A simple water filter that can be constructed from the means at hand in the criteria feral nature.Will be useful:" Piece of tissue (dense)" Charcoal" Capacity" RopeDescription under the photo.P.S. this filter is necessary at times to change the charcoal and wash cloth.Take a piece of cloth and turn from it "sleeve""Sleeve" vyvorachivaet inside out - so that the node was insideFrom the fire dialed coal large coal breaks up the size of the phalanx of the index finger)Tightly stuffed "sleeve" coalsWith effort stalkivaem full of coals "sleeve" in a plastic bottle Read more [...]
After boiling for drinking applicable water from the forest streams.Turbid, milky white water mountain streams containing particles of kaolin (white clay) , you can drink it without cleaning. Kaolin is a good sorbent, in the past it was used in medicine flush with activated carbon.Water from all other sources should also be disinfected by long boiling, addition of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate to throw in a little water to make a light pinkish color) or iodine (iodine - one drop in 1 liter of water).Remember - Robin iodine and manganese can cause burns and poisoning.Cleaning AND Read more [...]
Scientists have found that over the past few decades, the allocation of soil carbon dioxide around the world came at an increasing rate due to global warming and to date has reached 98 billion tons per year in terms of carbon, the researchers reported in an article published Thursday in the journal Nature .
This value is ten times higher than the combined emissions from all human activities on the planet.
"There are several possible explanations for this, but the most credible is that the average temperature increase throughout the world increases the rate of decomposition of organic Read more [...]
The concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a historical high. According to the world meteorological organization - the UN body - the content, for example, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was last year 386,8 parts per million. Over the last 20 years, greenhouse gases have increased by 27.5%.
\"The main long-lived greenhouse gases - carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide - have reached record levels since the start of the industrial era. And this despite the slowdown in economic growth.\"
Leader in emissions is recognized as China, in recent years, traveled the US in Read more [...]
on 1 June. The Indonesian government began on Monday a mass evacuation of the residents of the mountain plateau Dieng in Central Java in connection with the emission of poisonous gases from one of placed on its craters, said Tuesday the newspaper Jakarta Globe.
«In the crater Timbang, one of the active craters (plateau), occurred phreatic eruption (emissions without expiration lava)», — said the official representative of the office for the elimination of consequences of natural disasters (OPSB) Indonesia, Sutopo Purwo Nugroho (Sutopo Purwo Nugroho).
The level of volcanic Read more [...]
Volcanoes and the myth of global warming
Professor Ian Plimer well said on this topic. If you've read his book, you will agree that this is a great conclusion.
Here's the bomb. The eruption of the Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull, and highlighting them in just 4 days nullified every effort to reduce the CO2 emissions made by you for 5 years - all of you. And now, given the eruption Grimsvotn may 21, 2011, the battle can be considered lost.
Of course you know about this villainous carbon dioxide emissions which we are trying to reduce.
Of course, it's hard to realize that all efforts to reduce Read more [...]
The consequences of the eruption of the Grímsvötn volcano on may 23, 2011 in the skies over Iceland (photo NordicPhotos / Getty Images).
Colossal, mind-bogglingly hot, capable of spewing clouds of ash and rivers of burning lava volcanoes - only dwarfs in comparison with people in regard to the production of carbon dioxide.
Annually bipedal emits approximately 135 times more carbon dioxide. In other words, people for three days to produce as much as volcanoes emit per year.
\"The question of whether the volcanoes emit more CO2 than man, is the most common in my e-mail,\" says study author Terrence Read more [...]
November 16, 2013. At the UN conference on climate change in Warsaw will be presented a summary of the report, which says that by 2100 the level of acidity of the oceans will rise by 70 % (more than 1.5 times) from these indicators and more than 2.5 times compared to pre-industrial levels.
Ulf Riebesell of the research Center ocean German scientific society Helmholtz Zentrum said that globally, the increasing acidity of the ocean means more economic and ecosystem loss. A higher level of acidity is directly related to large volumes of carbon dioxide, which absorbs the ocean.
see also: Arctic becomes Read more [...]
Pictured is the Peruvian part of the Amazon.
Some of the most severe droughts in 2005 and 2010 reduced the ability of Amazon to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Drought prevents the growth of vegetation, which assimilate carbon, and increases the number of forest fires, resulting in the release of carbon into the atmosphere.
February 4, 2011. The largest rainforest in the world - in the Amazon (other name: Amazonia) last year I experienced something exceptional drought. It certainly was not the drought, which splits the land in the American South-West or North-West, Central Australia, Read more [...]
The scheme is one of the projects involves the spraying of aerosols into the stratosphere (the image of the SPICE Project).
October 29, 2013. Firmly established that our greenhouse gas emissions are changing the Earth's climate and that, if we want to avoid further warming and ocean acidification, it is necessary to limit the use of fossil fuels. However, there is some kind of \"plan B\"involves a conscious impact on climate geoengineering. Some geoengineering projects relatively simple, others remind terraformirovaniya of science fiction.
In recent report The intergovernmental group of Read more [...]
