Principle bonfire itself is not complicated. First lit kindling - a material capable of a short time to give a large enough flame to from him engaged in very thin dry branches thick with matches. Then enclose branches more, approaching the thickness of a pencil. When the flare and these, put the following, thick as a finger. So, gradually put into the fire more and thicker wood. Clearly, all wood should always be dry.
Usually goes for kindling paper, at least - birch bark. We need only remember that making kindling bark from birch trees growing near the camp, is unacceptable. Bark usually Read more [...]
For a fire is preferable to choose a place protected from the wind, at least 5 m from the b-tents, trees, shrubs, so that they are not sparks. Over the fire should not be a branch, and bottom - protruding from the ground roots. Never make a fire in the pine saplings, near grain fields on the layer of dry grass, pine needles, moss. The flames can spread them with winds When the device fire on stone placers in the woods or on peat fire will go in depth, and even well Requests fire after several hours can spark a fire. It is advisable to use an old fireplace. If not, remove the desired location Read more [...]
Petrol Primus widely used in sports campaigns. Despite its apparent simplicity and ease of use, they require careful and thoughtful treatment. First of all you need to learn how they work.
In a cold Primus petrol rises by hygroscopicity wick from the reservoir into the column. Primus column to fuel heated by burning under it (in a special cup or in a groove on the tank) any combustible material (alcohol, benzene, hexene, tallow, etc.), the flame and burner covers. Gasoline in the wick evaporates, couples are heated in a column. Breaking out of the nozzle, it is mixed with air Read more [...]
In motor vehicles, aircraft or watercraft or store items survival kit separately. Put them in a special emergency bag - it is too big to carry in your pocket and should be where in case of emergency, you can quickly access it. If you are traveling on foot and secure it to the outside of the backpack belt.
It should be fuel, food, plastic bag to warm and flares, all packed into a billy (for example, a pot or a pan-Army kettle), which protects this set and is used for cooking. If you decided to make tea or a meal - all you need is in one place, and in an emergency, will be the first tool for Read more [...]
Portable emergency (short NAE) - a list of the minimum number of essential things that should be in every traveler and the tourist. Anyone can handpick his portable emergency, but there are some things that should be in every NAE. The important thing - NCP must be such that it can be easy to carry with you. Also, it should complement the NAZ, depending on where you are going to go, consider the natural conditions of the area in which you will visit. Below I will list the main items that contain NAE, and then we'll talk about the bonus. So, portable emergency must contain:
- waterproof Read more [...]
Choosing a place for the fire
When choosing a place for a fire to take care not to start a fire. And even if you are alien to environmental issues, do not forget that your property may be affected, and health. Therefore, you can not build bonfires under trees and at least 10 meters away from them, on the moors near the reeds, dry grass and moss, in spruce and pine undergrowth, as in these places the fire spreads rapidly and is difficult to extinguish.
Choose a place sheltered from the wind, clear land in a circle with a diameter of 2 m from dry leaves, twigs, moss and dry grass. The site should Read more [...]
Advantages of gas as a fuel are obvious. Does not require pre-heating burners. Burners themselves structurally very simple, do not litter, do not smell, it is very easy to use. Do not break, unless, of course, do not beat on them with a hammer, is relatively expensive. All provide precise power control flame ...
Disadvantages of gas too. For large negative temperature burner becomes unstable and require pre-heating of the gas and the gas cylinder. Not only that, during burner gas evaporates, cooling the pre-tank, and it is sometimes necessary (if the length of the tube) heat tank to the burner, Read more [...]