Chronic dysentery (Sigmoidoscopy)
Causes of chronic dysentery - started late, incorrect or unfinished treatment, vitamin deficiency diseases, concomitant diseases. Clinical types and severity of chronic dysentery are diverse - from mild, almost asymptomatic to severe and severe. Chronic dysentery continuous flow, characterized by the combination with concomitant diseases and bowel dysbiosis, lasts 1-2 years or more. Symptoms of the disease in this form of little pronounced, making it difficult to diagnose. The causative agent is released sporadically. Recurrent flows with periodic exacerbations, Read more [...]
Chlortetracycline (Chlortetracyclinum; synonym: biomitsin, Aureomycin, Xanthomycin) - antibiotic, produced by Streptomyces aureofaciens. Used for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia, dysentery, brucellosis, tularemia, whooping cough, gonorrhea, typhus and other rickettsial, amoebic dysentery, and for the prevention of postoperative infections. Assign inside for 1/2 hour before meals to 0.1 - 0.2 g 5-6 times a day. The course of treatment 6-10 days. Higher doses: single 0.5 g daily 2 grams Locally applied in solution (0,001-0,005 g in 1 ml), which is prepared ex tempore, and ointments containing Read more [...]
Furazonal (Furazonalum, List B) - antimicrobial agent. Furazonal effective against bacteria dysentery, typhoid and paratyphoid, diphtheria, acting on E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, trichomonads. Used for the treatment of acute and chronic dysentery. Assign inside after eating 0.1 g 4 times day for 5-7 days. When receiving furazonala may experience dyspepsia. Product: pills to 0.1 g Save the banks of dark glass.
Furazonal (Furazonalum, List B) - 1 - (5-nitro-2-furfurilidenamino) -1, 3, 4-triazole, the formula C7H5O3N5. Used for the treatment of bacterial dysentery. The drug is particularly Read more [...]
Sulgin (Sulginum; synonym Sulfaguanidinum; List B) — sulfanilamide preparation. Used as antibacterial agents for acute, subacute, chronic bacillary dysentery, colitis, enterocolitis with diarrhea, dysentery bacilli and carriers of typhoid bacilli and preparation for bowel surgery. Assign inside of 1-2 g 3-6 times a day. The course of treatment for 5-7 days. When receiving sulginom be given to patients sufficient dose B vitamins B. Higher doses: single 2 g daily 7 g Form: powder and pills to 0.5 g
See also sulfanilamides.
Spondylitis - inflammation of the intervertebral joints. More often Spondylitis associated with infectious nonspecific polyarthritis ("infektartritom"), rarely with brucellosis, dysentery, syphilis infections. The defeat of the plural (lumbar, cervical, thoracic spine). Brucellosis and dysentery spondylitis often begin rapidly, accompanied by a rise in temperature. Spondylitis may be preceded by infektartrite: infection, chilling, injury, strain. The onset may be acute, subacute. Spondylitis can begin and quickly. There is limited mobility of the spine in the morning, sometimes Read more [...]
Sigmoidoscopy in children used to diagnose diseases of the large intestine, such as bleeding from the gut, highly placed colon polyps, when bowel disease of unknown etiology, for the collection of material from the intestine for culture and cytology, biopsy, and to address the issue of medical treatment and discharge of convalescents after dysentery. Sigmoidoscopy is indifferent research and should be done only on certain grounds.
Sigmoidoscopy in children contraindicated in acute dysentery and its exacerbation in children under 1 year with a loose, easily traumatized mucosa colon sigmoidoscopy Read more [...]
Diarrhea in children, as in adults, - a manifestation of acute and chronic disorders of the digestive function of the gastrointestinal tract. Cause of diarrhea in children are most often the intestinal infections, nutritional overload, congenital enzyme deficiency intestine. In young children due to imperfection of the gastrointestinal tract of diarrhea may be a manifestation of parenteral dyspepsia with pneumonia, otitis media, flu and other infections. Diarrhea in children can be divided into infectious and non-infectious.
Infectious diarrhea in young children most often caused by pathogenic Read more [...]
Several large problems facing those involved in penicillin and other antibiotics.
With regard to penicillin, the first task - to simplify the taking penicillin production.
The second task - Facilitate the use of penicillin. The best thing - to make sure that it can be taken orally, as a regular medication.
This not only is achievable - it is to a certain extent been achieved.
Soviet factories already make penicillin tablets and capsules, which can be swallowed, swallowed as pills, such as aspirin. The question is now reduced to only in order to ensure further improvement of the drug.
The third Read more [...]
The causative agent of amoebic dysentery is an amoeba that causes lesions of the colon. Infection occurs by ingestion of cysts of amoebae through dirty hands and contaminated food sanitarnogigienicheskih in bad conditions. The disease is widespreadcountryto Asia, Africa, South America and the Asian subcontinent. In many of these regions, where the health system is weak, the disease can be fatal - die each year from it fifty thousand people.Symptoms include abdominal pain, and frequent stool. The stools become liquid may contain mucus and blood, and the temperature rises, there is a weakness, Read more [...]
At the beginning of the disease stomach normal configuration, soft, deep palpation available and painless. Only at the moment when a finger is very intussusceptum may appear painful. Over time, joins bloating, and to top 2 days abdomen becomes painful.
Intussusceptum is a cylindrical formation of different sizes myagkoelasticheskoy consistency. It can be anywhere in the abdomen, but more often in the navel. The characteristic symptom is a dance - zapustevanie right iliac region on palpation, that is, in the right iliac area is not head of the blind gut, as it is involved in intussusceptum and Read more [...]
