First and foremost - running for half an hour a day, preferably in places with low gassed. Running strengthens the body, reduces weight, coaching endurance.
Second - swimming. Swimming strengthens the muscles of the body and quenched, coaching endurance. Swim well at least once a week.
Third - any lessons in martial arts or dance. Training three times a week for half an hour at least strengthens the muscles, ligaments stretch and trains culture movement. I prefer Aikido as the most non-aggressive of all kinds of martial arts, also the most effective in terms of street conflict. Classes in Read more [...]
In the process of training is necessary to realize its energy body and learn to feel it.
To do this, there are methods of anger management. Training is as follows. Before going to bed you lie on your back and relax, arms stretched along the body so that they do not touch the body. Legs slightly apart. His head rests on a flat surface without a pillow, and his eyes were fixed up. On the inhale you feel the muscles around the eyes, on the exhale, relax them. On the inhale feel the muscles of the mouth and cheeks, relaxing on the exhale. On inspiration to focus on the muscles of the mouth and Read more [...]
Skin incision with subcutaneous fat performed from a point 1 cm below and medially from the coracoid process - down and somewhat laterally to the bottom of a large chest muscle. Cut through the soft tissue to the chest muscles. After isolation and crossing large chest muscle bare shoulder-beaked and short head of the biceps. Selecting and pulling the muscles outward, exposing the neurovascular bundle. Tie axillary vessels (arteries first above a discharge around the shoulder of the arteries, and then the veins) and nerves cross. Axillary nerve is carefully preserved from damage. Somewhat Read more [...]
Electromyography studies potential oscillations, developing muscles.
However, due to the functional unity of the central nervous system and peripheral neuromotor apparatus electromyographic data allow us to assess the state of the segmental and suprasegmental nervous system, organizing (in all forms of motor responses) coordinated stimulation of the segmental motor neurons and the muscles they innervate.
Electromyographic method is widely used in the study of motor disorders resulting from various human diseases (neurological, psychiatric, etc.).
In order to establish infringement muscle electrogenesis Read more [...]
Muscle disease. Of inflammatory diseases should be made the primary aseptic inflammation of the muscles - myositis (see), and acute purulent inflammation - abscess (see). See also muscular atrophy, contracture.
Muscle injury. Closed injuries of muscles are the muscles in the form of bruises or subcutaneous ruptures. Breaks often occur from overdistension muscles without the long tendon (sternoclavicular-liners muscle, straight muscle abdomen), or damage the bone fragments of bone in closed fractures, at least - from the blow directly on the muscle. The main feature of a complete rupture of muscle Read more [...]
Sneezing - it is certainly a reflex response of the body, aimed at the removal of irritating agent from the nasal cavity, expressed rapid transient decrease in respiratory muscles and the muscles of the pharynx, coming after a short breath.
The act of sneezing occurs when stimulation of receptors of the nasal mucosa. Afferent part of the reflex sneezing introducing the second branch of the trigeminal nerve, the central part - the reticular formation of medulla oblongata, efferent link - the phrenic and intercostal nerves to the respiratory muscles, as well as wandering and language-pharyngeal Read more [...]
Central paralysis develop during the first motor neuron lesion coming from the front of the cells of the central gyrus of the cerebral cortex to the anterior horn cells of the spinal cord. When you defeat the course of the neuron in the brain occurs paralysis or paresis of the limbs on the side opposite the lesion. If defeat located in the brain stem nuclei above the facial nerve, the facial muscles are paralyzed as the lower half of the face (flattened nasolabial fold, the angle of the mouth and dropped behind with grin). This is because the facial muscles of the upper half of the face have Read more [...]
We are on the imposition of one hundred esophagus used mainly for the study of the various parties physiology of the stomach.
The operation is usually carried out on dogs with gastric fistula.
Pavlov with EO-Simanovskaja Noise (1889) in dogs with esophageal and gastric fistula was first proved the important role of the vagus nerve in the regulation of secretion of gastric glands.
Operated in such a way to show the animals experience Pavlov entered the physiology called "sham feeding". In addition, dogs with esophagostomy used to produce large quantities of gastric juice ("factory" Read more [...]
Six-year experience with surgical treatment of patients with different types of progeny allowed us to identify three main groups of jaw deformities dominated by over-development of the mandible: 1 - true progeny, 2 - progeny, combined with hypertrophy of the distal portions of the upper jaw, 3 - progeny, combined with hypoplasia of the maxillary .
Each group is isolated grade 3 (principle Bogatskaya VA). This is dictated not only by anatomical features and functional impairment in the development of these abnormalities, but also taking into account the scheduling of operations on the jaws.
When Read more [...]
When podmasseterialnyh phlegmon edematous tissue and infiltrated by the outer surface of the angle of the mandible and the branches, mostly in place masseter. During clenching jaws infiltrate like "hiding" behind the muscle. By inflammatory changes in tissue is thickened and rounded bottom edge of the bone and masseter front. Observed persistent trismus. Reveals a sharp pain on the pressure posterior to the muscle of the arches of the mouth, and here at the bimanual palpation is often felt fluctuation.
In contrast, the periostitis and osteomyelitis of the phenomenon of acute inflammation Read more [...]
