Bashkir | The survival encyclopedia


Southern Urals

To include a part of the Southern Urals Urals mountain country between the latitudinal section of the upper reaches of the river Ufa and latitudinal plot the Ural River between Orsk and Orenburg. The total length of the ridges of the Southern Urals - more than 550 km. In the east-west direction between the South Urals Ishimbai Magnitogorsk and reaches 200 km. It is a vast mountainous country, which ranges in the northern part between Ufa and Inzer go in the general direction from NE to SW, and in the southern part between Inzer and White - in the meridional direction. To the south of the valley Read more [...]
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Tevkelevyh manor in the village Kilimovo

Many think that the West Bashkiria promises no surprises and little interest in comparison with, say, the Southern Urals. In some parts it is correct, but not for a man of curious and knowledgeable. If you turn up and closely look at the surrounding area, you can find a lot of fascinating. How many of you, for example, are aware of the manor in kind Tevkelevyh Buzdyakskom area Bashkortostan? And how many of you even know what a race per se was Tevkelevy? Rhode Tevkelevyh comes from the Turkic MPD, in other words in Russian nobility. The most famous member of the genus is Alex Tevkelev. Real Name Read more [...]
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Word of the Bashkir Chudesnitsa

For that year, the ships going to the White tourist flight from Moscow, Ufa, by all means stay at the village Kushnarenkovo. No, not at the pier, and the side of it - a high mountain, on top of which the boiling point in the green gardens stands afar prominent old white building. Tourists come ashore, inquiring glance at the guide. - What are we watching? What-any archaeological monument? - Let's look grapes. - Here? In Bashkortostan? Well, you know However, an hour later, the irony and doubt give way to delight and surprise. It is said that a tourist, a winegrower from Uzbekistan, was so carried Read more [...]
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Rock Kuzganak

Kuzganak is in the middle of the river Zilim, 17 km upstream from the village Tolparovo. Usually by Kuzganaka tested during the rafting on Zilim. But we can and threw up on the village Tolparovo, which can be reached by car. Track Ufa-Sterlitamak. Turn in the village on the village Tolbazy Krasnousolsk. And from there 60 km along the earth road passes through the village Tolparovo. Tolparovo Bashkir real outback. Electricity here spent just only 10 years ago. Real quality Bashkir honey. The elderly, poorly understand the Russian language. Wilderness of the nearby mountains. And one of the most Read more [...]
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Sibai Quarry

In depth, it is the second quarry in the world. Depth Sibai career such that if you look down from the observation deck, you can not see the bottom. Today quarry turned into a funnel, and to continue to develop its open method does not seem likely. Meanwhile, the development of it lasts. Only at the moment is mining method. Mines laid specifically on days of career. New underground mine has been called Novosibayskogo. At present, from the depths of the deposit is mined Novosibayskogo polymetallic raw materials containing copper, zinc, sulfur and small quantities of other non-ferrous metals. Namely Read more [...]
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River Lemeza

River Lemeza one of the most beautiful rivers of the southern Urals. Begins on the southern slope of the ridge Amsar, near the village of Lemeza, Katav-Ivanovsk district, Chelyabinsk region. The length of the river 119 km will Fall into the SIM, Iglinskiy district Republic of Bashkortostan, near the village of Tekeeva. In the upper and middle reaches Lemeza is a mountain river. Below and to the mouth of the character of the river Lemeza becomes flat. Large tributaries Lemez right: river Bearish, river Kusyk, river Icing. Left: Transverse and Berdych. As translated Lemeza? By A. K. Matveev, geronilla Read more [...]
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The River Icing

The total length of the river is 52 km. The main tributary of Ikena in the upper course of the river is Yamashta. Yamashta transferred from the Bashkir language as "evil". The title is justified mad after all its in great water. As a means of Iceni. On certain maps Iceni referred to as "icing". In fact, this error cartographers and true is all the same "icing". The word is translated from the Bashkir language as "double" From the "IR", "two". This is due to the fact that in the course of its own flow, the river is divided into two branches. Flows into the river Lemeza right in the village of Upper Read more [...]
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River Zyuzelga

