A good half of the diseases in the campaigns (especially in children) is a gastrointestinal, sometimes languid (typhoid, Salmonella infections, diseases),while most of them are caused by missing water disinfection. It turns out that without nezapyatannoy water tourist "and not amplitude, and neither Sudy".• Methods of cleaning water a lot.Simple: Salt water with a full tablespoon of salt to one and a half to two liters of water. After dissolving the salt, you need to give water to stand for 15 - 20 minutes - then partly perish certain types of bacteria and will settle salts of metals languid. Read more [...]
6 half-liter cansbeef young to 6 months 5,5kgfat pork 0,5kgBay leaf in each jar at the bottomsalt,pepperThe meat is washed, dried, salt and pepper, stir.Ready liter jars placed on the bottom of the Bay leaf, peppercorns 8-10 pieces, 2-3 slices of bacon and put the meat, but not to the top put in a cool oven, cover with metal cover. (as in the picture, and you can put in the pan with a small amount of water in it)so the cover is not so good at boiling - cover cargo(I served a large stone...)the oven is heated to the boil in banks,reduce the heat to minimum and simmer for 6 hours...in the finished Read more [...]
Everyone knows that one of the best ways to make water usable and safe to drink - it's boiling. But in a critical situation, in the woods, a person can go without his equipment, and suitable for boiling water collection (package, paper, foil, bottles, cans) may not be.
Recently shot a video on how to make a pot of birch bark. This is the easiest way by the ancient Slavs. For durability, this pot can be covered with clay. While there is a sufficient amount of water it will not burn. The larger the capacity of the pot, the more it will deform. Water from the bark can be bitter.
With this Read more [...]
Jam out with boiling of berries with sugar or sweet syrup. During cooking, water is removed from the berries and sugar takes its place, so canning fruit. The main thing with all of this - the best temperature, as frisky when cooking fruit smorschatsya, because you need to alternate cooking with the following cooling. This development is called repeatedly or speed cooking.
Quality syrup has a very great importance: Do not use lump sugar, refined sugar or yellowish, you only need to take a snow-white sand and spotless sweet.
The syrup is prepared properly followed: Right amount Read more [...]
Canning pickled and marinated mushrooms using sterilization. At home, the criteria usually sterilized mushrooms in glass jars, which, in turn, is also excellent wash and sterilize in boiling water for 5-10 minutes. Lids with rubber rings before use should also be dipped in boiling water for 10-15 minutes. There are two methods:
First method - Mushrooms cooked to conservation (salted or pickled), put in jars and pour the marinade or brine 1.5-2 cm below the upper edge. Banks covered with a lid and put in a pot of water heated to 50-60 degrees. The water level must be at banks content.
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Abres,The main source of infection is the fish living in the river Chulym. According to research conducted in 2010, in Achinsk 10.7% of the samples of fresh fish identified pathogens difillobotrioz and opisthorchiasis. The average Russian rate is 3.4%.
The prevalence of opisthorchiasis among the population of the town in the last 3 years remains one of the highest in the Krasnoyarsk region (more than 10 times higher than the regional figure!).
The same is true for other areas of Prichulymja: Nazarovo, Tyuchtet, bolsheuluiskoe, Birilyussy and Nazarovo areas.
People can get sick by eating Read more [...]
As you know, there is no life without water. The human body must be constantly replenished with water, especially in the campaign, when a tourist on the move, which results in excessive sweating. At home, the replenishment of the body often occurs due to water vegetables, juices and other sources, which is practically devoid of tourist campaign. The ability to find drinking water in the field is very important for the traveler. Best water - spring, but in a way more common rivers, lakes, ponds and reservoirs. Dig a hole next to the water and wait a few minutes until it is full of cleaner, Read more [...]
Burns usually occur in the bivouac by careless handling of fire or general confusion around the hearth. Most often it is small and not dangerous burns: someone took the hot handle of the bucket, or adjusting the wood, and touched his hand to the coals or flame. But there may be more serious burns: for example, in the evening duty was removed from the fire with a bucket of boiling water or porridge and set aside, and someone in the dark, it is not making out, knocked on your feet. Burns can occur from the fact that near the fire starts to melt synthetic fabric, for example, if someone Read more [...]
Pages: 1 2 3 4Stapler before sterilization clear of mineral oil, grease, after which their use, collect, charge. Sterilization was boiling in distilled water and charged in the assembled form. The machine is heated charged spare stores with tantalum clips. If the machine is cutting parts, they are sterilized separately by the rules of the sterilization of cutting tools.
Sterilization of synthetic materials: vascular prostheses of Dacron, Terylene, taflona, nylon and Dacron, and networks of these materials - produced by boiling in distilled water for 30 min. followed by immersing them for a Read more [...]
