Black cottonwood, poplar

It grows on the banks of large rivers, oxbow lakes and lakes. In floodplains often occupy a large area. These stands are called osokornikami. The northern border of poplar in the European part of Russia passes through Grodno - Tula - Yaroslavl - Kirov - Perm. It occurs in the Crimea and Kavkazn, grows well in the southern part of Western Siberia and the south-west of East Siberia. Outside Russia grows in Western Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor and Iran. A large tree growing to 30 m tall, often with a trunk up to 2 m in diameter. Live to 300 years old. Stem bark is thick, dark gray, with Read more [...]
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Rhode PALIURUS Mill. – DERZHIDEREVO.

P. spina-christi Mill. - Shrub to 3 m high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains alkaloids, flavonoids, 2.5% in the fruit, as well as carbohydrates established structure. Marked tannins. Found steroids, saponins, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic - Subtitle. hours, leaves, fruits, hypotensive, laxative - fruit. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - bark, leaves, diseases of the cardiovascular system: hypertension - fruits, diseases of the respiratory system: the diseases of the lungs - the seeds, diseases of the eye: the eye disease - bark, leaves, diseases Read more [...]
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The question of the anatomical localization of dreams-1

As we have already mentioned, Lhermitte assumes the existence of two antagonistic subcortical centers - the center and the center of waking sleep. According to him, the dream will depend on the partial suppression of the center of wakefulness during sleep. In his book on dreams Lhermitte is a summary of representations Pavlov on the neural mechanisms of sleep, but says nothing about how these ideas could be applied to understand the neural mechanisms of dreams. Perceptions of subcortical and subcortical origin of dreams shared by some neurologists and psychiatrists. Last inclined to link the Read more [...]
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Rhode PTEROCARYA Kunth – Lapin.

P. pterocarpa (Michx.) Kunth ex I. Iljinsk. - A tree up to 30 m high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains naftohnnony, flavonoids, as well as nitrogen-containing Comm. established structure. Marked tannins to 13.6% of the crust. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelminthic - fruits, sudorific. Indications - diseases of the digestive system: for stomach - bark, leaves, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with scrofula - bark, leaves, skin diseases - fruits, infections / infestations: the diphtheria - bark, leaves. Toxicity. Exhibits insecticidal, ihtiotsidnuyu Activity: leaves. Food. Read more [...]
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Volchnik (daphne) lethal wolf bark

It grows in the forests of the European part of Russia, in the subalpine zone of the Caucasus Mountains, in Western Siberia. Settling mostly in shady places on fertile, moist soil. Malovetvisty shrub up to 1.5 m in height, with a few erect stems and gray, slightly yellowish crust. In early spring, when the ravines and hollows still snow, shoots volchnika entirely covered soft lilac-pink flowers, their pleasant scent like the smell of vanilla. After flowering, there are dark blue-green leaves with a few ciliated on the edge, oblong-obovate, clustered at the ends of the branches, with short spines Read more [...]
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Rhode PANCRATIUM L. Pancrazio.

P. maritimum L. - Herbaceous perennial to 60 cm high. Distribution: Caucasus. Contains alkaloids to 2.9% in the underground. hours, chromones, flavonoids 0.4% in the leaves, and the Hulk-HN, aromatic ketones (Youssef, Ramadan, Khalifa, 1998), higher fatty acids and fatty alcohols established structure. Drug (podz. hours). Indications - diseases of the respiratory system: respiratory infections, asthma, diseases of the blood and of blood: in diseases of the spleen. Toxicity. Toxic to pigs. Environmental significance. Ornamental. Needs to be protected. C. coggygria Scop. - Shrub or tree Read more [...]
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Yves brittle or Rakita

Large tree 15-20 m tall with a broad crown and gray bark with deep fissures. Bare branches extending at right angles, slightly drooping, very brittle at the base. Flower buds separated from escaping, lanceolate, uzkotreugolno-lanceolate or conical, with the tip of a straight or bent down to escape, with distinct lateral carinae, and 7 (9) mm long. The leaves are ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate with long pointed tip, margin glandular serrate with coarse and uneven teeth dark green above, below pale green or glaucous, yulye, only slightly pubescent youth and somewhat sticky. Earrings on long Read more [...]
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Maple

