Members of Parliament of Kazakhstan gave residents a new national holiday - the day of the first president. What is the attitude in the country to Nursultan Nazarbayev, reporter learned DW.Another day of rest while honoring merit "a recognized global leader," President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan presented the parliament. More December 10, 2011, they unanimously voted to adopt amendments to the law "On Holidays in the Republic of Kazakhstan", according to which every year on December 1 the country will celebrate the "Day of the first president - the leader of the Read more [...]
Psychopathy - abnormal variants of personality or pathological, in which there are not enough and the exaggerated development of other qualities of character.
Such uneven development of certain properties of character - disharmony of mind - is the main feature of psychopathy is manifested at an early age. It applies primarily to the emotional and volitional qualities of personality with relative preservation of intellectual ability. Psychopathy arise from the innate inferiority of the nervous system, which may be the cause of heredity, the hazards that affect the embryo and fetus, birth trauma, Read more [...]
We all birth those routes that we address the virtually: our favorites, the prized ones. But suffer you e'er wondered what your dearie routes say almost you?The skill isn’t just backbreaking, but how you run very does link to your personality, says Carrie Cheadle, a advisor certifiable by the Tie for Applied Mutation Psychology and the generator of On Top of Your Plot: Genial Skills to Maximise Your Acrobatic Functioning.With counseling from Cheadle and Joan Steidinger, a accredited clinical and sports psychologist, we contract you done the (jolly) scientific mankind of operative Rorschach Read more [...]
The high level of value orientations can be associated with the claims of the individual to self-esteem. In this case the high and often accompanied by a feeling of inadequate self-esteem samoneudovletvorennosti. The desire for high self-esteem, unsatisfactory in real life, is essentially a phenomenon of pent-affirmation, which corresponds to a specific behavior of the individual. Lomov, BF  identifies the following types of self-affirmation: series (found in most normal healthy people) and dominant (inherent to individuals applying for appreciation of others), saturated and unsaturated, Read more [...]
Particular concern in the context of the provisions developed by us can have the data obtained using projective techniques, many of which are directly addressed to the research motivation. The most popular among them is the Rorschach test (see Bleicher, 1976, Sokolov, 1980). Avoiding esoteric terminology used by the authors of the test, we present the main findings with the help of data describing patients with alcoholism. First of all - the tension needs and inclinations, which is sometimes referred to as "the power of ambition", combined with the inability of socially acceptable Read more [...]
5. Means to compensate. Means the use of alcohol to replace any missing person forms or ways to meet the needs and correction disharmonious character structure and personality in general.
In cases where recourse to alcohol acts as a form of compensation for the unmet needs of both higher and lower levels (Brother, 1974), alcohol can be considered as a substitute motif in the true meaning of the term disclosed in the thesis B. B. Gul'dan . Formation of motives related to the surrogate objective, subjective and often not adequately objectification of needs. The implementation of such Read more [...]
Third, the option in which the leading motive is to obtain satisfaction from the success achieved, ie, the positive response that is generated and is addressed to the individual if successful activity or achieve a goal. In this case, is not the most appealing sense of progress, namely, social, regulatory assessment, indicating success. Thus, as an independent motif can be identified motive success. Fourth, similar to that described above, but with the opposite sign variant motif avoid failures. In this case, however, we can talk about the two sub-options Motivated. According to the first sub-options, Read more [...]
The problem of motivation in personality psychology is an important place. Set of motives and human activity is a psychological form of expressing their needs. Motives are fairly stable dispositional characteristics of the individual, potentiate specific activities (Lomov, 1984). Motive - Is an individualized (more value) before the disposition of human what-or activity, or before making any behavioral act. Under the mutual disposition of the person understood the positions of individual components of the structure of personality and, in particular, its key relationships that drive personality Read more [...]
Thus, the example psychoneurology most clearly the central position in the medical problems of personality psychology.
Psychopathology as a section of medical psychology in the past dealt with the problem of identity to a lesser degree than is the case at present, the main attention was given to the diagnosis of mental activity decay, so necessary in psychiatry. But almost always, and especially at the present time, this problem is, in spite of its relevance, yet secondary role in relation to the problem of studying the collapse of the individual. So, here problem personality is the main place.
In Read more [...]
A further aspect of the individual's role in the evaluation of medical psychology is associated with the content and with the inclusion of the identity of the discipline problems. According to the most authoritative scholars (Myasishchev 1960a; Karvasarsky, 1982), it includes as parts of neuropsychiatry, psychopathology, psychosomatic medicine, medical and psychological aspects of physical medicine and problems defectology and Traumatology. Furthermore, the content of medical psychology includes mental hygiene as a very important and little developed specialist areas of psychological knowledge, Read more [...]
The problem of sex differences in alcoholism is becoming increasingly important due to the rapid increase in the number of women suffering from this disease, especially the dramatic consequences that it has brought them, and the challenges of their treatment.
Methodological difficulty of such studies is the need for differentiation in the structure of personality characteristics of patients on the one hand, the general laws of the sexual dimorphism in the norm and, on the other hand, changes in personality, who for various reasons are inherently different occur during the progression of alcoholism Read more [...]
The study of stable individual-typical features of alcoholic patients who are not in the proper sense of the characteristics of the motivational sphere, provides an approach to the study of motives, called a motivational personal direction and related to alcohol addiction. A case in point concerns arising from the disposition of personal-intrapersonal characteristics, including causal-attribute (in terms of X. Hekkauzena) motives, which are relatively constant and independent of the changing conditions of the environment.
In chapter I called attention to this group of motives, we emphasize here Read more [...]
Speaking about the genesis of the motivation, most researchers (see: Madsen, 1979) believe that it develops parallel to the development of the activity component of personality. It is interesting to draw a parallel between the views on VN Myasishchev personality as a set of relations representing mainly the potential characteristics of the individual, and look X. Hekhauzen motivation as process-active phenomenon. In the light of this comparison, the conclusion is that the integration of motives is forming closer to the understanding of the concept of personality in VN Myasishchev. At the same Read more [...]
The most complex phenomena of the human mind, including its highest levels to which the personality, Soviet psychologists explain the determination of the phenomena of reality, real events in the physical and social environment. In other words, the essence of this principle is an objective determination of the mental, that is ideal material. Personality fully subject to specific, socio-historical practice, that is, those events that are related to social activities of man, and those laws, which is subject to this practice.
One of the most important methodological principles in the approach to Read more [...]
Personologicheskih representatives of the main destinations in the country as an integral component of an isolated individual need-motivational sphere. Vygotsky and Leontiev believed activities personality is the main process, inducement, with Leontiev shared motifs on the "semantic", the main content of the individual, and the motives of the "znachenieobrazuyuschie" to encourage people to take action.
Personal orientation, and its embodiment in the needs and motives are, according to B. Lomov , one of the main characteristics of the person, account for the complex properties Read more [...]
This monograph, based on a generalization of modern literature, clinical and psychological studies of personality psychology of the main problems of alcoholism, developed the concept of medical and psychological craving for alcohol, analyzes the main problems and methods of psychological care in this disease, highlights the issues of training of health psychologists to work in drug treatment.
This section is intended for psychologists, addiction psychiatrists, psychotherapists, educators, advocates.
Table of contents
Chapter I. The problem of personality in general and medical psychology
Personality Read more [...]