archaeological. culture of early railroad. a .. The name comes from the Naib. studied Hudyakovskogo repository. Vyatskiy option pjanoborskoj generality the III. BC V c. BC HK distributed in the bass. lower and Wed Vyatka, lower p. Bonnets and p. Kil'mez. HK developed on the ba. Vyatkian option Anan'ino community.
Pam. Attributable to HK, Izv. even in pre-revolutionary. works. R.D.Goldinoy highlighted. Of the village. it is possible to carry multi-Bui, Argyzhskoe, Nikulchinskoe settlement where met flea complexes pjanoborskoj time. On Bui fort is a treasure bronzes. Jewelry Read more [...]
s. Pritobolnom in the district of Coorg. region. Located on r.Tobol 32 km to the south of Barrow.
Regular. in 1672 in the XVIII century. was part of the Yalutorovsky y. Tobolsk Province. In the XVII-XVIII centuries. repeatedly attacked by the nomads (Kazakhs, Kalmyks, Bashkirs). In 1682, residents of the village. adherents of the Old Believers, refused to swear Ivan V and Peter I, resulting in 400 people. produced self-immolation. In the XIX century. s. was part of Coorg. y., in the XX century. Coorg. region. (1943). Regular. class residents. have been associated with c. x-tion. In Read more [...]
Turalinskih TYPE MONUMENTS
archaeological. memory. arranged in forest belt bass. p. Nitsa and Wed reaches of the river. Tours on the banks of the indigenous.
Excavations Inst. Mysovskikh (V.D.Viktorova) and Small Shartashskaya (S.N.Savchenko) pos.
Terrestrial Log buildings divided into small (3-5 sq.), Apparently the host. destination and home pl. up to 100 m. m. homes found pockets of land and households. pit. Regular. h. finds from the settlement. fragments of flat-bottomed vessels, 60% of the to-ryh made on a potter's wheel. Vessels without ornament. Large h. Gorshkovidnoy of them form rarer Read more [...]
of p-tion n. Tyumen region., Is located in a bend of the river. Irtysh at the confluence of the river. Tobol, 247 km north-east of from Tyumen. T. DOS. Cossacks in 1587 and has long been p. In Tobolsk. Siberia. On the lips. reform of Peter I 1708-1710 was T. c. Siberian province., Which included nearly all of Siberia and W. (1708), then q. Governorship of Tobolsk (1782) and, finally, c. Tobolsk Province. (1796). Originally us. T. were service people, but with the development of industry and trade and increased Posadskoe us. In the XVII-XVIII centuries. in were plentiful. tanning workshops, Read more [...]
ethnonym learned only in the late XIX early. XX century. It is formed by the classical model of Turkic tat ~ ~ yat dates opponent, er ~ al people Tatars strangers. More BC it was borrowed by the Chinese, and all of them stood for sowing. neighbors. This ethnonym spread in Europe during the Tatar-Mongol expansion. In Zap. Europe, it refers to all the eastern. nations. In the XVI-XVII centuries. rus. all of its eastern. neighbors also called T. Later ethnonym Tatars was fixed for the Turkic-Muslim. But in the process of nation building more. Turkic peoples abandoned ethnonym Tatars (eg., Read more [...]
archaeological. Culture Wed Bronze Age on the South. U. The term SK introduced into scientific. turnover in the beginning. XX century. V.A.Gorodtsovym. SK on the South. W. takes steppe and steppe zones rep. Bash., Orenbah. and Chelyaba. region., where we often. this culture coexists with us. Alakul culture. Allocated 3 stages of SK Rannesrubny corresponds to the time of formation of carcass and Alakul cultures (XVII-XVI centuries BC.). Dwellings pos. SK this stage ground, pole-frame-. Rannesrubnaya tableware retains significant similarities to the preceding her utensils Abashevo Read more [...]
