The Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Orenburg region received a complaint from a local resident Vladimir Savinkov. The propaganda of drugs orenburzhets accuses statue fountain "Friendship of Peoples", entitled "A sheaf of plenty", as well as the pavilion of "Geology" at VVC. According to a vigilant fighter with addiction, these objects should be demolished, so they do not call for young people to use cannabis.According to Vladimir Savinkov in promoting drug noticed not only statues VVC, but several well-known brands, such as, "Coca-Cola" for advertising Read more [...]
Is a question that constantly ask yourself and answer to the most difficult. Indeed, if something is done, then someone needs it?
I gratefully recall his boss, an old, hard-boiled journalist who was a real shark pen and well coached me. Under his guidance, I learned all the basics of the "black" and "gray" public relations, as well as many other things which are well-bred boys and girls do not talk at night school. However, I am very grateful to him for that. Not least because he once told me a great thing.
The old man and he had no idea how right he was. How many years Read more [...]
In the most complete and comprehensive as the psychological impact on the enemy carried out during the war, the U.S. and its allies against Iraq in 1990 - 91 years. Psychological struggle was conducted in a real combat situation, during the active ideological opposition of the special services of both parties, involving different maximum number of available forces and means, using almost all known forms and methods of influence on troops and civilians.
General characteristics of psychological operations in the war of 1990-91. First Planning psychological operations conducted along with the Read more [...]
By the time of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (December 1979), the special organs of propaganda the Soviet armed forces operated largely outdated ideas of the Great Patriotic War. Accordingly, their main efforts in this country were originally focused on the ideological support of combat operations of Soviet troops, designed to defeat the armed opposition.
Despite the fact that most of the Afghan population is illiterate or semi-literate, one of the major forms of psychological pressure on him by the Soviet army was printed propaganda. She was led by the traditional publication of leaflets, Read more [...]
The Korean War began in 1950, with the fact that North Korean forces suddenly attacked across the demarcation line between the North (the former Soviet occupation zone) and the South (the former American occupation zone). Quickly they occupied Seoul and began to develop a successful offensive in the direction of Daejeon, Gwangju and Daegu-Busan. But fate intervened U.S.. Command of the armed forces of the DPRK missed a major amphibious landing at Inchon (Chemulpo). Grouping northerners was surrounded and largely been destroyed. Then enter the Chinese in North Korea, more than 600 thousand Read more [...]
Activity on the decomposition of the armed forces and the civilian population at the time was called the Soviet Union political work. It carried special sections and departments are part of all the political bodies of the Red Army.
Soviet authorities special propaganda (ie psychological war) came to success not immediately. In difficult pre-war and war conditions, they made a lot of mistakes. Recent weakness caused political propaganda to the troops and the people of Nazi Germany in the first two years of the war
First, while there was contempt for political propaganda against the enemy. Many Read more [...]
Britain began to reconstruct the unit of psychological impact on the enemy troops and civilians at the end of 1937 In July 1940, on the orders of Prime Minister Winston Churchill, all organizations dealing with subversive propaganda, have been merged and formed the basis for their "Special Operations Division". The basis of his actions formed position of propaganda developed during the First World War. The main forms of psychological warfare were broadcast and distribution of leaflets.
English radio transmission to foreign audiences by extremely high level. Already in the 1939 BBC Read more [...]
By the beginning of World War II, Nazi Germany did their best to maintain the psychological war in a new way, without repeating the mistakes of the past. Germans first, excelled in time alignment of political, promotional (including demolition), and the war effort. Second, to use the recommendations of scientific psychology to achieve military objectives. Third, they have created a well-prepared and well branched psychological operations unit, numbering to 1 September 1939 14 mouth propaganda. And by the time of the invasion of the Soviet Union Wehrmacht had already 19 of the mouth 12 in the Read more [...]
In all phases of Soviet Russia with the interventionists and White Guards Bolsheviks combined fighting forces with propaganda against the enemy. This combination of exceptional importance they attached.
First, the Bolsheviks understood very well the role of ideological influence on the masses. In the revolutionary upsurge in Russia are popular slogans quickly reached the consciousness of the enemy soldiers, demoralizing act on their morale;
Second, interventionists and White Guards had the military and technical superiority over the Red Army. To reduce the impact of this factor, it was necessary Read more [...]
During the First World War, 1914-18. psychological warfare was one of the main means of combating conflicting states. This was facilitated by certain circumstances.
