurvy) - a disease caused by prolonged lack of vitamin C and P.
Etiology. Scurvy developed with insufficient intake of vitamin C from food or insufficient intake it in the gut. Preservation of vitamin C is only possible in the presence of vitamin P. major role in the development of scurvy have predisposing factors: 1) the food mostly carbohydrates with little animal protein, 2) infection (acute and chronic), since they have increased the need for ascorbic acid, 3 ), diseases of the digestive tract, especially the small intestine, and 4) the adverse working and living conditions Read more [...]
In almost all vegetable sources contain phenolic compounds, along with ascorbic acid. Moreover, in the tissues of plants, plant products and in model solutions are mutually protect each other from oxidation. Indisputable synergistic vitamins C and E act in kapillyaroukreplyayuschim effect.
Similar and other manifestations of the biological activity of these vitamins. With equal effect, and even together they can be used to auto-oxidation inhibition of dietary fat as dietary antioxidants and preservatives. Both are able to stabilize adrenaline and other drugs in solution and in the blood. Both Read more [...]
The first scientific understanding of the physiological role of plant phenolic compounds in animals and humans have in the years immediately preceding the outbreak of the Second World War, through the work of outstanding Hungarian biochemist Albert Szent-Gyorgyi. This was the beginning of flowering of the doctrine of the vitamins. In 1928 he succeeded in isolating pure vitamin C, the molecule (S6N8O6) was found to consist of six carbon atoms, for the newborn vitamin called geksuronovoy acid. Disease of vitamin C - scurvy, or scorbutus, successfully treated with lemon juice and Hungarian paprika. Read more [...]
Fruit - Organs of angiosperms, including seeds and formed, usually after fertilization. Contain proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral salts, and nut crops - and fat in large numbers.
In chemistry, food, biological and energy value fruit divided into 2 groups: 1) fruits and berries, and 2) Nut. Fruits and berries are similar in composition to vegetables (see).
The use of fruits in the diet allows the most easy and enjoyable form enter the body a significant amount of carbohydrate. Fruit are a major source of ascorbic acid, carotene and substances with P-vitamin properties.
Some fruit can Read more [...]
Vitamin K is a fairly large amounts found in spinach, cabbage and cauliflower, green peas, green parts of plants.
Tartronovaya acid is found in fruits and vegetables, particularly cucumbers. It inhibits the passage of carbohydrates into fat, and therefore shows the children with a tendency to overweight.
Widely used in food infants age received dish of potatoes. Potato contains high-value protein, it is rich in potassium and phosphorus, contains vitamins C and group B compared to other potato tuber is poor in fiber and rich in starch. Best absorbed in the form of mashed potatoes, worse - fried.
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Premature babies are born with inadequate supplies of vitamins. Feeding breast milk does not completely eliminate this deficiency. Fortification preterm solved giving vitamin and early introduction of juices. All preterm infants in the first days of life prescribed powders multivitamins: ascorbic acid, vitamin B1 vitamin B2. Some children can not tolerate vitamin B2, and they have a regurgitation. Such children vitamin B2 canceled. To prevent rickets all preterm infants assigned to two weeks of age vitamin D2.
At the age of 1 month premature babies who have reached the weight 1800 g, are Read more [...]
Large shrub 1.5-3 m branches with grayish-brown fissured bark. The leaves are opposite, rounded or ovate, up to 10 cm, three to five-lobed (rarely almost entire), with petioles. The flowers are white, gathered in spectacular corymbose inflorescence. Marginal flowers in each inflorescence fruit, with large corollas rotate up to 2.5 cm in diameter with five unequal lobes, median - fertile, with smaller campanulate corolla diameter of 0.5 cm stamens with yellow anthers, longer corolla 1.5 times . The fruits are bright red, ovoid or globose drupe up to 1 cm in diameter, with an almost round-seeded Read more [...]
Vitamin P (Vitaminum P; List B) - a number of substances - flavonoids have the ability (especially in combination with ascorbic acid) to reduce capillary permeability and inhibit the action of hyaluronidase. Together with ascorbic acid, they are involved in redox processes, possess antioxidant (antioksidatnym) property. Present as glycosides in rose hips, citrus, chokeberry, green tea leaves, etc. As of drugs used: vitamin P from tea leaves vitamin P citrus, as well as substances with P-vitamin activity - routine (Rutinum) and quercetin (Quercetinum). These drugs are used to prevent and treat Read more [...]