Forms of organization of the protection and reproduction of game animals are quite diverse. Some of them - the organization and functioning of public hunting and landscape reserves.Photo Pap_aH / FLICKR.COM In the Sverdlovsk region currently operates 15 wildlife game reserves with total area of 571.22 thous. Ha and 38 landscaped. Five nature reserves — major protected species is deer. The four integrated, banned any hunting. In other — protected species: beaver, mink, the capercaillie, black grouse. Just specify the hunting of species which are not protected, Read more [...]
You have a problem with the joints. Then this article is for you. Those who all is fine, too, can read and something nibut learn yourself. After all, to prevent the disease is always easier than later to cure. What to do if your ligaments and joints ache, letting you normally do, the answer is simple - to cure what if to prevent diseases of the joints and ligaments in advance, what to take and how much? It is easier to prevent than Velocimetry want to do squats, and can't - sore knees. You're trying to press lying, again nothing comes out - sick Loctite try to swing the shoulders, but the bench Read more [...]
Last week, experts at Veshenskaya Fisheries Inspectorate, together with the staff of the Department for Civil Defense and Emergencies ISU on Kasharskomu district of Rostov region completed two joint supervisory activities. Inspectors examined the waters of rivers and Yablonevaya sheepskin.
As a result of activities carried out offshore inspectors identified three violation of fishing regulations, drawn up three protocols on administrative offenses.
Employees of the Department of Fisheries Lower Don continue to operate in accordance with the plan of joint activities in the field of aquatic biological Read more [...]
I am looking for like-minded people - survivalist, to create a cohesive group in Moscow and Moscow region. The team is looking for serious people for joint training and sharing of material and achieve financial stability, improve physical and combat training, and the basics for survival in an emergency and if there will be BP (Russian or global scale) we will be ready. About 29 years old, Russian, martial arts instructor. Have experience in setting up and conducting civil and commercial projects. Last 2 years led a large enterprise. Waiting for specific letters from the appropriate people, with Read more [...]
Given that readers are unhappy with the division of the text into different pieces, I complement the sixth publication of the new text.So, not sure many like it, but keep ...
Original thesis:The author comes from the fact that a man with a backpack - 1. Has no medical education.
2. Has no experience in first aid.
3. NOT have the necessary medicines and to provide effective assistance.
4. Might not always make the right medical decision.
5. NOT always ready physically and mentally to stress and / or suddenly appeared difficulties.After a short theoretical review would be more correct to Read more [...]
Lyricist - Andrew Gvozdyov
Created: August 2010
The first part I will not take a lot about why we buy these notorious "Bush legs"? You can still somehow understand vendor-arharovtsev. Money so do not smell, and are not always harmful to health as a national library. But then what interest us? After all, even with a limited budget, the more profitable to buy a whole chicken. Separate the same leg - a matter of minutes.Of course, I dissemble. The benefit here is not with it. My interest - a sharp knife, fresh meat, fire ... I think you know what I mean.
Any self-respecting Read more [...]
Lyricist - Andrew Gvozdyov
Created: April 2010
The second partprevious partOption 3.1. Hands remove the skin from calf sock. You can help yourself with a spoon, or rather with a spoon handle. Spoon or tea - no difference.2. Put the drumstick on the board sideways to us, the lower joint of the left. Cut through the meat along its entire length, exposing the bone.3. Rotate the lower leg to the lower joint on the right. So it will be more convenient and safer to cut. Pull back from the lower joint of about an inch and chop off the bone at this point. It can be done, as in the previous Read more [...]
If applied should fulfill the general rules. The first step is to expose the wound, torn clothes or shoes at the seams, lift the wounded part of the body (such as an arm or leg), putting it on the roll of clothing, wounded in the chest and leaned against the plant any subject, before bandaging his wounded arm bent at the elbow joint and foot - to straighten. Dressing should not be too tight or too loose, should not crawl and unwind. Bandage held in his right hand and the left hand holding the bandage and straighten bandage him to lay evenly, without creases and wrinkles.
Bandaged limb to Read more [...]
Disarticulation forearm produced instead of amputation shoulder, often in military field. Prosthetics rotation axis artificial elbow joint is located below the axis of rotation to the opposite side. The operation usually produces a circular manner.
Lower joint space by 1/6 of the circle elbow circular slit cut through the skin with subcutaneous fat and superficial fascia. The projection of the joint space on the front surface of the joint is given by the broken line A. The horizontal part corresponds to the gap of the radial head, and angled-slit on the coronoid process. The top point of the Read more [...]
