Hospital | The survival encyclopedia - Part 5


The treatment process

Addiction treatment in the majority of countries are in the hospital and outpatient. A favorable outcome of self is extremely rare. Is the most effective treatment in the hospital, because it provides the two most important conditions of the treatment process - the absolute isolation of the patient from the group of addicts, as well as continuous monitoring of physical and mental health during the treatment process. Inpatient treatment is most often used in the first phase release of the patient from physical dependence, while outpatient care is a continuation of hospital after physical withdrawal Read more [...]
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A brief historical sketch

Medical institutions - hospitals - have to distant historical times, in ancient Greece and in the East. In Greece, the hospital (yatren) were held in churches (Asclepius). In the Roman Empire Hospital (valetudinarii) were intended primarily for the treatment of wounded and sick soldiers. In the East, in the 4th century. n. e. came the first hospitals in the shelters, which were treated with the pilgrims on their way to Jerusalem. In the Middle Ages have a special hospital for the treatment of patients with leprosy, syphilis and other infectious diseases. In Western Europe, and later in Read more [...]
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Well if it was in God's house-1

To use a modern terminology, Ambroise Pare led the surgical department of the Paris main hospital "house of God." Also called hospital and other French cities - Lyon. Where does this name? The ancient world did not know hospitals, hospitals did not know how he did not know yet and epidemics raged in medieval society. During the time of Hippocrates and Galen medical care often do not go beyond the family circle, although embryos hospital organization of the Greeks can be seen in their clinics set up at the sanctuary of Asclepius, the healing springs. But the church could not shelter Read more [...]
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Well if it was in God's house

Literary fantasy fiction? No extant documentary evidence of the time only to the picture horrific state hospitals under the supervision of the church. Here is the "house of God" in 1515. "On the bed, which has only three feet wide, placed three or four patients, the children were placed in the same bed for twenty to twenty-five man... Mortality among children is huge, and in twenty man not always survive one ... Patients in need of basic necessities. The building was swarming with hideous insects, and in the morning in the wards visited such smell that the warden and nurse dare Read more [...]
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Heart Surgery-2

The majority of heart disease - such as hypertension, cardiac vascular sclerosis, rheumatic muscle and heart valves - should be treated therapeutic agents that have recently been more and more refined. Soviet doctors have successfully developed methods to prevent these diseases. However, these diseases are time common and is not always possible to cure them different drugs, stay in resorts and other therapeutic interventions. This is why heart surgery is a very important branch of modern cardiology and are becoming more and more common in medical practice. We know at present, the following indications Read more [...]
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Medical history

Medical history - This is a medical document, drawn up by patients in hospital and sanatorium treatment. To patients in the outpatient treatment is patient card. In the latter case, the record is more briefly. Story disease consists of several sections. The first section is a passport and a statistical part - surname, first name, age, profession, patient, the name of the medical institution, the order of admission, diagnosis treatment facility, who sent the patient, the preliminary and final diagnosis hospital and clinical outcome, the death of the patient, post-mortem diagnosis. The second Read more [...]
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Infectious hepatitis (Botkin's disease) -2

How are contamination hepatitis? Hepatitis - filterable virus. He stands out in high numbers in the stool as a patient in the midst of illness, and in the early stages of recovery. Often there are cases of extremely light carriers of the disease or virus in healthy people. These people represent a great danger to others. Usually they do not know this and so do not take any precautions. Contamination healthy person is in receipt of the pathogen through the mouth into the digestive track. Mechanism of infection is the same as that of intestinal infections. Hepatitis B virus in the blood of Read more [...]
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Country Doctor

One day I had a chance to visit one Altai village. Chiseled in there for ages: logs of pine, resin, barnyard in two floors. - Well, in any way need to have built this height under heaven? - Ask a stranger from a foreign land. - For udoyu ... - answered. - How so? - And so ... At the bottom, that is, in the barn, the animals ease and warmth. Heat, then, comes from prokonopachennyh hemp walls and ceiling ... Especially with - Why is that? - Because Roman Ilich Lytchkov, so our new collective farm chairman, the entire top bunk, then there is a second floor to the roof scored hay, cake and other Read more [...]
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Regulation of medical screening and sending children

All tickets to the children's sanatorium distributed and given out in a planned manner and in accordance with priorities established by SKOK the field. However, experience has shown that in some cases there is a need for the issuance of permits for the particular circumstances of the queue on the applications of deputies of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of Socialist Labor, the disabled and war veterans, agencies and departments, as well as orphans and from large families. In these cases, the appropriate permits sanatorium may be issued by the ministries Read more [...]
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Isolation of infectious cases and separation of persons exposed to them

Disease name Insulation Dysentery patients Disunion Insulation a hospital, and only in some cases, by a doctor - at home. Children attending child care centers, be discharged from hospital after full recovery and a negative result of repeated test bacteriology intestinal secretions for dysentery bacteria. Children not in child care and living in favorable conditions of life, be discharged from hospital after clinical recovery and single bacteriological study. Dissociation is not applicable. Establish medical surveillance for 7 days. Children attending child care centers are subjected to Read more [...]
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Documentation of medical civil defense

