With physical training, I think everything is clear. General physical preparation is still anyone and never harmed.And emergency criteria so only helped.People that have more physical strength, able easier to descend from the burning house, a longer hung on the edge of a ledge, tearing away from the roof, a longer time delay fallen on him the gravity, the faster release of the obstruction own loved ones, faster to get out of the water, down under the ice. All this increases his chances in comparison with untrained caught in vechnosti same situation victims.The extraordinary importance of physical Read more [...]
The number of mental diseases will increase due to climate change, writes The Sydney Morning Herald, referring to the report of the Sydney Institute for climate (Climate Institute) «The climate of suffering: the real cost of life in the face of inaction with respect to climate change».
According to the authors of the study, the loss of social cohesion in the face of extreme weather events associated with climate change may lead to increased incidence of anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress disorder and substance abuse. At least every fifth of respondents in the study admitted Read more [...]
Artist Mike Grubb creates amazing tower of balanced stones, using nothing but gravity, and his uncanny ability to find a natural balance. Grubb said that the art of stone balancing practiced in various cultures around the world for centuries and has evolved from a simple curiosity to special rituals, ultimately, education meditative presence, mental balance, well-being, and artistic design.Achieving a balance requires a complex compound of mental and physical processes odnovremenno.Vy should know types of stone with which you work, and just feel it ..Because not all breeds are consistent with Read more [...]
The study showed women 53-100 years 1837, removal of the ovaries increases the likelihood of mental decline in old age. Removal is usually in young women due to cancer. Develops as a result of the operation "surgical menopause." This writes MedDaily. With this type of one-third of the subjects experienced menopause. Women are tested for thinking and memory. It turned out "surgical menopause" at a young age was associated with a more rapid deterioration of the ability to think and certain types of memory. Long-term memory, coupled with the concepts, ideas, and episodic memory Read more [...]
All metabolic and chemical processes in our body function because of the water. Nutrients, salts, minerals, and vitamins - all of it must first be dissolved in water to be absorbed into the blood and to bring their favor. Electrical transmission of nerve impulses in the brain - the basis of all systems of the body. In an adult 75% water, and the brain is made up of fluid by 90%. Therefore, water plays a role not only solvent, but also a conductor. Thought processes - it is essentially the result of electrical impulses. Consequently, there is a conductor - no thinking. Apparently, the view Read more [...]
Attention- Reflects the direction and focus of the human mind to a particular object, which ensures a particularly clear expression. The main functions of attention:· Providing selection coming into the body of information in accordance with its actual needs.· Employing selective concentration and prolonged mental activity on a single object or activity· Activation Read more [...]
So, the core problem is the adaptation of the extreme conditions. Mental readaptation in extreme conditions, maladjustment and readjustment to normal conditions of life are subject to regular alternation of stages.
Analysis of the stages of mental readaptation, rehabilitation and exclusion under the influence of psychogenic factors revealed the following. Regardless of whether a person will have to pass a test of nervous and mental stability in the isolation chamber, or do a parachute jump, or make a trip into space, and so on - always clearly distinguished "preparatory phase". Read more [...]
The emotional background is always accompanies waking mental activity, but it is noticed only when shifted to the positive or negative direction. At the stage of unstable mental activity under the influence of monotony is shaking the emotional background of the tendency to reduce it. Especially true in experiments with prolonged hypokinesia in which subjects are placed in bed for long periods - up to 120 days - the prohibition to move and get up. Very characteristic part of wanton mood changes throughout the day: a rainbow mood unnecessarily replaced moderate depression, and depression - euphoria. Read more [...]
Electroencephalography in mental illness is used for diagnostic purposes and to address the pathogenesis of various diseases, the mechanism of action of pharmacological agents, etc. As one of the methods of study of patients in a psychiatric clinic electroencephalography does not in itself grounds for nosological diagnosis.
Diagnosis can be made only through a comprehensive, first of all clinical, research, patient. Particularly high proportion of electroencephalography in the full range of diagnostic examinations in determining the presence and localization of organic lesions in the brain, with Read more [...]
Epileptic special states - Company of mental disorders, grouped by such features as a short-term (a few seconds and minutes to several hours), the frequent occurrence of mild stupefaction with allopsihicheskoy disorientation, while the identity of patients remains maloizmenennym or unchanged, the lack of complete amnesia. Epileptic special states with constancy marked affective disorders - anxiety, fear, increased the ecstatic mood, as well as disorders of perception of time, space, fiber-vestibular disorders. The special conditions include various forms of aura, dreamlike state-derealizatsionnye Read more [...]
