Bark | The survival encyclopedia - Part 6


Insects as a protein source

If you are like me, then your mind will never come, that insects can have! Of course not all. Approximately 1,700 species of edible insects. And regularly eaten in 130 countries! Basically, it is the countries of Asia and Africa. But the fashion for "fried insects" and comes up to the European countries. And so, with what insects we first encounter in the woods? Mosquitoes and midges is possible, but I think the effort to capture them will not pay off. Let's look for something on kalloriynee.Klassika: larvae of beetles borers. In the forest, a lot of dry trees, under the bark Read more [...]
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Poplar, trembling aspen or

Tree, reaching a height of 25-30 m, with a rounded crown and a cylindrical columnar trunk with a greenish-gray bark. The leaves are rounded, dense, unequally, constantly wiggling and shaking and rustling through long flattened petioles, hesitant at the slightest movement of air. Floral scales dark brown, incised-dentate, covered with long hairs. Purple-red anthers. Ovary light green, conical, with two purple stigmas. Flowering in March-May, before leafing, fruiting in May. Is widespread in Western Europe, the Caucasus and the Near, Middle and Central Asia. Growing in Russia in the European Read more [...]
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Rhode SALIX L. — IVA.

Trees, shrubs up to 10 m high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids (including catechins to 8.6% in the cortex S. triandra L., anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins), halkoiy, karotinondy to 11.4% in the underground. h S. alba L, diterpenoids, carbohydrates to 11% of pollen S. caprea L, as well as nitrogen-conn., phenols, biphenyls, phenolic glycosides and 7.5% in the leaves of S. purpurea L., phenolic acids, aromatic alcohols, higher fatty acids n alnfatncheskne higher hydrocarbons established structure. Marked tannins to 25.3% from the bark of S. caucasica Andersson, fatty oil to 9.8% of the Read more [...]
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Viburnum opulus

Viburnum opulus (Viburnum opulus L.) - wild plant. Contains glycosides, tannins and other liquid extract (20-30 drops 2-3 times a day) or a decoction of the cortex (10: 200, and 1 tablespoon 3 times a day) take uterine bleeding, as well as painful menstruation .Fig. 28. Viburnum opulus (Right - fruits). Beautiful Viburnum opulus and spring, studded with flat white buds, and at the end of the summer, when the branches bend under the weight of large brushes flaming berries among the foliage. Dressy viburnum and useful. Vitamin C, for example, in its fruits and a half times more than oranges, Read more [...]
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Vegetable ink

Plant world is full of bright colors of various shades. What a variety of combinations of colors in the color of the meadow, what subtle transitions in the colors of autumn leaves - from green-yellow to bright red! Negros and Indians living in the nature, painted not only clothing, but also the body, mimicking the brightness of paint colors for insects and birds. We will not follow their example and smear their faces to scare passers-by. But sometimes we need to paint the thread or the patch, we mend clothes, and maybe want to restore the color of sun-bleached shirt. Obtain the required colors Read more [...]
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Physiological basis of hypnosis and suggestion in the light of the teachings and pavlova n-3

On the other hand, the bark brain, even some segments may, in some cases, serve as a catalyst, and in other cases, overwhelming the inhibitory effect on the reticular formation. Consequently, the very core of the cerebral hemispheres may inhibit state wakefulness, and, conversely, to maintain it. System of circular or ring connections: bark - Reticular formation - bark allows the higher central nervous system controlled via the reticular formation of its operating status. Now that we have understood the essence of the braking process and conventional physiological sleep, it is appropriate to Read more [...]
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Making fire

It is difficult with no experience to start a fire, even with a large supply of matches, and without matches, magnifying glass, how? Especially if you can not make a magnifying glass from the two time windows, connected together by clay, with poured in water (as the authors are so fond of writing adventure novels) or by using the lens of the camera. After all, you are one and even watches will not allow you to make a magnifying glass! In various tourist and other popular literature, travel and adventure is often described method of obtaining fire by friction. Indeed, to get the fire in this Read more [...]
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Firewood

