Hussein Bey

In the Golden Horde in general since it was decided to call the educated people of Central Asia, Iran and Egypt. That was the heyday of the Golden Horde. Built town obihazhivayut trade routes. Islam in those years became the official religion of the country. Of course this wave Hussein Bey and came to the attention of Khan Uzbek. In Bashkortostan, Hussein Bey headed for certain success in the appeal of the Bashkirs to Islam and soon became the first imam of the Bashkirs. Hussein is buried Beck was in a Muslim cemetery Ak Ziraat, near today's village Chishmy. According to legend, in 1393, the majestic Read more [...]
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Teptyars

Teptyars (Presumably from the Persian deftyar special kind of agrarian records), ethnographic group priur. (Head.) Tatars etnososlovnogo mixed origin. Developed in the first half. XVIII century. in DOS. of Representat. Turkic and Finno-Ugric peoples of the Middle Volga (Tatars, Chuvash, Udmurts, Mari), who settled on the patrimonial lands of the Bashkirs in the position pripuschennikov and subsequently subjected to a strong Tatar-head. influence. During the XVIII-XIX centuries. in the T. entered a large h. landless Bashkirs. T. Russ actively used. pr-tion as a soc. Bashk support during colonization. Read more [...]
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Salavat Yulaev

Biography Salavat Yulaev such. Salavat Yulaev was born in the village of Tekeevo, according to other sources Alkino, in 1754, the family elders Shaitan-Kudeevskoy parish Siberian road Yulai Aznaulina. It is north-east of Bashkiria, Salavat district, border with Asha district of Chelyabinsk region.  Rhode Aznaulinyh was notable. Salavat received a good education and, in principle, it had quite a bright future.  Zavarushka began with the fact that the mining and metallurgical company Tverdyshev-Myasnikov where deception, where the land had been forced to give Shaitan-Kudeevskoy parish Read more [...]
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SABANTUY

SABANTUY annual celebration of the Turkic peoples, dedicated to beg. agricultural work, in the XIX century. he took to planting. According to Rudenko, his celebrated immediately after the spring rite of Kargath or between arable land and cutting treatments. On the feast day at sunrise children, armed with a long pole designed for hanging gifts, going from one house to the other. Often certainly run, collected hebe towels, handkerchiefs, pieces of cloth, etc.. Important place at the feast held horse races (beyge) usually around a small hill. Horseback Riding, imitating the course of the sun across Read more [...]
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Pugachev shaft

Although the presence of the army in the Pugachev Satka factory fact indisputable, as evidenced by numerous historical documents and the mass of legends and place-names near Satka legend of Pugachev shaft inquisitive researchers refute. Instead it provides a fully conclusive evidence that the fortifications were built Satka factory workers on the orders of the military authorities for the defense of the uprising of the Bashkirs. This version  states that the Bashkirs shortly before burned and looted Satkinsky plant, causing great harm. Also the fact that, based on historical documents, certificates Read more [...]
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PERM (Barda) Bashkiria

PERM (Barda) Bashkiria sowing. group head. people (see .: Bashkirs) inhabiting ter. Barda district of Perm. region. Regular. place of settlement Wed for p. Tulve, a tributary of the Kama River. In 1908, P. (B). B. representing the tribe Hayn, totaled 37 thousand. Pers. According to the 1989 census there were in Bardymsky district of 25.5 thousand. Pers. (85% of us. District). In addition to PA (B). B. in Perm. region. live Bashkirs recent migrants Bash. Regular. anthropological type PA (B). B. suburalsky, lang. Tatar, close to Mishar dialect, religion Islam (with end of the XVII c.). Ancestors Read more [...]
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Orenburg expedition

In the Urals Tatischev swung wide. But, as it has happened many times in his life, fate had its own way and again changed his plans. May 10, 1737 issued a decree of the empress, to appoint him chief commander of the Orenburg expedition instead of the deceased in April IK Kirillov. Orenburg Expedition was created for the colonization of the south-east of the country. Peter I tried to open the gate in a south Asia and penetrate into the land of Bukhara. When Anna Ivanovna this interest increased. Colonization of Central Asia Empress tried to compensate for the failure of the military to the west Read more [...]
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Orenburg province

Orenburg province formed by 15 March 1744 is located on the south-east country and included the vast expanses of South. W., Urals and Kazakhstan. Originally was composed of Ufa and Isetskaya wire .; fortress built by r.Yaiku, Sakmar; Yaik Cossacks; Zaur. Bashkirs. In 1745 in the OG included Stavropol province., in 1773 Samara (without y.). December 23. 1781 OG was abolished and DOS. it h. entered as O. region. Ufa in the governorship to-Roe lasted until December 12. 1796, when it was re-established OG Ts lips. Orenbah. (1744-1781, 1794-1802, 1865) and Ufa (1782-1797, 1802-1865). In 1804, OG was Read more [...]
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Nurimanov Bagautdin (Balazhetdin) Yalaletdinovich

