Notes about nutrition. The most important features. Introduction

It all started with the fact that a long time ago as a child, I was fond of botany, or rather Frost. Somehow found atlas of medicinal plants from his father and began to study it. When I left for the summer on vacation in the village, I began to collect and harvest herbs and plants. Gradually, I began to be interested in those substances, due to which herbs and drugs were. So I started to study biochemistry, and then came the turn of physiology, nutrition and growing ... Now, I've been doing sports medicine, pharmacology, and sports nutrition. What am I doing? Primarily to the fact that I knew Read more [...]
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For tourist: Temperature sleeping

Temperature regime sleeping. "... -4 was only outside, but I still froze its lower part in this 15 degree bag! ". This story you will hear more often than once, if you talk with fans traveling enough time. So what is the essence of the case still here? Just properties designated for sleeping bags, are units of comfort and not accurate absolute values. And we take into account the fact that research in the field termoobmena, the fruits of which are guided by manufacturing companies, are usually carried out by soldiers, instructor guides, climbers, in other words on the seasoned, Read more [...]
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The composition and the beneficial properties of wild edible plants

In the course of his life accumulating plants useful to humans. They can be divided into food (energy) and biologically active (protective, healing). Of course, the boundary between these substances is conditional, not absolute. To restore energy costs, meet hunger needs, above all, proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Average demand per day adult: 600 g carbohydrate, 100 g protein, 50 g fat. It is believed that the optimum ratio of proteins, fats, carbohydrates should be close 1:1:4. But hunger and health - conditions are different. The second group of compounds - biologically active substances. Read more [...]
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The etiology and pathogenesis of leukemia

Genetic theory. This theory deserves special attention because the prevalence observed in some families LA, particularly in identical twins. The fact that the parents of patients with leukemia, usually born healthy children, does not contradict the genetic (hereditary congenital) theory as well as LA, apparently, refers to diseases with a low genetic penetrance. In genetic terms have the meaning revealed by the recent abnormal karyotypes with L. In chronic myeloid leukemia known defect in the 21st pair of chromosomes ("Philadelphia chromosome»Ph '), the essence of which is to reduce Read more [...]
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Carbohydrate metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism - A set of processes of conversion of carbohydrates in the human body and animals. The process of conversion of carbohydrates (see) begins with their digestion in the mouth, where the partial degradation of starch by the enzyme saliva - amylase. Most carbohydrates are digested and absorbed in the small intestine, where polysaccharides (see) with the help of enzymes cleaved to monosaccharides (see), and then spread through the blood to tissues and organs, and most of them, mostly glucose, stored in the liver as glycogen. Glucose enters the blood in the organs or tissues Read more [...]
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Physical factors of recovery

Electric and magnetic fields. This group includes: a constant electric field of high voltage DC and AC magnetic fields of low and high frequencies, alternating electric field UHF, ultrahigh frequency electromagnetic field, magnetic therapy. The constant electric field of high voltage positive effect on electrically active elements in the cells and tissues, has a sedative effect on the central nervous system, lowers the tone of the autonomic nervous system, stimulates the body's metabolism. An alternating magnetic field of low frequency in the cells and tissues of the eddy currents, heat is Read more [...]
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The influence of white and brown sugar on metabolism

Above was given a brief overview of disease caused by excessive consumption of refined carbohydrates, especially white sugar. Of the pathology leading place of the disease, which are based on the profound changes in metabolism. Acquired with age diabetes long disease called confectioners. The number of people in this profession not increased, and diabetes are increasing. In the last decade, it is clearly associated with the excessive consumption of sugar, which is confirmed by experiments on animals. Found that the replacement of 40-70% energy intake of rats with sucrose causes them lowering Read more [...]
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Accounting and controlling lesson on metabolism and energy

The task of the lesson: To identify and assess the student's knowledge obtained from the study of the topic. Options for the control of I option. 1. Give a general description of the three stages of metabolism in the body. 2. Terminated if exchange substances and waste of energy, when a person is sleeping? II version. 1. Define metabolism and general characteristics of its first phase. 2. Why swine and poultry feeds on fat food rich in carbohydrates? III variant. 1. Matter what changes occur in the cell? What are the structural formation cells are they related? 2. Why in the diet Read more [...]
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Lesson on the role of the liver in the metabolism of water and salt metabolism

The task of the lesson: to generate in students the concept of the role of the liver in the metabolism and on water and salt metabolism. Equipment. Demonstration material: self-made circuit transformation of substances in the body during metabolism (Fig. 50), table and lymph circulation in humans, the scheme of circulation in the liver (Fig. 51). Lesson Plan 1. Learning a new, binding. Story and conversation. The role of the liver in the metabolism. Water and salt exchange. Independent work with the textbook. 2. Consolidation. Conversation. LessonStudying the value of liver in the metabolism Read more [...]
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Lesson in the value of the digestive absorption of breathing and blood circulation in the body's metabolism with OCD

The task of the lesson: to summarize the student's knowledge of the importance of digestion, absorption, respiration and blood circulation in the metabolism of the organism to the environment. Equipment. Demonstration material: tables of organ systems (digestive, respiratory, circulatory), homemade circuit: "The transformation of substances in the process of exchange", "Three Stages of metabolism." Lesson Plan 1. Repetition, learning a new, binding. Results of control work. Message master. Introduction to the topic. Conversation and teachers. The three stages of metabolism. Read more [...]
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Lesson on vitamins repetition and generalization on the metabolism and energy