Maple lozhnoziboldov The most beautiful of the Far Eastern maples. Especially good fall through golden lace crown. Tree up to 8 m in height. The leaves are very fine, rounded, nine-blade, cut to nearly half, to 10 cm wide, cordate at base, pubescent in youth, later laid bare. Thanks to a strong irregularity on the edge serrated leaves appear lacy. Young shoots glabrous, sometimes greenish, often red. Flowers are but 10-20 eggs in corymbose inflorescence, blooming later leaves, usually in May. Lion to 2 cm in length, with wings diverging at an obtuse angle, first pink, to grow brown autumn; Read more [...]
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How to make a fire in the rain

Take the option, when the rain comes for some time and is nearing completion, but not long downpour. In the latter case, as such, there is no sense in the fire. The principle is the same as in normal conditions: to organize the small-bore stuff for ignition, prepare middling and, indeed, what will feed the fire. To detail is paper and newspaper, dry pine needles and leaves, which can be found under trees and shrubs, or removing the top layer of wet, chips and small twigs, stripped of wet bark. Intermediate better to make the found logs, "pinch" of them sticks and chop into small Poleshko. Read more [...]
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DAPHNE L. Rhode – VOLCHNIK.

Shrub 20-150 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain coumarin to 6.1% in the kidney D. mezereum L. (Including trikumariny), lignans, diterpeioidy, triterpenoids, flavonoids (including catechins), phytosterols, carbohydrates and phenolic glycosides established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 65.4% D. mezereum, essential oil. Alkaloids detected to 0.3% in the leaves of D. glomerata Lam., saponins. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - irritating - bark D. kamtschatica Maxim., D. glomerata, D. mezereum, laxative - branches, fruits D. kamtschatica, leaves, fruits D. mezereum, Read more [...]
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Natural pharmacy or where to take aspirin in the woods?

Nature has provided us with everything we needed to survive in the wild. Its sources often seem inexhaustible. But if you do not have the skills to survive in the wild, you will not be able to recognize and take advantage of generous gifts of nature. You can become a victim of hunger, thirst, injury, disease, cold, or a number of other threats, while the solution is close at hand. KNOWLEDGE - THE KEY TO SURVIVAL In 1535 Jacques Cartier (Jacques Cartier) and his men learned that even the most minimal knowledge can draw the line between life and death in a survival situation. While he and his Read more [...]
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Calligonum

To this genus are highly branched shrub up to 5-7 m with numerous green or grayish-green, deciduous autumn jointed stems. Leaves linear or needle-like, 3-7 mm long. Flowers bisexual, white, pink or carmine, sometimes greenish-white. Fruit - a nut with a hard pericarp, winged or densely planted with branched setae forming a ball. Calligonum propagated by seeds, stool shoots and root suckers, perfectly adapted to life on the shifting sands. Spherical fruit rolled by wind over long distances. Seeds covered them grow even in adverse desert conditions. Young shoots sticking out of the sand in Read more [...]
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Alone, without food and water

So, you're the one, and not a soul around for miles. How to make fire, you already know. Food! That is the question of questions! Around common berries, mushrooms and herbs. But some may be poisonous. If there is no firm assurance, you can run into trouble. Many edible plants are usually not used for food. Edible leaves and young shoots: blackberry, chicory, fireweed, sorrel, thyme, white dead-nettle. Edible young leaves: plantain, black currant, rose, small-leaved lime, burdock, dandelion, red clover, goutweed ordinary, coltsfoot, dissected cow parsnip, primrose spring, Thlaspi field, Read more [...]
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Rhode CAPPARIS L. – Capers.

