Lesson on blood transfusion

The task of the lesson: to give the students the concept of blood groups in humans, introduce a blood transfusion, its use and value, Equipment. Demonstration material: tables, "blood", "blood of man." LESSON PLAN 1. Repetition, and testing. Individual sealed survey. 2. Learning new material. Blood group. Transfusion of blood. Its use in medicine. Story teachers and demonstration of Blood. 3. Consolidation. Regulation of blood transfusion. Drafting table. LESSON The teacher calls on several students. One draws on the board composition of erythrocytes and leukocytes, and Read more [...]
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Preparing the boat for the trip

If water travel using local wooden boat building, the group must take all that you might need for its repair: a resin for sewing the seams, hemp, rags, urine, moss, cotton wool for konopatki, nails, screws, pieces of sheet metal, sandpaper, an ax, a whetstone, a hacksaw on wood, screwdriver, chisel, chisel, pliers, pincers, mallet, plane. If the group goes on a journey to yalah, you should take with oil paint, chalk, linseed oil, oil paint, brushes. Using Travel collapsible kayaks them if they are new, before launching two people gather, label parts dooboruduyut. If the hike on used Read more [...]
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Serum and erythrocytes

If we take the human serum, which, for example, suffered typhoid, and immerse the drop with typhoid germs, we can see that after a while they start to gather in groups, stick together, no longer reproduce and die. This makes the serum: It agglutinates, ie glues microbes and thus, as it paralyzes them. With these microbial defenses is easy to cope. Agglutination phenomenon was discovered in 1896 and caused great interest to him. Almost all of the laboratories performed experiments related to agglutination. And what we found with the same group of experiments. Drop of serum was taken one person Read more [...]
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Organization of tourist life. Halts and sleep?

Passage of a group of a particular route is not the goal. It is important not only to climb the route, but also get pleasure from it. The team leader should constantly monitor the well-being of children, time to stop the group on a halt to rest, to help children to organize accommodation for the full restoration of power. This is one of the components of the safety of the route. The first rest after a morning out on the route it is advisable to do in 10-15 minutes after the start of the movement. This so-called technological halt. The fact is that in the morning is quite cool and tourists Read more [...]
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Psychological features of children under school age 2

High school students are often in so-called group relations. If the work of the Komsomol organization is interesting and fun, the young people get the moral satisfaction of the joint group meetings, parties. But if the school is not given adequate attention and care of joint leisure youth group there *. High school students with little concealment say about them: "We have no interest in the classroom: lessons learned ... tasks ... Neither the parties nor the debates. So all and divided into groups that meet in the holidays, and evenings. Everyone - its interesting ... As islands in Read more [...]
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Psychiatric aspects of child and adolescent issues and psychoprophylaxis-1

With all the variety of reactions that underlie the behavior problems are very often observed in children and adolescents, they can be reduced to four types: the failure of the reaction, the opposition, simulation and compensation. Reaction failure occurs in conditions that violate the emotional relationship of the child or young person in custody for something: a family room due to the orphanage, one of the parents to their divorce, peers after moving to a new residence. Celebrated refusal of food, contacts, games, etc. The reaction of the opposition is caused by excessive load or deprivation Read more [...]
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Prevention of dental caries part 3

read first The data show that the earlier preventive measures were initiated (from 7 - 8 years), the rates of caries in the years to follow were smaller. Note, however, that in contrast to the action of fluoride has an effect only within the early childhood, used complex protivokarioznyh drugs was effective in the later periods (12-13 years). Clinical observations have shown that as a result of preventive measures to significantly reduce clinical work on dental health in a boarding school № 5. So, if in the first year of observation of the number of children receiving preventive supplements Read more [...]
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Prevention of dental caries part 2

read first While preventive measures studied not only protivokarioznoe effects of drugs, but their effect on the body as a whole. Overall health was assessed on the basis of individual medical records of each child by vykipirovki of an illness, and physical development of data (height, weight, etc.), and then compared with those of a control group of children. Analysis of the results was performed for prevention 4 - 5 years, as in the subsequent migration of children from the selection of comparable groups difficult. However, this period is sufficient for reliable conclusions about the effectiveness Read more [...]
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Prevention of dental caries

Based on our experimental data, VA Koshovskaya applied vitamins B1 and B6, and glycerophosphate calcium for preventing dental caries in preschool children. To do this, appointed three kindergartens. One group of children were given 0.5 grams of calcium glycerophosphate and vitamin B1 0.002 g per child per day for one month. The second group of children were given 0.5 grams of calcium glycerophosphate and vitamin B6 0.005 g per child per day for one month every six months. The third group served as a control. Doses of these drugs are selected in accordance with the daily curative dose approved Read more [...]
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Antineoplastic agents

Antineoplastic agents - Drugs used for the treatment of malignant tumors. Drug therapy is not a substitute for operating and radiation treatments, but complements them, and only in certain tumor diseases could be used as the sole method of treatment, such as leukemia, Hodgkin disease, retikulosarkomatoze, multiple myeloma, chorionepithelioma uterus. Anticancer drugs, for practical applications in oncology, can be divided into the following groups: 1) hormones (sex hormones, corticosteroids); 2) alkylating agents - hloretilaminy (embihin, novembihin, Sarcolysin, dopa, degranol, novembitol, hlorbutin, Read more [...]
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Polio