© RIA Novosti. Vladimir Vyatkin
MOSCOW, Oct 24 — RIA Novosti. The acidity of the waters of the oceans continues to grow faster and faster due to the rapid «flowering» water, which can cause accelerated climate change according to the climate scientists in an article published in the journal Nature Geoscience.
Algal blooms cause blue-green algae, or cyanobacteria that live in freshwater lakes and reservoirs, and in sea water. When «explosive» the growth of cyanobacteria in water arise extensive stains, which can pose a threat to human and animal health and cause Read more [...]
According to scientists, if we continue to burn natural gas, we can expect the fate of animals from the Paleocene
on November 16. The release of huge amounts of carbon from frozen methane hydrate from the ocean floor 56 million years ago, scientists associated with the largest change in the Earth's climate since the asteroid that destroyed the dinosaurs, which, apparently, hit the Ground 9 million years earlier.
New research at rice University shows that such a scenario of historical events is quite possible.
No one knows for sure what started the process, but that the climate has changed and Read more [...]
on December 11. Further increase in concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and in the ocean may cause an unexpected reduction in populations of Atlantic cod from the sharp rise in mortality among fry of this fish, declare the European climate scientists in an article published in the journal Nature Climate Change.
Andrea Frommel (Andrea Frommel) from the Institute of Oceanology of the Society of Leibniz in Kiel (Germany) and her colleagues tracked the fate of cod fry in several basins with acidic water.
Fry bony fishes, which include cod and most other commercial species that do not Read more [...]
Coral reefs suffer perhaps more than anyone. (Photo Ruth D. Gates, Peter J. Edmunds.)
on December 23. 19 specialists from five research organizations have conducted extensive field studies of ocean acidification using sensors developed in Oceanographic Institute, SCRIPPS (USA).
An important step to understanding the response of specific ecosystems to changes in seawater chemistry due to the fact that the oceans absorb more carbon dioxide.
Ocean acidification - the topic is quite new. The scale of the problem has been appreciated only in the last decade. It is believed that the ocean absorbs Read more [...]
Author: Winy Date: 11/27/05
Review posted with permission of the author
"The Bushmen of the African Kalahari desert is widely known for their ability to survive in one of the most inhospitable weather conditions. Bushman hunter-gatherer makes regular hiking, walking 10-30 kilometers a day in search of game and edible roots. Whatever he brings in these grueling expeditions must be light and versatile. All his equipment is carried on one shoulder and consists of a digging stick, a light bow (pulling string 9 kg), the quiver of bark, five of poisoned arrows, sticks for a fire, a knife and Read more [...]
Peatlands - one of the most important ecosystems on the planet. They serve as a repository of carbon dioxide and thus constrain threatening rhythms of global warming. However, in the last 50 years there has been a dangerous trend - mosses, which are the main source of peat, were gradually replaced by small bushes. Scientists from Switzerland conducted a study that attempted to determine how it affects the state of both the peat and in the overall environmental picture of the Earth.For three years, have been carefully studied four peat, located at an altitude of 600 to 1,900 meters above sea Read more [...]
If the current trend of growth in carbon dioxide emissions continue, by 2100 the last coral reef dies. The only way to maintain the chemical environment that allows them to exist - is to reduce emissions as soon as possible and stronger. May also have to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere by mass planting or using special pumps.
Reefs seas are already suffering from acidification and warming water, and overfishing and coastal pollution. Carbon emissions are reduced by 0.1 pH water, causing the coral polyps can no longer with the same success to increase their limestone skeletons. Read more [...]
In the World Ocean water deposited tons of iron from the ship's smoke, fertilizing phytoplankton and theoretically allowing it to pump out of the atmosphere more carbon dioxide.In the North Pacific is a large-scale geoengineering project. You did not know? Yes, no one knew!
Nobody planned annual discharge into the water about a thousand tons of iron on the area of 6,000,000 km ², but that is what is happening there.
The main routes of world shipping (image The Royal Society).
One of the most well-known geo-engineering solutions to the problem of global warming is to fertilize the water Read more [...]
10/12/2012 Country refused to accept new commitments to reduce emissions, Russian companies will not be able to make a trade after the 2012 air Yesterday in Doha ended UN World Climate Conference. Countries were to agree on the terms of the Kyoto Protocol and the extension of the parameters of a future climate agreement, which should come into force in 2020The negotiations proved difficult - the last day they dragged into the night. As a result, according to Bloomberg, the Qatari diplomat Abdullah bin Hamad Attiyah, who chaired the conference, lost his temper and began to read the decision on Read more [...]
In the melting of minerals in the Earth's mantle is crucial carbon dioxide. No, global warming is nothing to do with, since we are talking about processes at depths of hundreds of kilometers.
So deep drill hole is not yet possible, the famous Kola ultradeep well not even reached the design value of about 15 km, to study the inner planets by indirect methods have two different types. Tapping, the analysis of the oscillations in the explosions and earthquakes and simulations in the laboratory. In the journal Nature described a group of American geophysicists is the experimental method - with Read more [...]