Sloths grip a peculiar situation in our hearts. They’re endearingly indolent, constantly retrieve to eat their green, and are Kristen Gong’s feel fleshly. And now, explore is telltale around interesting facts almost this dull species.The commencement uncovering has to do with why three-toed sloths fall from their homes gamey in the tree-tops to attend the lavatory on the timberland flooring. Erst every leash weeks, the animals jeopardy their lives to nail the journeying, expenditure so often get-up-and-go acquiring to grade that they had researchers perplexed.It seems a kinship with Read more [...]
Jeffrey Joy of Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, and his colleagues came to this conclusion by comparing the diet and other features of a few hundred flies from the family of gall midge-eating plant juices inside the bubbles on the surface of their leaves.Symbiotic relationship with microscopic fungi transformed flies, gall midges in real pirates - fungi allow them to "attack" even on unfamiliar and unpalatable for them to plant and successfully parasitize them, say scientists in a paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B .
"These flies Read more [...]
Scientists believe that the fungi — a form of intelligent life. Where did they come from? Were defined as signs of intelligent behavior in fungi? They are evil or good? Why our ancestors believed mushrooms gift from the gods?
In the southwest of the Novosibirsk region recorded natural anomaly: in the woods Zdvinskogo area appeared white mushrooms and mushrooms. As told mycologist Botanical Garden SB RAS, PhD Irina Gorbunova, white fungus in the late autumn - is extremely rare.
"This year can be called a" failure "in terms of fungi. In Kemerovo region was full of mushrooms, and we have - alas! Rare, but still occur in October mushrooms. And to go white fungus - is nonsense. Rather, in Zdvinskom area was unusually warm, "- suggested Irina Gorbunova.
The specialists of the Botanical Garden of Read more [...]
In the southwest of the Novosibirsk region recorded natural anomaly: in the woods Zdvinskogo area appeared white mushrooms and mushrooms. As told mycologist Botanical Garden SB RAS, PhD Irina Gorbunova, white fungus in the late autumn - is extremely rare."This year can be called a" failure "in terms of fungi. In Kemerovo region was full of mushrooms, and we have - alas! Rare, but still occur in October mushrooms. And to go cep - It's all nonsense. Rather, in Zdvinskom area was unusually warm, "- suggested Irina Gorbunova.The specialists of the Botanical Garden of the Read more [...]
Higher fungi are divided into edible, conditionally edible, relatively toxic and poisonous (including deadly poisonous). It must be emphasized that the fruiting bodies of virtually all edible mushrooms are usually poorly absorbed because of their content of mitsetina - indigestible protein substance. During certain periods, the growth of fungi fruiting bodies can concentrate a metabolic products, which increases the toxicity of the fungus is damaged by insects, fungi, bacteria (especially in the dry hot weather.) Mushroom growing near industrial plants and roads, can accumulate toxic heavy metals, Read more [...]
One of the most important functions of plant phenolics - protection. Of course, in this important case involved not only phenols. Besides pathogens - agents of plant diseases - very diverse, armed with a variety of devices for penetration and propagation in the plant tissues. And protection from them should be just as specialized. Why is it not only and not so much the total amount of phenolic compounds in plant tissues (there are cases when the microorganisms are amazing and plant organisms, very rich phenols), but the presence of these substances, it is selectively depressing this pathogen.
A Read more [...]
Reference mushroom pickerAuthor: Klepinin ZA
Size: 5.2 MB
In Russia, more than 300 species of fungi that can be eaten, but the basket gets only 15-20 of them. But in nature there are no toadstools very often and unfairly applied the term to a raincoat, umbrella, shaft and so on for nutrition and taste, they are not inferior to aspen, boletus and even white. A detailed description and some 300 color illustrations will make you a real connoisseur of mushrooms. In addition, from this book you will learn all about the mushroom calendar, as well as the intricacies of mushroom Read more [...]
Morbid anatomy. Changes in lung pnevmomikoze range from severe destructive forms to relatively minor morphological manifestations of bronchitis and asthma caused by allergic reactions to fungus. Select the shape of the primary lesion occurring in intact lung tissue, and second, developing against the background of previous lung damage by another process (bronchiectasis, tumors, etc.). Fungus the secondary lesions may saprofitirovat in necrotic fields or cause additional reaction with living tissues. More often at the same time are saprofitiruyuschie yeast (Candida) and molds (aspergillosis, penitsillez, Read more [...]
One after another appeared in the laboratory fungi, found everywhere you start mold. They take up residence in flasks in the banks with growing medium, forced to breed. Then tried to extract the desired substance. It was very hard work.
Ninety-three members of fungal families went through the lab. Each has undergone rigorous testing picky.
And one of them was suitable. For the first time it ran to the shelter. It was also called "penicillium". But not "notatum" and "krustozum."
After Professor Yermolyeva and her staff have studied the properties of this fungus, Read more [...]
