always accompanies the wounds - mech. tissue damage in violation of the integrity of the skin. Depending on the location, depth and extent of injury to the amount of bleeding varies. Most bleeding wounds of the scalp, face and hands, under which you need to quickly stop the bleeding. To this end, we need to impose on the wound folded several times any clean cloth and press it on the 10 - 15 minute hand (when injured her hands give exalted position). Then the tissue is replaced with sterile cloth to-Rui pribintovyvayut pressure bandage. From widely recommended for arterial bleeding before Read more [...]
Types of wounds
Incised wounds - Is wound inflicted by a sharp object. Surrounding tissue with such a wound damaged slightly, expressed moderate pain. Typically, these injuries are accompanied by significant bleeding. Incised wounds are dangerous damage to blood vessels, nerves, hollow organs. However, with proper treatment, these wounds heal better than the rest - usually without complications.
Puncture wounds applied narrow and sharp objects (a narrow knife, awl, needle). These wounds are different great depth, with little damage to the area. Pain syndrome in these wounds is negligible, Read more [...]
When first aid measures should not waste time to find out the circumstances of the incident, to panic, to lose time to identify signs of breathing. Given the importance of emergency resuscitation and first aid, it is strongly suggested to go to each short-term training in the respective training centers (for example, type TSOHRAT etc.). The life of your loved ones depends on you, your knowledge, your skills! Remember that!
Superficial wounds (Cuts, scratches, cracks) should be washed with soap and water, then rinse with clean (drinking) water. After that wound dizenfitsiruetsya Zelenko, iodine Read more [...]
Stinging nettle contains large amounts of vitamin K, which helps blood to clot. Therefore, the infusion of nettle leaves are to stop the bleeding. Infusion: 1 tablespoon of nettle leaves pour 1 cup boiling water and infuse for 10 minutes. Dried nettle leaves can be crushed into powder. This powder is very good for nosebleeds. If the powder of nettle leaves sprinkled the wound, she quickly cleared of pus.
Everyone is familiar with burdock. This plant - the giant. It grows along the river banks, among the bushes on the roadside ditches, edges, ravines and vacant lots. Strong stem with reddish Read more [...]
First aid to people in an emergency situation, which led to serious injuries, especially to:
verify that pulse; turn on your stomach and clean mouth;
tourniquet for bleeding, apply a bandage to the wound, fracture splint.
leave the victim in a coma lying on your back, pillow your head bag, backpack, folded clothes, carry or transport the injured from the scene unless absolutely necessary (the threat of landslide, avalanche, explosion, etc.);
remove debris from the wound, or other items unless necessary;
reduce a fallen bodies in the Read more [...]
Internal bleeding is much more dangerous, as damaged blood vessels and internal organs or blood poured forth, sputum, feces, urine, or accumulates in the closed cavity (peritoneum, pleura, skull). Stop this kind of bleeding alone is nearly impossible.
Bleeding from the nose eliminated crowding head, if possible on the bridge and neck or put snow, ice or a bandage soaked in cold water. Wing nose pressed to the nasal septum finger for 10-15 minutes. Blow his nose and wipe his nose is not recommended, as it can hurt the blood clot, clog the bleeding vessel, and the bleeding resumes. Read more [...]
First aid in case of accidents is important for the health of the victim. It can not replace the medical care provider, so after the first aid to be delivered to the affected physician.
Protect the wound from getting infected. In the wound may get harmful bacteria and cause suppuration, blood infections, and sometimes even tetanus and gas gangrene. These complications can prevent injury doctor who handles injury and have been immunized.
It is safest to bind up the wound of the aseptic package material first aid or sterile bandage. In the absence of a hands sterile dressing can be prepared by Read more [...]
Assisting the wounded, to take all measures to stop bleeding. Blood is X/13 of the weight of the human body, that is about 5-6 liters. The loss of more than 2 liters of blood is life threatening - develops acute anemia. His symptoms: general weakness, pallor and coldness of the skin, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, rapid weak pulse, and, finally, loss of consciousness. By the nature of the damaged vessels bleeding is divided into: 1) blood - the blood flows pulsating jet, color - red, 2) venous blood - blood is dark in color, it follows from the wound gently, and Read more [...]
The first task - to find the damaged blood vessel. In open injuries this place can be seen immediately. Depending on the type of vessel bleeding is divided into arterial and venous. For arterial bleeding is typical gushing stream of bright red blood. Venous bleeding, blood is dark and pouring a continuous, uniform flow.
First aid and self-help is to immediately stop bleeding in any way: burning, twisting, bending the limbs, imposing a pressure bandage (venous or capillary bleeding). After stopping the bleeding at the wound sterile dressing is applied.
Bleeding from small vessels stopped Read more [...]
The organs of the head and neck include the brain, upper respiratory tract, pharynx, esophagus, trachea. The organs of the chest include the breast part of the esophagus, heart, lungs, great vessels (aorta, the upper and lower hollow vein). The organs of the abdominal cavity include the abdominal part of the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, liver, spleen, kidneys and reproductive organs.
All the internal organs are well supplied with blood and have a large number of nerve endings, so their damage leads to abundant internal or external bleeding. Damage to the hollow organs such Read more [...]