Demidov | The survival encyclopedia


Jacobin, a scientist, a metallurgist

     At the end of the XVIII early XIX century in the field of theoretical development issues metallurgical advanced French scientists laid the foundation for a new scientific approach to technology. Deciding to take advantage of their knowledge and experience, NN Demidov, owner of nine large, well-equipped Nizhny Tagil plants, decided to invite the Urals former Jacobin, scientist-metallurgist. Dr J. Ferry. Although zavodovladelets Demidov was a stranger any "freethinking" and was a staunch serf he made this decision because I was prudent businessman. He made much Read more [...]
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Jubilee

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EIT or Demidov Park?

    Experts in the field regional branding appreciated tourist resources of the Sverdlovsk region. One of developments in this direction was the route "Silver Ring of the Urals".     According to the press service Ministry of culture of the region, "Silver Ring of the Urals" - Is the working title of the new tourist route cities of the Middle Urals, having undeniable Tourism attractiveness and territorial fit into a circular route. On the line this route are Ekaterinburg, Nevyansk, Nizhny Tagil, Kachkanar Verkhoturie Alapayevsk, Merkushino, Mahneva, Read more [...]
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Sword next to the icon

Do not confuse the archaic word "Muzeum". So call today Nizhny Tagil Museum-Reserve in the last century, at the time of its founding and development. Then it is not time to change the name, but did not change its purpose, and now is preparing to celebrate the 150th anniversary. Anniversaries have the memories, called look at the path, to sum up. That museum staff approached our "local lore box 'with a proposal to follow this tradition. Thus was born the new heading "Muzeum yesterday and today." Up to the anniversary celebrations it will acquaint readers with the past and the present museum-reserve, Read more [...]
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Shamakha cottage Nikita

    Ah .. Nikitushka! .. Well so, my son, things like St. Petersburg You did well When the Jewel thoughts?     Think once, sir. On the Rock case urgent perhaps tomorrow go everything is ready     How cool! Do not forget that mandates of mine?     Nikita father transferred all it mandates, including the final pro registration deed of purchase on Shemakhinsky cottage.     We will be in the Sorokin marina, certainly ask Vanka Sorokina show how to river Shamakha Petr Blinov writes that River that God himself for pig we designed Read more [...]
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Read that in the last century

Library Museum-Reserve - 145 yearsIn 1854, "at the behest of the gentlemen farmers" and under "Order" Glavnoupolnomochennogo Demidovs Kolmogorov Karamzin in Tagil opened the first public library - "for free use of all its employees and working in the mines and factories" district. The purpose of "this beneficent institution", as stated in the "Regulations on the factory library", "awakening the curiosity of the people" and "the acceleration of education in the province." For the successful implementation of such a high purpose was ordered to gradually gather here "all the important and Read more [...]
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Reading encyclopedia

    When it comes to biography of a famous person, you should not neglect any small fact does not is of interest in the life of ordinary people. Jules Verne.     Dictionaries read in my opinion, extremely interesting occupation. Here, for example, two authors, EA Grushko and YM Medvedev, created at the beginning of this century, the whole "Encyclopedia of famous Russians". Written them alive, exciting, was introduced to The remarkable fact in biographies. Help us, in a word, refresh the memory of the history of Fatherland, remember many artists, science and Read more [...]
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Leaning tower bell Chesovoe

    The story of one of the most remarkable Russian architecture of the Urals - Leaning Leaning Tower, its mysteries and legends attracted attention of many historians, writers, and researchers.     During the year, it takes about 30 thousand tourists, among them hundreds come from abroad. Invariably, they are told that Tower built in During the decade between 1722 and 1732 years.     Documents on the history of the tower remained very small: the main archives were destroyed famous Nevyansky fire in 1890. From what is left, you can see that at the beginning Read more [...]
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The keeper of the book heritage

     Scientific library of the museum, one of the oldest but the Urals. Its historical destiny is tied up with the fate of Russia, and so amazing, mysterious, and sometimes tragic. It was reflected in the mirror the complex composition of the library fund, which absorbed the fragments of numerous book collections of pre-revolutionary Tagil (private, public, school, etc.), and "persons" the books themselves their title diets often "decorated" several wide variety of possessory signs.     Particularly interesting and large soma over 6,000 books Read more [...]
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Photius I. Shvetsov

Innovative tendencies manifested in the work of many inventors practitioners who worked on the Tagil factories. However, to expand production require specialists with higher technical education, in the perfection owning foreign languages, the former informed of all achievements of world science and technology. One of them was FI Sweden. Even AN Demidov was forced to admit: Sweden in great detail familiar with the technical portion and generally in this regard, it may be the most capable man in the Urals. In 1820, a talented young man from land, graduate school Vyisky factory at the order of the Read more [...]
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Fyodor Abramovich sear

