Fractures of the tibial condyles

Fig. 27, a, b, c, d, e, e types of fractures of the condyles tibial Bone Fractures of the tibial condyles the athletes are the result of indirect trauma - a blow to the axis of the straight leg (as a rule, riders). Depending on the direction of the traumatic force is fracture internal or external condyle. In severe cases, there is a simultaneous fracture of both condyles (Fig. 27). Symptoms. In the knee joint and the upper third of the leg swelling and bleeding are defined in the cavity of the knee joint. In marked upward displacement of bone fragments or compression condyle marked valgus Read more [...]
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Patellar Dislocation

This injury patella in athletes is more common than people think, and, as a rule, women (here played a negative role setting the knee valgus). Mechanism of the first dislocation resembles the mechanism of damage internal meniscus, rotating leg outwards while her abduction and extension of the knee. Rupture lacertus fibrosus and internal division of the joint capsule parallel to the edge of the patella, the kneecap and then deprived of fixation on the inside, under the influence of the strong traction of the extensor leg moves outward (external lateral patellar luxation). Symptoms. At the time Read more [...]
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Knee-joint (Right) at the front (the joint capsule is removed, the tendon of quadriceps to the patella drawn): 1 - patellar articular surface of the femur, 2 - PCL 3 - anterior cruciate bunch4 - internal meniscus, 5 - lateral ligament, 6 - bunch patella; 7 - articular surface of the patella, 8 - outer meniscus, 9 - lateral peroneal ligament. Knee-joint - Block-spherical joint, formed by the lateral and medial femoral condyle, superior articular surfaces of the tibia and the patella. The patella (knee-cup) laid in the quadriceps tendon, which is a continuation of the knee-ligament (Figure). Articular Read more [...]
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