TRAINING WORKERS

TRAINING WORKERS one of the forms of training and advanced training on the job Manuf., was developed in the prom. W. P.O.R component h. System of vocational education. P.O.R. was carried out on the z-dah U. in the first quart. XVIII century. Children artisans and workmen trained prof. skills, usually from their parents. Education extended period of time was of a makeshift nature, was carried out without the programs and uch. plans. Acquisition of prof. Knowledge hampered almost universal illiteracy slave. Improving literacy, improved techniques and technologies Manuf. during the Industrial Revolution Read more [...]
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Origin and development of metallurgy. Formation of economic-cultural types

Ancient Ural metallurgy occurs under the influence of the Caucasus­tion metallurgical center. In the III millennium BC. e. in the Southern Urals region on the basis of copper sandstones Orenburg group (Hag-Lynskey mines) formed the earliest pit-poltavkinsky IU­metallurgical hearth. The guns were cast out of metallurgically «net» copper, their number is still small. Products of this focus in the monuments of Lower and Middle Volga, the Don. When borrowing technology and some forms of products from the Caucasus Urals metallurgy evolved its own raw material and fuel (wood) base. Read more [...]
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Plasmoids — a special form of life. Part-1

People used to think that living things are more sophisticated and complex organization of the structure, rather than inanimate objects. However, scientists who study the principles of synergetics believe started from the "non-biological material" of education is not inferior to the complexity of its structure known life forms. Existing laws allow non-biological systems to create order out of chaos, that is unknown to science is a process of self-organization of matter from elementary particles, in other words, new forms of life. There are four states, which may be material: Read more [...]
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Is there life on the sun?

The story takes on a spiral. Often the idea of once forgotten and discarded as obsolete, back again, and found a second life in the light of new scientific evidence. Personolizatsiya Nature is one of the underlying features of the human psyche. Worship of spirits or gods of fire, water, wind, and was the basis of all ancient religions. Later, these ideas were rejected as superstition and replaced with a more "advanced" the doctrine of God as the Universal Absolute, father, son, etc. But let's think again, is it really so absurd old beliefs, or did they have some kind of rationality, Read more [...]
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Direction of development of teaching BZ

In order to improve the efficiency of education to carry out the development of teaching BZ and life safety for the following topical areas. 1. Lead content of educational programs on the basics of life safety in accordance with the Constitution and laws in the area of public safety and the National Security Concept, a better definition of the programs and educational materials specific skills that the student must master. 2. To ensure implementation of the recommendations of the Russian Ministry of Education more attention to the safety of life in the study of other subjects of the basic curriculum Read more [...]
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Direction of development of teaching BZ

In order to improve the efficiency of education to carry out the development of teaching BZ and life safety for the following topical areas. 1. Lead content of educational programs on the basics of life safety in accordance with the Constitution and laws in the area of public safety and the National Security Concept, a better definition of the programs and educational materials specific skills that the student must master. 2. To ensure implementation of the recommendations of the Russian Ministry of Education more attention to the safety of life in the study of other subjects of the basic curriculum Read more [...]
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Hornbeam

Ribbed light gray trunk is thick, dark-green crown. Dense pointed ovate leaves on short stalks appear depressed on top of the corrugated ribs. It flowers in May - June, along with foliage. Male and female flowers are collected separately in drooping catkins. The fruits appear in mid-summer, but finally ripen until late autumn, it odiognezdnye, one-seeded, slightly flattened ribbed nuts, sitting at the base of the enlarged three-lobed leaf cupule. Seedheads in autumn fall and often remain on the tree all winter. Extended to the west of the European part of Russia, the Baltic States, Belarus, Read more [...]
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Ordinary honey locust

Pryamostvolnoe large tree up to 40 m in height with shirokotsilindricheskoy openwork crown. and. dark brown wrinkled bark, eventually becoming fractured. On the trunk and branches are very large, up to 30 cm long, branched spines. The leaves are delicate, parnoperistoslozhnye, with 8-15 pairs of leaflets, dark green and shiny. It flowers in May - June. Inconspicuous flowers clustered in racemes, have a pleasant smell and Honeybees. Hanging red-brown shiny beans up to 40 cm ripen in September - October and remain hanging on the tree until mid-winter, and sometimes until spring. Seeds flat, Read more [...]
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Desert tan and shadow biosphere of the Earth

Figures of animals, scratched on the desert \"tan\" native Americans in Utah. Photographer BWAC Images/Alamy April 14, 2013. There are aliens in space - some scientists believe that we can share the planet with \"unusual\" forms of life, so different from us that we don't even notice. In the great deserts of the world on the rocks and stones was discovered a mysterious plague. These layers of manganese, arsenic and silicon known as desert tan (desert varnish), it is found in the deserts of Atacama in Chile, Mojave in California and in many other arid areas. They can paint the desert in amazing Read more [...]
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Highlander amphibious

Amphibian perennial with long creeping rhizome, which has two forms - the water, floating on the water, and land. Aqueous form has long stem, long-stemmed leaves floating, shiny, oblong, acute or obtuse, base rounded or cordate, naked blades 5-17 cm long and 1-5 cm wide, sometimes the ends of shoots and leaves rise above the water. In terrestrial forms of stem up to 70 cm, simple, ascending or erect, leaves with petioles up to 1 cm, plate lanceolate, 5-15 cm long and 1-4 cm wide, hairy on both sides, sharp. Inflorescence - spike-end dense brush length of 3-4 cm Perianth pink. Stamens 5, rarely Read more [...]
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Elderberries racemose, or red

