Small annual plant height of 5-15 cm, with thin creeping rooting stems. Leaves linear-oblong or linear-spatulate, fleshy, entire, with long petioles, are located in the basal rosette and at the ends of the shoots. Flowers solitary, located in the axils of the leaves on long stalks. Calyx campanulate, nearly twice as long as corolla, half cut into five ovate-triangular sharp recurved lobes. Corolla 2-3.5 mm long, rotate-campanulate, white or pink with a greenish short tube and five-blade open almost right limb lobes limb oblong-ovate, obtuse, almost half the length of the tube. Tychinok4, at Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant from 10 to 45 cm, with a creeping rhizome branching. Stems ascending or prostrate and rooting, double row segmented soft downy hairs. Leaves 1.5-3 cm long and 1-2 cm wide, ovate, slightly cordate, wrinkled, the edges of the cut-crenate or toothed, hairy, sessile (except the bottom). Flowers in few-flowered hand coming out of the sinuses of two to four upper leaves. Bracts lanceolate or oblong. Calyx chetyrehrazdelnym, with lanceolate lobes, pubescent at the sides, ciliate, half the length of the corolla. Corolla usually bright blue, with a diameter up to 13 mm, Read more [...]
Perennial 30-100 cm, with short rhizome and thickened adventitious roots. The stem is straight, square, covered with sparse hairs. Leaves lanceolate, tapering at the top, the lower 3-5 pairs of leaves by flowering die, the leaves in the middle part of the stem is shorter internodes opposing them. Inflorescence usually of 3-5 flowers in corymbose or capitate inflorescence. The flowers are large. Calyx campanulate, densely tomentose pubescent, up to 20 mm and a width of 4-6 mm. Corolla brick-red, 3-4.5 cm in diameter, limb lobes deeply incised into oblong-linear lobes, appendages petals oblong, Read more [...]
A perennial herb with faceted stem height of 20-100 cm, covered with stiff hairs erect, usually branched at the top. The leaves are lanceolate, 5-12 cm long and 1 cm wide, fairly gentle, soft, shaggy bristles erect, sitting on a small white bumps on the edge wavy, angular-toothed. Basal leaves up to 18 cm, narrowed into petiole dry up after flowering, stem - up gradually decreasing, upper - sessile, slightly amplexicaul. Flowers with soft bracts ovate-lanceolate, almost sessile, in dense capitate, later rectified loose curls up to 10 cm long calyx bristly, almost half cut into five lanceolate Read more [...]
Annual plant with threadlike yellow or pinkish-yellow stems. The flowers are five-dimensional, white or greenish, on pedicels 2-2.5 mm long, collected at 3-8 in loose inflorescence with lanceolate acuminate bracts, pedicels about equal authenticity. Calyx hemispherical, fleshy, with almost blunt rounded lobes. Corolla campanulate, with open oval-tapered or triangular lobes at the apex slightly curved inward scales are equal in length corolla tube or slightly longer than her, oval, long-fringed. Pestle flattened-spherical ovary and two long unequal columns, exhibiting of the corolla and end Read more [...]
Annual plant with fibrous roots and ground shoots up to 6 meters Stems thin, highly branched, angular-grooved, short-haired in knots, climbing through a three-chetyrehrazdelnym antennae. Leaves in outline round or ovoid, length and width of 5-10 (15) cm, with five lobes (to separate), with triangular lobes, of which the top stratum, wider and longer than the others, glubokovyemchatye at the base, thin, pale-green, rough, with long petioles. The flowers are dioecious, but the plants monoecious. Pistillate flowers are large stamen. Staminate flowers in racemes, pistillate - 1-2 in the axils of Read more [...]
Lobectomy - removal lobes of the lungs, the most common type of surgery L. Indications: bronchiectasis, chronic abscess, L., tumors, cysts, L., TB.
Removing the top (Fig. 48) and the average proportion of right L. easier to produce from the anterior-lateral access, lower lobes - of posterolateral (Fig. 49). Surgical technique: after opening the pleural cavity, and for allocating a share of adhesions begin to separate processing elements of its roots - the vessels and bronchus.
Fig. 48. Removal of the upper lobe of the right lung; tied and crossed artery apical and anterior segments (1) and the Read more [...]
Biennial height from 5 to 60 cm stems are erect, slender, branched, with 11.4 pairs of oppositely arranged ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate acute leaves 2-3 cm in length also has basal rosette of leaves ovate or spatulate form, which usually fade to flowering time. Pentamerous flowers, of course, are located in the axils of leaves and branches on the side of one or more, often many. Calyx 7-11 mm long, with lanceolate-linear or linear sharp teeth, a little uneven, the recesses between the teeth blunt or rounded. Corolla tubular, dirty-purple or whitish, long (9) 12-16 (20) mm, oblong-oval or blunt Read more [...]
Annual dark green pubescent plant height from 5 to 30 cm, with filiform roots. Stems prostrate or ascending, slender, simple or branched. Leaves round-ovate, crenate edges serrated or toothed, with short petioles. The flowers are arranged singly in the axils of leaves on long stalks, leaves almost equal, with fruits arcuately bent. Calyx with four ovate or almost spatulate lobes, with fruits divergent. Corolla blue or dark blue, with a diameter of 3-4 mm, with four blades, slightly higher than the cup. Fruit - a box with a kidney-shaped blunt wide notch and two rounded lobes keeled, with Read more [...]
Perennial herb with creeping rhizome and erect braid sinuous spreading branched stems 10-35 cm tall, densely appressed pubescent or hairs. The leaves are alternate, oblong or almost linear, sessile, grayish of pubescence. Flowers in few-flowered little curls at the ends of stems and branches. Calyx grayish, with five sharp lanceolate lobes, which are 2-3 times shorter than corolla tube. Corolla funnel-shaped, with a tube 6-7 mm, densely woolly outside, with limb to 8 mm in diameter, cut into five ovate or oblong, obtuse or acute lobes. The fruits are ovoid, about 8 mm long, apex depressed, Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennial aquatic plant, floating or prostrate stems of between 5 and 20 cm, eating small animals. Lobed leaves - a tripartite repeatedly forked lobes are hollow colorless catching bubbles with arcuate feathery bristles pointing towards the ventral side of the bubble. Leaf lobes narrowly linear, entire or with 1-2 teeth on the edges. The flowers are small, clustered in few-flowered inflorescences loose brush. Peduncles straight, with 2-4 scalelike leaves. Pedicels up to 1 mm in length, at the base with two small broadly membranous bracts. Calyx bilabiate, with rounded lobes. Corolla Read more [...]