Documentation medical civil defense considers the range of lesions, the size and composition of sanitary losses, facilitates quick sort of affected and ensures continuity of treatment. Documentation MSGO facilitates health service management and provides an analysis of health effects of war. Documentation MSGO divided into records and reports. To records related documentation medical evacuation mission and accounting documentation of the medical institutions. Accounting records of medical-evacuation mission are the primary card account, evakopasport, medical history and emergency medical documentation Read more [...]
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Dissimulation

Dissimulation - The desire of patients to hide their illness or its individual symptoms. The most frequently dissimulation observed in psychiatric patients with delusional disorder or depression. Thus, patients with delusions of jealousy, harassment tend to deny all evidence of their misconduct. On the other hand, when placed in a hospital, they are in order to make statements, may claim that they realized that before they were sick, but they now have "all gone." If the doctor does not see dissimulation, patients do not receive adequate treatment, and achieving hospital discharge can Read more [...]
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Urban Hospital

In its structure, the modern city combined hospital consists of a hospital with specialized departments, clinics with specialized classrooms, auxiliary - diagnostic and therapeutic - offices, pharmacies, honey. archive and honey. Bureau of Statistics. Inpatient hospital is divided into: a) medical and diagnostic part (receiver department, specialized departments and wards) and b) the administrative part (kitchen, laundry, storage, disinfection plant, office, Commandant). The combined hospital the head of each specialized department is Head. Department, under the direction and control of all Read more [...]
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Inpatient geriatric care-1

Issues of long-term treatment and structure of inpatient care for the studied group of patients require further in-depth development. Most, experts tend to believe that the isolation of elderly and senile age, the younger in need of long-term treatment is not practical, ie, setting up special departments and hospitals for the elderly is not justified. The need for hospitals to long-term treatment of patients with recognized experts from many countries and caused not only by the large number of elderly patients suffering from several chronic diseases, but also economic considerations, a more efficient Read more [...]
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Treatment of vitamin D intoxication-1

In this regard, we have studied (experimentally) the efficiency of magnesium in the treatment of hypervitaminosis D. Studies suggest that parenteral administration of drugs magnesium give the desired effect. Complex treatment hospital varies from an average of 2 to 5 weeks depending on the severity of vitamin D intoxication. Under the influence of timely and comprehensive treatment for most patients child begins recovery. However, if the treatment carried out late and not enough, these children are often identified in catamnesis different consequences. The most common and formidable of these Read more [...]
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Geriatric day hospital

One form of geriatric services, widespread in England, is a full-time Geriatric Hospital or, as it is called, day center. These centers serve as a hospital and dispensary. In the Soviet Union there is no institution of this type. Major task day Hospital - helping older people discharged from hospital, but in need of aftercare and rehabilitation therapy. Daytime Geriatric Hospital organized on the basis of general or special geriatric hospitals or hospital for long-term treatment, and provides a full range of health services, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy assistance, Read more [...]
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The ethics of nurse-1

Medical ethics - is scientifically sound principles of behavior not only doctors, but medical assistants, nurses, paramedical staff. Mastering these principles - the key to the successful treatment of patients not only in the hospital, clinic, health center, but also at home. Nurse and medical brother might not be everyone. You need to have sympathetic character, calling the appropriate training, to be able to adapt to the difficult conditions of work on behalf of the suffering person. In the golden book of the history of the world of medicine you can read the names of many doctors and nurses Read more [...]
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Ethics clinician

How terrible can be mind, if it does not serve man.                                                                                     Sophocles Nothing we do not promise a complete, because every work of man declared complete, thus already a matter died.                                                                                      Herman Melville Truth ... has the undeniable advantage that it true, and in the realm of Read more [...]
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Evacuation and treatment of wounded and sick-8

Thus, in Kaluga is sorted arriving wounded and sick and wounded on the severity of the disease and f distribution by hospitals. Kaluga hospital housed in large public buildings (house public offices, barracks, the building gymnasium, urban public house, the former Foundling Hospital), and in the month of October and after Tarutino Maloyaroslavskogo battles employed 605 private homes in Kaluga and many huts in nearby villages. The number of sick and wounded in Kaluga reached 11,000 man, and Kozelsk to 6000 man. To place, especially in Kozelsk so many wounded, were used by hospitals polotnyanoparusnaya Read more [...]
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Evacuation and treatment of wounded and sick-10

By September 20 1812 , in hospitals and Kasimov Elatma and in the adjacent villages were 9000 sick and wounded. In the next two weeks, the number of patients has reached 20 000 people, all of whom, according to contemporaries, were well established. X. Loder on the issue, said:  "... Less than three weeks in hospitals Kasimov Elatma, Melenki and in the nearby villages were set up so that if it is too 20000 man Did the add serene bed, benches and beds, enjoy good food, care, clothing, etc. ".1 Available in Lauder Professor Kasimov Elatma Melenki and had 46 doctors, 15 pharmacists and Read more [...]
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