Yadonosny machine and physical-chemical properties of the venom Karakurt

Yadonosny karakurt apparatus are the main segments of chelicerae claws yadoprodutsiruyuschie gland behind the cephalothorax, and the fine flow going through the channel inside the claw and end a small hole, a few short of the summit, which contributes to the free outpouring of venom into their prey. Fixing vonzennyh a prey claws are using cloves, reduction of muscle moves the chelicerae, and the reduction of muscle flat spiral shell gland produces pressure on her body, under the influence of which it stands poison. Amount of poison in the glands karakurt - about 0.5 mg. Native poison - light, Read more [...]
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Poison poison Karakurt

Cases of bites and poisoning poison spiders are known from ancient times. They are reported by Aristotle, Xenophon, Socrates, Celsus, and Pliny Diokrit. In the annals of the Middle Ages also contains information about the poisoned spiders among soldiers Letarginskogo auxiliary troops sent by the French king Ludwig against the Spaniards. In Russia, the information found in the literature Karakurt XVIII and XIX centuries. Much earlier Valknera (1837) C. Gmelin (1785) published their data on spider genus Latrodectus. About inhabiting karakurt in various provinces of the Russian Empire in 1809, Read more [...]
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Karakurt

In the USSR there are two species of the genus Karakurt Latrodectus, found in the steppe and desert area of Central Asia, in the Crimea, the Caucasus, Ukraine, Moldova, the Lower Volga region, on the border with Iran and Afghanistan. 1 Fig. 5. Sexually mature females karakurt: left more than average, the right to starve. Externally, the male and female not similar. Male fewer females in size (0.4-0.7 cm). The female reaches a length of 1-2 cm of its intense black color, with one or two red-orange or yellowish, orange or reddish spots on the sides of the spider unit (Fig. 5). Cephalothorax Read more [...]
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