On the banks of Zyuzelgi is a huge kolichestvonaselennyh pt. Including the regional center Sosnowski area seloDolgoderevenskoe. As translated Zyuzelga. Historical documents are different options here rivers Izyulga, Yuzelga, Yuzya, Izyulge, Yuzelga, Yuzyuzelga, Izyulka, Izyuzelga, Izyulga, Isyusilga, Uzyulga, Zyuelga. Which is translated from the Russian Bashkir gives double title of the 1st value. The word "Elga" in the Bashkir language represents a small river. The word "Uzes" on one of the Bashkir dialect means the same thing. So Makarov "zyuzelga" little remade in the Russian language, the Read more [...]
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Murtazin Musa Lutovich

Murtazin Musa Lutovich (20.02 (02.03) 1891 d.Kuchukovo, Uchalinsky district of Bashkortostan 1939), military commander and state. figure. Rod. in a poor family with many children. Received early. education. Since 1912 the military service in Vladivostok in 1913 on the island of Russian near him. With the beginning of the 1st World War I at the front, where he stayed until 1917 Junior gunner. After the February. Revolution joined the revolution. org-pits. Upon his return to Bashkiria politically determined immediately, but are included in the national movement, tended to his radical tendencies Read more [...]
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The Museum of Geology and mineral resources of the Republic of Belarus part 2

One of the frequently encountered in Bashkortostan, as in the southern Urals in General is brown iron ore, steel Rudana in vain in the southern Urals in the 18th century was a turbulent period for metallurgy and how the mushrooms were growing mountain factory in the southern Urals. At different times had created a huge number of small fields. But the biggest, and to this time the current is Tucanae field. Brown ironstone.  Another craft metallurgists was smelting of copper. Its creation began even earlier than dark metallurgy. Resurrection copper-smelting plant was actually the first South Read more [...]
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The Bashkir LITERATURE

The Bashkir LITERATURE Naib. ancient of L. U. Early samples B.L. go back to the Volga Bulgarian poetic pam. In the XII-XIII centuries originated book lang. related Turkic-speaking tribes of the Turks. At his core. he developed the so-called Kipchak L. Epics Khosrow and Shirin Kotbi, Mohabbatan Khwarizmi, Jumjum Sultan Katibi, Kitabi bit-Turks Gulistan Sheds, etc. have become common classical heritage of Turkic peoples d & Wed. Asia. In B.L. cf.-century. dominated the traditional East. genres: Gazelle, casida, Dastan, hikayat, kyssa, nama. Religious and heroic epics of the series Alp-Batyr, Cisek Read more [...]
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Map Yurmy

Yurma mountain range in the southern Urals, and in Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk region Karabashsky GO., On the ground NP Taganay. Its length is 21 km., Height of the mountains grow from 500 to 550 m in the north to 950 1000 m in the south, the highest point in Jurmala (1003 m) in the southern part. It is believed that the north ends Yurmoy Southern Urals and then begins a Middle Urals. Indeed, north Yurmy begins steeply sloping plain and Ural ridge as if interrupted. As translated yurma? With the Bashkir  yurma word in most cases translates to not go. Specifically, in this, the imperative Read more [...]
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Range map Kumardak

 Spine Kumardak (Bashkiria), as and many of his neighbors, extended from SW to NE, placed in upper right bank. Yuryuzan. Its length is 25 km, and coupled with Becht (orographic continuation NE) – 32 kilometers. The height of the ridge Kumardak above 1000m. More significant tops from north to south: Large Kumardak (1318 m.), Small Kumardak (1141 m.), Spur ridge Mountain Bear (Mashak) (1265 m.), Broad (1287 m.) , Nameless (12,317 m.), Anonymous (1320 m.), the highest tip of the ridge, the Belfry (1354 m. Kokui and the city (1114 m.)  the southernmost in the chain kumardakskih Read more [...]
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Irkuskan and Female

Irkuskan a mountain spur from the ridge of Big Bitch, flocked to Bakal kareram.Kto it is considered the backbone of Irkuskan individual, but if you look at the map, you will see that it is all the same spur. But we do not really fundamentally, because in this article, note, we do not consider the geographic location, and title. In Bashkir many place names derived from the verb in the past tense: Ayuatkan - "In a bear shot" Ayutazaklagan - "Trap set for bear," etc. Our case is the one of the same category. Ending "en" just says that it Bashkir verb in the past tense. Together the word bude sound Read more [...]
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Reserve Shulgantash

