VOZNESENSKY copper smelter

VOZNESENSKY copper smelter Regular. 1756 KE von Sivers in Orenbah. lips. on r.Irgizle lion. tributary of the river. White. The company is smelted copper in 7 furnaces, office. force were serfs cross. The annual volume of Manuf. ranged from 3 to 5 thousand. pounds. During the Cross. War 1773-75 zd burned down in 1775 restored the treasury, but closed in 1777. During its existence smelted 47145 pounds. pure copper. Lit .: Gudkov GF, Gudkov ZI From the history of the South Urals mining plants XVIII-XIX centuries. Historical, regional essays. CH.I. Ufa, 1985. Author: Gudkov GF, Gudkov ZIRead more [...]
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VERHOTORSKY copper smelter

VERHOTORSKY copper smelter Regular. in 1757 and I.B.Tverdyshevym I.S.Myasnikovym on p. Thor, a tributary r.Nugusha, a tributary of the Belaya river in Yurmatynskoy par. Ufa Province. Zd with three smelting furnaces early years. served serfs cross. Resurrection was near the s-yes. For both s-ing IB Tverdyshev I.S.Myasnikov and bought land on the Bashkirs r.Tor by paying 300 rubles. During the Cross. War 1773-1775 factory cross. produced weapons for the rebels. After the war, zd was restored, and in 1777 the smelting of copper on it was 4849 pounds. Total Manuf. metal for 154 years was 1.6 million Read more [...]
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UPPER PYSHMA

UPPER PYSHMA city ​​region. subordination Sverdl. region., located 15 km north of the ECAT. The emergence of VP linked to the development Pyshminsko-Kliuchevskoi copper mine opened in 1854, approx. der. Pishma E.Chechetkinym. In 1856 there was put into operation the first mine Ivanovo (Ioano-theological) and originated pos., Won titles. Copper mine. Copper was then built zd. By the beginning. XX century. here worked ok. 20 small mines. In the village. population of approx. 3 thousand. Pers. There were schools, Church of the Assumption, shops. In the 20's in the village. began p. giant non-ferrous Read more [...]
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Varzim-ALEXEEVSKY copper smelter

Varzim-ALEXEEVSKY copper smelter Regular. A.I.Tevkeleevym in 1760 on r.Varze Tersinskoy in par. Udmurtia. The company had four furnaces, the output of copper ore does not exceed 1.5-2%. Copper was delivered to the Treasury and to the private market. Rab. force were serfs cross. Zd worked intermittently: for 1771-72 obtained by me-di 87 pounds., And in 1790-96 2,290 pounds. In the years. Cross. War zd has not acted, and artisans and a cross. joined the rebels. In 1798 the plant was burned in a nach.XIX. worked at a loss in 1823 and ceased operations. Lit .: P.G.Lyubomirov. Essays on the history Read more [...]
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BOLSHEGORSKOE Fortified Settlement

BOLSHEGORSKOE Fortified Settlement archaeological. memory. Itkul culture V-III centuries. BC Sverdl. region., ECAT., der. Palkino lion. bank of the river. Iset. BG opened in 1982 V.P.Viktorovym. Memory. occupies the eastern. part of the plateau high forested hill (Big Mountain). Hillfort oval chetyrehploschadochnoe, banked, and in north-east. h. shaft and the shallow groove. Passage width. 1-1.5 m recorded in the south-west. section of the fortifications. Ext. sites separated by trees. Memory. single layer. In the excavation pit, and recorded the remains of the defensive wall, which was built Read more [...]
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Epiphany copper smelter

Epiphany copper smelter Regular. in 1752 and I.B.Tverdyshevym I.S.Myasnikovym on p. Usolka in Xi-Tabynsk par. Ufa Province. In 1757, with eight furnaces, zd smelted 8 thousand. Pounds. pure copper. For 137 years Mfr. metal was 1.3 million pounds. Due to the depletion of copper mines copper smelting ceased. In 1893 the plant was was converted to a glass. With Mfr. glass on the basis of the sand pit and deposits of dolomite used two methods of hand-made: in Russian. and bemsky. Wed-year. productivity of 75 thousand. sq. m rus. and 40 thousand. sq. m bemskogo glass. Glass was of great quality and Read more [...]
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BLAGOVESCHENSKY copper smelter