multi-layer memory. mountain forest Zauralye. Chelyaba. region., Nyazepetrovsk Ave. bank of the river. Ufa. Ancient city of capes odnoploschadochnoe. Located on the western. outskirts of the city, on a high cliff, steep precipices on three sides, with the fourth floor, limited arcuate shaft of rubble and ditch approx. 40 m. Total Space. memory. approx. 1000 square meters. m. hillfort openly VA Borzunova and Inst. V.A.Borzunovym, G.V.Beltikovoy. Stages of settling SK .: Chalcolithic settlement. Lipchinsky culture with traces of open fireplaces and plentiful. remnants of stone processing Read more [...]
collection of archaeological. cultures and cult. types of forest-steppe zone of D to the Irtysh in chronological segment VII century. BC IV-V centuries. BC Presented fortified and open pos., Burial mounds and Dep. ground burials. Is a multicomponent cult. education. Has evolved several. stages: 1) predsargatsky (VII-VI centuries BC.) characterized by a variety of ceramic types and blurring the boundaries between the cult. groups; 2) Sargatskoe-Gorokhovskiy (V-III centuries BC.) In Cp. Trans-Ural and Tobol region he represented the village. and cemeteries Gorokhovskaya culture, Read more [...]
SARGARINSKAYA (SARGARINSKO Alexis) CULTURE
archaeological. Culture Bronze Age. Titles. on a range of memory. in the tract Sargary on p. Toad in Atbasar Akmola region. Included in a common culture of the roll ceramics takes ter. steppe and forest-steppe part of the strip between rivers. Ural and Ob, dates back to XIII (XII) -IX (VIII) centuries. BC SK formed on the basis of the Andronov Culture Fedorov kult.-ist. community influenced Cherkaskul, Karasuk irmenskoy and cultures to-rye determined its local features. S.Ya.Zdanovich highlighted.
In the development of SK identifies three stages: early Read more [...]
Sauromates Sarmatian COMMUNITY
ethno-cultural community of the peoples of Eurasia, relating to Early Iron Age. Sarmatians common name. Iranian-speaking nomadic tribes that lived in the second half. I millennium BC. beg. BC steppes of Eurasia from p. Tobol in the east to the Carpathian Mountains in the west These tribes were marked by Greek writers as neighbors of the Scythians, with whom rymi had more. general lifestyle. At first they were Izv. under them. Savromats, the first information about the to-ryh contained in the History of Herodotus. In recent centuries. BC first centuries. BC become Read more [...]
At the beginning of the I millennium BC. e. the population of the Urals there are serious changes in economic development, which is primarily manifested in the growth of the role of iron tools, the allocation of iron metallurgy as an independent branch of handicraft production. While developed further specialized villages - metallurgical centers, which were concentrated mass production of iron and bronze ware.
This settlement was investigated by metallurgists Oputyatskom settlement in the upper Kama [15, p. 92-135]. The entire north side of the site of the monument was busy forges - workshops for Read more [...]
archaeological. memory. X-XIII centuries. BC Sverdl. region., Pyshminsky borough, village. Pylaeva Ave. Bank of the river. Pishma Ave. Tributary. Tours. The burial ground is located 3 km north-west. der. Pylaeva, on a narrow sandy promontory oxbow river. Pishma.
Inst. Yu.M.Kutakovym and A.V.Starkovym. Revealed 12 burials. Mind. placed in oval or rectangular pits stretched on his back his head to the west-southwest One was buried with an arrowhead at the nape lay crouched. Burial rite uniform: in the minds of objects filled with comb-cord ornamentation; decorations and h. garments: Read more [...]