Nurimanov Bagautdin (Balazhetdin) Yalaletdinovich (02 (14). 05.1893, der. Novokulevo. Birsk y. Ufa Province. 10.1918 (by others. Data 08.1918), Orsk, Orenbah. Lip.), One of the hands. communist movement among the Bashkirs and Tatars, and active participation. establishment of owls. government and civil. War in the head. From a poor family krest.. He studied at the villages. madrassas in the beginning. (Russkoyaz.) Chelyaba school. Pers. RSDLP (b) (Spring 1917). Since 1917, pers. Ufa-ta RSDLP, advocate-org-tor of Tatars and Bashkirs, pers. Ufa Council office. and Soldiers. dep., before. tat.-head. Read more [...]
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PEASANTS RUSSIAN YASASHNYE

PEASANTS RUSSIAN YASASHNYE Cross category. Avg. Prikamye second floor. XVII early. XIX century. Lived on leased land from the Bashkirs. Were represented by two groups: The first group includes people from r.Siva (tributary of the Kama), who settled on the left bank of the Kama (der.Olhovka and Kemyl) in the second half. XVII of the first floor. XVIII century. and pay into the treasury with Udmurt tribute (tax in kind) and rents Bashkirs. In the 50s of the XVIII century. assigned to Votkinskaya s-du, received the status of state. cross. The second group K.R.YA. was formed in the beginning. XVIII Read more [...]
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The origin of feudal relations among the peoples of the Urals

The population of the Urals in origin, language of belonging­and of the economic and cultural types was three large groups­Py: 1) Aboriginal people since ancient times lived in the Urals and govo­RIVSH the languages ​​of the Permian branch of the Finno-Ugric family. In an economy dominated by agriculture and forestry plow cattle in conjunction with the development of hunting and fishing. The ancestors of the Komi and Udmurt premyakov. Population Ugric branch of languages ​​ancestors Mansi and Khanty Catching­taiga moose hunting and fishing combined with cattle se­the Read more [...]
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Velyaminov Corn Vladimir Vladimirovich

Velyaminov Corn Vladimir Vladimirovich (10/31/1830, of St. Petersburg. 01.17.1904, Kiev), historian and orientalist, Acad. (1861). In 1851 he was seconded to Orenbah. at the disposal of the gene al-governor V.A.Perovskogo. Studied languages, history and ethnography of the Kazakhs, Bashkirs. According to the materials Orenbah. Archive wrote a two-volume work Historical information about the Kirghiz Kaisaks against Russia with Central Asia since the time of the death of Abdul Khair Khan (1748-1765). In 1856 he moved to St. Petersburg., Where he continued to engage in Inst. on the history of Y. Notes Read more [...]
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Struggle of the peoples of the Urals against feudal exploitation and national oppression

Performances peoples inhabiting the Urals, were part of the anti-feudal struggle of the working masses of Russia and had a common orientation with them: tax policy against absolutism, bureaucratic­tion arbitrary registry to factories, government restrictions, for­grips land breeders, nobles and local feudal lords. Specification:­thrusts struggle Uralic peoples can be regarded as a protest against national and religious oppression, forced Christiani­Organization. Forms of struggle were varied: concealment registered males combined with the exodus, filing petition and passive disobedience Read more [...]
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BASHKIR FOLKLORE

BASHKIR FOLKLORE distributed not only in the head., but also in the neighboring Saratov, Samara, Perm. Sverdlov., Chelyaba., Coorg., Orenbah. region., in Tatarstan, which is densely populated Bashkirs and in Resp. Saha, the Tyumen region. and in a number of CIS countries. The earliest written evidence of it left the Arab travelers Ahmad Ibn Fadlan (X cent.) And Abu Hamid al-Gharnati (XIII c.). At the root of the collection BF were representatives of the best hours. Rus. intelligentsia P.Rychkov, P.Pallas, I.Lepehin, I. George, V.Tatischev (XVIII c.) T.Belyaev, P.Kudryashov, Pushkin, V.Dal, L.Suhodolsky, Read more [...]
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BASHKIRSKIE REBELLION XVII-XVIII centuries.

BASHKIRSKIE REBELLION XVII-XVIII centuries. popular movement against the colonial policy of Rus. tsarism in the province. Disaffection raised known in the history of BV, which took place in the XVI-XVIII centuries .: 1572, 1616.1645, 1662-64, 1681-84, 1704-06, 1707-08, 1709-10, 1711, 1735-36 , 1737-38,1739-40,1755-56. Bashkirs took an active part in the Cross. War of 1773-75, and recovery. 1834-35. The initiator and driving force behind the recovery. were the wider head. Regular people. mass of freemen and most feudal lords, ie in essence recovery. represented cum. movement. They participated Read more [...]
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Bashkir MESCHERYAKSKOE ARMY

Bashkir MESCHERYAKSKOE ARMY The first information on the inclusion of the Russian Bashkir. troops belong to the time of Ivan the Terrible: they participated in the war in Livonia against the Crimean Khan. Starting from 1714 the Bashkirs were involved in the protection of the eastern. the boundaries of the Russian state-va. Until the middle. XVIII century. their use in the composition of Rus. troops was limited because of the numerous head. recovery. In the second floor. XVIII century. there is a gradual convergence of the Bashkirs in their class-legal status of the Cossacks. Senate Order March Read more [...]
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