Three captains and two women

One hundred years ago, in 1912-1914 gg., Took three of the most famous and tragic Russian expedition to the Arctic: under the direction of geologist Vladimir Rusanov, Lieutenant Brusilov George and Lieutenant George Sedov. «Holy Fock» on wintering Pankrat'eva coasts Peninsula. Unloading on ice bath. Important role in their popularity has played a famous novel by Veniamin Kaverin «Two captains» and shot at its grounds feature films.Until now, the Arctic is not solve the mystery of the death and Rusanov expeditions Brusilov, Read more [...]
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Terra Nova. Russian territory

Novaya Zemlya archipelago is rich in wildlife, but Pomors industrialists attracted primarily marine mammals, while abounding in the coastal waters of the archipelago, namely - walruses, seals and beluga whales. The city of Arkhangelsk in the XIX century was the starting point of many polar expeditions, including Chichagova Litke, Rusanov and Pakhtusova. Here's how to describe the hunt for walrus Vladimir Lvov, author «New Earth: Its nature, wildlife, fisheries and population» (1914): «Walrus — an enormous animal from 5 to 7 yards long and 40 Read more [...]
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Polar diet of meat or bread

The history of Arctic exploration until 1890 contains many examples of expeditions who died not from the cold and from hunger and scurvy. None of the Russian, British and American expeditions failed to avoid scurvy - the worst enemy of polar and therefore the problem of the Arctic diet has become one of the most vital for the next generation of travelers.Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian polar explorer, scientist. At the end of the XIX century the cause of scurvy was unknown, and drawing of a polar diet is still going on trial and errors. None However, with by careful Read more [...]
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The expedition to the Caspian Sea

The main purpose of the trip - the monitoring of ecosystems tiny island in the North Caspian, estimate of the number and success of breeding Red gulls - Black-headed Gull, Caspian seal and the assessment of the current number of other species of birds inhabit the island in the spring and summer. In general - the collection of information, allowing to control the environment.In addition to his main job, I had a task to carry out field testing of newly acquired set of solar batteries and the storage battery. Very useful kit for my forwarding attacks, but so far the experience of using it I do not Read more [...]
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Surgut

If all the previous expeditions from Surgut North moved to the deer and only in the winter, the expedition BN. Gorodkov was the first who dared to pass this difficult path in the summer on a completely deserted and poorly on the edge. The route started from Surgut upstream of the Ob river to the mouth of its right tributary of AGANA. Then AGANA boat the expedition reached the mouth of Cavan-Auna. Path was extremely difficult. "Mosquitoes, midges and botflies, later wrote B.N. Towns, gave us no rest even on the open river. On the shore they became unbearable. Only recreation was to climb at night Read more [...]
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Professionals

    This year marks the 35th years Tagil exploration expedition. For the successful work of its team repeatedly was recognized as the best in the industry. And now tailcone reaffirmed the high title, placing first place in the Union of socialist the competition results of the second quarter, for which awarded the challenge Red banner Ministry of Geology of the USSR and the Ural production geological Association.     On the territory of 20 thousand square kilometers, which is equal to half of area of Switzerland, launched Tagil expedition. It employs geologists, geophysicists, geochemists, Read more [...]
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The attraction of the north

    At the beginning of this century Academician FN Chernyshev wrote: "Our north almost until recently was the stepson of science for the sake of research which has been spent minimum amount of resources and scientific Labour".     Time careful study Far North - the Kola Peninsula, Yamal and Gydan, Taimyr, Kolyma and Chukotka - all remote corners of the country - it is only after October Revolution, when there were directed the first Soviet expedition. Now the number of such large expeditions. The challenges before them, many and varied. And ochered- first Read more [...]
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Polar Urals

Ural Mountains was considered as a separate unit of orographic after a thorough examination of the area Severoural'sk expedition of the Academy of Sciences and Uralplana in 1927 *, which led to the discovery of entire ranges and such significant peaks, as the highest mountain in the Urals Falk. Previously, the Polar Urals area belongs to the northern Urals. However, the Polar Urals was so peculiar to the orography, terrain and climate, it was decided to allocate it in a special area of ​​the Urals. Title Ural Mountains was given to the proposal of the expedition Severoural'sk BN Gorodkova. Read more [...]
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General description of the Subpolar Urals

Polar Ural one of the most beautiful and richest areas of the country. Wide arch stretched his high ranges from the origins of the river Hulga in the North (65°40′n.) to mount Telepolis in the South (64°n). The territory is vast. Only an area of mountainous area equal to about 32 000 sq. administratively Subpolar Urals to the East of the main watershed is part of the Khanty-Mansi national Okrug, Tyumen region, and to the West is owned by the Komi ASSR. The main wealth of the region, rock crystal (quartz), coal, gold and many other minerals. In the surrounding areas of the West Siberian Read more [...]
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Finds on the streets Vogulsky

     Your gift to the city sends archaeological Expedition Historical Revolutionary Museum, the study area streets Ermak Lebyazhinsky, Vogulsky and transverse on high.     Under the demolished houses on the former Minor Vogulsky Expedition opened two construction period XVIII and XIX centuries, the river delta off the neck at the site of the old stadium Lebyazhinsky traces Vogulsky-Mansi culture XVIII century. This is a small workshop for making art, a set of favorite Mansi zoomorphic images. Among them are small statuettes of stone, bone, wood, glazes, iron, Read more [...]
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MALAKHOV Mikhail Viktorovich

MALAKHOV Mikhail Viktorovich (4.06.1856, OK. ECAT. 20.01.1885, Kutais), archaeologist, member. WALE and eng. Imperial geogr. society from 1879. Born in the family mining engineer Nizhne-Isetsky C-Yes. I was in high school ECAT. and on the faculty of the Academy of Sciences. University, but the certificate and diploma are not received. In 1874-76, 1878 excavated near the village. Palkino around ECAT., in 1880-82, the task of the RGS, he organized an expedition U., Paradise found 500 archaeological MEM., including Siwarski peatland, lake Peipsi mines, rock carvings on the PP. Vishera, Less Tagil, Read more [...]
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Colombe Rosskam

    Colombe Rosskam despised moody rock,     Ice between the new path it shall be opened to the East M. Lomonosov     In June 1981, dozens of people from various cities of the Far East rushed in one direction - to Kamchatka and Further to the Commander Islands. Way these people was connected with the affairs of our ancestors 240 years ago Read more [...]
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Kirillov, Ivan K.