BLAGOVESCHENSKY copper smelter Regular. 1757 Siberian merchant M.S.Myasnikovym on p. Ushkalov (FUN) at the confluence of the river. White, 40 miles from Ufa. In 1775 the plant was purchased P.K.Hlebnikovym, in its composition had 8 smelters, 4 blacksmith forge, 12 water wheels, hammers and crushers for ore. In 1835 the plant was moved to D.V.Dashkovu to-ing rehabilitated, introduced steam blowers and in the 1860 annual St. smelted. 11 thousand. Pounds. copper. At the end of the XIX century. due to lack of ore copper smelting Mfr. was discontinued. Lit .: Gudkov GF, Gudkov ZI From the history Read more [...]
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The battle for silver

Two decades, learning the depths of the Altai and posing on the edge of Siberia, new Mining area Akinfiy Demidov is a complex and dangerous game. He knows that the concealment of silver is not private, and state crime for which the imperial decree relies «without mercy executed by death, villages and bellies to take». He knows and what about Altai silver besides him and others know that at any moment his secret fishing can reveal. And Akinfiy Demidov never forget about it. We'll probably never know many details of the secret this long battle, which Akinfiy Demidov led for money. Only Read more [...]
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BEMYSHEVSKY copper smelter

BEMYSHEVSKY copper smelter Regular. in 1756 by merchants and B. F. Osokina on p. Bemyshevke Elabuzhsky y. Vyatka Province. In end of the XVIII c. zd E.Lebedev succeeded. Initially, the company had 4 smelting furnace, then 6 rudoobzhigatelnyh furnaces mine device. Ore was mined from the local mines, the yield of pure copper does not exceed 1.5-2%. The highest productivity of the enterprise about 2 thousand. Pounds. copper per year, Author. 280-300 pounds. at a relatively high cost of production. Zd existed possessional law and based on serf labor local us. Crisis possessional manufactory swept Read more [...]
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BASHKIR copper sulphate plant

BASHKIR copper sulphate plant specializing in the extraction and enrichment of copper ores Sibai copper-pyrite deposit (discovered in 1939). Regular. Baimak in the district of the Bash. in 1948 a part of the comb that 18 Mfr. include mine with open-pit mining (in operation since 1948), concentrating f-ka (founded. 1958) CAR, repair and fur. zd, underground mine, workshops w / d, for the extraction of limestone, stone-cutting Manuf., thin. stone and others. annually produces copper concentrate (15.5% copper) 17.4 thousand. tons; zinc concentrate (47% zinc) 11 th. tons; limestone rubble 1,100 thousand. Read more [...]
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Archaeological Site of forest Zauralye

Archaeological monuments in most cases open population. And this is understandable. Who else but the locals know every inch of his native land. Already in ancient times, people have tried, but did not know how to explain the traces of long-past life, and this led to the emergence of myths and legends, it is very far from reality. Thus was born the legend of the population of people Zauralye «chudyu», To whom were attributed all the surviving monuments of the past. Therefore, many uninhabited areas: Tracts, mountains, mounds, ore deposits, which are usually in the survey open and diverse Read more [...]
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Archaeological monuments in and around the city of Sverdlovsk in the Bronze Age

When primitive society the basic unit of society was born. At the head of the leader of the tribe was not possessed of hereditary power, its impact on the personal qualities of congeners determined. Tribal organization was built on the principles of liberty, equality and mutual support. Women have equal rights with men. Estimating ancestral democracy, comparing it with capitalism, Engels wrote: «And what a wonderful organization of this clan system, with all its childlike simplicity. Without soldiers, gendarmes and police, without nobles, kings, governors, prefects and judges, no prisons, Read more [...]
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Archangel plant. Southern Urals

Archangel plant, consisting of a 4-smelting furnace was put in the same 1753. Copper ore for the plant was brought as many as three hundred miles from Kargalinsky fields. Sand for 40 miles, 15 miles of lime. As can be seen way too far is not close. Yet, based on free labor assigned serfs, the plant operated. In 1762 the factory has already Archangel 130 yards. In June 1774 the plant was burned Pugachev and rebuilt in 1776, after the suppression of the uprising. It is necessary to see that the mining empire Tverdyshev-Myasnikov Archangel plant was one of the best and profitable. Until the end of Read more [...]
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ARCHANGEL (Sharansky) copper smelter

