He was really very old, but still able to do a lot of trouble for agriculture and livestock is very dangerous for people, picking berries in the tundra. The bear got into the habit to walk at the village dump, located near the village of Tilichiki, but due importance to this one did not give.Photo: fotolia.com Bear hunting takes many years. I am not a professional hunter, I am a hunter and amateur long been working at the airport FSUE «Cor AP» aircraft.Born in Olyutorskii area of Kamchatka Krai, a childhood having constant communication with the tundra, knowing Read more [...]
While many shoot the boar meat for stores and abroadPhoto: Alexander Nazarov Again, memory takes me to far already seventies and eighties. And no wonder. That was the time the top of the development of hunting. At its peak it was the number of hoofed animals, fur trade flourished, rapidly developed dog breeding, game was still a lot.In such circumstances, hunting for millions of people has been a joy and brought a lot of pleasure and emotion. However, in the late 80's already emerged some limitations, but they were local and did not affect the overall picture. At that time I was Read more [...]
Komrady.Privetstvuyu vseh.Proshel link saveyou.ru this Wanderer (if not mistaken) and read podofigel.Posemu ask to speak (primarily physicians)
The standard first-aid kit should add a small piece of tube with a diameter of 3-5 mm and a lumen packed with douching. Applications generally specific, but on the other hand - a lot of places will not take money and not worth big. Benefits:
• Collection of water from the shallow pools.
• Drinking through the rectum. Body saves water, sucking it into the rectum of faeces. This process can be used for the consumption of dirty water in small portions.«SAVEYOU.RU» Read more [...]
On the last Sunday in January, unexpectedly, was knocked out of the series constantly reading site "survive", separated from his beloved family and ... work. Initially thought that the reason for this is simple poisoning, then "diagnosed" illness as volvulus, then stretching the abdominal muscles ... but by the end realized that appendicitis. Such a long chain of logic, which went to build almost a day, communicating with sopolatnikami lying down with the same diagnosis, it's all made to draw your attention to this issue to be somewhere in the field do not waste precious time on orientation in Read more [...]
How much fish disease can be dangerous to the health of humans and domestic animals? This is a serious topic, a little scary, but treat it with understanding: Booked - is forearmed!
Today, the article focuses on a couple of nasty parasites, such as fluke parasite and cat.
Parasites, or, in other words, kolyuchegolovye - are small worms, the length of which can be up to two inches are a bit flat elongated body, which is part of a broad head, and they are covered with thorns. In color may be red-orange, white or brown, so they are easy to find at cutting ryby.Vstretit them only in the intestine. Read more [...]
Diagnosis acute enteritis (enterocolitis) is not difficult (see above - Clinical). In the diagnosis of chronic enteritis (enterocolitis) occupy an important place such methods as sensing intestinal mucosal biopsies of the small intestine, a study using radioisotopes and radiopill, determination of absorption in the small intestine of fat, protein and carbohydrates. Probing bowel enables us to investigate the intestinal juice of the various divisions of the small intestine and to study its enzymatic activity, to establish the presence of desquamated epithelium, inflammatory detritus, the rate Read more [...]
Pathology and Pathogenesis
When cholera occurs acute serous or serous-hemorrhagic inflammation of the small intestine. Drastic dehydration and emaciation cause demineralization, fast skeletal muscle stiffness, bluish color visible mucous membranes and skin. Stiff muscles retain a position in which they found death. Limbs take crouched position with protruding muscles, fingers can be compressed in a fist ("warrior pose"), the skin on the fingers wrinkled ("washerwoman's hand", Fig. 2), subungual space dramatically cyanotic. Sunken eyes and Read more [...]
Numerous methods experimental reproduction of chronic peptic ulcers of the stomach and small intestine can be divided into several groups. The first is the way in which disrupted the flow of bile and pancreatic juice into the duodenum. Gastric juice, not neutralizing in the intestine, leading to the formation of peptic ulcers in the adjacent small intestine. The second group based on the effects of physical and chemical agents with a strong irritant and necrotizing effects on the stomach wall. The third group methods aimed at the stimulation of gastric acid secretion by subcutaneous administration Read more [...]
To isolate the intestinal loop in the way Thiry - Vella can be taken any loop the small intestine. It is better to use the upper jejunum, because digestive juices of the small intestine contains the largest number of different enzymes.
Surgical technique. Skin incision and muscle length of 6-8 cm is carried by the white line of the abdomen from the xiphoid process to the navel.
Right hand groping under the edge of the duodenum and liver extract it out. Learn intestine on its location and its relation to the pancreas.
To isolate the loops of intestine are choosing plot jejunum 20-30 cm directly Read more [...]
To study the long-term content of the alimentary canal cannulation was used at different levels of the intestine. For this purpose, Pavlov used a metal fistulas, which are injected into the lumen of the intestine through small incisions of the intestinal wall.
Fistula is shaped coil, one of the more advanced parts of which can screwed onto the tube like a puck. Tube for this purpose has a male thread.
Fistula for the introduction of the intestine are selected by size of dog. It is necessary that the diameter of the bottom disk fistula was slightly less than the width flattened intestine, or in Read more [...]
In cases where the experiments have to enter a long time of a substance in an isolated loop of bowel fistula impose on the method proposed by BP Babkin. This method of intestinal fistula is somewhat simplified way operation Thiry.
Surgical technique is almost the same as in the isolated intestinal loop on Tiree - Valley. The only difference is that the end of the anal isolated loops of intestine sewn tightly, and in the oral end fistula inserted a metal tube (Fig. 44).
Fig. 44. Isolated segment of the small intestine by the method of Babkin.
a - oral, b - aboral end ulcer, 1, 2 - ends bowel Read more [...]
For the imposition of a fistula on any part of the gastrointestinal tract using an isolated segment of ileum of the mesentery, which preserves its good blood supply. One end this segment sewn into any intestine or stomach, the other output to the outside (Fig. 47). If intestinal fistula placed so that peristalsis was directed inwards, after the operation there is little leakage of intestinal contents. This allows for the necessary research for a number of years if the animals are in good condition. The contents of the gastrointestinal tract is produced by a catheter through the fistula.
Fig. Read more [...]
The need for closure of the intestinal lumen tightly occurs when many operations: when applied intestinal anastomosis in the side by side, with gastrectomy with duodenal stump closure in an experimental drainage duodenum, etc. In place of cut bowel impose two strong Kocher clamp, between which the intestine dissected with a scalpel, to stump for closure does not capture a seam adjacent portion of the mesentery, which leads to the denial of the blood vessels, should be separated from the edge of bowel mesentery over 1 cm
Suturing gut suture to produce obvivnym Parker - Kerr, puncturing all layers Read more [...]
In the history and development of operative surgery of the stomach and intestines exclusive role belongs to the French research scientist Lambert, who in 1826 in animal experiments proved that the healing of the intestine occurs by fusion of the serous covering. On this basis, he suggested seroserous seam, the principle of superposition is saved in surgery to date.
In 1892, the proposed Morfi metal cannula for applying enteric anastomosis, which once greatly stimulated the development of bowel surgery. Currently, Murphy cannula (small size) is used only in animal experiments.
In recent years, Read more [...]
In a number of pilot operations it is necessary to remove the pyloric stomach.
Initially produced by ligation of vessels surrounding the small and large curvature of the stomach and partial detachment of the large and small gland. Stomach excised between strong clamps.
Restoration of the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract may in three main ways.
With a small difference in the diameter of the lumen duodenal intestine and stomach impose anastomosis end to end (the operation Billroth I). In this case, the stomach slightly corrugate by grabbing a few more in every stitch of the gastric wall. Read more [...]