The task of the lesson: to form the concept of vitamins, their biological roles in the body, to systematize the knowledge of students on the study subject, to form their knowledge of the metabolism as a set of basic functions of the human body in union with a certain structure. Equipment. Demonstration material: self-made table "Vitamins", all of the tables that were used in previous lessons. Lesson Plan 1. Repetition. Caloric diet family student. 2.1 oral answer student and explained the teacher. 2. Learning new material. Vitamins. 3. Repetition and generalization. Posts students. Exchange Read more [...]
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The secret of the zinc

The human body is about 2.2 g of zinc, concentrated primarily in the prostate gland in men, as well as in the kidney, liver and muscles. Much zinc in the skin, and this was the basis for the claim that microelement plays an important role in the treatment of wounds, and initiated studies on the role of zinc in the metabolism in the body. Zinc also plays a role in maintaining the "beauty hair", it is necessary for the normal development of sexual organs, to build bones and maintain their health, to metabolism, protein and hydrocarbon. Without the appropriate concentration of zinc in Read more [...]
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The need for young children in essential nutrients and energy-7

Great importance in the diet of the child have Vitamins [Lukyanov, EM, 1984, K-Ladodo S. Spirichev VB, 1987]. Vitamins are the regulators of metabolic processes in the body, play a major role in increasing the resistance, which is closely related to the processes of growth and development, are co-factors of many enzyme systems involved in the process of blood formation and oxidation reactions. Vitamins are a group of diverse organic compounds that the body can not be synthesized or synthesized in small quantities. Therefore vitamins should act organism with food (Table 6). Table 6. The daily Read more [...]
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Fig. 1. Topography of the liver: 1 - Stomach 2 - projection of the pancreas, and 3 - the duodenum, 4 - gall bladder, 5 - the common bile duct, 6 - liver. Liver - the largest gland in the body, are involved in the metabolism, digestion, circulation, and blood. Anatomy. The liver is located in the abdomen below the diaphragm in the right upper quadrant, epigastric and reach the left hypochondrium. It is in contact with the esophagus, stomach, right kidney and adrenal gland, with the transverse colon and the duodenum (Fig. 1). The liver consists of two lobes: the right and the left (Fig. 2). Read more [...]
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General principles of treatment of postnatal diseases-2

Streptomycin is slowly cleared from the infant and can be stored in it, so far as possible be avoided for nursing mothers. Dimetilhlortetratsiklin and erythromycin estolate, have the ability to accumulate in the breast, the allocation of these antibiotics with milk lasts for several days after cessation of treatment and the disappearance of their mother's blood (von Kobyletzki). It has been observed that the concentration of erythromycin estolate, the milk may be 40 times higher than in maternal blood (von Kobyletzki). Penicillin, kanamycin, furadonin and sulfonamides are excreted in milk Read more [...]
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Metabolism and energy (6 lessons)

Topic 'Exchange matter and energy "is general in nature. In it, students reinforce their existing knowledge of the basic vital functions of the human body: the digestion, absorption, respiration, blood substances from entering the tissue, changes in substances in the cells and the removal of harmful substances. Incomplete knowledge of students about the intracellular changes in the subject matter expands and deepens, the students formed the concept of the exchange of matter and energy as a combination of the vital functions of the human body. Students to possess better knowledge, should Read more [...]
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Circulatory failure with acquired heart defects-5

Along with the decrease in the amount of high-energy phosphate compounds (ATP, creatine phosphate, etc.) in the development of heart failure and disorders play a role in ion balance in myocardial cell, the changing balance between the extracellular and intracellular sodium and potassium ions in the form of reduction of intracellular potassium content and an increase in cells sodium, leading to disruption of excitation and reduce infarction. Matters and reduction cocarboxylase of the heart muscle, causing violation processes decarboxylation of pyruvic acid, resulting in disturbed carbohydrate metabolism Read more [...]
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The relationship between man and environment-6

It should be emphasized that transkortin (hydrocortisone associated with blood proteins) has the ability to bind corticosterone. These processes are shown schematically in Fig. 1. Cortisol also increases fat deposits in the body, as involved in the increased production of carbohydrates. Glucose stimulates insulin, increases the synthesis of fat and promotes its deposition in the depot as the internal organs, as well as in the trunk, face, etc. In addition, cortisol is involved in the regulation of water-salt metabolism. He is trapped in the body of sodium and potassium excretion increases with Read more [...]
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State of water-salt metabolism

The complex metabolic disorders in obesity very important place belongs to violations of water-salt metabolism [Popov YP, 1971 Eliseev, NA et al, 1982; Lapshin P., 1983]. These violations are present in the clinical syndrome of obesity, largely determine the severity of the disease and require appropriate correction. Studies of water and electrolyte metabolism is extremely difficult not only because of the imperfection of the methods, but also because of its close relationship to other metabolic processes and various functions of the body. The clinical manifestations of these disorders - pastoznost, Read more [...]
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Features of metabolism in children

The main stages of the exchange of matter and energy in children from birth to the formation of the adult have a number of features. This changes the quantitative characteristics, there is a qualitative alteration of metabolic processes. Thus, children, unlike adults, a significant part of the energy expended on growth and plastic processes, which are greatest in infants and young children. Basal metabolism in children varies according to age and type of food. In the first days of life, he is 512 kcal/m2, then gradually increase to 11/2 years has a value of 1200 kcal/m2. By the time of puberty, Read more [...]
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