Fire - is a blissful heat, rest, hot food, life in the frost-bound forest. And how ridiculous, sometimes tragic mistakes makes beginners zagotavlivaya in forest firewood. Often, the issue of a fire, the heat - it's a matter of life and death. And in fact, if you spend the night around the campfire, the fuel quality is critical. Firewood should be lit, long and hot. No smoke, no fire embers. Our country is huge. The number of tree species, is used as a fuel, is very large, but probably should first focus on the vast Siberian taiga. Of conifers in this belt make good firewood pine, cedar, Read more [...]
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Rhode MYRICARIA Desv. — Mericariae.

Shrub up to 4 m high. Distribution: Caucasus, Western and Eastern Siberia. Contain flavonoids, phytosterols, and phenolic acids and their esters established structure. Marked tannins to 17% IE bark M. germanica (L.) Desv. Alkaloids found up to 0.1%, and organic acids to 2.1% in the leaves of M. germanica, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - anthelminthic - M. longifolia (Willd.) Ehrenb., Pobegi1 M. dahurica (Willd.) Ehrenb., Haemostatic, astringent - bark M. germanica. Indications - the immune system disease: rheumatic - M. bracteata Royle; disease of the reproductive system: the women's Read more [...]
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Olhovidnaya buckthorn, or brittle

It grows in the undergrowth of deciduous and coniferous forests, rivers and lakes, and in ravines across the European part of Russia, in Western and Eastern Siberia and Central Asia. It is also found in Europe, Asia Minor and Iran. Can grow in wetland soils of the north, and in the dry, sandy pine forests of the south. Large shrub or small tree with a spreading crown and smooth, almost black bark. A reddish-brown branches lanceolate conspicuous white lenticels. The leaves are alternate, udlinennoellipticheskie. On the bottom, the lighter side of the paper clearly favor rzhavoopushennyh 6-8 Read more [...]
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Euonymus broadleaf

Found in beech, hornbeam, spruce and fir forests of the Crimea, the Caucasus, Western Europe and Asia Minor, rising in the mountains up to 1800 m Large shrub or small tree up to 7 m in height. Old branches covered with gray-brown bark with black lenticels, young shoots are round, yellowish-green. Light green naked large (12 cm by 6 cm), broadly elliptical leaves with short petioles. In May, after leafing appear inconspicuous small greenish-white or slightly brownish flowers in poluzontichnye blossoms and hanging on long thin stalks. The flowers have a strong and unpleasant odor, which is irritating Read more [...]
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Wolf's bark

Wolf's bark (Daphne mezereum). Among the early spring plants is but one that blooms bright - wolf bark. Its lilac-pink flowers in a variety of clinging to the right branch. They smell good, but soon the aroma begins to act oppressively and causes headache. Summer fruits Wolf bast green, and they do not notice the leaves. And at the end of summer ripen and published beckon all bright red shiny balls, sticky to the stem. Berries (oval drupes) are poisonous. Highly toxic and bark. If mangled beautiful flowering branches Wolf bast, then after this bunch are blisters on the skin and redness. All Read more [...]
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Finding and cooking

The lack of food for people who find themselves in an emergency independent existence - a big problem. To stray far from the village, it will not be as prevalent, as it is hoped to quickly reach out to people. But if the group was forced to autonomy away from roads and settlements, you have to solve the problem of exploration and production of edible plants, animals and fish. In other words, you need to solve the problem of starvation. During starvation adaptive reactions aimed primarily at reducing energy consumption, reducing the intensity of metabolism. To do this, it is desirable Read more [...]
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Burdock and woodworm

Under this name anglers know many of the larvae of various insects, which can be caught in the blades of grass, under the bark of trees, in the inflorescences, etc.Larva Burdock moth found in the stems of burdock. Almost everywhere on her excellent bite in winter time roach, bream, silver bream and other fish. Larvae of various wind chayutsya borers under the bark and the wood. This is a particularly popular nozzle in places where the fish "Familiar" with the floating timber and where the larvae are often caught in the water. Store them for a long time does not make sense: Read more [...]
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Abelia