In 1986 Pribelsky branch was in a separate reserve Shulgan-Tash cave known by the name of Shulgan-Tash (Kapova) and river Shulgan. The very name comes from the Bashkir Shulgan words words "Sumgait", "sulgan", "Shulgan" has failed or fail. Typically, these items are karst holes or a place of disappearance of underground rivers. Specifically that of the river and the river is Shulgan disappearing underground and on the current inside the cave Kapova she actually saying, and washed. The word "tash" means "Stone". So makarom Shulgan-Tash - "a failed rock" or "stone fell." On the territory of the Read more [...]
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The western part of the Southern Urals from the upper reaches of the latitudinal area Ufa to latitude portion of the lower flow Inzer, including the Foothills

Hookah, stretching from NE to SW ridge about 20 km long between Ufa and its left tributary of the river Suro (to the southwest from the city of Nizhny Ufaley). Corresponds exactly to the Bashkir kalyan- "special bag for arrows," born of the quiver, which once was used Bashkir warriors. Perhaps the title of this domed tops is a powerful metaphor (Wed Mashak). Tatar hookah - "kind of a pipe" approach is much less. Tour-Tash Mountain (828 m) in the upper reaches of Big Arsha 20 km to the south of the ridge Hookah. At the top of a steep mountain many rocks. Bashkir and Tatar word toratash means "idol", Read more [...]
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The western part of the Southern Urals south latitude portion of the lower course of the river Inzer to latitudinal area middle reaches of the Belaya River (about 54 ° C. Lat.), Including the Foothills

Ulu-Tau (in Bashkir Olo-Tau), a short, but long (30 km) ridge extending from NNE to SSW from the river to the river Zilim Basu, one of the ridges bounding Bashkiria mountain from the west. Translated into russkiy- "Big Mountain." There are mountains with names and in other places of the Southern Urals (on the ridge Irendyk and north of Upper-Ural). A to B and k (Ak-Bashkir Beyek), the mountain adjacent to the ridge with In Ulu-Tau (16 km to the southeast of the village of Arkhangelsk). Translated from the Bashkir language "white mountain", "White Mountain." In Bashkortostan, there are other mountains Read more [...]
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DAVLETKILDEEV (Devletkildeev) Qasim Saliaskarovich

DAVLETKILDEEV (Devletkildeev) Qasim Saliaskarovich

(11 (23) .04.1887, s.Kugul Ufim. Lip. 01.19.1947, Ufa), the first head. prof. thin., painter, graphic artist, and teacher. He graduated from the St. Petersburg. c. uch-School tehn. Drawing of Baron AL Stiglitz (1914, cl. Mural painting). Author watercolors: Bashkir girl in the blue (1928), Porch Bashkir hut (1928), Young Hunter Bear (1928), Old Man (1928), and Lilacs (1935). All of these works are in HMRB.
Lit .: Fine Art Bashkir ASSR / Comp. G.S.Kushnerovskaya. M., 1974.

Author: Yanbukhtin AG

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Mountainous part of Southern Urals between latitude upper course of Ufa and latitudinal section of the upper reaches of the river Ai

Potanin, the mountains on the western shore of the lake to the south of Cherry Irtyash mountains. From the Russian personal name Potanya derived from Potap, Potapov, rarer potamu or surname Potanin. C o m in g and to the mountain 4 km from the city of 3 Shoo-th Sugomak near the river, which flows into the lake Sugomak. The primary name of the river Sugomak that You can, however, not without a doubt, compare with the Bashkir Syganak - the "source", the river became known as the neighboring objects - the lake and the mountain. Golden eagle, mountain at the source of Ufa (20 km to the southwest of Read more [...]
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Mountainous part of Southern Urals between latitude portion of the upper reaches of the river Ai and large portions of the upper reaches of Inzer and White (approximately 54 ° c. Lat.)

Urenga, a long ridge (about 70 km) between Chrysostom and the upper reaches of the river Ai (highest otmetka- 1198 m). I. Lepekhin in the XVIII century has recorded the name as Urengoy and Mr. Uranga translated "Maple" and Pallas at the same time recorded in the forms Uryangetau, Urangetau, Urango, the first of which is the exact transfer vrengge Tatar words - " maple "," maple "and tau -" mountain ". Thus, Urenga really "Maple (range)." Travellers XVIII century clearly did write in the Tatar population (Zlatoust Tatars), as local Bashkirs of Uchalinsky district to designate the concepts of "maple", Read more [...]
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