Salmon Mother

Salmon hunted along the coast of the White and Barents seas, mostly - in estuaries and estuarine areas of the seaBay town Varde - Pomor capital of Norway. Photo 1900. Fiefdom on North appeared in Novgorod colonization period. AT then while land is owned by both secular lords — Novgorod boyars and spiritual — Archbishop of Novgorod and Monasteries. Ending. Starting at № 12/2010.Initially, it was about the mansions that were in Novgorod, and only owned land and fishing areas in the North, but then begin to arise directly Read more [...]
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Crown of Franconia

      Coburg is famous, first of all, outstanding personalities at different times to create its long history. The first evidence relates to the development of Coburg in 1075: in the preservation of the documents referred to the chapel of St. Peter and St. Paul, posed by the monks of the Benedictine monastery on the fortified hill, and gradually become overgrown with formidable fortifications.      In the middle of the XIII century in a fortress settled Graf von Hennenberg; in 1353 it passed into the hands of the rulers of Saxony and Thuringia Wettin, turning it into one of his residences.     Read more [...]
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Cradle Tula decoy

Even in the prewar years it was considered among the Tula hunters good luck to buy Belevsky decoy during the spring hunting seasonauthor photoCrackling frosts in January fierce, sweeping blizzard in February gloomy but inexorably comes the sun, and about his hot rays pierce the armor of the March crust, melt the snow-capped mountains, released from ice captivity light our rivers, and to help them in this… duck!The once famous throughout Russia Tula decoy duck. Sufficiently substantiated the assumption that it was from Tula hunting decoy spread further in Russia, first down the Don to Voronezh, Read more [...]
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Errant Tiger

Biologists estimate that every year on our planet die about 27 species of living organisms. Sometimes the most unique. How many of them have disappeared over the past century! Here it is not just right to let the Red and Black Book.Over the last century, four tigers killed and ate throughout Asia about a million people, and half of them India. Who today heard of passenger pigeon? A at the nineteenth century, these beautiful birds in flocks lived in nemerenno neighboring continent torn taut wings, hot air and prairie jungle, and of them Read more [...]
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Nile delta dries

The Nile Delta, Egypt's breadbasket since ancient times, gives the onslaught of global warming (read geo-climatic changes). Over the last century the level of the Mediterranean Sea in the Nile Delta region rose by 20 centimeters, which led to an increase in the concentration of salt water in the river and the soil. According to the official forecast that by 2025 the sea level will rise by 30 cm. Would be flooded about 200 square meters. km. Over half a million people will lose their homes and livelihoods. Disappear about 70 thousand. Workplaces. By the end of the century the number of "climate Read more [...]
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Ehrzjan

Ehrzjan subethnos Mordovian-ethnic people (Mordvinians). Ethnonym E. etymologically traced back to Iranian-Sarmatian vocabulary (arsan male, man, hero). With the V c. lived to the north-west by Moksha at ter. sovr. Ryazan and Nizhny Novgorod region. At 961 E. (art, ARIS) referred to the Khazar Khagan Joseph as a people, to pay him tribute. There are suggestions that an E. wrote another ancient Greek geographer Strabo (Aorses) and Ptolemy (arsiity). Arza country Erza appears in the writings of the Arab traveler Ibn Haukal (X cent.). On E. (Arjan) reported Rashid al-Din (XIV c.) Nogai book. Yusuf Read more [...]
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Economic development of the Urals in the XVI century. The role of the peasants and the urban population in developing edge

By the end of the XVI century. in the economic development of the Urals have been reached­chickpeas significant progress, especially in agriculture, which was associated with a gradual increase in peasant colonization. The Government, with­binding on the new land only chernososhnyh peasants, and only those who do not bear tax «non-written and netyaglyh» (Neighbors zahrebetnikov, members of the large peasant families: his father's son, his brothers sconces­one of my uncle's nephews). The new lands they had cos­give full farms without causing damage hozyayst­vennomu Read more [...]
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Chess match on the “second floor”

When you have to remember something from the life of special settlements "second site", the young people are surprised to ask: "What is it? Where is this area? Who lives there? "Someday, maybe in the XXIII century, our descendants, young historians, discovered in excavations on rusty and dented backs clamshells welded from steel strip and parts, plastic tyulpanchikam FRP will find the location of this settlement. Suggests "second site" should be sought where closer NTMK and HRH. As historians of the day looking in the archives and museums of any information about Demidov publish evidence that Read more [...]
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Cast-iron lace

The exhibition opened at a branch of the Revolutionary Historical Museum - Museum DN Mamin-Siberian to hang out, introduce the Urals with the artistic products of iron, copper, bronze. Art metal in Russia is known since ancient times. And the Urals, from the XVIII century, played a special role in it, not only in Russia but also by international standards. Evidence of that - numerous awards received in overseas exhibitions. Since the middle of the XVIII century Ural art made of cast iron is known for quality castings. Executed in Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Tagil lattice, statues, busts adorned Read more [...]
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Clock control

    When last year at NTMK began to enter a computer control the use of working time, remembered events of a century ago. In the late 19th century H Tagil factory setting reference clock, purchased in the United States.     The first hours were established in the management of H-Tagil mining and factory district (Lenin Str. 1). Call staff at the time was great. From 9 am to 5 evening pored over tables and desks employees different ranks. Follow the operating silence.     It is clear that no one dared to appear at work drunk is would result in the inevitable Read more [...]
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Time and Clock