By the beginning of XX century, the mass media have become indispensable, widespread and very important part of everyday life for all the developed countries of the world. Trade, politics, culture, social life could not function properly without newspapers, magazines, brochures, posters, oral, visual and print advertising. Therefore, their use for military purposes was inevitable. Accordingly, the ability of a state to conduct Read more [...]
Requirements for the organization of persuasive effect. For maximum effect, persuasive influence should meet certain requirements:
1. Correctly oriented and planned. Persuasive impact should be conducted in accordance with the objectives of the specific psychological operations on the basis of carefully laid plans.
2. To be directed to a particular object. Persuasive influence should be prepared and implemented in certain population groups and soldiers of the enemy, with their most important personal, social, religious, ethnic and cultural characteristics.
3. Be focused primarily on Read more [...]
Food for Thought. Engaging in armed struggle, opponents will use any means, including physical destruction of each other. Therefore it is not surprising that in psychological warfare, which is one of the aspects of warfare, can also be used every means and methods of influence on the psyche, including the totally unacceptable in peacetime.
In this context reference is made to promote the separation of white, gray and black.
White propaganda generally refers to official sources (for example, information on government). It is an open, uses audited data and does not mask their goals.
Grey propaganda Read more [...]
The motivation of the enemy to surrender, propaganda captivity - one of the most promising and effective ways of psychological warfare. However, according to experts, it is very important in this case to choose the correct forms and means of influence:
- Do not embellish or idealize captivity;
- To report the specific facts, designed to dissipate the fear of the unknown and the captivity of its difficulties;
- Sum up to the idea of military expediency surrender in the name of the ultimate goal - to return home alive.
The impact of this trend of psychological operations is illustrated Read more [...]
Usually, two groups of such contradictions: social class and national-religious.
Incitement of social class differences. It usually is carried out by psychological warfare in order to deepen and bring to the "boiling point" of existing natural differences between different social groups hostile state. It uses people's discontent military and political leadership of the country, their dissatisfaction with their position in society, as well as specially organized persecution, harassment, provocation. The result is a kind of "fifth column", known at all times, the category Read more [...]
The experience of psychological warfare, attempts to undermine the morale of the moral and political condition of the enemy troops are doomed to failure in two cases:
First, if unfavorable to us during the fighting;
Second, the high degree of psychological and ideological preparedness for war countries opponent.
These reasons explain the reasons for the extremely low efficiency of the propaganda of the Red Army in the Polish army in 1918-21., The Finnish during the "Winter War" of 1939-40., The German in the first two years of the Great Patriotic War. In all these cases, the information Read more [...]
The purpose of this area of psychological operations - to deepen the existing contradictions between certain groups of people to a critical level, and thereby significantly reduce the fighting capacity of the enemy, and the ability of the population to resist.
Achievement of this goal through the emphasis of differences between different social groups, the most significant of which are the social class and national-religious.
For example, during the Falklands conflict, the English in their propaganda to the Argentine army appealed mainly to junior personnel. His attention they attracted to the Read more [...]
What are the values and ideals can be regarded as positive propaganda competitors alcohol? The concept of "sobriety" in isolation taken by itself, is also not completely solve the problem. It is still in everyday representations sobriety associated with severe self-restraint, denial of light fun and comfort. Too ingrained link alcohol with recreation, leisure, and entertainment. Therefore, a direct appeal for sobriety as it contains elements of asceticism and severity of the cold, and for a certain group of persons is a really extreme. Advocating abstinence should focus not on the Read more [...]
The core areas of primary specific prevention of alcoholism and alcohol abuse are antialcoholic education and anti-alcohol propaganda. The differentiation of these two areas to a certain extent arbitrary. It is now possible to talk about the formation of the country's unified system of anti-alcoholic youth education in all schools.
The main stages of the same anti-alcohol education: it begins with the family, continues in the kindergartens. The crucial element is the anti-alcohol education in school.
H. Ya hoof and PI Sidorov (1986) believe that the anti-alcohol education the school should Read more [...]
These problems are especially important at the present stage of development of socialist society. The Guidelines for Economic and Social Development of the USSR for 1981-1985 and for the period up to 1990, approved XXVI CPSU Congress emphasized that the present decade is another major step in the development of public relations, formation of the new man. On the basis of the steady rise in the material and cultural standard of living of the people will be the best conditions dlya_ full development of personality, the growth of social and labor activity of the Soviet people. In particular, in Read more [...]