Polio (Synonym: children's spinal paralysis, disease Heine - Medina, childhood infectious paralysis) - an acute infectious disease, is characterized mainly by damage to the nervous system. Epidemiology. Polio is caused by filterable virus, which belongs to the group of intestinal neurotropic viruses. Polio is on the type of intestinal infections is also important airborne transmission. The source of polio-virus carriers are convalescents and patients with various forms of polio. Most often affects children between the ages of 3-6 months. to 5 years. The highest incidence occurs in late Read more [...]
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Trouble with skin think about zinc

National Center for Health Statistics in the U.S. reported in 1977 that only 27.7% of American youth aged 12-17 years, healthy, normal skin, no acne, sores, spots, etc. In 17 years, 86.7% of people suffer acne. Unfortunately, many people, including even doctors say that diet has nothing to do with this disfiguring disease. Three doctors from the University Hospital in Uppsala (Sweden) showed that the scourge of youth - acne - related to a lack of zinc, and lack This much more common than previously thought. The daily requirement for zinc healthy person is at least 10-20 mg. Meanwhile, as the Read more [...]
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Security at the airport

Remember this, to avoid incidents at the airport.Come to the airport early to have enough time for the control. Most airlines registration begins two hours prior to departure. However, when the influx of passengers may be delayed. If you are traveling with a group, come even earlier. For passing control of the family or a group of students need more time than the individual tourist.After the events of September 11, 2001 inspection may take place very slowly. During my recent trip to Pakistan, I checked five times, and my hand luggage - four times. This is a necessary precaution, but you will Read more [...]
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AE Berman Young Tourist. Do not rush into leaders. Part 42

One day me an unpleasant incident. After him, I was about to give up thoughts hikes. I then led a group of newcomers to the Caucasus. The route was quite complex. We descended from the ridge without trails. Gently passed the rock, slowly descended the scree, entered the forest. The slope was steep, densely overgrown with trees and underbrush. In the forest, rocky outcrops - stone cliffs above the hidden bush. We cautiously down the steeply dipping bed of the stream. Sometimes we had to get out of bed, avoiding high levels of waterfalls. We had to think about accommodation on the slopes, Read more [...]
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Abduction

Terrorist groups have long used the kidnapping to put political pressure on the government and to demand the release of members of the organization from under arrest. However, more kidnappings were for ransom. This crime is typical of some of the world and has become a business in Colombia, Mexico, Brazil and the Philippines. In countries the former Soviet Union also strongly increased this type of crime. In 200] was made more than a kidnapping.Kidnapping can end tragically. In July 1995, the six tourists were kidnapped while traveling in the Himalayas in Kashmir. One escaped, one was beheaded, Read more [...]
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Round-up campaign

Campaign begin at the start of training and can be consummated only when the group will report to the tourist section of the collective physical education and sports society, before the establishment of an organized group, and has passed a written report. Only then route the commission may issue a certificate of tourists spent their campaign and take it to a set-off for a particular category. Summing up the results of each tourist hike is necessary not only for the promotion of tourism. The main purpose of the campaign is conducted analysis summarizing experience on engineering and community Read more [...]
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Acquisition group. Responsibilities of the participants and the organization of the route

Proper staffing group - one of the main conditions of successful and trouble-free trip. In the preparation of complex campaigns need to be very careful selection of participants, preferably from the same production team. It is very important knowledge tourists characters, skills, aptitudes and physical endurance of each other. From the practice of the tourist sections known that some tourist groups in the same part of the route goes first, second, and then a third category of difficulty. Such groups are easily overcome, complicated. However, this is not always possible. Most often, there is Read more [...]
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The port

Most of the crimes committed on the ship when it is in port, and you're on the beach on the tour. On the bank do you nezashishsny as will be readily identifiable in the tour group. This is the same problem, that in any tourist area: theft of passports, money and credit cards, photo and video cameras and other valuables. Stick to the same strategy as in other places, not to become a victim of fraud.On the bank hold the group, do not go alone. Designate a meeting place for the group, which is easy to learn, so if you fall behind, come there. If you will be away, the group will come to this Read more [...]
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Basic health and drinking mineral water Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is rich resort resources (climate, varied in composition and properties of mineral water, mud). According to the Department of Balneology Kazakh Research Institute of Cardiology, in the country studied 500 curative mineral output water, 78 mud lakes and 50 climatic areas. So, on the northern slopes of the Trans-Ili Alatau identified thermal sulfate sodium bicarbonate (Alma-Arasan) and iodine-bromine, calcium chloride sodium waters (north of Alma-Ata), on the northern slopes of Jungar Alatau - thermal radon chloride-sodium sulfate, nitrogen-containing water (Dzharkent-Arasan, drip-Arasan). Located Read more [...]
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The endocrine system-7

In healthy individuals NEZHK content in blood plasma was decreased as 2 hours after injection of 50 g of glucose, and comprised 33% of the original level. With obesity figure was substantially changed. Curves NEZHK plasma have we observed 157 patients had a number of features typical of the different forms of obesity and allow more or less certain to characterize the functional state of insular systems and initial signs of irregularities. NEZHK curves obtained in these conditions fairly well distributed into 4 groups [Mokina MN, 1972] (Fig. 8). Fig. 8. NEZHK content in serum after glucose load Read more [...]
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