Exposure: Nomad MortalThither's light tell for the strength of virtually supplements. But hither are a few to reckon—and a few to timid.THE NearAntioxidants: Habitue use can intervene with grooming adaptations, but a regime long-lived no than a hebdomad can assistant your consistence match added focus ilk convalescent from a backwash or a slip to elevation.Caffein: The about various and hefty execution foil out thither, boosting both head and brawniness routine.Creatin: The one (sound) weight-room pulverisation that does solution in muscle-mass gains.Vitamin D: Commodity Read more [...]
Picture: Pavel L Pic and Picture/ShutterstockA:Yes, "'roid furor" is tangible. Researchers let authenticated various cases of tearing, belligerent doings associated with anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use, and many of those reports convoluted men with no anterior story of ferocity, according to a report promulgated in 2010 in the daybook Hormones and Demeanour. Still, the likeliness that those muscle-building, masculinizing hormones could micturate a man killing is unmanageable for researchers to approximate.Commencement, thither’s the subject of dose. Researchers Read more [...]
A phenomenon previously unknown in nature and do not even predicted theoretically discovered by Russian scientists. Opening, already recognized sensational promises a revolution in pharmacology and medicine. It turns out that drugs can be effective in very low doses. That means you can create effective drugs used, such as leukemia. 'Be significant transformation of our understanding of the nature"The researchers say. This was explained in a scientific report on the meeting of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences, head of the research team, Academician Alexander Konovalov. Read more [...]
Chloral hydrate (Chloralum hydratum; List B) - hypnotic. Assign to 0.5-1 g per reception. Chloral hydrate is also used as a sedative (by 0.2-0.5 g), mental stimulation and as an anticonvulsant agent for spazmofilii, tetanus, eclampsia. Assign Chloral hydrate inside and enemas with overlying substances - starch slime, etc. (in connection with the irritating to the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines). Higher doses inside and enemas: single - 2 g daily - 6 g
Chloral hydrate Contraindications diseases of the cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys. Method of issuance: powder and tablets Read more [...]
Hingamin (Chingaminum; synonym: delagil, rezohin, chloroquine, Artrochin; List B) - antimalarial drug. The drug also causes an inhibitory effect on the synthesis of nucleic acids, immunological processes, inhibits the activity of certain enzymes. Hingamin used to treat various forms of malaria, collagen disease, scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus, infectious nonspecific polyarthritis. Assign inside 0.25-0,5 g of 1 - 2 times day or intramuscular injection of 10 ml of 5% solution. Higher doses inside: single - 0.5 g daily - 1.5 g long-term use may hingamina dermatitis, dizziness, headache, Read more [...]
Phenacetin (Phenacetinum; List B) – a non-narcotic analgesic. Has analgesic and antipyretic effects. Phenacetin used in neuralgia, headache. Assign inside by 0.2-0.5 g 2-3 times a day. Higher doses inside: Single-0,5 g daily – 1.5 years in some cases phenacetin cause allergic skin reactions, and in large doses can cause methemoglobinemia. Method of production of phenacetin: powder, tablets of 0.25 g
See also Analgeticheskie funds.
Toxicology - The science that studies the physical and chemical properties of poisons, their mechanisms of action on the body and its modification under the influence of poisons. Toxicology seeking the means for prevention and treatment of poisoning and the possibility of toxic deystviya1yadov useful in various fields of biology and medicine. In its goals and methods of investigation toxicology closely related to the pharmacology (see). This is explained by the fact that some drugs in high doses can have toxic effect and, conversely, some poisons in small doses have a therapeutic action. Read more [...]
Strychnine (Strychninum) - analeptic, the main alkaloid of the seeds chilibuhi. In medical practice, use strychnine nitrate salt (Strychninum nitricum, Strychnini nitras; List A). The drug increases the reflex excitability of the spinal cord, stimulates the vasomotor and respiratory centers, sharpens vision, hearing, taste, sense of touch, tone skeletal muscle, myocardium, increases metabolism. Used as a tonic for a total decrease of metabolic processes, fatigue, hypotension, reducing cardiac motivated intoxications and infections, and functional impairment of the visual apparatus (amblyopia, Read more [...]
Streptocid (Streptocidum album, Synonym Sulfanilamidum; List B) - sulfanilamide preparation, active against streptococcus, meningococcus, gonococcus, pneumococcus, Escherichia coli and other bacteria. Used for the treatment of epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis, erysipelas, tonsillitis, cystitis, pielita, colitis and other infectious diseases as well as for the prevention and treatment of wound infections. Assign inside of 0.5-1 g 5-6 times a day. Higher doses: single - 2 g daily - 7 in Locally applied in the form of tiny powder (powder), ointment, 5% emulsion or suspension.
When receiving streptotsida Read more [...]
Sedatives - Drugs that have a sedative action.
By sedatives valerian include drugs (see), motherwort, several cardiac glycosides (see), bromide (see); hypnotics - barbiturates bromizoval (see) and karbromal (see), appointed in small doses, small tranquilizers, or antifobicheskie (eliminating fear) means: meprotan (see), Elenium (Librium), valium, amizil (see), oksilidin, trioxazine etc. As sedatives funds apply and protivogistaminnye drugs: diphenhydramine (see), Promethazine (see), etc.
Sedatives pharmacological characterization of a mixed bag. Some of them, such as barbituric acid derivatives, Read more [...]