Disarticulation of the brush more often carried out at the primary surgical treatment. It is advantageous to amputation, as it saves all the forearm that extends the capabilities of the affected labor, but it is somewhat difficult for prosthetics. The operation was carried out either a circular or a patchwork manner. Advantageous to form the palmar flap. On the ulnar side of the skin is reduced, and the beam is reduced by 1 cm frequently used circular way cuffed. Anesthesia can be intraosseous. Incision is made along the line, at a distance distal to the styloid process of the radius of 4 Read more [...]
Figure 1. The projection of the joints in the fingers.
Disarticulation phalanges. Local analgesia (Oberst - Lukashevich or circular at the base of the finger). Brush in the position of pronation. Assistant bends and protects neighboring fingers. Operating captures leaving phalanx, sharply bend, falangealnym knife or narrow scalpel cuts through the back of the soft tissue just above the joint gap. The latter is located distal to the top of this joint: for nail phalanx of 2 mm, for medium - to 4 mm for the main - 8 mm (Fig. 1). After crossing the lateral ligaments knife is introduced into joint, Read more [...]
Chondromatosis - a chronic disease that may affect the conservation or development of centers cartilaginous tissue sections are unusual for bones and joints. Distinguish chondromatosis bones and joints chondromatosis.
Chondralloplasia (Synonym: diskhondroplaziya, illness ollier) - congenital disease that results from a violation of the transformation of the cartilaginous bone to bone. In the pathological process involved not all bones, but only some of them. Most often affects the tibial, femoral, and other less shoulder bones. Wrong ossification with the development of the child leads to slower Read more [...]
Tuberculosis of bones and joints represents a large group of diseases of the musculoskeletal system (10% of TB disease). Osteoarticular tuberculosis occurs on a background of general hematogenous dissemination of bacilli present in the body chamber. First disease occurs as an isolated bone focus, then spreads to joint and surrounding tissue, destroying them.
Pathological anatomy. Anatomopathological osteoarticular tuberculosis characterized by the formation of tuberculous granulomas, most of them regress, only a few of them are progressing, giving rise to the primary osteitis. The initial Read more [...]
Traumatic arthritis develops after closed injuries of large joints (especially the knee), accompanied by hemarthrosis.
Traumatic arthritis proceeds aseptically, the severity of the damage in the absence of joint (torn ligaments, meniscus, etc.) depend on the number of streamed blood. The general condition of the patient is not suffering, pain is not great, but there is a forced position of the joint and fluid collection (blood) in it.
Treatment: When a large hemarthrosis - puncture and aspiration of blood, immobilization, with 5-12-day (when the swelling will start to fall off) - careful movements, Read more [...]
Hip joint - Mnogoostny joint formed acetabulum pelvic bone and the femoral head. Acetabulum is located at the confluence of three bones: the top - the ilium, the bottom - the ischium, inside - the pubic. Joint capsule of the hip is on the edge of the acetabulum, goes to hip and is attached in front of the intertrochanteric line, so most of the femoral neck is in a cavity hip.
Fig. 1. Right hip joint (front): 1-iliac-femoral ligament (external part), 2 - lower front spine of the ilium, and 3 - the location of the iliac scalloping bags, 4-thinned portion of the anterior joint capsule, 5 - pubofemoral Read more [...]
Own fascia (fascia deltoidea) bare, removing fat as two flaps as a general rule. Cut through the fascia to the anterior border of the drug and the flap is separated posteriorly, which requires, as the department fascia cut running from her deep intermuscular septum.
Deltoid muscle dissected from top to bottom, starting from the front corner of the acromion. All her acromion (rear) portion cut from the acromion with its inner lining fascia. Muscular patch giving way laterally and posteriorly. For the convenience of the area cut off as part of the clavicular portion of the deltoid muscle and Read more [...]
To study the joint cavity, remove tissue that covers the tendon of the long head of the biceps. Then exposed to the proximal portion, surrounded by synovial sheath (vagina synovialis interlubercularis). In the direction of the tendon up and vagina are in the bag replacement. Synovial sheath nadsekayut scissors and a hole injected probe. In the course of synovial inversion reveal longitudinally upward bag replacement. Mezhbugorkovy inversion can serve as a way for the exit of pus from the joint cavity.
After opening the joint cavity by rotating the shoulder outwards you can see the head shoulder, Read more [...]
Deltoid region (regio deltoidea)
Humeral joint (Articulatio humeri)
The upper limit is determined by the level of acromial process and corresponds to the line of the upper attachment of the deltoid muscle. The lower limit is determined arbitrarily by the horizontal line drawn through the upper arm at the level of attachment of the pectoralis major muscle. The front and rear boundaries are defined too conventional: front - a vertical line drawn from the front corner of the acromion, the back - a vertical line drawn from the base acromion 1 down. Thus, the boundary does not coincide with Read more [...]