Cheeked ground squirrel — citellus erythrogenys brandt. The practical significance

Changes in population. Changes in the number of red-squirrel studied by many authors (Martin, 1922; Vinogradov, 1924 Zverev, 1927 Belyaev, 1955 Tolebaev, 1958 Zaleski, 1962), and these studies focused mainly on the influence of agriculture on the dynamics of their population. It was found that the maximum value for the gophers have plowed steppes and arable land gradually accustom small animals. So cheeked ground squirrel in the twenties, thirties, occupy only the marginal zone of crops and did not stay there for long slumber. "After the development of virgin lands for settlement of his Read more [...]
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Cheeked ground squirrel — citellus erythrogenys brandt. Enemies

Infectious diseases. Epizootic and epidemiological significance. Diseases of the gopher is not studied. Epizootic significance red-squirrel is not clear. Parasites and diseases caused by them. Pas razitofauna this gopher is not studied. In the literature, there are indications of a general nature that the main enemy of the squirrel are polecat, Fox and Korsak, of raptors - various eagles, kites and harriers. Young squirrels can destroy crows and gulls (Belyaev, 1955, Tolebaev, 1958). In the forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia and north-east of Kazakhstan remains of red-cheeked Read more [...]
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Relict gopher — citellus relictus kaschkarov

Synonyms: Spermophilus brevicauda, Citellus musicus relictus. Russian book title: Talas gopher, gopher Tien Shan. In Pushnikov: common ground squirrel. Notes on taxonomy. Systematic relationship relic gopher with other long time remained insufficiently understood. Kashkarov DN (1923), originally described as a gopher relic as a subspecies of small, calling it S. pygmaeus relictus, and only after a comparative study identified a separate species - C. relictus (Kashkarov, 1925). The same conclusion was arrived and SI Obolensky (1927). Under this name already this gopher is listed in all Read more [...]
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Average gopher — citellus intermedius brandt. The daily life of the seasonal

Behavior (habits). Time greatest affection to his gopher burrows moleno consider the period between the release of their slumber before the breeding season, which lasts no more than five to eight days, when the active part of the population are adult males who had awakened earlier than females. With the advent of female animals increases the activity even more. Attachment to the burrows of females observed during childbirth and rearing young (late April and early May). Shortly after the start of a normal young to settle them when animals exhibit a highly visible activity. As a result, time Read more [...]
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