Abelia corymbose Large multi-stemmed shrub, spreading 4-5 m height with spherical crown. The trunks are covered with dark gray, longitudinally cracked bark. Brownish stems are thickening in knots and covered with white appressed hairs. The leaves are opposite, prodolgovatoyaytsevidnye, up to 6 cm long and 2 cm wide, dark green above, paler below, the edges with small cilia. Blooms from June to mid-August. Pink and white fragrant flowers with leafy bracts collected in corymbose-capitate inflorescences at the ends of the shoots. In August, the fruits ripen - dry three-sided box of up to 0.8 Read more [...]
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10 letters of Robinson. Tenth letter

The last envelope required open in the first half of the coming day. The weather has improved, but it was windy and cool. Therefore, the device overnight in the place where I found the gathering dusk, I paid attention. Chose among a tight group of birches framed thickets of hazel, carefully tied plastic cape over a hammock and spun out of the branches of "flap", which turned into a hammock tent, protected on all sides from the wind.I could not resist the temptation to get warm by the fire, the benefit of nearby lay a pile of brushwood. Deadwood, as you know, is a shelter for many Read more [...]
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Old and new cortex

Tsitoarhitektonicheskie features and the development of the cerebral cortex of the brain cortex allowed to divide the whole into separate types: 1) allocortex includes the old (2.2%), the old (0.6%), intermediate (1.6%) bark, expose insignificant changes in the phylogeny and human ontogeny, 2) neocortex is new bark (95.6% of the hemispheres). New bark hemispheres of the brain develops as a result of adjustments to the old crust of new layers and adjustment layers that existed previously. Allocortex occurs in the olfactory brain where bark represented by 4 layers of cells. Read more [...]
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Schisandra

One of the most common in the Far East, woody vines. Grows in Primorsky and Khabarovsk, Sakhalin, Japan and China, in mixed and deciduous forests, mainly in the alluvial sand, easily permeable soils along rivers and streams. Woody vines climb up the trees to a height of 8 m bark is dark brown, wrinkled, branch upward and sometimes wrap around the main stem. Leaves elliptic or obovate, with cuneate base and pointed at the top, dark green in summer and pale green or pale yellow in autumn, with long, often with red petioles. Dioecious flowers clustered at 3-5 at the base of annual shoots. Flower Read more [...]
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Rhode PHELLODENDRON Rupr. — Velvet.

Trees up to 30 m high. Distribution: The Far East. Contain alkaloids and 2% in the cortex Ph. amurense Rupr, steroids (including phytosterols) moioterpeioidy, limoioidy, flavonoids, lactones, carbohydrates and acid feioliye ustaiovleiioy structure. Marked tannins up to 18% of the cortex Ph. amurense, essential oil, slime. Found coumarin, sapoiiiy, vitamins C and R. In the experiment, the tincture Ph. amurense enhances breathing alkaloid preg-Berean normalizes blood for anemia, has a curative effect in sepsis model hyperthermia reduces body temperature, the leaves Ph. amurense, Ph. sachalinense Read more [...]
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Rhode SYRINGA L. — Lilac.

Shrubs 2-5 m high. Distribution: The Far East. Contain iridoids, lngnany, flavonoids, and phenolic glnkozidy established structure. Alkaloids found to 0.1% pvetkah S. amurensis Rupr., coumarins. Medicinal. Those r a n e a r ch e s to e of action - a diuretic - inflorescence, tonic - bark, buds S. amurensis. Indications - infections / infestations: pulmonary tuberculosis, gonorrhea - inflorescence S. amurensis. In the experiment, an extract of S. amurensis prevents the development of leukopenia in the application of cytostatics (Zuev, 1999), bark, leaves, young branches S. amurensis and Read more [...]
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