Pages: 1 2 3 4Sterilization systems for intravenous fluids and blood transfusion and injection of intra-arterial blood begin with the preparation of rubber tubing. They are washed under running water to remove the talc and soak for 6-8 hours. in a solution of sodium bicarbonate (bicarbonate of soda) - 100 g of ammonia - 50 ml water - 10 liters. After repeated washing with running water they were boiled in distilled water for 30 min. and dried. Glass parts - control glass droppers - washed with hydrochloric acid or a 10% solution of potassium dichromate in sulfuric acid and repeatedly - running Read more [...]
Pages: 1 2 March 4Sterilization of surgical instruments performed by boiling, autoclaving and antiseptic substances. Nerezhuschie instruments are sterilized by boiling in a 1-2% solution of sodium bicarbonate, which prevents oxidation of the metal and increases the boiling point. Tools can be boiled in distilled water. Tools, brush washed with soap and dried after the previous operation, is lowered into the water on the grid in special metal containers - sterilizers, ranging in size depending on the number and size of the tools. The boiling instruments - 30 min. If the tools are already Read more [...]
Sugar syrup. In a saucepan add sugar, pour hot water and stir, simmer on low heat for 20 minutes. Dilution strain through a double layer of sterile gauze with a layer of sterile cotton wool. Merge into a sterile bottle and close sterile (boiled) stopper.
Layout 1 x sugar - 1 kg, water - 650 ml.
25% solution of sodium chloride. In a saucepan pour table salt, add hot water and stir, boil on low heat for 10 minutes. Dilution strain through a double layer of sterile gauze with a layer of sterile cotton wool. Merge into a sterile bottle.
Layout in 1 liter: salt - 250 g, water - 1000 ml.
A mixture Read more [...]
Carrot juice. Carrot (better karotel) wash brush, brush, rinse with boiling water, grate and squeeze the juice through a manual juicer or a sterile gauze, twist it. If not sweet carrots, add a little sugar syrup.
Juice from cabbage. Cabbage thoroughly wash, peel, remove the stalks and chop finely, pour over boiling water, a little salt, and by pressing a stainless steel spoon, crush, then add to a sterile gauze or a juicer and squeeze the juice.
Puree of apples, pears. Ripe apples, pears, without stains, rinse under running water, pour over boiling water, remove the skin as thin as possible, Read more [...]
Before you quench your thirst with water from stagnant or weakly running water, it should be disinfected (decontaminated) and then purified by filtration of insoluble particles and impurities (sand, clay), the decay products of microorganisms, ions used for disinfection.
However, if the disinfection of water will be produced by boiling, then the sequence of the process is changing - first filtering and then decontaminated. The "right" water is colorless, has no taste or smell. Muddy water is a suspension of solid particles of different composition.
Harmful to human health content in Read more [...]
Objects to be disinfected
current final sputum of patients with terminal disinfection How Boil spittoon with a 2% sodium bicarbonate solution for 30 min., or poured bleach or dry DTSGK rate of 50 or 25 g per 1 L (respectively), or fill in a 5% solution of Lysol ( Exposure 3 hours), and then poured into a sewer. Rinse dishes from sputum DTSGK 2% solution or 5% bleach solution, or bleach or Lysol and then water Handkerchiefs, towels, underwear and bed linen As with final disinfection collected in the tank with the lid in place and disinfected by boiling any solution of detergent for Read more [...]
The solvents used in industry for the transfer of non-volatile or nonvolatile film-forming substances in the solution and the dilution of the solution to the desired working consistency (diluents).
Solvents used in the following industries: paint, footwear and leather goods (consisting of adhesives, paints, etc.), instrument and mechanical engineering (for parts cleaning equipment and machinery from oil), in organic synthesis and in the medical industry, laboratory practice (at chromatography), the fleet (as fuel, etc.), etc.
For hygienic assessment of the importance of the solvents have the following Read more [...]
Facilitate the preparation of food can knowing the weight and volume ratios listed below. In a normal half-liter mug includes (in grams): monkey - 370, -400 buckwheat, millet - 410, oatmeal - 350, peas - 420, noodles (scrap-tion) and vermicelli - 210. In a tablespoon full of running out to the edges, is placed (in grams) butter (ghee or butter) - 15, of sugar - 12, condensed milk - 15, milk - 8, salt - 15.
Rice and buckwheat cooked long. Before going buckwheat should be wiry and sifted, millet - washed and dried. Little margin semolina required for when the weather conditions are cooking is Read more [...]
In tourist handbooks cooking usually receives little attention. It is assumed that, with products, any person will be able to cook the food. Yet it is important to not only make products of something edible. It is necessary that the food was prepared well. However, not always young tourists have the required culinary skills, so it would be appropriate to give some useful tips on cooking.
Let's start with the basics. How much food should be taken for each brew? The question was often baffled by young tourists. Home mom makes it "by eye." Very often, a daughter or son can not Read more [...]