Greater attention should be evidence of a voltage as a sympathetic-adrenal and pituitary-adrenocortical system during mental work. Found that the hormonal changes that occur under the influence of the 6-hour intensive mental workload, in their quantitative and qualitative indicators were comparable to those observed under the influence of the training session. The result is the cumulation of these shifts, which may in their systematic repetition lead to adverse effects, despite the fact that each of the loads - mental and physical - can not be excessive. This explains the longtime AG Dembo concluded Read more [...]
Because of the danger of high doses anabolic steroid hormones for health are manifold. All of them can be associated with either a toxic effect on the cell bodies, or the manifestation of the actual hormone, in particular androgen, actions, or with the oncogenic activity. The toxic effect is most evident in the liver and kidneys, and due to the fact that the drugs Anabolic steroid hormones are metabolized by these organs is several times slower than the natural androgens. Noteworthy is the fact that the toxic effects of anabolic steroids regularly observed even under rational dosage prescribed Read more [...]
Reserpine (Reserpinum; synonym: Rausedyl, Serpasil) - antihypertensive and antipsychotic agents, Rauwolfia alkaloids (see). Used for the treatment of hypertension. Assign inside after eating from 0,0001-0,0003 g per day. Hypotensive effect develops gradually, with no effect dose is gradually increased to 0,001-0,002 g per day; reaching effect on the daily dose as gradually decreased to 0.0005 - 0.0001 g; treatment carried out in small doses over several months. Reserpine is also used in hyperthyroidism.
In psychiatry reserpine used in the treatment of diseases associated with psychomotor agitation.
Higher Read more [...]
Blood transfusions for children combined with other forms of treatment. Especially widely transfusion blood tests performed at a young age with anemia, acute and chronic nutritional and digestive, respiratory diseases, various purulent processes, in order to replace and stimulation.
Children transfused blood products are the same and by the same method as that for adults. As a rule, blood transfused intravenously in small children - in the veins of the head (Fig. 6), which are the more prominent and well fixed. When difficulties recommend intraosseous infusion - the inner surface of the tibia Read more [...]
History of vitamin E begins with the opening of Herbert M. Evans and co-workers, who in the 20s found in the oil of sprouted wheat unknown substance needed for normal reproduction in rats. Ten years later it was named tocopherol. Name given professor of Greek at the University of Berkeley, it is derived from the words tokos - birth and ferro - wear. After much research it was found that of the various tocopherols, known as vitamin E, the highest biological activity has alpha-tocopherol.
Just as Linus Pauling became world famous studies of vitamin C, Wilfried E. Shuteev became known as a scholar Read more [...]
Prednisone (Prednisonum) - Hormonal preparation of the adrenal cortex. The nature of prednisone similar to cortisone (see). Differs from it in more active and less severe side effects. Indications and contraindications are the same as for cortisone. Assign preparation inside. Daily dose with rheumatism 0.02-0.05 g this dose divided into 3-4 doses. In bronchial asthma therapeutic doses in the first days 0.04-0.06 g, and other diseases are 1/3-1/5 dose prednisone dose cortisone. Product: pills to 0,001 and 0,005 g
Prednisone (Prednisonum, A synonym.: Di-Adreson, Metacorten, Ultracorten) Read more [...]
Based on the characteristics of metabolism in sepsis, should be widely used, some drugs that are at the same food (glucose and alcohol). Glucose is a carbohydrate. Important is its detoxification effect. When septic processes of glycogen in the liver dramatically reduced, which reduces its ability to neutralize toxins. When intravenous glucose concentrated mainly in the liver and converted to glycogen, thus restoring liver function. From this point of view can be useful injection of glucose in combination with insulin.
Should also be considered a diuretic effect as a result of glucose (removal Read more [...]
If true pemphigus therapy is corticosteroids (prednisone, dexamethasone, triamcinolone, etc.), which can sometimes cause side effects: increased blood pressure, increased gastric ulcers, impaired glucose metabolism, etc. Begin treatment at the hospital necessarily high, "shock" daily doses: at 40-60-80 mg prednisone per day for 12 - 15 days. If the daily dose of corticosteroids is terminated and the appearance of new lesions heal previously held, the daily dose gradually (every 4-5 days) is reduced by 5-2,5 mg of prednisone (or equivalent products) until a minimum (supporting) the daily Read more [...]
Radiation damage to the kidneys may occur as a complication of radiation radiation therapy for kidney disease. There are acute and chronic radiation nephritis, the initial stage of hypertension and malignant hypertension, renal etiology.
Radiation damage manifested clinically as acute or chronic nephritis (see) no radiation origin.
Radiation injuries occur, as a rule, only the irradiation doses in kidney of 4,000 p, and more. In bilateral irradiation of radiation nephritis kidney may develop at doses less: 2000 p, but for him in these cases is usually benign. Radiation effects on the AP in Read more [...]
No specific treatment for Hodgkin's disease is not present. Surgical treatment, radiation therapy with cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents for actions, corticosteroids. Each method is used depends on the stage of the disease and speed. Before treatment is sometimes resorted to lymphography to clarify the distribution process.
When focal form shows the surgical removal of affected lymph nodes or body if the hearth is available for surgery. After 2-3 weeks of radiotherapy administered to the surgical field. If it is impossible surgery in the early stages of the disease are limited radiotherapy.
The Read more [...]