The main law of the forest - lower tiers higher inhibited. Even within the ruling stand, there is competition for light, water and nutrients. In this fight, kill themselves in the shadow of light-loving species, but they can displace inhibit their trees, if environmental conditions change abruptly. Well known everlasting enmity birch spruce. Young birch trees wither in the shadow of the spruce stand, but once come loggers ... Small volatile birch seeds sows the vacant space, and on the spot spruce grows birch. Under cover of his young fir trees grow well, gradually replacing the birch.
Shrubs Read more [...]
This hunting bird inhabits most of the forest and forest-steppe zones of the country. Afforestation valleys of it penetrates the tundra using suitable habitats, rises to the border of subalpine mountain meadows. No grouse in the Crimea, na Sakhalin and Kamchatka.
In the thickets of birch and rhododendron alpine and subalpine zones of the Caucasus meets separate species grouse - Caucasian. It is smaller than usual and has liroobrazny tail.
Grouse inhabit its vast area is very uneven. At various times, he changes the habitat depending on the availability of feed and shelter. Read more [...]
In the forests of Russia is growing more than two thousand trees, but only a few are common. Softwood - and European larch, Scots pine and Siberian (cedar), spruce, Siberian fir. All are powerful, tall trees, but especially powerful Siberian cedar: height - 40-42 m, trunk diameter of 2 m Larch different from all conifer that drops needles in the winter, to which owes its name. Hardwood common oak, silver birch and downy, aspen, small-leaved lime, black alder, maple, ash, common, and in the lowland forests - various species of willow. Oak - a majestic tree, a symbol of power and longevity in Read more [...]
Birch sap is a clear liquid coming out of cut or broken, the trunks and branches of birch under the influence of root pressure. Sap flow begins with the first spring thaws and continues to bud. Exact separation of birch sap is difficult to establish, because it depends on the weather. For example, if during the March thaw juice has begun to run, and then suddenly hit the cold, it may temporarily stop in.
But usually the juice begins to run around the middle of March, when the snow melts and the buds swell. To determine the start of sap flow enough to go into the woods and make a thin awl prick Read more [...]
Trees, shrubs and grasses are a major part of the forest of the world, so a brief look at the features of their physiology.
Plants, creating organic matter, are the basis of all life on Earth - they are the link between the sun and the life on our planet.
The essence of the formation of organic substances by the light of all the trees is the same, but one tree species require a lot of light, and the other is content with smaller quantities.
The rate of photosynthesis in leaves of different, located in the lower and upper parts of the crown. It depends on the temperature, the concentration of carbon Read more [...]
Fire - is a blissful heat, rest, hot food, life in the frost-bound forest. And how ridiculous, sometimes tragic mistakes makes beginners zagotavlivaya in forest firewood. Often, the issue of a fire, the heat - it's a matter of life and death. And in fact, if you spend the night around the campfire, the fuel quality is critical. Firewood should be lit, long and hot. No smoke, no fire embers. Our country is huge. The number of tree species, is used as a fuel, is very large, but probably should first focus on the vast Siberian taiga.
Of conifers in this belt make good firewood pine, cedar, Read more [...]
A tree up to 20 m tall, with white bark (young trees - a reddish-brown), and stretched up or facing branches, annual shoots pubescent. The leaves are ovate or rhombic-ovate, rounded at the base and tapered at the top, lubchatye, young leaves pubescent. Blooms in April and May, before the deployment of leaflets. Seeds ripen in late August and September.
Is widespread in Europe (including European Russia), in the Caucasus and Siberia.
It grows in damp places and relatively well tolerated with stagnant moisture, usually on the margins of swamps and bogs, on moist banks of various water bodies, Read more [...]
White fungus, boletus (local name: korovyatnik, clean copy, capercaillie, safecracker) grows in birch, fir, pine and oak forests from June to October, often next to the fly-agaric and anthills. In the food consumed in boiled, fried, pickled or dried.
Has inedible double - gall fungus (bitter taste) and is similar to a poisonous mushroom Satan (lower cap - red).
Pierid usually grows on the edges of young birch forest from August to October. It is highly prized for the delicate flesh and taste good. Is only in the pre-salting after soaking in water or scalding hot water. Very similar to the Read more [...]