Pavlov was uncovered another significant feature concerning the mechanisms of human mental activity. In animals, even the most highly organized, psychic life becomes full emergence and interaction of simple associations between stimuli: smells, sounds, and other direct signals from various external objects. The totality of these associations Pavlov called the first signaling system.
The man alongside and in close connection with this system there is word, replaced directly signals and is a signal of the signals. Pavlov called it the second signal system. Speech feature is its general nature. Read more [...]
Labor therapy - Is the use of work processes as a healing factor. It is widely used in traumatology, orthopedics, neurology, to improve the overall tone of the organism, to prepare the patient for their professional activities. Occupational therapy promotes early restoration of function of the affected extremities after injury as well as after surgery. In patients with neurological occupational therapy helps restore speech, eliminate residual effects after paralysis, paresis, etc. The value of Occupational Therapy is also due to conclude in it an element of creativity and competition.
Manual Read more [...]
Nervous system stimulants - Substances that trigger the mental and physical activities body.
Given the characteristics of the effect on the CNS, including nervous system stimulants release analeptics, psihotonicheskie funds, antidepressants, psychotomimetic drugs (see). The last three groups are a group of psychotropic drugs (see) the stimulating effect.
Analeptic, or animating, means stimulate activities vital centers of the medulla oblongata, regulating breathing and circulation, in addition, facilitating the transmission of impulses interneuron, they have a stimulating effect on other parts Read more [...]
"A lot of life, joy in the golden goblet of youth - and the benefit of those who are not drained it to the bottom of who did not know sadness drunkenness!" Belinsky
Health - is the highest good and the greatest wealth, if man have it. It is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity. In other words, health is the active state of the body associated with optimal efficiency of its functional capacity in both physical and mental areas. Unfortunately, it often happens that people do not protect and enhance this precious Read more [...]
Sexual dysfunction among neurotics in most cases end favorably, if the reason for their determined and the patient is fully able to perform the assigned doctor mode. The forecast will be questionable if the patient does not fulfill the assigned household and treatment regime continues to abnormal sexual origin, abusing alcohol and smoking.
Neurasthenia and often completely cured without medicine in normal life, with no worries of everyday unpleasant and unnecessary chaff * irritation or in long-term stay at the resort for sea bathing refreshing effect with moderate sun exposure and mandatory physical Read more [...]
Greater attention should be evidence of a voltage as a sympathetic-adrenal and pituitary-adrenocortical system during mental work. Found that the hormonal changes that occur under the influence of the 6-hour intensive mental workload, in their quantitative and qualitative indicators were comparable to those observed under the influence of the training session. The result is the cumulation of these shifts, which may in their systematic repetition lead to adverse effects, despite the fact that each of the loads - mental and physical - can not be excessive. This explains the longtime AG Dembo concluded Read more [...]
Effect of stressful factors in humans overvoltage condition - stress. Stress - an integral part of life, is dangerous only distress, when the body does not have time to recover.
The most important problem of extreme conditions - adaptation.
Psychological studies have identified a set of three basic reactions in the process of adapting to the new conditions, describing their general adaptation syndrome. They are:
anxiety phase, phase resistance, phase depletion.
In primary mental stress in the first hours and minutes of an accident or disaster, and getting into an extreme situation Read more [...]
Factor mental development (IQ-the first letters of the English. Intelligence quotient) is the ratio of mental age to chronological age. Mental age in turn is determined by the conduct of standardized psychological tests - tests. For example, if a child who is 8 years old, can solve all the problems of the test Stanford-Binet to the age of 8 and 4 of (out of 5) to 9 years of age, his mental age is 8.8 years, and the coefficient mental development - 110%. Psychometric assessment mental development is based, so to determine the ratio of conditional performance of individual abilities and average Read more [...]
Religious superstition and quackery based on the fantastic views of the person around him. Fantastic same ideas could only occur at a certain stage of human development.
In the struggle with the natural elements primeval man often faced with the phenomena which seem to have contributed to the development and improvement of his physical strength and health (eg, mild climate, fresh air, clean water, etc.). But he had to endure, and the impact of such nature that destroyed his health (poisoning plant and animal products, injuries while hunting animals, etc.). The desire to understand what is happening Read more [...]
Meanwhile, the dispute has not stood still. Has recently been a number of attempts indirect evidence that human skills and knowledge passed down and that external circumstances can not practically influence the development process. For example, there has been some discussion about the caustic nature of IQ - IQ. Tests for mental development consist of a number of objectives, such as those shown in Fig. 1.1. It has been suggested that the performance of these tests is largely determined by hereditary factors. The arguments in favor of this view is drawn from the results of statistical data Read more [...]