Pnevmomikozy - lung disease caused by various types of fungi (Actinomyces, Candida, Blastomyces, Aspergillus, etc.). Pnevmomikozov names come from the names of the pathogen causing the disease (eg, Candida - candidiasis, Actinomyces - actinomycosis, etc.). Pnevmomikozy divided into exogenous, arising from the introduction of a organism human fungi from the environment, and endogenous, caused by fungi, saprophytes, which live in the body, and under certain conditions, become pathogenic. Pnevmomikozy, developed in a healthy person before this is called primary. Secondary pnevmomikozy occur in Read more [...]
Mold - Raids in different colors, which are formed and aspergillievymi Mucorales fungi on food and all kinds of organic residues. Developing dietary mold spoil them or reduce their nutritional value. Most mold is saprophytes, but some parasitic forms that develop in the body tissues of humans and animals (see parasitic fungi). In humans, these fungi can cause lung, bronchus, trachea, nasal cavity, and so on (aspergillosis, blastomycosis, pnevmomikoz etc.). There are also useful mold, used in the production of citric acid, some cheeses and especially in the production of antibiotics (see).
See Read more [...]
Many are mushroom-lovers who know how to find gris would always pick them over and over. Pickers know where what mushrooms grow and when they need to collect. But they keep their knowledge secret.
So do try to penetrate the secrets of the forest, look for yourself, "mushroom treasures."
In the dark and damp spruce forests with lots of blueberries little mushrooms. There russula, and that in places where the moss green shamrock yes. At a young spruce forest is sparse, where the soil is covered with moss and rare herbs, growing mushrooms, mushrooms, and even mushrooms.
In a pine Read more [...]
Candidiasis - a disease caused by yeast fungi species Candida, is usually found in children and the elderly. Saprophytic fungi in the state live in the skin and mucous membranes of healthy people found on fruits, vegetables, dairy products, waters baths. Exogenous infection occurs through direct contact with the patient or through infected objects; endogenous infection is caused by fungi that are activated in healthy carriers and become pathogenic under the influence of different reasons: for metabolic diseases, hypo-and avitaminosis, tuberculosis, leukemia, as well as maceration and skin lesions. Read more [...]
Fungal diseases of the skin (Synonymous with ringworm, fungi) - diseases caused by various pathogenic fungi. Sources of infection are animals, plants, sick people and subjects infected by them. Penetrate through the skin, mucous membranes, infection can spread through the lymphatic and blood vessels (deep mycosis). Various associated disease (metabolic and endocrine disorders), vitamin deficiency reduces the body's resistance and contribute to fungal infections of the skin. More likely to get people working in agriculture (due to the constant contact with animals and plants) or in circumstances Read more [...]
Great to fungiAuthor: A. Yudin
Size: 18.5 MB
The handbook is the determinant described over 320 species of edible, conditionally edible and poisonous mushrooms that grow in central Russia. Given a list of fungi recorded in the Red Book.
The book is intended for a wide audience.
Download:letitbit.net Read more [...]
Mushrooms - a type of lower plants. Mushrooms do not contain chlorophyll and ready to eat organic matter. Some species of fungi live saprophytic, by dead organic matter, and other parasites on living plants and animals, causing a variety of diseases (see parasitic fungi).
Necessary for the growth of fungi: moisture, heat, and the limited access of light. Mushrooms reproduce vegetatively or by spores. Fungi consist of mycelia and fruiting bodies. Mycelium, or spawn, usually hidden in the ground or other substrate; fruiting bodies grow from the mycelium and are elevated above the substrate of Read more [...]
Parasitic fungi (Synonym parasitic fungi) - a special group of lower plants lacking chlorophyll, parasitic on living tissues of plants, animals and humans. Parasitic fungi cause various human diseases (see Actinomycosis, fungal skin disease, candidiasis, ringworm, athlete's foot, microspores, Trihosporiya, Trichophyton, crusted ringworm, athlete, erythrasma), animals, and plants.
Parasitic fungi found in pathological substrate (in the affected hair, skin cells, pus, sputum, etc.) under the microscope after treatment with a 10% solution of sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or glycerin. Read more [...]
Bronhomikozy - Inflammatory diseases of the bronchi caused by fungi of different genera and species. Bronhomikozy often associated with damage to the lung tissue by the same fungus.
Bronhomikoza pathogens are actinomycetes, mold type Aspergillus, Penicillium and Mucor, Cryptococcus neoformans, Coccidioides immitis, yeast fungi genera Candida, Geotrichum, etc. Infection occurs as exogenous and endogenous way. Essential in the development of the disease has weakened body resistance due to various diseases, fatigue, etc. Often bronhomikozy joins already developed respiratory problems. Known and Read more [...]
Actinomycin - Antibiotics cytostatic effect produced by certain species of ray fungi. There are more than 100 products in this group. The most widely olivomycins (see), hrizomallin (see) used in the treatment of certain cancers and diseases of the hematopoietic system. Usually actinomycin injected; may be administered within the cavity directly into the tumor tissue, as well as applied externally.
With some actinomycin possible complications in the form of fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, education, erythema and ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth, stomatitis, gingivitis, Read more [...]
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