Superficial muscles of the back

Superficial muscles of the back represent a wide plate: m. trapezius, m. longissimus dorsi, m. levator scapulae, m. rhomboideus major et minor, m. serratus posterior superior and m. serratus posterior inferior, lie one above the other, as if in three layers. These muscles have appeared on his back later than developed f. thoracolumbalis. By moving the head with the myotomes on girdle formed m. trapezius and m. levator scapulae (innervation - XI pair of cranial nerves), with the beginnings of the upper limb is moved to the trunk m. latissimus dorsi (innervation CVI-VIII), with the torso Read more [...]
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Back area

The back (dorsum) is the back of the torso. Limited top protuberantia occipitalis externa, at the bottom - the tip of the coccyx, then lines directed from the coccyx to the spina iliaca posterior inferior, continues along the iliac crest, the right and left linea axillaris limited posterior (Fig. 174). The back is divided into the following sections. 174. The posterior surface of the body. 1 - regio parietalis; 2 - r. temporalis; 3 - r. occipitalis; 4 - r. colli posterior; 5 - r. deltoides; 6 - r. scapularis; 7 - r. infrascapularis; 8 - r. brachII posterior; 9 - r cubiti posterior; Read more [...]
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Extensor muscles of the shoulder

Triceps muscle shoulder (m. triceps brachII) (Fig. 187) is located at the back of the shoulder, as the main extensor forearm. As follows from its name, has three heads: a long-starting tuberositas infraglenoidalis scapulae, laterally from the back surface of the humerus above the spiral groove, medial - from the medial intermuscular septum and the back of the humerus below the spiral groove. All heads, merged to form a strong tendon that attaches to the olecranon ulnar bone. Innervation: n. radialis (CVI-VIII). Function. As dvusustavnaya muscle an extensor shoulder and elbow joints also causes Read more [...]
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Sphenoid

Sphenoid bone (os sphenoidale) unpaired, in the center of the skull base, has four parts (Fig. 46). 46.A. Sphenoid (Os sphenoidale), front view. 1 - corpus ossis sphenoidalis; 2 - dorsum sellae; 3 - ala minor; 4 - fissura orbitalis superior!; 5 - ala major; 6 - far. rotundum; 7 - canalis pterygoideus; 8 - processus pterygoideus 46.B. Sphenoid (Rear view). 1 - ala minor; 2 - ala major; 3 - facies orbitalis; 4 - facies temporalis; 5 - apertura sinus sphenoidalis; 6 - lamina lateralis; 7 - lamina medialis; 8 - processus pterygoideus. Body (Corpus) occupies a central position. On the upper surface Read more [...]
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Chewing muscles

Chewing muscle (M. masseter) (Fig. 184), steam room, palpable under the skin in the regio parotideomasseterisa. Has a surface part, starting from the zygomatic process of the maxilla and the zygomatic arch, which is focused down and back and is attached to the angle of the mandible, its eponymous tuberosity. Deepest part starts from the zygomatic arch and the deep temporal fascia and the leaf is attached together with the surface part. Masseter develops more power, as it has a significant torque. Function. Raises the lower jaw and is the main muscle in the act of chewing, applying a force to Read more [...]
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Deep back muscles

Deep back muscles develop from primary dorsal myotomes located near the back of the string and the neural tube. They are a source of education for all the deep muscles. Along with the back muscles developed and f. thoracolumbalis, which covers the deep muscles, located between the spinous processes of the vertebrae and ribs angles. So superficial muscles (described above) at offset myotomes during embryogenesis from other divisions lie superficial f. thoracolumbalis, which are separated by deep and superficial muscles of the back. Read more [...]
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Polar Robinson-90. Diary of a witch doctor. Part 1