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Ural interest

    "Ural is rich in iron, copper and many minerals. And it is a real and our great wealth". DI MENDELEEV. Prologue: "Worked all his life, That was genius!"     These words shouted angrily Mendeleev when when it was called a genius. To "work all my life" need large force. And in the case of youth health, or rather, with his assessment by doctors, the situation was that although Throw all: a long life is not promised. A study went so well, especially in the Main Pedagogical Institute. After answering student Dmitri Mendeleev in the exam Read more [...]
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Ural dungeon: rumors and reality

In the most stressful day of the coup August 20, 1991 to back the Russian government headed by O.Lobovym arrived in Yekaterinburg (then Sverdlovsk). It was assumed that if "The White House" capture, leadership of the country will be carried out from the underground reserve control point which is a few tens of meters below the ground in an hour's drive from the city. Putsch, fortunately, failed. Two days later, the government left the underground reserve residence. But the leaked information about the secret residence expanded wave of rumors about the old and new dungeons of the Sverdlovsk Read more [...]
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Street Ural

    "Nizhnetagilskom - the whole city, ..with wide streets, beautiful churches, monuments on areas with fire watch tower on a nearby hill, as on many plants, and is considered to be a village, although it one three Parish". DI Mendeleev, a Russian scientist, public figure, 1899 Read more [...]
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Lenin Street

    The biggest and the most beautiful street in the the city of Nizhny Tagil is named after Lenin. But not always, it is so called, not always was so. The beginning of its existence out in the distant past. Its appearance is associated with the first years of life Tagil. Since 1720 started the development of the mountain and the High construction of the Nizhni Tagil ironworks. The labor force first Demidov and his son Akinfiev recruited from different sources. Attributed to the peasants of the surrounding villages are employed beglye.staroobryadtsy. Of them and create a settlement. Read more [...]
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At the foot of the mountains of the High

     Occurred at the foot of the mountains in the High 1720s. Nizhny Tagil and Vyisky plants, as well as other metallurgical enterprises of the Urals, which appeared in the XVIII century. "on porozzhih" lands near "again priiskannyh" deposits, became centers of large foundries settlements. Earlier, in the last third of the XVII century, government "audit" and "searches" mentioned here only three small villages: "yurt newly baptized Voguls Alexei Terentyeva at the mouth r.Vyi", Village "Yamskogo Hunter" Heel Oshchepkova Read more [...]
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Lawsuit Demidovs Tatishchev

 In August 1722 during the Persian campaign of Peter I sent a letter to Nikita Demidov, "Demidych. I drove in exceedingly hot side tells whether God customs certificate? Why do you send to this person: lei more Pushkarsky shells and search for silver ore on the promise. " Letter clearly says about the special relationship between the king and Nikita Demidov. "Person" a miniature portrait of the Emperor, set in gold and decorated with diamonds, Peter personally bestowed only for the most outstanding service to the state. The award was designed to carry persons who distinguished themselves as Read more [...]
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Prison-phantom

    In 1832 was completed Nizhny Tagil office building project architect AP Chebotarev. It was one of the best in the architecture of buildings factory offices, built in the Urals. The main management housing Nizhny Tagil factory floors, facade overlooks the Predzavodskoy area. Center Building underlined an eight Doric portico with pediment. Inside the building, the front staircase made of wrought iron and iron drinking.     Across from him at the elevated place Predzavodskoy area was Log-Jerusalem cathedral 51 meters tall. It was built from 1770 to 1777 years, is Read more [...]
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Prison-phantom

I know that many people, especially young tagilchan, wondering whether Demidov was a prison in the city center? Here's what I know about it. But first, a little description of the historic center of Nizhny Tagil. In 1832, construction was completed Nizhny Tagil office by architect AP Chebotarev. It was one of the best architecture firms factory buildings built in the Urals. The main administrative body of the Nizhny Tagil factory floors, facade overlooks the Predzavodskoy area. Center of the building is emphasized an eight Doric portico with pediment. Inside the building, a grand staircase made Read more [...]
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Difficult was the way Peter I Poltava

 Starting the Great Northern War in Russia was unsuccessful. Tribute to Russia's backwardness was the defeat at Narva. Superbly vymushtrovannaya and firmly armed standing army of Swedish King Charles XII caused considerable damage Russian army that had lost all their artillery, lost command and lost at least 6,000 soldiers.     This history lesson made of Peter I to develop a vigorous efforts to overcome the consequences of defeat, and forced the country to mobilize the resources to continue the fight against the powerful enemy. A year after the Narva appeared ten new dragoon Read more [...]
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