Highly branched shrub or small tree 1.5-3 m tall with gray-brown bark. Young shoots with large lenticels and wide golden heart. The leaves are opposite, pinnate, with 5-7 elliptic leaflets (on flowering shoots often three). Leaves bright green above, paler below, glabrous or pubescent, especially on the midrib, tapering to cusp, serrate-toothed on the edges of the side at the base of the leaves unbalanced. Flowers in many-flowered, very dense inflorescences panicles ovate or conical shape. Corolla regular, 4-5 mm in diameter, with elliptical lobes, bent down, whitish or greenish-yellow. Red Read more [...]
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Japanese encephalitis

Incubatory period 4-15 days. The disease develops very acute. Body temperature in the first day disease reaches 39-40 °, often stunning chills. There was a sharp headache, vomiting, impaired consciousness (delirium, confusion, stupor, coma). Occasionally you may experience bouts of motor excitement or seizures. In the study reveal: mild meningeal symptoms, increased muscle tone in the limbs with cataleptoid events (often), the unevenness of reflexes, pathological reflexes (Babinski, etc.), pronounced oral reflexes, lower abdominal reflexes (sometimes they do fade away.) In the acute phase Read more [...]
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Cystitis

The clinical picture various forms of acute cystitis is expressed by a triad of symptoms: pain, pollakiuria and pyuria. Haemorrhagic form in the first place stands gross hematuria. Abdominal pain that occur during the filling of the bladder, during urination, especially at the end. Little boys complain of pain in the penis. Pain at the end of urination characteristic preferential localization of cystitis in the exit area of the bladder (the cervical cystitis, trigonitis). Pollakiuria is non-stop nature. Its degree depends on the form of cystitis: a relatively moderate in catarrhal forms, it Read more [...]
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Ftivazid

Ftivazid (Phthivazidum; synonym Vanizide; List B) - TB drug. Close to isoniazid (see), but is less toxic. Used for the treatment of all forms of tuberculosis, especially in the outpatient setting. Assign inside to food to 0.5 g 2-3 times a day. Higher doses: single - 1 g daily - 2, with the reception ftivazidu may experience dysfunction of the central and peripheral nervous system, gastrointestinal tract, allergic reactions. Ftivazid contraindicated in angina, heart diseases with decompensation, organic diseases of the central nervous system, nontuberculous kidney damage. Ftivazidu release Read more [...]
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Phylogenesis

Phylogenesis - It is a process of historical development live nature and some of its constituent groups of organisms. The scientific basis of understanding of the phylogeny is created by Charles Darwin theory of evolution (see). The study of fossils of extinct plants and animals involved paleontology, allowing to trace the origin and continuity of organisms. For information about the phylogeny of living forms are also delivered to the comparative anatomy of assigning the structure of various organisms (from the most primitive to the most highly), and embryology, exploring the individual development Read more [...]
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Tuberculosis of the esophagus

Tuberculosis esophagus is extremely rare. Occurs as a complication of pulmonary tuberculosis or infection due to the transition from the tracheal or peribronchial lymph nodes. Most often affects the bifurcation, at least the lower third of the esophagus. Described in two forms: 1) surface or deeper ulcers insignificant value, oval, thin, jagged edges and the bottom, covered with pale granulations, 2) sclerosing infiltrates delimited or diffuse nature, sealing the wall of the esophagus and narrowing the lumen (sometimes pretend cancer). Symptoms depend on the form of the process. In gastric Read more [...]
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Fibro-cavernous pulmonary tuberculosis

This form represents the final stage of development of the various earlier forms of tuberculosis of the lungs and is characterized by cavities with marked fibrous capsule, the inner layer of caseous-purulent and widespread lung damage. Since the formation of fibro-cavernous forms usually precedes a long course of the disease with a number of flares and remissions, the picture of lung disease is very diverse. It is always pronounced fibrosis lung tissue, along with those that may occur pneumonic foci in various phases of development (Fig. 8). Rare are the specific lesions of larynx and intestines. Read more [...]
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Tuberkulz lgkih

Classification A. The main clinical forms Tuberculous intoxication. Primary tubercular complex. Tuberculosis tracheobronchial nodes. Tuberculosis of the bronchi. Tubercular pleurisy. Hematogenic-disseminated tuberculosis lungs. Miliary tuberculosis lungs. Focal pulmonary tuberculosis. Infiltrative-pneumonic pulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculoma of the lungs. Cavernous pulmonary tuberculosis. Fibro-cavernous pulmonary tuberculosis. Cirrhosis of the lungs. B. Characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis Open forms (BC +). Closed form (BK). V. Phase of tuberculosis Infiltration, decay, colonization. Seal, Read more [...]
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TB in children

Children are found mainly primary forms of tuberculosis, which often manifest defeat of a number of organs and systems in violation of their function. The initial period of infection characterized by the formation of the primary complex, often in the lung, bronchial lesion sites (see Bronhoadenit), and other lymph nodes are often subject to caseous degeneration. In this period there was a high sensitization of tissues and organs of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This shows high sensitivity and paraspetsificheskimi tuberculin reactions (conflicts, scrofula, erythema nodosum). Tuberculosis, course Read more [...]
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Tuberculosis of the brain

Tuberculous lesions of the nervous system. The main forms of the disease of the nervous system are tuberculous meningitis and solitary tubercle. Tuberculous meningitis generalization occurs when tuberculosis and colonization of the meninges Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease develops gradually with the appearance of malaise, general weakness, head pain, irritability, subfebrile temperature and meningeal symptoms appear later (see Meningitis) That are gradually increasing. An early sign is vomiting. There may be lesions of the cranial nerves, motor disturbances in the form of paresis, paralysis, Read more [...]
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