Finally! Unbelievable but true! I passed, went to the second round ... However, I will be happy when (and if) the rest of the test will pass when I am Robinson. I wonder what will be given preference in the selection? But stupid, probably, to make themselves under the preference ... It should define your line and stick to it until the end. In the letter, which reported about my selection, offered to take a polyurethane foam mattress and all, that I think it necessary to choose clothes. Quite divine conditions ... What I think it is necessary? Mattress, whose name even say without hesitation Read more [...]
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Galli-maynini reaction

Reaction Galli-Maynini - method of diagnosis of early pregnancy. Carried out on the lake with male frogs. Reaction Galli-Maynini based on the fact that HCG and horionalny hormones in the urine of pregnant women, stimulate spermatogenesis in male frogs. Technique. 3-4 ml of morning urine sample woman who is supposed pregnancy, injected frog in length from 5 to 7.5 cm in the lymph sac (located on the back). Puncture needle is almost parallel to the back of the frog, not to damage the lungs. 2-3 hours take the contents of the cloaca frogs examined under a microscope. With the positive response Read more [...]
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Performance in the campaign

For the third year in a row we were going to use annual leave for a hike into the forest, but no luck: that ship is not, then the holiday will not be the same. This year, we have been preparing since January. We agreed on the simultaneous vacation from July 15, since that period in Primorye begins the warmest time of the year. Seek advice from a well-known researcher of the Ussuri region, VK Arsenyev. He willingly went to meet us, detailed instructions how to sew tents, what to bring, how to behave in the forest, and proposed route, which we have adopted and implemented: from Vladivostok Read more [...]
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Vagina

Vagina (vagina) is easy to stretch mucous and muscular tube thickness of 3 mm and a length of 10 cm Vagina starts from the cervix opens and sex gap opening. The front and back walls (parietes anterior et posterior) in contact with each other. At the insertion of the vagina to the cervix are front and back arches (fornices anterior et posterior). Back vault deeper and contains vaginal fluid. Here is poured semen during intercourse. The vaginal opening (ostium vaginae) covered the hymen (hymen). The hymen is a derivative of Mullerian tubercle, it appears at the end of the vagina at the confluence Read more [...]
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Humpback whale carcass found on the Arabian Sea for the first time in 20 years

April 11. Two humpback whales carcasses were found on the Omani coast of the Arabian Sea, and is the first such case in the last twenty years, according to the head of Nature Conservation Society of Oman (ESO) Said Al Said (Sayyida Tania Al Saeed), as quoted by the website gulfnews.com. "The death of two humpback whales found on the shores of the Arabian Sea, has caused us great concern, because the two whales - is 2% of the population in this region, which is just over a hundred individuals," - she said.Reports of dead whales came from the local fishermen. A dead whale was spotted Read more [...]
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Chapter 16. To the grave and back

Jumper. - I go to investigate. - Saiga in my life. - Mausoleum. - Greetings from the Ministry of Defence. - Trembling happiness. The next day started just as cute and fun as the previous one ended. When I got to the reeds, in the grid stormed two burly carp-bully. I had trouble with them. They gave me a little network is not broke, shook it to the ears, and I have long vyprastyval them carefully vyputyvaya nylon filaments of hard fins. More useful mesh-nurse. Then I smooth these pigs cleaned and baked in foil in its own juices. Mileyshee thing fried carp, especially in terms Read more [...]
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How to protect themselves from attack by dogs

Attack dogs on poor defending could cause serious injury or even death. To preserve their health and that of their loved ones need to know exactly what to do in such a situation. What you can not do:Tease dogs. Shout, threaten her, provoking aggression. Creep up suddenly and loudly speak to the owner, to make sharp in its direction of motion. This can cause a dog's aggressive actions to protect the owner. Touch the animal while sleeping or eating. Select it with the dog plays. Feed the other dogs. Look at the dog in the eye at close range (signal of aggression in all animals). Try Read more [...]
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Hare