In one of the halls of the historical-revolutionary museum, which features this watch, unusual silence. Can not hear the clatter dimensional living mechanism, does not sound boomy fight. Worth a watch - a unique monument of history and culture of the first half of the XIX century, a silent witness and keeper of many secrets of history. But once they are not only reprimanded the time, but could have been a rich decoration of the interior of the manor house. Tsarist Russia had its watch industry and the flesh before the First World War, used the services of major Western firms, although we were Read more [...]
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Church architecture

Church architecture originated at Christianization W. Upper Kama region in the XV century. A long time were constructed almost exclusively wooden temples, the predominant type of k-ryh was Kletskii (church with. Yanidor Cherdynskii District, 1707). Unique wooden church with. Pyanteg the same district (XVII century.) Chopped by six and similar in appearance to the towers. The first stone temples uniquely combine composite drawing of moscow. and Yaroslavl architecture Ser. XVII. with details inspired by local wooden houses (Trinity Cathedral in Solikamsk, 1684-1697); characterized by the rich decoration Read more [...]
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Hohlovka

Hohlovka Architectural and Ethnographic Museum, founded. in 1971 in the village. Hohlovka Perm. region. In 1980 received the status of a branch of State. region. Local History. muses. On ter. muses. pl. 42 hectares are 13 memory. Wooden Architecture end of the XVII beg. XX century, incl. memory. Rep. values. Among them watchtower (early. Twentieth century., P. Targovishte), 200-year-old belfry (with. Cheese) Bogoroditskaya Church (1694, p. Tohtarevo), Church of the Transfiguration (the beginning. XVIII century., P. Yanidor Cherdynskii district), and sat down. fire station (beginning. XX century. Read more [...]
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HOLUNITSKY (Belokholunitsky, Glavnoholunitsky) ironworks

HOLUNITSKY (Belokholunitsky, Glavnoholunitsky) ironworks Regular. gene-l-prosecutor A.I.Glebovym on p. White Kholunitsa Sloboda have. Vyatka Province. in 1764 Zd repeatedly passed from hand to hand: Naib. long they have owned S.Ya.Yakovlev and his successors (1769-1828)), A.F.Poklevsky-Kozell and his successors (1874-1902). Enterprise Mfr. sheet metal from imported iron. MY. iron post. increased: in 1770 it was made 19.3 thousand., 1800 107 thousand., 1837 207 thousand. pounds. Products h da great demand in the markets of St. Petersburg. and Moscow, Kazan and Nizhny Novgorod. In the mid. and the Read more [...]
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KhANTY

KhANTY (Samonazv. Khanti Kant people .; outdated Russian. Titles. Ostyaks) ur people Ugric group. lang. family. Live in the Khanty-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous. env. Tyumen region., As well as in the Tomsk region. Num. 22.5 thousand. Pers. (1989). Divided into three ethnic groups: north., South. and east. North. H. live on the Lower Ob and its tributaries Polui Sob Voikar, Synya, Kunovat, Kazim; eastern. on Wed Obi tributaries Pim Agan (with Tromeganom), Bax, Vasyugan Yugan, Salim; southern. the Lower Irtysh River and its tributaries Konda, Dem'yanka and Obi in the region of the mouth of Read more [...]
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Fotostolik

This table was a sign to all tagilchanam the beginning of the last century, and now it is a museum exhibit the history of Nizhny Tagil Mining and Metallurgical College of Cherepanovs. Part of the display table was not so long ago: passed it here founder of the museum and local historian Paul Karpovich Shilenko, keep this piece of furniture as a family heirloom. By the way, in the early twentieth century, the image of this table was almost in every family, because it was him tagilchane photographed in the famous photo studio Shestakov. He is now one of the most interesting exhibits of the hall Read more [...]
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Folklore

In XV—XVII centuries. oral poetry of the peoples of the Urals was lively and exciting phenomenon. Finno-Ugric peoples existed actively cosmogonic myths, explains the emergence of the world, various deities, humans, animals, and etnogonicheskie myths that told about the origin of a particular ethnic group; Cro­IU that existed mythological tales of gods and lower epi­cal songs, stories about culture heroes creators of tools? Skilled craftsmen. Myths Mansi, Komi zyryan and Permian Komis drew about a picture of the universe. God-demiurge (Yong Komi, Mansi Numi-Torun) Prica­linking Read more [...]
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Porcelain factory Popova

    Among the various collections of historical and revolutionary museum attracts the attention of a small but interesting collection of Russian porcelain late XVIII early XX century. It is somewhat random, but does not violate the values ​​of the entire local history collection. Read more [...]
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Porcelain and earthenware in the Urals

Porcelain and earthenware in the Urals First U. Mfr. faience was organized in Nizhny Tagil in 1810 on the orders of N.Demidova. The rapid development of porcelain and faience industry in Russia dates back to the second quart. XIX century. At this time, W. beg. private act f-ing F.Fetisova (1821) Shadrinsk, S.Afonina subsequently Shurova (1839), brothers Chekanova (1846) in ECAT., G.Ushkova (1848) in Kamensky s de, Kolpakov in Perm, T .Nechaeva (later E.Tupitsyna and S.Grigoreva) in s.Sretenskom (1850). Porcelain Manuf. W. was discontinued in the second half. XIX century. Because not compete with Read more [...]
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Ufa. Historical Sketch

The first Monastery in Sergiev Ufa were male (1570-80-ies.), Is not far from today's St. Sergius Church and Dormition - first Usolsky mountains on the site of today's buildings ladies Annunciation Monastery, the first mention of the Assumption is found in charters Tsar Boris Godunov in 1598 from the first of the XVII century. appeared and the first lady's Monastery - the Nativity of Christ across the bottom of the street of Kazan, the first mention of it in the letter of the king of Misha Fedorovich 1619 GK middle of the XVII century, the population and territory of Ufa grew up in a couple of times. Read more [...]
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