Giardiasis is widespread among children, often between the ages of 1 to 4 years. Giardiasis can cause a variety of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. Intestinal giardiasis often asymptomatic and detected only after suffering intercurrent illness. Intestinal giardiasis in children is characterized by phenomena enteritis and enterocolitis. Mucus in the stool has a more intense green color and distinctive foamy, fluffy appearance. Observed slow increase in body weight. Giardiasis aggravates during combined with them dysentery, leads to relapse, promotes transition to a lingering and chronic Read more [...]
There may be more or less severe damage to the nervous system to changes of the electroencephalogram.
Staphylococcal enterocolitis occupy the frequency one of the highest among the diseases of the intestine. If the most recently leading role among intestinal infections played dysentery, in the past few years, staphylococci the lead role in the etiology of both acute and chronic enterocolitis.
Staphylococci (in small quantities) - permanent inhabitants of the intestinal tract. But breeding them in normal conditions hampered antagonistic action of Escherichia coli.
Enterocolitis may occur as a Read more [...]
Bacillary dysentery is an infectious disease characterized by varying degrees of inflammation of the large intestine. By severity distinguish mild, acute, transient and chronic forms of the disease. The infection usually begins abruptly and is accompanied by a temperature of 40 ° C. Rapidly have diarrhea, with stool frequency is 20-40 times a day.
First chair is customary, then it appears the admixture of blood and mucus, whose number is steadily growing. At full development of severe clinical disease chair consists of a small amount of sticky, gelatinous, colored blood mucus. As a result Read more [...]
Acute intestinal infections - General infectious disease, which affects mainly the gastrointestinalintestinal tract. In this regard, the main manifestations of these infectious diseases are disorders of bowel function: diarrhea, vomiting, and sometimes general intoxication. These infections most often affect a growing child's body. Among infectious diseases in children, they are in frequency by one of the first places.
Recently achieved a significant reduction in the incidence of intestinal infections. However, the pace of the decline in comparison to other infectious diseases slowed. Read more [...]
Treatment of dysentery. In acute dysentery as soon as possible appoint a means of acting on the agent and removing toxicity. The most effective antibiotics - tetracycline, terramycin, appointed by 0.2-0.3 g, and 0.5 g chloramphenicol 4 times day. Less effective sintomitsina 0.75 g 4 times and biomitsin of 0.2-0.3 g 4 times day. Of sulfa drugs used most often poorly soluble in water - or sulgin ftalazol 1 g 5 times a day, or use furazonal furazolidone 0.1 g four times a day. Duration of treatment, one of these medications for 5-6 days. Better appoint combined schemes: chloramphenicol and ftalazol Read more [...]
In recent years, dysentery in children most often caused by bacteria Sonne and Flexner, and Grigorieva - Shiga lost etiological significance. In this regard, the number of lung and deleted forms of the disease.
Anatomopathological revealed fibrinous-necrotic lesions of the intestinal wall and toxic-degenerative changes in most organs, caused by intoxication and violation of water-salt metabolism.
The incubation period of 1-7 days, usually 2-3 days. Distinguish between mild, moderate and severe forms of dysentery. Mild forms of dysentery occur without toxicity, with the rise in temperature to Read more [...]
Dysentery - It ostrozaraznoe disease, occurring mainly affecting the large intestine and, in some cases, the phenomena of general intoxication.
Etiology. Causative agents of dysentery - rods with rounded ends, still, Gram. (Amoebic dysentery - See Amoebiasis.) Main bacterial dysentery (Grigoriev-Shigi, Socket-Schmitz, Lardzha-Sachs, flexneri, sonnei) are distinguished from one another by biochemical and antigenic properties. At present, our country is dominated by bacteria Sonne and Flexner. Causative agents of dysentery sensitive to sunlight, heat and disinfectant (bleach, carbolic acid, etc.).
Epidemiology. Read more [...]
Recognition of dysentery in typical cases is not difficult and is based on a set of clinical data: rapid, lean with pathological impurities stool, cramping abdominal pain, tenesmus, painful on palpation and reduced sigmoid intestine. Stool examination is extremely important patient and epidemiological data. Should be considered suspect and dysentery every island has developed colitis, even if only in the feces admixture of mucus. Recognition dysentery requires differentiation from foodborne diseases (see), disbakterioznymi, worm enterocolitis, ulcerative colitis nonspecific (see), amebiasis, Read more [...]
Objects to be disinfected Disinfection final Discharge current patient (feces, urine, vomit) As for the final disinfection. Hospitals discharge poured into special tanks with cover and disinfected as for final disinfection or sterilization is carried out in a mechanized apparatus for disinfection of feces fall asleep dry bleach in the ratio of 1:5 or DTSGK (dvetretiosnovnaya salt calcium hypochlorite) 1:10, mixed, left for 1 hour, then poured into a sewer or sump. If feces decorated, add the first water (1:4) and then disinfectant. In the urine of 10 g bleach DTSGK or 5 g per 1 liter, stirred Read more [...]
Amoebiasis (synonym amoebic dysentery) - protozoal disease, occurring with severe disorders of the colon due to its defeat ulcers, rarely observed inflammatory changes in the form of abscesses in the liver, lungs, kidneys and other organs that may drift with hematogenous by the pathogen from colon tissue intestine. Amebiasis is distributed mainly in the areas of hot climate. In the USSR, is more common in Central Asia, the Caucasus, rarely - in central and north. Amoebae entering the human body does not always lead to disease, such people are carriers of amoebae and can be dangerous in epidemiological Read more [...]