ARCHANGEL (Sharansky) copper smelter Regular. G.S.Krasilnikovym in 1754 on the river. Sharan, tributary. Xun, a tributary of the river. White in Ufa province. Had 4 smelting furnace, 2 hearth and copper mines. Own cross. husband was 100 souls. sex, employees brought up to 200 people. In end of the XVIII in. Manuf. s da declined sharply and in 1795 was 63 pounds. In 1796 the plant was closed. For 42 years of existence on the s de smelted approx. 30 thousand. Pounds. pure copper. Lit .: Gudkov GF, Gudkov ZI From the history of the South Urals mining plants XVIII-XIX centuries. // Ist. local history Read more [...]
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221 copper coin

    Guys found in vegetable store a lot of pre-revolutionary coins. - Phone call Alexandra Mikhailovna Zabolotnaya so interested employees museum, we immediately went to the street Ermak.     On the spot it was found out that landscaping around the store brought to the ground, and with it a lot of copper coins. Fifth graders Maxim Zabolotnyi Misha Losev, Sergey Shurinkov Alik Veprev collected over hundred coins and continued to search. It became clear that somewhere, taking land destroyed treasure. A little later found that land were taken from the former Read more [...]
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Miassovo, large and small LAKE

Miassovo, large and small LAKE archaeological. memory. Chelyaba. region., Miass district, Ilmen reserve. B.M.O. one of the largest lake. Ilmen Reserve. Its length from north to south 12 miles. It is associated with protowhich M.M.O. On the banks of MO revealed 41 pos., 7 of them were excavated (At the gate, Ship, Latochka, Linden Kuria, Nyashevka II, IV, VII). Topography their location dec .: on capes, flat and sloping sites at the mouths of rivers, bays and in the neck duct grottoes. On M.M.O. humus horizon underlies the sand. Findings of earlier eras are not stratified, with the exception Read more [...]
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VOZNESENSKY copper smelter

VOZNESENSKY copper smelter Regular. 1756 KE von Sivers in Orenbah. lips. on r.Irgizle lion. tributary of the river. White. The company is smelted copper in 7 furnaces, office. force were serfs cross. The annual volume of Manuf. ranged from 3 to 5 thousand. pounds. During the Cross. War 1773-75 zd burned down in 1775 restored the treasury, but closed in 1777. During its existence smelted 47145 pounds. pure copper. Lit .: Gudkov GF, Gudkov ZI From the history of the South Urals mining plants XVIII-XIX centuries. Historical, regional essays. CH.I. Ufa, 1985. Author: Gudkov GF, Gudkov ZI Read more [...]
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Defeat a brick house fungus.

Dear comrades! There is a problem that can not be solved in four years. Maybe someone has experience? Almost all the houses of brick in our village amazed black fungus. Through various processing during this time, it has transferred part pink partially white fungus. However, to get rid of black to the end I could not. Due to the fact that many moving to the village faced with this problem, let us listen to each other. With an interval of 3-4 months following treatment were carried out: White, White + Domestos, copper sulphate, copper sulphate + lime Teraki, Tide (powder), Hurricane, Tornado Read more [...]
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Metalworking. Part 1.

Received personal correspondence which remind me of my promise to talk about metal processing with an emphasis on global catastrophes. Do you need it or not - you decide, but I think superfluous knowledge have never been. And will demand this knowledge naturally depends on the scale catastrophe or disaster (generally from the PSU).But it is better to work.One comment I wrote that somehow tried-extracting, forge it's too loud. Lil bit of work in metal and in the country. VERY LITTLE. So that further arguments full kettle, namely "Divan" survivalist. In the end, that's what I understood the main Read more [...]
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survival tips

HOMEMADE POWER SUPPLY.Option 1.You will need two carbon rod from an old batteries, two woven bag a diameter of 20-25mm and-60mm. Their rods are installed and filled with activated carbon (crushed pills). The electrolyte used following solution: in 1 liter of water dissolve 5 tablespoons of salt, 2 g of boric acid and 3 g of sugar. Walls of glass jars need to paint dark paint. The power supply will output voltage 1,5V.Option 2.Useful salt, copper sulphate, copper and aluminum wire of a huge cross-section or plate of these materials, glass jar with a capacity of 0,5-0,7 liter jar pour water on two-thirds Read more [...]
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