The transformation of the landscape in the area of ​​water transportation

(From Tobolsk to the border with Kazakhstan in the Kurgan region) Positive effects: 1 Involvement in the economic use of unproductive land by the accumulation of water on them and creating productive in some cases the aquatic environment (fishing and fish farming). 2.     Improving water conditions of the population, especially in dry years and periods. 3.     Improvement of the natural environment surrounding areas – mitigation of climate change, water improvement, including through the formation of deposits of underground water. Negative consequences: 1.       Read more [...]
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Flora and fauna of the Polar Urals

Polar Urals vegetation is rich and diverse. In the mountains, a short distance you can find the dead coniferous taiga, mixed forests, lush subalpine and alpine meadows with grass and flowers in the height of a man, the harsh alpine and arctic tundra. Change of vegetation zones is clearly seen both in the western and the eastern slopes of the Polar Urals. Forest climbs mountains to an average height of 450-650 meters above sea level, and the river valleys are even higher (up to 750 m). At the European hillside forest boundary on the 100-150 m, and in some places up to 250 m lower than in Asia, due Read more [...]
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Intrazonal periodically flooded floodplain landscapes

Unique river system is the Ob and its tributary – Irtysh. Length p. Obi within the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug in 1050 km, maximum width of 20 km from the village. Beryozovo. Floodplain dissected by a dense network of canals, stretching for hundreds of kilometers (Yuganskaya Ob Ob Small et al.). The channel width of the Ob in low water varies from 800 to 3000 m. Zonal climate change and increasing downstream length of spring and summer lead to a change of the ruling groups: grass and sedge meadows in combination with birch, aspen and poplar forests (in the latitudinal interval) Read more [...]
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How should I arrange for snowshoeing?

The Alpine Meadows     Exposure: courtesy, REIThe Alpine MeadowsA:That can be a hooligan one, Alvah.The opening is to pee-pee indisputable you’ve through a dear job of layering, as that can be a identical efficacious scheme. For a actuate such as you account, I’d starting with a rattling igniter, reduce bed alike Patagonia’s Capilene One ($39 for long-sleeve). O'er that, a midweight woollen shirt alike Iceboat’s Chakra Zip ($80). So a midweight wool comparable REI’s Alpine Meadows ($80). And lastly, a windproof plate. Try Out-of-door Read more [...]
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Scientists: Alpine meadows are under threat of extinction

8 January. A detailed study of the effects of climate change on mountain regions of Europe revealed that many Alpine meadows may disappear in the next few decades. Researchers from 13 European countries stated that some plants are literally on the verge of extinction, as the warmer weather conditions force them to look for the usual cool environment and grow higher and higher on the mountain tops. The study, published in the scientific journal Nature Climate, confirms a direct link between changes in the plant populations in the Alps and increased summer temperatures. Source: BBC Russian service Read more [...]
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You Could Use About Portion Manpower

Exterior cartridge, June 1994You Could Use Roughly Serving CustodyYou're lonesome as full as your clasp, so ahead you learn the yard this summertime, hear the punch-drunk puttyBy Trick BrentDuring my fledgeling class in college, a pop new biota prof delivered a jaw concerning evolutionary adaption in vertebrates. He began by keeping up his two custody and turn them tardily, softly, and questioningly."You folk let been attentiveness to the incorrect Read more [...]
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Departure backcountry in Yosemite

Hebdomad of April 24-May 1, 1996Lot biking Canon de Chelly, ArizonaIt's no put-on: Skiing close San DiegoSledding backcountry in YosemiteOutfitter options for Baja, MexicoChicago-area diversion getawaysDay hikes dear Vancouver, B.C.Loss backcountry in YosemiteInquiry: I deliver an internship in San Francisco this summertime and suffer e'er cherished to chaffer Yosemite Interior Ballpark. Do you sustain any suggestions for a full weekend packing slip Read more [...]
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Korostavnik Field