S. herbacea Willd. - Creeping herbaceous miogoletiik to 150 cm long. Distribution: Caucasus. Flavonoids, alkaloids 1.5% in the leaves, izotioiiaiaty and higher fatty acid ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked fatty oil from the seeds of up to 36%, mustard oil, zfirioe oil. Carbohydrates are found in fruits 32.9% sapoiiiy steroids, vitamins C and E. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - laxative, antiseptic - Subtitle. hours, stimulating appetite, wound healing - flowers. Indications - infections / infestations: the infectious and toxic hepatitis - Subtitle. Part of the drug Liv-52 (Mashkovsky, 2000), Read more [...]
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Oak, old, ordinary

Typical European tree. Does not go north of Vologda, Kirov, Perm, in the east comes to the Urals. It grows in the forest and steppe zones, rises in the mountains of the Crimea and the Caucasus. The steppe zone is formed on the beams so called bayrachnye forests, sometimes found in floodplains. In the forest, oak forms a small compact crown, but in freedom spreads its thick branches twisting away to the side, closing times, like a tent, almost a quarter of a hectare. Live 300-400 years, reaching a height of 40 m, with a trunk diameter of more than 1 m Some trees live to be 500 or even 1,000 Read more [...]
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Drinking Water

Natural water (except the spring and clean water from mountain streams) must be cleaned and disinfected. Surface water sources (rivers, lakes) are often not suitable for drinking, as they may contain pathogens, pesticides and other toxic. substances. In connection with this preferred groundwater. If the water comes from an untrusted source, it should be boiled for at least 30 minutes. It is not recommended to take water directly from lakes or swamps. On the lower shore in several. m of water necessary to dig a hole, and when it is filled with water, gently scoop up the water. After repeating Read more [...]
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Trees rescued from starvation

Suitable food not only herbaceous plants, but even the trees! No, it does not mean that in the depths of the taiga growing little-known sausage tree, which, log, can be cut into circles, as an ordinary doctor's sausage. Of course not. Edible, not the trees, and their individual components, and not at any time of year. For example, cones, acorns or sapwood - thin, adjacent to the trunk of a young core. Pine has to offer to the table five edible parts: unblown flower buds, young shoots, sap, cones, c. a vitamin drink, needles. Birch than sapwood and juice, you can eat buds and young leaves, Read more [...]
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Ordinary honey locust (G. trehkolyuchkovaya) (Gleditsia triacanthos L.)

Southern tree (20 feet or more) with a wide lace crown, dark brown bark, the trunk and branches of numerous branched spines (there beskolyuchechnye form), the leaves are long (20 cm) paripinnate, flowers unisexual (rarely bisexual) inconspicuous and the fruit very long, leathery, brown indehiscent pods (20-40 cm). Blooms: May - July and the fruit: October - November. Toxic bodies  - Young, just shoot out leaves and smaller - the old leaves and flowers, even less - bark and seeds. The main symptoms of acute poisoning - blanching of the skin, excessive salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotension, Read more [...]
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Poison Wolf's bast (Volchnik ordinary) (Daphne mezereum L.)

Very poisonous shrub up to 1 meter, rising in the forest area. The literature describes a case of poisoning the girl who ate 12 berries wolf bark, and then having the hardest bloody vomiting and diarrhea. The girl died. Touching the wet bark or sap falling on human skin can cause inflammation. Appear on the skin blisters and ulceration. May occur and the general poisoning of the body. By inhalation of dust cortex observed irritation of the nose and respiratory tract. Poisoning by eating berries begins as inflammation in the mouth and ZH.K.T. There is a feeling of scratching and burning in Read more [...]
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Hovel

How should behave man lost in the woods? Lost my bearings, it must immediately stop moving and try to repair it with a compass or using different natural features. If this is difficult, it is necessary to organize a temporary parking lot for a dry place, which is not easy to do, especially in the mossy woods where the ground a carpet covered sphagnum acquisitive water (500 parts water to one part of dry matter). Can serve as a temporary shelter canopy tent, dug. In warmer can restrict the construction of a simple canopy. Two 1.5-m-thick stake in hand with a fork on the end driven into the ground Read more [...]
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