According to records Holinshed, chronicler at the court of Elizabeth I Tudor, in 1543 in England, was obtained from the first cast iron. Elizabeth rate generally led to the fact that the country had its origin: salt mining, smelting copper, glass manufacturing, etc. To be successful, required a huge amount of charcoal; uglezhogi supply it, reducing the forest, and quickly destroyed all the forests in England, and later in Ireland. The deficit has forced the forest to switch to fossil coal, even though it was dirty and foul-smelling.
By 1600 almost all of London and moved to coastal cities coal. Read more [...]
Theorists "global crises" have concluded that the Earth's population should be reduced to one billion people. This concept, known as the "golden billion", also appeared in the depths of the Club of Rome. But it is not modeled opportunity tolerable existence for all people. Since, according to the concept, resources, and safety factors of the Earth can provide a high quality of life for one billion, to the extent of such a limit, and it is necessary, according to developers, to reduce the population of the Earth.
This concept is perfect and frankly inhumane. It actually Read more [...]
Man, like all animals, exhibits biological desire to grow in size with plenty of food. But there is a fundamental difference: the other living organisms hold in general, a fixed level, and people are constantly increasing demands. And he does not get food, grown naturally, and other resources spent on its production! Therefore, do not necessarily increase the number of people to achieve the crisis. Enough with the same number to increase consumption. What happens.
The reader can assume that we are going to once again criticize the celebrated consumerism. No, we will not do this. "Yandex" Read more [...]
2010 year may be considered in some sense historical. Temperature anomalies were observed in almost the entire globe. The average annual temperature is higher than the average for the twentieth century, more than half a degree. Such a large deviation from the norm has led to unique in the recent history of the density of weather events, some of which are unique in their own right - as, for example, prolonged heat wave in central Russia this summer.
NWavershilsya year freezing rain and strong long-lasting snow. And Read more [...]
Prozvuchavshie not long ago recognized Israel's UN Ambassador Gabriela Shalev that the U.S. and Israel are already preparing for a military intervention in Iran, confirmed truths: all secret sooner or later become known. The reason for such a public demarche is clear: the U.S. and Israel have not received support for military action against Iran from the international community (including those from the BRIC countries), with the result that the UN Security Council will not give permission for the use of force against Iran. Therefore, Washington and Tel Aviv decided to go it alone. Read more [...]
ToWhen the ambient temperature is close to +40 ° C, it is quite obvious that the most valuable resource of the liquid is not oil, but water. And the idea that, after the oil wars we are waiting for water, does not seem an exaggeration. After all, there are dozens of countries where the heat is not something that swim - it is nothing to quench their thirst. This can cause a truly global conflict.
Aboutdin of potential outbreaks of water wars is in the CIS - Central Asia. It is supplied with water several transboundary rivers, making the Read more [...]
IDern weapon loses its military and political significance. Today it is most needed DPRK and Russia. Unfortunately, Russia has found itself in a situation in which nuclear weapons it is imperative to use it but it can not, under any circumstances.
Heodnokratno heard in recent statements by U.S. President Barack Obama that his goal is to complete global nuclear disarmament, reviving some forgotten issue of the real role of nuclear weapons in the world today. In Overall, long-it is clear that this role is not military, Read more [...]
WithAmoy interesting lessons Futurism, of course, themselves forecasts. There is nothing better than to dream about the future relish. Based on scientific data, long-term observation and bold extrapolation, of course. The more it is discussed, the more interesting to dive into it. True, prognostics themselves constantly negotiated: their work - not a prediction in pure form, but only an attempt to create a consistent view of the world from the available material.
Intelligence agencies have split
Toak any other policies believed by astrology Read more [...]
Ezhegodno world population increases by more than 70 million people. This means that by 2050, the global economy should be able to provide a decent life for nine billion people. , Says a new report by the UN "World Economic and Social Survey 2010: re-development of the world."
In It notes that progress in human development in the world contributing to a sharp decline in mortality and allows people to live longer. By 2050, one in four people in the developed countries, and one in seven people in countries that are currently considered Read more [...]
In 1000 km from the North Pole. In permafrost was to build a super-mega store. The seeds. In case of nuclear war or other disasters. If you happen tomorrow doomsday or global catastrophe, the recovery of vegetation, specifically its cultural component, will begin with snow and ice of Norway. "The preservation of the genetic diversity of plants for food production for future generations is an important contribution to the fight against hunger and poverty in developing countries. It is in these countries due to the origin of the vast majority of the various Read more [...]