Perennial herb 40-80 cm tall, with a many-headed rootstock and erect furrowed stem, usually branched at the top, covered with hairs at the bottom facing downwards. Leaves are opposite, pinnately lyrate or sometimes entire, usually stiff, lower petiolate, upper sessile. Numerous small flowers clustered in inflorescences-head, very similar in appearance to the basket Compositae. Bracts lanceolate, acuminate, margin ciliate. Corolla funnel-shaped, five fused petals, blue-purple, occasionally pink or white. Outer row of flowers in the inflorescence is very different from the rest of the flowers Read more [...]
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Austrian wormwood

Perennial herb 20-60 cm tall, with a long creeping rhizome, whitish from dense silky pubescence. Stem erect or ascending, spreading branching. The leaves are alternate, twice pinnate. Baskets ovate, long-stalked, broadly general paniculate inflorescence. Corolla densely hairy at the top. Fruits - flat oblong achene. Flowers in July and August, achenes ripen in August and September. Predominantly European-Caucasian-drevnesredizemnomorsky species occurring in Russia in the European part of the North Caucasus and in the south of Western Siberia, is listed on the south of the Far East. Common Read more [...]
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Chin

Chin meadow. It plant popularly called the Sagittarius-grass, Zhuravka, peas, pea yellow. Perennial herbaceous species with climbing stems and leaves with paripinnate stipules. Flowers are yellow, butterfly. Blooms in June and July (cover photo). Chin meadow is common throughout the Perm region. It grows in meadows, clearings, steppe slopes, waste lands, in deciduous forests, roadsides. In folk medicine uses herbs, roots. They contain protein, bitter substances, flavonoids, organic acids, carotene, vitamin C, saponins. Used in acute and chronic bronchitis, liver disease, insomnia, Read more [...]
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Veronica broadleaf

Perennial herb 30-70 cm tall, with a creeping rhizome braid. Stems erect or ascending, rather thick. Leaves oblong-ovate, cordate, with short petioles or sessile, almost amplexicaul from toothed palmate to crenate-incised on the edge (very rarely leaves almost entire). Flowers in dense brush 6-15 cm long, extending from the axils of the upper two to four leaves. Bracts pubescent, linear-lanceolate, pedicels equal or longer. Calyx of 5 (rarely 4) unequal share-linear-lanceolate to subulate, a fifth share is much smaller than the others. Corolla bright blue, rarely pink or white, with dark Read more [...]
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Sorrel sour

Perennial with a rod, but very short and highly branched root, so that a clustered root system. The stem is grooved, height 30-60 (100) Leaves of up to 13 cm, the sour taste. The plant is dioecious - male and female flowers are formed by different individuals. The flowers are small, pink, red, or pink, collected in a fairly narrow and dense pyramidal-paniculate, cylindrical or oval inflorescence. Fruits are 1.8-2.5 mm long and 1.2-1.3 mm wide, black-brown, shiny. Blooms in June and July, the seeds ripen in July-September. Mostly Eurasian species occurring in North America. In Russia, common Read more [...]
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Hieracium prevysokaya

A perennial herb with a short rhizome, without flagella. The stem is 50-70 cm tall, green at the base, with 1-3 leaves, with simple hairs, above, isolated glandular; stellate pubescence practically absent. Leaves lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, hairy bristles and bottom vein - rare stellate hairs, basal-including 3-10, stem-no more than 2-3. Inflorescence paniculate with 10-30 baskets. Bracts 5-6 (7) mm in length, with an expanded base, covered with scattered stellate hairs, blackish simple hairs (from scattered to moderate) and single glands, centered at the top. Stigmas yellow. Blooms Read more [...]
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Chin-eared

In low-lying marshland, in boggy meadows growing herbaceous perennial vine - rank marsh. Such plants are called lianas, which shoots rise up only if there is a support. Liana wraps support or clings to it. Chin clinging tendrils, which are available on the tips of the leaves paripinnate complex. Separate the leaves of leaf-plates (in their grades 4 to 8) are arranged in pairs on a common petiole, like the side branches on the stem of a quill pen. The antennae are able to make a circular motion, which does not catch our eye. But they can be captured on film at regular intervals of time, and Read more [...]
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The Exhaust-Free, Automotive Leaf Circuit