Suppurative processes of self-described masseter called submasseterovyh phlegmon (SE Shub, 1949), phlegmon massetero-mandibular space (S. O. Nesvizh, 1951), angular, or podmasseterialnyh (A. Evdokimov, 1959) , phlegmon and abscesses masseter (M P. Egorov, 1961).
Formation of a purulent focus in the chewing muscles associated with the topography of fiber, which, according to some authors, mainly located between the lower jaw and the muscles, and the opinion of others, denies podmasseterialnogo cellular space - mainly along the blood and lymph vessels, and in circumference of the tendon and muscle Read more [...]
Fascia - A special type of connective tissue membranes covering organs, blood vessels, nerves and forming sheaths for the muscles. Often, instead of the term "fascia"To define all types of connective tissue sheets use the term" aponeurosis ".
Histologically fascia is a dense connective tissue, which is dominated by collagen fibers interwoven in different directions. With layers of collagen fibers alternating layers of elastic, forming a network. Cellular elements in the fascia enough, it is predominantly fibroblasts. Fascia perform support and trophic functions, isolating Read more [...]
Trismus (Reduction of the jaw) - it's the tonic spasm masticatory muscles due to irritation of the trigeminal nerve, resulting in movement of the lower jaw is limited or non-existent.
Trismus is an early sign of tetanus and rabies, are often observed in cerebrospinal meningitis, sometimes with the trigeminal nerve, as well as in various neurotic conditions (such as hysteria). The most common cause of lockjaw - inflammatory diseases of jaws and periodontal tissues, especially perikoronit (see Teeth), temporo-mandibular joint, fractures of the lower jaw, sometimes complication of anesthesia Read more [...]
Tenesmus - is often painful urge to defecate or urination, in which defecation or urination not occur or finish removing small portions of intestine or cystic contents.
Tenesmus are due to the tonic, spasmodic contraction of the muscles straight (partly sigmoid) colon and other muscles involved in defecation, and bladder muscles. In this case, the sphincter does not relax (as is normal), but remain spastic shortened.
The most frequent cause tenesmus are pathological processes in the rectum (proctitis, proctosigmoiditis, anal fissures, cancer, complicated hemorrhoids) or in the bladder and nearby Read more [...]
Fig. 3. Area of the scapula. 1 - a. transversa colli; 2 - a. suprascapularis; 3 - n. suprascapularis; 4 - m. teres minor; 5 - a. et v. circumflexae humeri posteriores, n. axillaris; 6 - caput longum m. tricipitis brachII; 7 - m. latissimus dorsi; s - m. teres major; 9 - m. infraspinatus; 10 - m. trapezius.
Attachment of the trapezius muscle cut from the top of the spine and shoulder muscles pulled up. Cellular spaces under the trapezius muscle examined finger. When trying to get ahead in the supraclavicular space neck feels obstacle, depending on the availability of deep fascia Read more [...]
Armpit (axillary) area (Regio axillaris)
In the study of the axillary region are guided by the following boundaries: Front - Lower edge pectoralis major muscle, behind - the bottom edge broad back muscles and a large circular muscle, medial - an imaginary line that runs along the edge and IV connecting edges of the muscles on chest cage, laterally conventional transverse line connecting the edges of the same muscles in the shoulder.
Inspection, palpation, and projection Deepening axillary Depression is caused by the presence of the suspensory ligament armpits (lig. suspensorium axillae). On examination, Read more [...]
Stage of medical rehabilitation (The whole complex restorative treatment) is divided into three periods: the unloading and staged reclination spine, restore spinal function, restoring the total disability.
The main tasks of the first period - the creation of favorable conditions regeneration of bone tissue in the area of injury: normalization of disturbed structural and anatomical relations of the injured vertebra or vertebrae and caused a group of neuro-trophic abnormalities, the prevention of various complications caused by trauma to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, digestive system, Read more [...]
A necessary condition for sexual intercourse in men is erection (From the Latin "erigere" - raise) of the penis. It is based on the vascular reflex, which results in the body blood circulation, increasing its volume (3-4 times) and fever. Mechanism of erection is that nerve impulses arising during sexual arousal, causing a sharp increase and relaxing tone of the arteries of the penis and the strong inflow of arterial blood. Blood flow with a cavernous body increased by 8-10 times. At the same time there is a decrease of the transverse perineal muscles and the prostate gland. In the Read more [...]
The art of correct physical education of the child is not specifically taught, there is no discipline in the programs of schools, universities, colleges, graduates of the parents (exception - the Institute of Physical Culture). There is, however, remarkable books on pedagogy, but whether they are read? Life itself then makes adjustments to a particular system of education, parents, elected as the only correct one for their children. Sometimes errors in the education is expensive, and it may be impossible to fix them. Therefore, the island should be the question of the self-education of parents: Read more [...]
Most often these injuries recorded in the quadriceps, biceps and leading representatives of the thigh muscles in team sports and athletics sprinter. In hurdler, players and pyatibortsev observed as a rule, only partial adductor injury.
Partial tears biceps uncoordinated movements occur during or at the time of breakthrough. In this case, muscle breaks in its transition to a tendon. On examination, visible swelling, bleeding on the back of the thigh to the lower third. Determined by palpation tenderness, active muscle tension significantly weakened the movement of the knee is limited because Read more [...]