Prokhorovskaya (early Sarmatian) CULTURE
archaeological. culture of the Eurasian steppes IV-II centuries. BC, got its name from the mounds of s. Prokhorovka Sharlykskogo district Orenbah. region. unearthed SI Rudenko. M.I.Rostovtsev dated them to the IV-III centuries. BC and linked from the east. neighbors of the Scythians Sarmatians (Sauromates Sarmatian community). In 1927-29 BN Grakov united all the memory. Lower Volga region and South. Urals similar Prokhorovskaya, Prokhorovsky (Sauromates-Sarmatian) stage and dated her IV-II centuries. BC At pres. Bp. There are two hypotheses about the origin Read more [...]
archaeological. memory. sowing. Udmurt VI-XI centuries. UDM. Rep., Kezsky rn, p. Paul Ave. Shore p. Bonnets, lion. tributary of the river. Vyatka, etc.. Tributary. Kama. Max. Math. PM I learned in 1905-06 and P.G.Tarasovym V.D.Emelyanovym, which revealed 173 burials. Concurrently. Inst. P. M. II under the name. Red Hill, where excavated 22 burials. At the same time held a small excavation P.G.Tarasov late PM XVII-XIX centuries. Danchashay (10 burials) Chabyashay (4 burials). In 1987, VA Semionov studied 83 burial P. I MM
The burial ground compactor, burial occurred in simple Read more [...]
Petrograd MOUNTAIN, PETROGROMSKY TYPE OF MONUMENTS
archaeological. memory., playground met. Manuf. Sverdl. region., Pyshma, pos. Sagra, p. Poldnevaya tributary. Iset.
Inst. E.M.Bers. PG plateau occupies three of the eight stone tents stretched chain from west to east along the ridge of the Petrograd. The height of the stone tents 8-14 m. Ref. material constitute findings of two cultures: Itkul (V-III centuries BC.) and petrogromskoy (second floor. I millennium AD.). Of facilities at the sites recorded 18 bases met. horns.
Remains locked horns under the ash pan in the gray-brown humus with a high Read more [...]
Perm State Art Gallery
opened in 1922 on the basis of collections thin. muses., until 1927 was part of the Permian. State. muses. First cond. A.K.Syropyatov. Great contribution to the development of music. N.N.Serebrennikov made from 1925 to 1949 and headed it until 1960 worked Ch. custodian. The funds, there were more than 40 thousand. Units. Mts., of to-ryh collection Stroganov icons, icons and cum later. iconographic primitive early XVIII. XX century. Cult wooden sculpture XVII-XX centuries., Manuscripts and early printed books.
Eng. claim of XVIII-XIX centuries. represented by Mfr. Russian Read more [...]
burial VIII-IX centuries. UDM. Rep., Glazov borough, village. Adam Ave. Bank of the river. Bonnets lion. tributary of the river. Vyatka, etc.. Tributary. Kama. Titles. with UDM. translated letters .: wrong, unusual cemetery, ie does not comply with the prevailing customs. VF Gening studied in 1957-58. On the Square. 459 m excavated 86 graves containing 88 complexes. The burial ground compactor, burial rites committed for burials in wooden coffins. Mind. stacked on the back of the head is elongated in the north, with small deviations to the east or Z. got a big collection of various Read more [...]
archeol. culture III-V centuries BC cf. currents R. Kama, the lower and middle reaches R. White, named for Mazuninskoe the boneyard. Highlighted in grey. 1950s Vghenema on OSN. excavations of burial mounds of the South. YFS.
M.K. was formed as a result of mixing local pianoborsk and alien Kara-abyssicola us.
POS. M.K. villages. and settlements are comparatively low banks of the tributaries of the Kama and Belaya rivers. Settlement of the Cape, protected from the floor side one four shafts. Fortified small size, located on the borders of the community, was used as the signal Read more [...]
archeol. culture V-IX centuries, common on Ter. The upper Kama region from latitude Perm to the root R. the Kama river and its tributaries. The titles. comes from R. Ambatovy, on the banks to swarm in the late nineteenth century, found a large number of things that fall in WPI. collection Teploukhov. L.K. has developed as a result of movement in the Upper Kama region of the Cf. Perm Finno-Permian us. mladenovski culture and penetration on the Upper Kama Ugric us. of the forest-steppe zone of West Siberia. Siberia.
POS. L.K. open and strengthened. Almost all settlements built Read more [...]