Perhaps the biggest problem for the Russian forest - fires. Fire is dangerous not only because it killed the trees, animals, birds, insects ... Often the victims of the fire element are people serious damage is done to the agricultural sites and settlements. Among the most severe fires that occurred in the last 30 years, can be called a disaster in 1972, when the burning forests and peat lands in several areas of central Russia.How to behave in the forest
Forest fire always starts from an external cause. Sometimes random lightning ignites a forest, but much more - nearly 97% of the time! Read more [...]
Fire - the worst enemy of the forest vegetation and dry steppes and savannas. In Australia, during a heat wave there is a fire in the vast territories. In Africa, mostly off the shroud, in North America - the prairie in South America - pampas. Forest fires distinguished (release) downstream (ground), horse (povalny) and underground, or peat, and fires.
Ground fires occur more often than others, because when they are burning on the ground. Ground fires are fugitive and sustainable. A quick burn grass, litter, shoots, young growth and underbrush burn the bottom of the barrel. At the grassroots Read more [...]
If announced a contest for the best tourist emblem, this logo definitely could be a fire. More than anything - a fire!
In one edition of a solid, where all tourist cream wisdom and concisely stated categorically: "Fire - a device for warming the tourists, cooking and drying wet clothes," Even if you have a pragmatist, after reading this definition, can not feel the interest in tourism. Keep warm, cook food and dry clothes can be at home.
Fire - it's more than fire. It is the center bivouac. Fire - this is the kitchen, dining room, living room. This dry clothes and hot water, Read more [...]
Fire - the simplest and probably the most ancient way of signaling. Since ancient times, warriors on distant outposts approaching enemy burned ready-made fagots, and a bright light on the top of a hill or a column of smoke rising into the sky, signaling the danger.
! It is best to prepare not one fire, as his observer could incidental, but several, arranging them in the shape of any geometric shape. For example, three fire, separated from each other in three hundred meters and form a triangle, or the same three fire extended in a straight line, is an international distress call. And five Read more [...]
Choosing a place for the fire
When choosing a place for a fire to take care not to start a fire. And even if you are alien to environmental issues, do not forget that your property may be affected, and health. Therefore, you can not build bonfires under trees and at least 10 meters away from them, on the moors near the reeds, dry grass and moss, in spruce and pine undergrowth, as in these places the fire spreads rapidly and is difficult to extinguish.
Choose a place sheltered from the wind, clear land in a circle with a diameter of 2 m from dry leaves, twigs, moss and dry grass. The site should Read more [...]
Currently, there are a lot of special equipment and systems delivery and reception of signals of distress. This includes the International Space System for Search of damaged vessels and aircraft (COSPAS-SARSAT), automatic radio beacons and other radio systems. Widespread various pyrotechnic signaling equipment - signaling, lighting, smoke missiles.
However, in situations of forced autonomous existence is unlikely that these funds may be at hand. Therefore, we will explore how signaling distress for possible implementation without special hardware.
Signal fires. This is the simplest Read more [...]
Fires can occur from spontaneous combustion of peat. Underground (peat) fires are in the woods with thick peat soils. Peat is burned to the depth of the dried layer. Acrid and suffocating smoke and the smell of burning peat spread over a considerable distance. This fire is hard to notice, as smoldering peat. Smoldering temperature reaches 500 ° C, the flame does not show outside, and is distributed under a layer of moss, and if inadvertently get on a deceptive moss, you can fall into the fire and died. Together with turf burn the roots of trees, and the trees lean in different directions, Read more [...]