Kirillov, Ivan K. (1689 14.04.1737, Samara), statesman. figure, a geographer. Podyachev son. He served in the Senate from 1712 copyist, secretary from 1721., 1727 obersekr. Headed astronomical, topographic and cartographic work and published in 1734 the first geogr. Atlas of the Russian Empire. Made a thorough economic and geogr. description Blossom Vseros state. gos Islands (1727), participated in the org-tion of the Second Kamchatka Expedition (1731-33). Initiator and first hand. Orenbah. Expedition (1734-37). As her hands. played a leading role in DOS. Orenbah fortresses. (Now Orsk) Verhneuralsk, Read more [...]
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The story of one notes

February 8, 1999 marks 165 years since the birth of the great Russian scientist Dmitry Mendeleyev. And 100 years ago, in the summer, he led an expedition that studied the causes of the decline of iron ore and metallurgical industry in the Urals, was in Nizhny Tagil.Conclusions expedition documented in a detailed report "Ural steel industry in 1899." Then Mendeleev stated that "it is necessary with particular insistence finish all the remnants of the landlord relations and the progress of the Urals need more development here of private initiative, update metallurgical engineering and technology, Read more [...]
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All of the wood

About twenty different collections. Numbering nearly 300 thousand exhibits are stored in the collections of historical and revolutionary museum, which celebrates 60 years of activity in Soviet times. We will get acquainted with one of the most interesting, though not the largest - more than a thousand items, all made of wood. Its formation began in the pre-revolutionary museum, but because it was a mountain slope-factory, household items serf can be called random. Accumulation of wood products was carried out in the twenties of this century, when the first historical and household expedition. Read more [...]
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Question that does not go away

Conducting excavations at the mouth on the neck of the twenty-seven two-meter squares. Layer by layer to rent land. And right under the turf at a depth of 5 to 25 centimeters find articles from the bones of large animals. They are bears, wild boar, wolves, birds, squirrels, beavers - the whole complex of religious Mansi zoomorphic images. Human statues are very rare. All images in my profile, in silhouette, stylized to sometimes highly schematized. Amazed that all parts of the body, mouth, feet filled with a round cutter. This so-called sectarian style characteristic Vogulsk art of the Middle Read more [...]
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Brody BURIAL

Brody BURIAL archaeological. memory. Perm. region., Kungurskiy district. Located on the north-west. outskirts d. Brody in elevation to the Saviour mountain. 14 weakly visible mounds are located at the foot of the mountain on a ledge of the second terrace above the floodplain of the ancient river bed. Shakvy Ave. Tributary. Sylva. Two of the mound found in the native shore, height-cerned 18 m. In 1898-901 A.A.Spitsyn and N.N.Novokreschennyh Inst. here 141 beskurgannoe burial mound and 2. In 1950 VF Gening studied 3 beskurgannyh burial. In 1969, the largest eastern. mound in the lower group (№ Read more [...]
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Bibika Alexander I.

Bibika Alexander I. (30 05.1729, Moscow 04.09.1774, Bugul'ma), in Russian. State. figure, gene-l-in-chief. Beg. military service in 1746, moved into the Seven Years' War of 1756-63. Was before. the commission drafting the Law Code 1767. In 1763-64 led a punitive expedition against the rebels of bonded cross. W. In 1771 inhibited recovery. in Poland. In 1773 the beginning. 74 had been given unlimited powers in suppressing cum. movement led by E.I.Pugacheva; commanded the troops, organized the local nobility to fight with the rebels. Died in the midst of a punitive expedition. Lit .: Bibikov [AA] Read more [...]
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\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\»Prince Gumbatov\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\»

"I use every opportunity to see the world, " said Alexander von Humboldt and his 60 years undertook a journey to Russia, mainly in the Urals. From 15 to 18 (from 27 to 30 new style) June 1829 he was in Nizhny Tagil. Since then has passed 170 years. Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Alexander von Humboldt became the founder of the geography of plants and teachings about life forms, he laid the foundations of General geography, climatology, had a great influence on the development of evolutionary ideas and the comparative method in natural science, was fond of Geology, astronomy, Zoology, botany, Read more [...]
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On the timing of storage products and a polar expedition.

A lot bukoff but desired. The article describes the grocery cache and taken more than 100 years. The article will be of interest to all those interested in the maximum period of storage of food stocks.GOLD Eduard Toll scientific expedition to the Taimyr Peninsula."... Here I ordered to bury a box with 48 banks canned soup, sealed tin box with 6 kg of crackers, sealed tin box with 6 kg of oatmeal, a sealed box containing about 1.6 kg of sugar, 4 kg of chocolate, 7 tiles and 1 KIRPICHNIKOV tea. The pit was designated ... wooden cross. " This entry dated September 9, 1900, wrote in his diary Read more [...]
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