The study of the environment in which one lives, - the biosphere, and the study of modern man adaptable to this environment - the necessary foundation to improve the human condition.The value of the world undertaken by biologists of the International Biological Program is recognized particularly acute because we are living through a time when realized productivity of the biosphere are not enough to feed his fill of all people on Earth. Of these, 15% are chronically hungry, and 50% are fed properly, that is, without realizing it, are apathetic existence, devoid of activity necessary for social Read more [...]
World on the brink of disaster ... from feuding over land and water resources. They create and destroy alliances, enter into a coalition. With countries possessing nuclear weapons are trying to make friends of the country weaker. Most likely, that this war will begin between the U.S. and Russia. One little provocation to the one or the other, or the involvement of a third interested party, and fly up into the air hundreds of nuclear warheads, and inflict devastating blows to their strategic goals. Most of the population is simply dissipates, turned into a small puddle of oil. After the passage Read more [...]
Now, perhaps, no one can do without electric appliances. Even in the most remote village can not do without electric fruits of civilization. And as for the metropolitan areas and say nothing. Machines of us, cars are part of us, and every day more and more of. So should treat them with caution. This is not trivial warning not to stick your fingers in the socket, etc.It about something else ... by modern robotics and automation of various processes has reached unprecedented heights. Commercials 60 years ago, so people this could only dream of. People created the first automated machines and Read more [...]
The problem of global terrorism has arisen recently. Global terrorism is spreading worldwide. And the challenge for many developed countries - is to fight terrorism. USA - one of the first countries fighting terrorism. All their war machine aimed at combating terrorism. After comedy September 11, the U.S. has done everything to destroy the nest of terror in Iraq. To help overseas colleagues had their friends from Europe: France, England, Germany and Spain. All these countries are "strongly" affected by terror. Yes, in each of these countries were terrorist attacks. Terrorist Read more [...]
First of all I would like to draw attention to some problems comprehensively. The first concerns the population. Today, the world population is obviously reached 7 billion people. From 1974 to 1984 it increased by 20 percent. Developing countries falls 90 percent of this increase. However, the rate of overall population growth over the same decade has decreased from 2 to 1.7 percent. In the 60 years it has reached its peak, and then began to decline. It is possible that the world population in the future will not increase faster than it is today, that is, the increase was not more than 85 Read more [...]
From big water affects not only Brazil and Australia, but also the countries of Europe, particularly Germany.
So far, the situation in the country remains tense, as forecasters say the rainy weather continues, raising the water level in the rivers is celebrated Main, Danube River, a tributary of the Elbe Schwarze Elster. Complicated is the situation in Saxony, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
In Bavaria, even announced a warning about the danger of the third degree (out of four).
Because of incessant rains from Dresden evacuated more than thirty thousand people in many parts of the country people Read more [...]
Terrorism fell a basis for a theory of the end of the world. September 11, 2001, many people still remember, people are concerned that terrorists in 2012, can not simply acquire nuclear weapons, but also to apply it.
To have been no events associated with terrorism in 2012, the government and security forces of all countries, need to be very careful and follow the movement of terrorists, to screen all incoming data properly in order to avoid the consequences of the 2001 attacks.
In 2012, the situation is already tense, that's why, once again, you need to follow any information on possible Read more [...]
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) to the celebration of reducing the risk of natural disasters has made a statement that in the countries of Asia will be implemented to support the action of people who frequently experience the shock of natural phenomena. It is expected that experts will prepare the community at risk for the development of methods that will effectively deal with the consequences of disasters, and to minimize the number of such adverse events.
The implementation of these programs is allocated U.S. $ 17 million. These funds will be directed mainly to Read more [...]
The United Nations issued a statement saying that the situation with world grain stocks is critical. If, in the future, the weather in the U.S. and other countries exporting products will be unfavorable, there is a high probability of a major crisis of hunger.
This year, the United States, Ukraine and several other states have collected such low yields that total stocks fell to the lowest level, which was recorded in 1974.
As the chief economist at the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Abdolreza Abbasian, modern production is much lower than the level Read more [...]
October 24 Haiti suffered the disaster - Hurricane "Sandy." The victims of the heavy rains that accompanied the hurricane was 54 people, yet nothing is known about the 16. About 20 thousand homes were flooded or destroyed.
Considerable damage brought hurricane and southern regions of Haiti: the majority of crops (70%) had been destroyed, there has been a massive loss of livestock. In addition to this island covered another cholera outbreak. According to the international organization "Doctors without Borders", the source of which is the agency "Associated Read more [...]