Cum leafage temper, Connecticut's northwestward quoin typically gets just a warm look-see from the motorcades of New Yorkers zooming northerly to the Berkshires. But unbeknown to well-nigh, the bleary landscape in their rearview mirrors is the Berkshires, the southmost bound of the reach and family of one of the better, if briefest, portions of the Appalachian Lead, a 56-mile incision hovering supra the elucidate bluing Housatonic River. Commencement at Housatonic Meadows Province Common, off U.S. 7 upright southward of Westward Cornwall. A 19.2-mile segment of the AT passes done, but the river Read more [...]
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Veronica broadleaf

Perennial herb 30-70 cm tall, with a creeping rhizome braid. Stems erect or ascending, rather thick. Leaves oblong-ovate, cordate, with short petioles or sessile, almost amplexicaul from toothed palmate to crenate-incised on the edge (very rarely leaves almost entire). Flowers in dense brush 6-15 cm long, extending from the axils of the upper two to four leaves. Bracts pubescent, linear-lanceolate, pedicels equal or longer. Calyx of 5 (rarely 4) unequal share-linear-lanceolate to subulate, a fifth share is much smaller than the others. Corolla bright blue, rarely pink or white, with dark Read more [...]
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Thyme Marshall

Semishrubs height 10-25 cm Flowering stems covered with relatively evenly over all faces (pubescence hairs especially noticeable under inflorescence). The leaves are oblong-oval, oblong or lanceolate, 8-20 mm long and 1.5-10 mm wide, glabrous or sparsely hairy, margin only at the base with a few cilia, lateral veins inconspicuous spot glands are numerous, but very small and little noticeable. Inflorescence cylindrical, at the bottom of intermittent, hairy inflorescence axis. Pedicels hairy, almost equal to the cup. Calyx bell-shaped, about 2.5 mm in length, with five almost identical acute-angled Read more [...]
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Campanula rotundifolia

Perennial herbaceous plant height of 15-60cm, resistant creeping rhizome, forming small tufts. Stems usually numerous, densely leafy. Basal leaves and leaves of short shoots netsvetuschih rounded-cordate or reniform, 5-20 mm in length and a width, coarsely toothed or almost entire, often dying by flowering, stem-lanceolate to narrow-linear (tapering towards the top of the plant). Flowers on long stalks, drooping or inclined, are collected in the apical spreading paniculate inflorescence. Calyx obconical, with linear-subulate teeth, pressed to the rim or deviate from it. Corolla blue, 12-20 Read more [...]
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The Asian long-tailed ground squirrel — citellus undulatus pallas. Habitat

Long-tailed ground squirrel habitats are rocky slopes and tops of ridges, grassy slopes with shrubs (Archie), meadows, valleys and river terraces, steppe slopes with a sparse vegetation, fields (near the city of Ust-Kamenogorsk), forest edges and glades of spruce and deciduous forests. On the left bank. Irtysh, against the city of Ust-Kamenogorsk, gophers live among the feather-fescue steppes on low hills with gravel soil (Belyaev, 1955). Alpine area in southern Junggar Tau, including the upper reaches Khorgos, Kazan and Medium Usek, characterized by a relatively broad valleys aligned Read more [...]
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Biology boar

It is believed that wild boar - the inhabitant of thick crepe and swampy thickets, but it is not. Accommodating boar lands are extremely diverse, he lives in almost all areas, ranging from the boreal forest zone and ending deserts. Vertical placement also well in the mountains of European and Caucasus it rises to 2000 - 3000 m, and in Central Asia - 4000 m In the western parts of its range, which can be considered essential, because in these places is stored in the form period depression under adverse conditions of existence, boar tends to be mixed with deciduous forests of beech and oak, Read more [...]
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