Large rabbit. Body length of adult animals ranged from 44 to 65 cm, occasionally up to 74 cm and weight of 2, 5 and 5, 5 lbs. The average size decreases from north-west to south-east. The largest Whites live in the north western and central Siberia, the smallest in the Trans-Baikal and in the Far East. In the painting there is a distinct seasonal dimorphism winter this hare pure white, except for the tips of the ears, which are black, back in the summer coloring reddish-brown, reddish-gray or gray, different between animals from different parts of the range. The head is usually slightly darker Read more [...]
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Legion. Envelope

Roller coaster, you say? I honestly do not understand people giving their money to earn adrenaline. What a difference ... But ... To each his own. Spinner has written another remarkable loop and gave a scattering missiles. Drove clearly missed laurels Schumacher. There was a sharp clap, of course, unexpected. Plummeted engine speed. The Earth began to approach. Approach - said weakly. Height already was on the strength of 20-25 meters. And then the earth just closed a sky. Something similar happens when you dive with a seven-meter tower. Striking similarities, the only difference is Read more [...]
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Landmark — Samashki

Petty had entered the tent was black as thunder. Thunder and lightning! - Why did not pass swept? - Fill in the orderly. - Beds are recovered, as it should be! At night, the wood for the stove pinned! .. Soldiers rushed to carry out orders. At the output a little delayed, casting a look of surprise on the senior warrant officer, "What is today Suyarkovym? Looks like the authorities are not pleased, dear father. He is now a hot hand is better not to get caught. Where a broom, then? " The foreman grabbed one arm body armor, the other - "sphere." Estimated, as if on the Read more [...]
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You can not give up! We must fight!

At the outer door on the street, is sadly Alexander Korzhakov, opened the door for me. Came in, saw the Perplexed Naina said hello and asked him: "1de Boris?" He replied: "Upstairs". Shot in the second floor, opened the bedroom door - was sitting on the bed half-dressed, old, flabby people. It looks like - very tired, sleepy. He did not even respond to my noisy intrusion, head bowed almost to his knees, was indifferent. I was surprised a few seconds looking at him, not knowing his condition, then went back to back, arm around his languid, big body and said, trying as gently Read more [...]
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You can not give up! We must fight!

At the outer door on the street, is sadly Alexander Korzhakov, opened the door for me. Came in, saw the Perplexed Naina said hello and asked him: "1de Boris?" He replied: "Upstairs". Shot in the second floor, opened the bedroom door - was sitting on the bed half-dressed, old, flabby people. It looks like - very tired, sleepy. He did not even respond to my noisy intrusion, head bowed almost to his knees, was indifferent. I was surprised a few seconds looking at him, not knowing his condition, then went back to back, arm around his languid, big body and said, trying as gently Read more [...]
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Clawed ground squirrel — spermophilopsis leptodactylus lichtenstein. Description of the animal

Rodent the size of a squirrel. Adult weight of 600-800 g; length body 255-295, 75-100 tail, hind foot 60-68 mm; fingers limbs are long and thin. On the back of the longest limb second to fourth fingers at the front - the second and third. Claws up to 15 mm. Eight nipples, no cheek pouches (viewed 20 adults from Southern Balkhash). Winter fur is long (up to 15-18 mm) fluffy, soft with a thick undercoat. Spin straw-yellow in color, with no clear weak spot. The summer fur is very rare, short and without underfur. Hair tight and snug against the skin. In summer fur guard hairs under a microscope Read more [...]
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Rukzak

Rukzak should be comfortable, roomy, durable and waterproof. He put on the shoulders by the straps. Material for it is easy tarp. Rukzak has three pockets: the average and two long sides. The straps are filed with felt. Weight worn rukzaka should mainly come slightly below the waist. Of great importance is the correct installation of things. Soft things should be laid with a thin layer close to the back. The heaviest items (cans, hooks) to put on the bottom and to the back. Food and equipment that may be needed in the way and at rest stops, it is necessary to stack up. Besides the Read more [...]
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