On the simple parts of the river, where the flow rate is low - up to 2.0 m / s, water depth is not above the knee, width not exceeding 25 m, the bottom is sandy or rocky (small stones), view, gentle, and even more so when the place crossing fit well stuffed Trail (not to be confused with animal track to place watering), the crossing of wading encouraged to organize a rope without insurance. These include fording column or range in which both moves all group, or a substantial part of it.
Exploration paths are the first participants in the fords. However, pre-team leader should make sure that in Read more [...]
For crossing water obstacles should use boats and kayaks. Loading boats (canoes) to be uniform. Backpacks are laid low, in the middle. Members of the group should be placed so that the food was below the bow. In crossing follow safety rules.
Cross on rafts can, if their size and capacity appropriate to the type and quality of different types of wood:
Type of wood
Lifting capacity of 1 m2 wood in kg
Poplar, pine, fir, spruce
Pine, aspen, willow, alder
Read more [...]
The most frequent type of crossing - the passage of the river ford. The basic condition of crossing the river is the choice of the ford. External signs Wade: expansion of the river on a straight section of it, the ripples on the water surface reaches, shoals, rapids, islands, trails and roads leading down to the river.
The exception is the plain of the river. Here the choice of the ford to establish the absence of a whirlpool, deep pits of mud, slime, snags, submerged trees and other items that the implementation of the crossing can cause serious complications.
Much more difficult to determine Read more [...]
Danger crossing over mountain rivers due to their fast-flowing, low water temperature, bottom irregularity, steep banks. A torrent and rolling along the bottom of the stones can hurt and mislead people in water depths up to their knees, and the delay at the crossing fraught with fast mortis feet.
The water level varies depending on the intensity of the melting and weather conditions in the source. The smallest in the night and early morning. Most rapidly during the middle and end of the day. The necessary degree of security ensures the correct choice of place, time and manner of crossing. Read more [...]
1) shallows of the river, lake or pond, according to the rum-and if you want to move or move a horse, a car from one coast to the other. Used to-eye is often used, it is easy to find the paths and ruts from the wheels on the banks. If not, conduct reconnaissance: with six long. at least 1.5 - 2 m depth of the river Gaugeable places Naib. probable shallow water. Most often found in B. Naib. large parts of the river, or where it is divided into branches, channels. The water surface in shallow water and little ripples in places seem brighter. The steep banks of the river depth is usually Read more [...]
Small rivers, mountain streams can sometimes be too strong for pre-jumping, but without the backpack, not to get a leg injury (sprain, dislocation, etc.). In this case, you should use the insurance on a pole. Pole is placed in the middle of standing water, upstream. Leaning on him to push off from the shore and jump to the opposite shore. Coverage can be achieved with the help of rope railing or pole, used as a handrail.
Can crossing shallow rivers by projecting stones, if they are in step or a short hop, which can take from a place (with or without a backpack). But before you use this method, Read more [...]
This type of crossing in the mountain taiga foot march is rarely used due to the low water temperatures, strong currents, cluttered river - it is not possible to use other types.
Water obstacles can be overcome by swimming knowing how to swim and using floating means (floats, belts, etc.) at a flow rate of up to 3 m / s (for the considered weak - up to 0.5, mean - 0.5 to 1; fast - from 1 to 2 and very fast - over 2 m / s).
Cross by swimming can easily person at a flow rate of 1 m / s and 60 m width of the river, riding horses - up to 2 m / s and the width of the river to 300 m
To cross by swimming Read more [...]
Mountain rivers repeatedly blocked the way tourist groups. At times, they even made a raging torrent experienced hikers up on further travels, sometimes forcing them to wait for day, two, three. But not all have the courage to turn back time to wait. And then there is an accident ...
Features mountain river due primarily to its power source (melting snowfields and glaciers). This affects the following characteristics of the river:
1. Change in the power flow. In the upper reaches of the power flow, and the depth of the channel is relatively small. The bed has an abundance of large Read more [...]
Kolya route group. Right bank Voronovki up. Wade through flowing from the northwest to the creek. The rise in the area height 283,5 - Voronovskaya mountains. If the path is not found, go to the fork of the valley Voronovki creeks in 16-73 square and along the west to the top. Climbing to Voronovskaya. At the top left a note. Further descent to the north and exit to the trail that runs past the Bald Mountain to Lake ease. And further to the rendezvous point at the southern end of Lake of the Free, where it implies Sakmara river.
If the path is not found, then walk down the hill to the east Read more [...]